Ratnawati Hendari
Dental Nursing Department, Polytechnic Health Ministry of Semarang

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PEMUTIHAN GIGI (TOOTH-WHITENING) PADA GIGI YANG MENGALAMI PEWARNAAN Hendari, Ratnawati
Majalah Ilmiah Sultan Agung Vol 47, No 118 (2009): Jurnal Majalah Ilmiah Sultan Agung, Juni - Agustus 2009
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

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Abstract

Pemutihan gigi adalah prosedur untuk mencemerlangkan gigi dan menghilangkan pewarnaan gigi. Tindakan pemutihan gigi  telah populer, karena sesuai kebutuhan estetika masyarakat sekarang ini. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mereview beberapa hal yang terkait dengan pewarnaan gigi, bahan dan aplikasi pemutihan gigi. Metode pemutihan gigi termasuk di dalamnya penggunaan bahan pemutih peroksida, konsentrasi bahan,  pH, waktu aplikasi, frekuensi aplikasi, suhu, teknik pelaksanaan. Walaupun demikian bahan pemutih gigi ini mempunyai efek samping pada jaringan keras, mukosa, dan sensitifitas gigi. Kesimpulan dari tulisan ini adalah bahwa pengetahuan tentang penyebab, mekanisme  pewarnaan gigi penting diketahui untuk menentukan keberhasilan perawatan pemutihan gigi. Kata kunci: pemutihan gigi, pewarnaan gigi, peroksida
PEMUTIHAN GIGI (TOOTH-WHITENING) PADA GIGI YANG MENGALAMI PEWARNAAN Hendari, Ratnawati
Majalah Ilmiah Sultan Agung Vol 44, No 118 (2009): Jurnal Majalah Ilmiah Sultan Agung, Juni - Agustus 2009
Publisher : Majalah Ilmiah Sultan Agung

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Abstract

Pemutihan gigi adalah prosedur untuk mencemerlangkan gigi dan menghilangkan pewarnaan gigi. Tindakan pemutihan gigi  telah populer, karena sesuai kebutuhan estetika masyarakat sekarang ini. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mereview beberapa hal yang terkait dengan pewarnaan gigi, bahan dan aplikasi pemutihan gigi. Metode pemutihan gigi termasuk di dalamnya penggunaan bahan pemutih peroksida, konsentrasi bahan,  pH, waktu aplikasi, frekuensi aplikasi, suhu, teknik pelaksanaan. Walaupun demikian bahan pemutih gigi ini mempunyai efek samping pada jaringan keras, mukosa, dan sensitifitas gigi. Kesimpulan dari tulisan ini adalah bahwa pengetahuan tentang penyebab, mekanisme  pewarnaan gigi penting diketahui untuk menentukan keberhasilan perawatan pemutihan gigi.Kata kunci: pemutihan gigi, pewarnaan gigi, peroksida
PENGARUH MINUM JUS ANGGUR DAN JUS JAMBU BIJI DENGAN DAN TANPA GULA TERHADAP PERUBAHAN PH SALIVA Hendari, Ratnawati; Siregar, Irma HY
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2014): December 2014
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

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Abstract

Background: Saliva pH is the standard indicator used to describe the alkalinity or acidity of the saliva which could be changed by dietary (sugar), mechanically or chemically stimuli from food or beverages consumed. Grapes and guava fruit are often used as beverage. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of drinking one of grape or guava juice with and without sugar to PH of saliva changes. Method: The research method used in this study was a quasi experiment with cross sectional approach. The study was conducted on 40 college students which were divided into 4 groups, i.e. groups of grape juice with and without sugar and guava juice drink groups with and without sugar. Juice was made with electric juicer with 200 g of fruit mixed with 450 ml of water for groups without sugar and added 50 g of white sugar for groups with sugar. The volume of juice to drink was 50 ml. Salivary pH was measured using pH strips and performed before and 2 minutes after drinking the juice. Results: The results showed that there was an increase in the pH of saliva after drinking the juice in all treatment groups (p <0.05), except in grape juice with sugar, but salivary pH changes among the treatments were similar (p = 0.252). Conclusion: The conclusion of this study was grape juice and guava juice with and without sugar could increased the pH of saliva. except grape juice with sugar. but between treatment groups there was no difference in salivary pH changes
Caries Risk Assessment and Prevention Hendari, Ratnawati
Jurnal LINK Vol 8, No 3 (2012): September 2012
Publisher : UPPM Politeknik Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan Semarang

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Abstract

Oral health has improved, but the prevalence of dental caries, especially in children remains a significant clinical problem. In order to reach the target teeth healthy in 2010 according to WHO standards, we need a preventive measure. This paper will discuss the identification and assessment of risk factors for early caries, caries prevention based caries risk factors. Whole precautions either primary prevention, secondary or tertiary should be based on clinical and radiographic examination. Early detection and caries risk assessment provides an opportunity for the dentist to perform preventive dental disease before it is evident. The conclusion of this paper is that the caries risk assessment is a method to identify the risk of caries. Precautions should see the main cause of dental caries indicator.
Characteristics Factors In Health Workers Spread of Disease Prevention Occurrence of Hepatitis B Siregar, Irma H.Y; Hendari, Ratnawati; Sunarjo, Lanny
Jurnal LINK Vol 8, No 2 (2012): Mei 2012
Publisher : UPPM Politeknik Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan Semarang

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Hepatitis B is one of contagious disease that can cause disaster. This disease is one of the targets of Millenium Development Goals (MDGs). This disease can  be prevented by breaking down the chains of contacts from dentists or dental nurses. This research is descriptive with survey approach method. The samples are 30 respondents consist of dentists and dental nurses from 15 Puskesmas in Semarang residence. The instruments of  this research are questioner and check lists. The data are analyzed by univariat and bivariat analyzes. The result of this research is that the characteristic factors influenced Hepatitis B are age, education, period of working, marriage status, additional work and supporting trainings. There are influence among attitude, period of working, marriage status and additional work toward the efforts of preventing the spread of Hepatitis B. On the other hand, there are no influence among knowledge and education toward the efforts of preventing the spread of Hepatitis B. It is recommended that the facilities of Puskesmas be upgraded and the training be held among dentists and dental nurses.
MANFAAT XANTHONE TERHADAP KESEMBUHAN ULKUS RONGGA MULUT DILIHAT DARI JUMLAH SEL PMN DAN FIBROBLAST Sunarjo, Lanny; Hendari, Ratnawati; Rimbyastuti, Hermien
ODONTO Dental Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2015): ODONTO Dental Journal
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

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Abstract

Background: ulcer is a pathological condition characterized by the loss of epithelial tissue. The average prevalence of ulcers in the oral cavity ranges between 15-30%. Paste of mangosteen rind which agent called xanthone can accelerate ulcer healing process, however histopathological observation of PMN (Polymorphonuclear) numbers and fibroblasts cells are required.Purpose: to determine the ability of mangosteen rind in treating ulcers caused by infection, mechanical and chemical trauma from the numbers of PMN and fibroblasts cells.Method: experimental studies, pre-posttest control group design, with randomized technique, total sample of 36 Male Wistar rats were divided into 6 groups @ 6 where 3 treatment groups were smeared paste of rind mangosteen and the others without treatment, then from each group were decapitated onday 3rd, 7th and 10th. Result: Ulcer from mechanical and chemical trauma had been healing on 7th day compared with untreated on 9th day. Similarly ulcer infection has been healing on 9th day compared with untreated on 10th day. Anova test(repeated) shows that there is diameter difference significantly between day 1 to 8 (pvalue<0,001). The usage of xanthone decreases amount of PMN cells during inflammation phase and increases amount of fibroblast cells during proliferation phase.Conclusion: xanthone could accelerate healing process as well as shrinkage of ulcus diameter compared with untreated ulcer.Keywords: Oral Ulcer, Xanthone, PMN Cell, Fibroblasts Cell
The Preliminary Study on Klungsu (Tamarind Seed) as An Alternative Material for Dental Calculus Remover Hendari, Ratnawati; Sukendro, Sulur Joyo; Sadimin, Sadimin
The Indonesian Journal of Dental Research Vol 1, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This study was aimed at knowing the availability of Klungsu (Tamarind seed) as remover and cleaner for dental calculus. The study followed Completely Randomized Design with three treatments and tested with Ftest and Duncan Multiple Range Test. The availability was studied by soaking the calculus and enamel at two concentrations (0 and 25%) of Klungsu and one group without soaking (dry group). The results showed that soaking in Klungsu solution significantly decreased (p<0.05) the strength of dental calculus, but no significantly differences (p>0.05) were found for enamel. The conclusion could be drawn from this study was klungsu could be used as an alternative cleaning material for removing dental calculus and safe for dental enamel.
Mangosteen Rind towards Mechanical Trauma Recovery in the Oral Cavity (in vivo) Sunarjo, Lanny; Hendari, Ratnawati; Sulistijarso, Nono
Jurnal Riset Kesehatan Vol 3, No 3 (2014): September 2014
Publisher : UPPM Politeknik Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan Semarang

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Abstract

Aim of this study was to determine the effect of the application of paste of mangosteen rind to measure the diameter of ulcers due to scratches (mechanical trauma). This type of research is experimental (in vivo), the research design of the pre-post test control group design. The population is Male Wistar rats using a completely randomized block sampling, there are 2 (two) groups, respectively 6 (six) tails, the total animal is 12, where 1 (one) treatment group were oiled paste mangosteen rind and another group was smeared PVP. The results showed there is effect of the application of paste of mangosteen rind towards mechanical trauma recovery, diameter of the ulcer which gradually shrinking on day 3, 7th and ulcers experience healing on day 10. Need further research on the effect of the application of paste of mangosteen rind against oral mucosal ulcer healing pathologically.
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN GEL KOMBINASI EKSTRAK GETAH PEPAYA (Carica papaya L) DAN EKSTRAK DAGING LIDAH BUAYA (Aloe vera) TERHADAP PROSES PENYEMBUHAN ULKUS TRAUMATIKUS PADA MALE WISTAR RATS YANG MENDERITA DIABETES MELITUS Kulsum, Umi; Hendari, Ratnawati; Chumaeroh, Siti
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2015): December 2015
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

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Introduction: Research on the use of papaya and aloevera sap on wound healing each been done, but effects the combination of the two extracts on wound healing in diabetes mellitus condition has not been done.Purpose: This study aims to determine the effect of a gel  combination of papaya latex and aloevera flesh extracts on the traumatics ulcer healing process in diabetic rats.Methods: True experimental laboratory research with the post-test-only control group design that performed on 28 male wistar rats which were divided intofour groups: DM and non-DM rat that treatment with povidone iodine and gel combination of papaya latex and aloevera flesh extract. The treatment was done for 7 days with smearing that was given 2x/day. Traumatics ulcer healing seen from the number of fibroblasts that then were analyzed by One WayAnova and post hoc LSD test.Results: The results showed the number of fibroblasts in DM and non-DM rat with povidone iodine were 44.6 and 42.73; in the DM and non-DM rat with a gel combination of papaya latex and aloe vera flesh extracts were 61.10 and 77.03. One Way Anova test resulted p-value = 0.000, it was mean that there were at least a significant difference on the number of  fibroblasts in the two groups. Differences of the number fibroblasts was shown in all groups, except in the group DM and non-DM rats with povidone iodine (p = 0.764).Conclusion: Conclusion of the study was the provision of a gel combination of papaya latex and aloevera flesh extracts effect on the traumatics ulcer healing process in diabetic rats.Keywords: Aloevera, Papaya Latex Extract, Traumatics Ulcers
EKSTRAK CYMBOPOGON CITRATUS DAN EUGENIA AROMATICUM EFEKTIF UNTUK PENYEMBUHAN GINGIVITIS Puspaningrum, Eka Febriani; Hendari, Ratnawati; Mujayanto, Rochman
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2015): December 2015
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

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Introduction: Gingivitis is an inflammatory gingiva which has early sign is a little bleeding and mild swelling of the gingiva and if this gingivitis is untreated it could be the periodontitis. The process of gingivitis can be prevented with an antibacterial compound.Purpose: The aim of this research is to determine the effectiveness of topical extracts of lemongrass and clove to cure gingivitis.Methods: This experimental research used post test control group design. The samples were 28 male Wistar rats 2-3  months that were divided into 4 groups. Group I as a positive control was given amoxicillin and metronidazole, group II was given lemongrass extract, group III was given clove extracts,  and the fourth group was given a combination of lemongrass and clove extracts. The addition of an extract is done in twice a day for 2 days.Results: Healing of gingivitis seen from the number of  polymorphonuclear leukocytes/PMN leukocytes. The mean number of PMN in group I = 5.00, group II = 9.43, group III = 8:57, and group IV = 5.86. Based on the Kruskal Wallis test there was not a significant difference of the PMN number withinfourth experiment group.Conclusion: The conclusion of this study was combination of lemongrass and clove extract had an effectiveness level that almost similar to metronidazole dan amoxicillin in decreasing the number of polymorphonuclear leukocytes in the gingivitis healing process.Keywords: Lemongrass Extract, Clove Extract, Gingivitis Healing