Erita Hayati
Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Published : 14 Documents
Articles

Found 14 Documents
Search

Pengaruh Jumlah Mata Tunas dan Komposisi Media Tanam Terhadap Pertumbuhan Setek Tanaman Jarak Pagar (Jatropha curcas L.) Hayati, Erita; Sabaruddin, Sabaruddin; Rahmawati, Rahmawati
Jurnal Agrista Vol 16, No 3 (2012): Volume 16 Nomor 3 Desember 2012
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (533.983 KB)

Abstract

ABSTRAK. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh jumlah mata tunas dan media tanam terhadap pertumbuhan jarak pagar serta ada tidaknya interaksi antara kedua factor tersebut. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di kebun percobaan Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Syiah Kuala Darussalam Banda Aceh yang berlangsung sejak 8 Oktober sampai dengan 8 Desember 2007. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) pola faktorial. Ada 2 faktor yang diteliti, factor pertama adalah Jumlah mata tunas (J) dan factor kedua adalah Media tanam (M) yang masing-masing terdiri dari 3 taraf dengan 3 ulangan. Pengamatan yang diamati adalah jumlah tunas, panjang tunas, jumlah daun per tunas, jumlah daun per setek, jumlah akar dan panjang akar. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa jumlah mata tunas berpengaruh sangat nyata pada pertumbuhan setek tanaman jarak pagar. Jumlah mata tunas terbaik diperoleh pada 12 mata tunas (T2). Komposisi media tanam juga mempengaruhi pertumbuhan setek tanaman jarak pagar dan media tanam terbaik dijumpai pada komposisi media tanam pasir : tanah : pupuk kandang : sekam (M1) dan terdapat interaksi antara keduanya  sedangkan kombinasi terbaik terdapat pada jumlah mata tunas 14 dengan media tanam pasir : tanah : pupuk kandang : sekam  (M3T1)Effect of  Buds and Composition of Planting Media to the Growth of  Jatropha Plants Cutting (Jatropha curcas L.)ABSTRACT. This study aims to determine the influence of the  buds and growing media on the growth of Jatropha and the presence or absence of interaction between these factors. This research was conducted at the Faculty of Agriculture experiment station Syiah Kuala University in Banda Aceh Darussalam which lasted from October 8 to December 8, 2007. This research use randomized block design (RAK) factorial pattern. There are 2 factors studied, the first factor is the number of buds (J) and the second factor is the planting media (M), each of which consists of 3 levels with 3 replications. Observations were observed and the number of shoots, shoot length, number of leaves per shoot, number of leaves per cutting, number of roots and root length. The results showed that the number of buds very real effect on the growth of Jatropha plants cuttings. Number of best buds obtained at 12 (T2). The composition of growth media also affect the growth of Jatropha plantscuttings and the best growing media found on the composition of the planting medium sand: soil: manure: chaff (M1) and there is interaction between the two while the best combination found in the number of buds growing media 14 with sand: soil : manure: chaff (M3T1)
Pengaruh Pupuk Kompos Lamtorogung (Leucaena leucocephala) dan Jarak Tanam Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Tomat (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.) Hayati, Mardhiah; Hayati, Erita; Narossa, Khairi
Jurnal Agrista Vol 14, No 1 (2010): Volume 14 Nomor 1 April 2010
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (106.588 KB)

Abstract

The Effect of Lamtorogung Manure (Leucaena leucocephala) and Planting Spacing on Growth and Yield of Tomatoes (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.)ABSTRACT. The aim of this study was to find out the effect of dosages of lamtorogung manure and planting spacing, and interaction between them, on both growth and yield of tomatoes. Treatments were arranged by Factorial Completely Randomized Block Design 3 x 3 with 3 replications. Factors evaluated  were dosage of lamtorogung manure (15, 25 and 35 ton ha-1) and planting spacing (50 cm x 60 cm,  50 cm x 70 cm and 50 cm x 80 cm). Variables observed were the height of plant and diameter of the lower end of stem  at 15, 30 and 45 days after planting, the number of fruits per plant  (3 times harvest), the weight of fruits per plant, and diameter of fruit. The result of the study indicated  that dosage of lamtorogung manure of 25 ton ha-1 was the best for the highest tomato yield, and planting spacing of 50 cm x 80 cm was the best for both plants growth and yield. There was no interaction between both treatments towards growth and yield.
Pengaruh Naungan dan Varietas Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Stroberi (Fragaria sp.) di Dataran Rendah Kesumawati, Elly; Hayati, Erita; Thamrin, Muhammad
Jurnal Agrista Vol 16, No 1 (2012): Volume 16 Nomor 1 April 2012
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (560.917 KB)

Abstract

ABSTRAK. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menentukan pengaruh naungan dan varietas terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman stroberi pada dataran rendah serta interaksi kedua faktor tersebut.  Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Petak Terpisah pola RAK. Faktor naungan sebagai petak utama terdiri dari:  tidak ternaungi (100% cahaya), 1 lapisan naungan  (70% cahaya) dan dua lapisan naungan (40% cahaya) dan varietas stroberi sebagai anak petak terdiri dari: Michiko, Earlibrite dan Tristar. Peubah yang diamati adalah:  pertambahan tinggi tanaman dan pertambahan daun, number of flowers, jumlah buah, bobot buah, dan diameter buah per tanaman. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pertumbuhan dan hasil terbaik tanaman stroberi apabila tidak dinaungi, sedangkan untuk varietas terbaik dijumpai pada Michiko. Ada interaksi yang nyata antara naungan dan varietas terhadap jumlah daun pada 75 HST dan tinggi tanaman pada 15 HST. Varietas Earlibrite yang tidak dinaungi atau dinaungi dua lapis, dapat meningkatkan jumlah daun pada 75 HST. Varietas Michiko yang tidak dinaungi dapat meningkatkan tinggi tanaman.The Effects of Shading and Varieties on Growth and Yield of Strawberry (Fragaria Sp.) in LowlandABSTRACT. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of shading and varieties on growth and yield of strawberry plants in the lowlands and the interaction between these factors. The research was conducted using a Split Plot Design. Factors studied are shading as the main plots consisting of no-shading (100% sunlight), one layer of shading (70% sunlight) and two layers of shading (40% sunlight) and strawberry varieties as subplot consisting of Michiko, Earlibrite and Tristar. Observed variable is the increase in the number of plant height and leaf, number of flowers, number of fruits, fruit weight and diameter of fruit per plant. The results showed the best growth and yield of strawberry plants tend to be found on treatment no-shading. The best varieties tend to be found in varieties Michiko. There is a significant interaction between shading and varieties in the number of leaf age 75 HST and in plant height age 15 HST. The best interaction of the number of leaf in the age of 75 HST was Earlibrite varieties with the no-shading and two layers of shading, as well as to varieties Michiko and Tristar with one layer shading. In plant height age of 15 HST, the best combination of interactions found in varieties Michiko with no-shading.
Respon Jagung Manis (Zea mays, Sacharata SHOUT) Terhadap Penggunaan Mulsa dan Pupuk Organik Hayati, Erita; Ahmad, A. Halim; Rahman, Cut Taisir
Jurnal Agrista Vol 14, No 1 (2010): Volume 14 Nomor 1 April 2010
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (77.807 KB)

Abstract

The Response of Sweet Corn (Zea mays, Sacharate SHOUT) on Mulch and Organic FertilizerABSTRACT. This study aims to determine the response of maize (Zea mays, Sacharata SHOUT) against the use of several types of organic mulch and organic fertilizer super nasa and whether there is an interaction between both factors. This research has been conducted in the village of Kuala  Batee, Terbue District of Southwest Aceh district which lasted from 17 july - 30 october 2008, and with Research Randomized factorial arranged with the combined treatment of organic mulch (M) that M1 = straw, M2 = bagase, M3= rice husk, while the organic fertilizer treatments super nasa (P) is P1 = 10 g / l of water, P2 = 20 g / l of water and P3 = 30 g / l of water with three replications. Results showed that oral administration of organic mulch significantly affect corn production, the best production of mulch was found in rice husk (M3) significant than other types of organic mulch. Fertilizer did not affect the process of growth and yield of maize. There is interaction between the type of Mulching with organic fertilizer super nasa. The best combination was obtained in the combined treatment  M2P1  or M3P3.
Pengaruh dosis pupuk urea terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi plasma nutfah padi lokal asal aceh Anhar, Ridwan; Hayati, Erita; Efendi, Efendi
-
Publisher : Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (276.924 KB)

Abstract

This study aims to determine the effect of Urea fertilizer on the growth and production of local rice germplasm from Aceh. The results showed that treatment of Urea very significant effect on the number of tillers at the age of 60 days after planting, and significantly affected the number of seedlings 45 days after planting. Growth and yield the best found in the treatment of urea 0.65 g pot-1 (200 kg ha-1). Varieties very significant effect on plant height age of 30, 45 and 60 days after planting, tillering, number of tillers at the age of 45 and 60 days after planting, life begins to flower, the percentage of grain contains, the percentage of empty grains, 1,000 grain weight, yield per plot and yield per hectare. Continously varieties significantly affected the number of seedlings 15 days after planting. Productivity of rice plants is best found in the varieties Sipirok 9.58 tons ha-1. There is no real interaction between the urea treatment of all varieties of variable growth and yield of rice plants.
Pengaruh Bahan Stek dan Bentuk Rootone terhadap Pertumbuhan Mawar Hayati, Erita; Hayati, Mardhiah; Yulis, Heramika
Jurnal Agrista Vol 13, No 3 (2009): Volume 13 Nomor 3 Desember 2009
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (551.874 KB)

Abstract

Effect of Cutting and Forms Rootone F on the Growth of the Roses (Rosa sp)ABSTRACT. This study aims to determine the effect of cutting and way of giving proper rootone F and the presence or absence of interaction between the two factors under study on the growth of cutting roses. The research was conducted in the Village of Blang Cut, District Leung Bata, Banda Aceh, the ongoing since August – October 2006. This research used randomized block design factorial pattern of 3x4 with 3 replications. There are two factors studied were the first factor is the cutting material (S) which consists of 3 levels: the base of cutting (S1), cutting the middle (S2) and cutting the tip (S3), the second factor is the form rootone F consists of 4 levels: Control (R0), from a paste (R1), the form of flour (R2) and forms a solution of (R3). Observed in this study is to shoot length, number of shoot, number of compound leaves per shoot, number of root and root length. The result showed that the materials have strong cuttings of shoot number of age 60 days after transplanting (DAT), the number of compound leaves per shoot, number of roots and root length HST age 80, the best result encountered in cutting edge treatment material (S3) Treatment rootone F shows that the effect is very significant effect on the number of shoots age 60 DAT, the number of compound leaves, number of root and root length HST age 80, the best result encountered in the treatment of flour (R2). There is significant interaction on the number of compound leaves per shoot, root length and number of root age 80 DAT, the best interaction was obtained at S3R2 combination treatment.
Uji daya gabung tiga galur mandul jantan dengan sepuluh galur kandidat restorer pada tanaman padi (Oryza sativa L.) Aisah, Siti; Hayati, Erita; Bakhtiar, Bakhtiar
-
Publisher : Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (473.796 KB)

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to obtain lines of candidates restorer that has a good combining ability against three plants Cytoplasmic Male Sterile (CMS/A). The research was conducted at the research field at PT. Syngenta Indonesia Cikampek West Java, Jati Sari, Balonggandu village. Crossed design and  analysis arranged by following  line x tester desing. Ten hybrid line restorer fertility and three line CMS planted the field using randomized complete block design with  2 replications, treatment consisting of 43 treatment so getting 86 unit experiment with the analysis resources combining ability. This research was the observed against character of high of plants, number of filled grain per clump , number of filled per clump, number of unfilled per clump, weights 1000 grains, number of productive, panicle length, persentase fertiliy panicle. The result showed that all the characters observed having had significant variance of general combining ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA). Expression of the characters above controlled by the action of genes additive or non-aditif.
Penampilan fenotipik, parameter genetik karakter hasil dan komponen hasil tanaman melon (Cucumis melo) Zulfikri, Zulfikri; Hayati, Erita; Nasir, M.
Jurnal Floratek Vol 10, No 2 (2015): Oktober 2015
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (237.592 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/floratek.v10i2.3057

Abstract

Phenotypic Appearance, Genetic Parameters for Yield Character and Yield Component of Melon (Cucumis melo)ABSTRACT. This study aims to identify the magnitude of predictive value in population genetic parameters melon genotypes . The design used in this study is a randomized block design pattern of non- factorial with 3 replications consisting of 6 treatments genotype extent that Sky Rocket , Action , Amanta , Glamour , Red Aroma , and Apollo , thus there are 18 experimentals. Observed were fruit length , fruit diameter , the largest fruit weight, the smallest fruit weight , fruit weight, and fresh fruit weight / hectare . The results showed that the genotype Glamour shows the best result of the appearance of the character fruit diameter , the smallest fruit weight , fruit weight, and fruit weight / hectare with a potential yield reached 7.25 tons / ha . Predictive value of genetic parameters of yield and yield component characters of melon plants showed that the coefficient of genetic diversity ( KKG ) criteria classified into low , whereas in the broad sense heritability classified into high criteria . Character crop yield and yield components of melon also showed predictive value of genetic correlations ranging from correlation is not real , very real to real . The character of the fruit weight is positive and highly significant correlation with the characters : ( 1 ) the largest fruit weight with r = 0.829 ** and ( 2 ) the weight of fresh fruit per acre with a value of r = 1.00 ** . 
Pengelompokan Berdasarkan Karakter Morfologi Vegetatif pada Plasma Nutfah Pisang Asal Kabupaten Aceh Besar Rahmawati, Marai; Hayati, Erita
Jurnal Agrista Vol 17, No 3 (2013): Volume 17 Nomor 3 Desember 2013
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (565.662 KB)

Abstract

ABSTRAK. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengelompokkan berbagai jenis pisang (Musa spp.) yang terdapat di Kabupaten Aceh Besar berdasarkan karakter morfologi vegetatif dari berbagai plasma nutfah pisang. Pengamatan meliputi karakter kuantitatif dan karakter kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa aksesi pisang dapat dibagi menjadi tiga kelompok berdasarkan tinggi batang semu. Kelompok pertama, kategori batang semu pendek, terdapat  4 aksesi, selanjutnya kategori batang semu sedang, terdapat 9 aksesi dan terakhir kategori batang semu tinggi, terdapat 7 aksesi. Sedangkan berdasarkan 28 karakter kualitatif, terbentuk dendogram yang mengelompokkan aksesi pisang pada 3 kelompok. Kelompok pertama yaitu pisang Bu I, Talon, Nangka, Ayam, Gantang, Mah Sabang, Banten, Mas Aceh, Klat Barat, Lidi, Abin, dan Kapai. Kelompok kedua yaitu pisang Swasa dan Buu. Kelompok ketiga yaitu pisang Wak, Kepok dan Bhem. Berdasarkan karakter tipe lekuk kanal petiol, warna batang semu dasar dan tipe bercak maka kelompok pertama dan kedua diklasifikasikan memiliki genom dominan A (berasal dari Musa acuminata), sedangkan kelompok ketiga memiliki genom dominan B (berasal dari Musa balbisiana). Grouping Based on Vegetative Morphological Character of Banana Germplasm from Aceh Besar DistrictABSTRACT. This study aims to grouping the diversity of banana (Musa spp.) from Aceh Besar District based on vegetative morphological characters of banana germplasm. Observations included quantitative and qualitative characters. Grouping based on pseudostem height were divided into three groups. The first group, short pseudostem, is 4 accessions. The second group, medium pseudostem, are 9 of accession. Last, the third group, high pseudostem, are 7 accessions. While based on 28 qualitative characters, formed dendogram classifying banana accessions into 3 groups. Based on the character type of petoile canal, predominant underlying color of pseudostem and blotches of petiole base, the first and second groups are classified into the group that have dominant genome A (derived from Musa acuminata), while the third group has dominant genome B (derived from Musa balbisiana).
PENGARUH PUPUK ORGANIK DAN ANORGANIK TERHADAP KANDUNGAN LOGAM BERAT DALAM TANAH DAN JARINGAN TANAMAN SELADA Hayati, Erita
Jurnal Floratek Vol 5, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (234.91 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/floratek.v5i2.396

Abstract

           The objective of this research was to study content of heavy metal  (Pb) in soil and lettuce tissue caused by organic and inorganic fertilizers application. This research applied a factorial completely randomized design (CRD) with 3 replicates. The first factor was organic fertilizer, consisting of 4 levels and the second factor was inorganic fertilizers, consisting of 2 levels. Variables observed were fresh weight, and content of heavy metal in soil and tissue. Results showed that application of organic and inorganic fertilizers could reduce level of lead Pb) in soil and plant tissue. The highest Pb concentration was in the treatment without organic fertilizer and the lowest Pb concentration was in the organic fertilizer of 45 tons per ha, which was not significantly different from the organic fertilizer of 30 tons per ha. The highest plant fresh weight was obtained in dosage of organic fertilizer 15 tons/ha in the second planting. The best combination for plant fresh weight was an organic fertilizer of 15 tons/ha and an inorganic fertilizer of 1000 kg/ha.