Mardhiah Hayati
Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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RESPONS TUNAS KAKTUS (Mammillaria myriacantha) PADA BERBAGAI KONSENTRASI NAA DAN BAP SECARA IN VITRO Hayati, Mardhiah
Jurnal Floratek Vol 3, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (177.765 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/floratek.v3i1.110

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Response of shoot of cactus  (Mammillaria myriacantha) to various concentrations of NAA and BAP in Vitro Mardhiah Hayati Fakultas Pertanian Unsyiah Darussalam Banda Aceh ABSTRACT The research was arranged in a factorial completely randomized design 3 x 3 with 5 replicates. Factors evaluated were concentration of NAA (0, 2, 4 mgl-1), and concentration of BAP (0, 3, 6 mgl-1). Variables observed were initiation time, shoot numbers, shoot height, root number at 2 and 4 weeks after culturing (WAC) and life percentage, dead percentage, contamination percentage. The results showed that NAA significantly affected initiation time and shoot numbers at 4 WAC.  The best initiation time was found at concentration of  NAA 4 mgl-1 and the best shoot numbers was found at concentration of NAA 2 dan 4 mgl-1. BAP had significant effect on  shoot number 4 WAC, shoot height 2 WAC, and root numbers at 2 and 4 WAC.  The best shoot numbers and shoot height were found at  BAP 3 mgl-1 but did not significantly differ from BAP 6 mgl-1.  The best root numbers, however, was at no BAP.  There was no significant interaction between both factors. 
PENGGUNAAN SEKAM PADI SEBAGAI MEDIA ALTERNATIF DAN PENGUJIAN EFEKTIFITAS PENGGUNAAN MEDIA PUPUK DAUN TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL TANAMAN TOMAT SECARA HIDROPONIK Hayati, Mardhiah
Jurnal Floratek Vol 2, No 1 (2006)
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (183.576 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/floratek.v2i1.58

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The Aplication of PaddyHusks As An Alternative  Medium and  Test of Efectivity Of Foliar Fertilizer on Growth and Yield of Tomato In Hydroponics ABSTRACT             A research of using various media and fertilizers on tomato planted hydroponically has been conducted in the green house of Agriculture faculty, Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh, starting from July to November 2002. The objective of research was to observe the influence of various media and fertilizer, as well as the interaction of each other to the growth and yield of tomato planted hydroponically. The treatment composed of two factors, namely various media (paddy’s husks / kuntan, sands, and mixture of  kuntan and sands) and fertilizers (Vitamon, Bayfolan, Complesal and Hoagland solution). The research was assigned in completely randomized design in a factorial manner, consisting three replications. The results showed that the best growth and highest yield of the tomato were found in the mixture medium (kuntan + sands). These results were significantly different from those of the single medium. The use of Hoagland solution resulted on the best growth and highest yield of tomato which were not significantly different from those of Bayfolan and Complesal Fertilizer. It is observed that there were no significant interactions between the two factors tested.  
Respon Kedelai Kultivar Kipas Putih dan Wilis pada Kadar Air Tanah yang Berbeda Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Ichsan, Cut Nur; Hayati, Mardhiah; Mashtura, Syarifah Putri
Jurnal Agrista Vol 14, No 1 (2010): Volume 14 Nomor 1 April 2010
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Response of Soybean Cultivars Kipas Putih and Wilis to Soil Moistureon Growth and YieldABSTRACT. The research has been made to explain relationship between soil moisture and the growth and yield of soya bean variety Willis and Kipas Putih. Block randomized design with factor type 2x4 and three repetition has use to analize the effect of soil moisture on those variety. The parameter use in this research were hight of the plan, plan growing rate, number of pod, length of the root, drying biomassa, and dry seed per plan. The research result showed that variety have very significant difference on high of plan 45 days after planting and dry biomassa per plan , have significant difference on growing rate after 45 after planting, number of pod, and has unsignificant difference on high of the plan 14 and 28 after planting, growing rate 28 and 56 days after planting, number of pods,length of the root, and dry seed per plan. Variety willis gives better grow and yield than Kipas Putih. Soil moisture has very significant differency on high of the plan 14 and 28 after planting and growing rate 28,45,56 after planting, number of regume per plan, number of filling pods per plan, length of the root, and weight of dry seed per plan. Field capacity level of soil moisture gives growth and yield better than others. Relationship between variety and soil moisture is very significant on hight of the plan 45 days after planting, growth and yield the best showed by variety Willis and field capacity level of soil moisture.
Pengaruh Varietas dan Dosis Pupuk SP-36 Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Kacang Tanah (Arachis hypogaea L. ) Hayati, Mardhiah; Marliah, Ainun; Fajri, Hidayatul
Jurnal Agrista Vol 16, No 1 (2012): Volume 16 Nomor 1 April 2012
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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ABSTRAK. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan varietas yang baik dan dosis pupuk SP-36 yang tepat serta interaksi keduanya  terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil kacang tanah.  Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Desa Darussalam Banda Aceh  sejak Agustus sampai November 2009. Rancangan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Rancangan Acak Kelompok Faktorial 3 x 3 yang diulang sebanyak 3 kali.  Faktor varietas terdiri dari: Gajah, Kuala batee dan Kelinci, sedangkan dosis pupuk  SP-36 adalah: 100, 150, dan 200 kg ha-1). Peubah yang diamati dalam penelitian ini adalah: tinggi tanaman, jumlah cabang,  jumlah polong per tanaman, jumlah polong hampa per tanaman, jumlah polong per tanaman, bobot polong per tanaman, bobot  100 butir kering, bobot biji kering per petak, dan hasil biji kering per hektar.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa varietas berpengaruh terhadap tinggi tanaman, jumlah polong per tanaman, jumlah polong per tanaman, dan bobot 100 biji kering. Pertumbuhan terbaik didapatkan pada varietas Gajah. Dosis pupuk SP-36 berpengaruh terhadap tinggi tanaman. Hasil terbaik untuk peubah tersebut adalah pada 150 kg ha-1.The Effect of Varieties and Dosage of SP-36 Fertilizer on Growth and Yield of Peanuts (Arachis Hypogaea L.)ABSTRACT. This study aimed at finding the best varieties and the right dosage of SP-36 fertilizer and the interaction of both factors on the growth and yield of peanut crops. The research was conducted in the village of Darussalam-Banda Aceh, from August to November, 2009. Experimental design was used in this study with Randomized Block Design patterns of 3 x 3 factorial with three replications. Two factors investigated were varieties (Gajah, Kuala Batee, dan Kelinci), and applied dosages of SP 36 fertilizer (100, 150 and 200kg ha-1). Variables observed in the study were plant height and number of branches per plant, the number of pods per plant, the number of empty pods per plant, total number of pods per plant, weight of pods per plant, dry weight of 100 seeds, dry seed weight per plot and the net weight of dried beans per hectare. The results showed that the varieties have a effect on plant height, pods number per plant, number of pods per plant and the total weight of 100 dry seeds. Best growth and results were found in varieties of gajah. Dose of fertilizer has a real effect on plant height. A better result was found in SP-36 of 150 kg ha-1.
Pengaruh Pupuk Kompos Lamtorogung (Leucaena leucocephala) dan Jarak Tanam Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Tomat (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.) Hayati, Mardhiah; Hayati, Erita; Narossa, Khairi
Jurnal Agrista Vol 14, No 1 (2010): Volume 14 Nomor 1 April 2010
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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The Effect of Lamtorogung Manure (Leucaena leucocephala) and Planting Spacing on Growth and Yield of Tomatoes (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.)ABSTRACT. The aim of this study was to find out the effect of dosages of lamtorogung manure and planting spacing, and interaction between them, on both growth and yield of tomatoes. Treatments were arranged by Factorial Completely Randomized Block Design 3 x 3 with 3 replications. Factors evaluated  were dosage of lamtorogung manure (15, 25 and 35 ton ha-1) and planting spacing (50 cm x 60 cm,  50 cm x 70 cm and 50 cm x 80 cm). Variables observed were the height of plant and diameter of the lower end of stem  at 15, 30 and 45 days after planting, the number of fruits per plant  (3 times harvest), the weight of fruits per plant, and diameter of fruit. The result of the study indicated  that dosage of lamtorogung manure of 25 ton ha-1 was the best for the highest tomato yield, and planting spacing of 50 cm x 80 cm was the best for both plants growth and yield. There was no interaction between both treatments towards growth and yield.
Pengaruh Komposisi Hara dan Varietas Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Tomat (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.) secara Hidroponik Sistem Substrat Hayati, Mardhiah; Nurhayati, Nurhayati; Yulita, Meina
Jurnal Agrista Vol 15, No 1 (2011): Volume 15 Nomor 1 April 2011
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

 The effect of Nutrient Composition and Tomato’s Variety on the Growth and Yield of Tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.) in Substrate System HydroponicsABSTRACT. This study was aimed at determining nutrient composition and tomato varieties, and the interaction between these two factors on the growth and yield of tamato in substrate system hydroponics. The experimental design used was completely factorial randomized design. There were 2 factors studied, nutrient composition (Nutrisi Hara Spesial/ NHS, Hartuse and Growmore formulas) and tomato’s varieties (Epoch (S-901), Jelita and Donna). Variables observed in this study were plant height, stem diameter, fruit diameter, fruit number and weight of the total fruit crop per plant. The result showed that the nutrient composition significantly affect the plant height at 15 and 30 DAT, stem diameter increment at 15, 30 and 45 DAT, fruit diameter, fruit number and weight of the total fruit crop per plant. The significant effect on plant height 45 days after planting was also found. The best growth and yield of tomato plants were found in nutrient composition of NHS. Tomato’s variety had a very significant effect on plant height at 45 DAT, significantly affected plant height age 30 DAT and the number of fruit per plant. The growth and yield tomato variety was Jelita. There was no significant interaction between nutrient compositions treatment on tomato’s varieties on all the observed variables.
Pemanfaatan Pupuk Organik Cair Terhadap Pertumbuhan Dan Hasil Beberapa Varietas Tomat (Lycopersicum esculentum L.) Marliah, Ainun; Hayati, Mardhiah; Muliansyah, Indra
Jurnal Agrista Vol 16, No 3 (2012): Volume 16 Nomor 3 Desember 2012
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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ABSTRAK. Suatu penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui varietas dan konsentrasi pupuk organik cair Enviro Plus yang tepat terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil tomat, serta untuk mengetahui interaksi kedua faktor tersebut. Penelitian menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) pola faktorial 3x3 dengan 3 ulangan. Ada 2 faktor yang diteliti yaitu varietas (Permata, Montero dan Niki) dan pupuk organik cair (0,5; 1,5; dan 2,5 cc L-1 air. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa varietas berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap  tinggi tanaman umur 15, 30 dan 45 HST, jumlah bunga per tandan umur 37 HST, jumlah buah per tanaman umur  57 HST dan total bobot buah per tanaman. Pertumbuhan dan hasil terbaik diperoleh  pada varietas Niki. Konsentrasi pupuk organik cair Enviro Plus berpengaruh nyata terhadap diameter batang umur 15 HST dan total bobot buah per tanaman. Pertumbuhan dan hasil  terbaik diperoleh pada penggunaan pupuk organik cair Enviro Plus 0,5 cc L-1 air. Tidak terdapat interaksi yang nyata antara varietas dan  konsentrasi pupuk organik cair Enviro Plus terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil tomat.The Using of Liquid Organic Fertilizers on Growth and Yield of Three Varieties of Tomato (Lycopersicum Esculentum L.)ABSTRACT. The study was  to determine the variety and concentration of Enviro Plus (liquid organic fertilizer) that have best  growth and yield of tomatoes, and as well as  interaction of both factors. Randomized Block  Design was used with pattern 3x3 factorial with three replications. There were two factors, varieties (Permata, Montero and Niki) and concentration of  Enviro Plus (0.5, 1.5, and 2.5 cc L-1) of water. The results showed that the varieties  had significant  effect on plant height umur 15, 30 and 45 day after planting (DAP) , the number of flowers per stalk at age  37 DAP, the number of fruits per plant age 57 DAP and a total weight of fruit per plant. The best growth and yield found on Niki varieties. Concentration of  Enviro Plus that have significantly affect on stem diameter and the at age  15 DAP, total weight of fruit per plant. The best growth and yield found at concentration of Enviro Plus  0.5 cc L-1 of water). There were no significant  interaction effect between variety and concentration of Enviro Plus   on growth and yield of tomato.
Pengaruh Bahan Stek dan Bentuk Rootone terhadap Pertumbuhan Mawar Hayati, Erita; Hayati, Mardhiah; Yulis, Heramika
Jurnal Agrista Vol 13, No 3 (2009): Volume 13 Nomor 3 Desember 2009
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Effect of Cutting and Forms Rootone F on the Growth of the Roses (Rosa sp)ABSTRACT. This study aims to determine the effect of cutting and way of giving proper rootone F and the presence or absence of interaction between the two factors under study on the growth of cutting roses. The research was conducted in the Village of Blang Cut, District Leung Bata, Banda Aceh, the ongoing since August – October 2006. This research used randomized block design factorial pattern of 3x4 with 3 replications. There are two factors studied were the first factor is the cutting material (S) which consists of 3 levels: the base of cutting (S1), cutting the middle (S2) and cutting the tip (S3), the second factor is the form rootone F consists of 4 levels: Control (R0), from a paste (R1), the form of flour (R2) and forms a solution of (R3). Observed in this study is to shoot length, number of shoot, number of compound leaves per shoot, number of root and root length. The result showed that the materials have strong cuttings of shoot number of age 60 days after transplanting (DAT), the number of compound leaves per shoot, number of roots and root length HST age 80, the best result encountered in cutting edge treatment material (S3) Treatment rootone F shows that the effect is very significant effect on the number of shoots age 60 DAT, the number of compound leaves, number of root and root length HST age 80, the best result encountered in the treatment of flour (R2). There is significant interaction on the number of compound leaves per shoot, root length and number of root age 80 DAT, the best interaction was obtained at S3R2 combination treatment.
Effect of biochar and compost application on kailan yield (Brassica oleraceae) Novrian, Finda; Hayati, Mardhiah; Zaitun, .; Chairunas, .
Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter Vol 2, No 1 (2012): Life Sciences
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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The objective of experiment was to study effect of biochar and compost application on the best yield of kalian.  The research was conducted at Field Experiment of Provincial Agricultural Service (BPTP), Aceh Province.  The experimental arranged in a randomized complate block design with two factors and four replications.  Biochar consisted of two levels, i.e. without biochar and with biochar 30 ton ha-1. Compost consisted of two levels, i.e. without compost and compost 30 ton ha-1.  The result showed that biochar application affected significantly to stem diameter 7 DAP and not significant to number of leaves and plant height 7, 14, 21, 28 DAP, stem diameter 14, 21, 28 DAP, the 6th of length and width leaf and plant fresh weight.  Compost application affected significantly to number of leaves 14 DAP and the 6th of length leaf; and highly significant to number of leaves 7, 21, 28 DAP, plant height 7, 21, 28 DAP, stem diameter 7, 14, 21, 28 DAP, the 6th of width leaf and plant fresh weight, but not significant to plant height 14 DAP.  There was significantly interaction between biochar and compost application to stem diameter 7 DAP.  There were not interaction to number of leaves and plant height 7, 14, 21, 28 DAP, stem diameter 14, 21,28 DAP, the 6th of length and width leaf and plant fresh weight.
PENGARUH PUPUK ORGANIK DAN ANORGANIK TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN BEBERAPA VARIETAS JAGUNG MANIS DI LAHAN TSUNAMI Hayati, Mardhiah; Hayati, Erita; Denni, Denni
Jurnal Floratek Vol 6, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (146.233 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/floratek.v6i1.501

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        The study was aimed at determining responses of several sweet corn varieties to organic and inorganic fertilizers on tsunami affected land and knowing interactions between both factors on growth and yield of sweet corn. The experiment was conducted in Village of Lampuuk, Lhoknga, District of Aceh Besar, from January 7 to March 19, 2008. This research was conducted using a randomized complete block design (RCBD), 3 x 3 with 3 replications. There were two factors studied, namely fertilizations, consisting of 3 levels: 100% organic fertilizer, 50% organic fertilizer + 50% inorganic fertilizers and 100% inorganic fertilizers. The second factor was varieties, consisting of 3 levels: Sweet Boy, Hawaiian Sweet Corn Hybrid F1 and Super Bee. The results showed that fertilization significantly affected ear weight with and without cornhusk, but did not affect diameter of ear and seed rows per ear. The highest result was found at a treatment of 50% organic fertilizer + 50% inorganic fertilizers, but was not significantly different from 100% organic fertilizer. Varieties showed no significant effects on all variables observed.  There were significant interactions between fertilizations and varieties on plant height at age 42 and 63 day after planting (DAP), leaf length at age 21, 42, and 63 DAP, and root fresh weight at age 21 DAP.  The best plant growth was found at a combination of Sweet Boy   and 50% organic fertilizer + 50% inorganic fertilizer.