Yuni Puji Hastuti
Department of Aquaculture

Published : 7 Documents
Articles

Found 7 Documents
Search

Profiles of traditional farms: soil texture, total inorganic N and bacteria-producing estate

Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 9, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (110.882 KB)

Abstract

Pond traditional system is the pond in still activity with a symple management system.  This activity indicated by low technology and relatively low production level.  Aquaculture activities in traditional pond not loss from nitrification and denitrification prosess, however this process is more low production rather than semiintensive and intensive system. This study aims to observe abundance of bacteria nitrification along with changes soil texture, and N-organic in the soil of traditional pond. Chemical and biological analyses were done using spectroscopy and Most Probable Number methods to determine the amount of nitrite and ammonium production of bacteria.  Based of the result, each stratum traditional ponds have relatively similar abundance in nitrite producing bacteria of 7.08-7.47 Log CFU/g.  Increasing abundance in ammonium producing bacteria was found in all stratum, range from 5.63 Log cfu/g to 8.12 Log cfu/g. From the first day of preparation, traditional ponds have a lot of nitrite and ammonium producing bacteria.Keywords: traditional, pond, nitrification, abundance of bacteri. ABSTRAKTambak sistem tradisional merupakan tambak yang dalam kegiatannya masih menggunakan sistem manajemen sederhana.  Hal ini ditandai dengan penerapan teknologi sederhana, dan tingkat produksi relatif rendah.  Kegiatan budidaya di tambak tradisional tidak akan terlepas dari proses nitrifikasi dan denitrifikasi, namun demikian proses ini relatif lebih rendah aktivitasnya daripada tambak sistem semiintensif dan intensif.  Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mempelajari kelimpahan bakteri penghasil senyawa nitrit, amonium seiring dengan perubahan tekstur tanah, dan N-organik pada tanah tambak tradisional. Media pertumbuhan bakteri dikondisikan bebas oksigen (oxygen free nitrogen/OFN method) , sedangkan kelimpahan bakteri dianalisis dengan rumus most porbable number (MPN). Berdasarkan hasil, setiap strata tanah tambak tradisional memiliki jumlah bakteri penghasil nitrit yang relatif sama, yaitu antara 7,08-7,47 Log cfu/g. Peningkatan kelimpahan bakteri penghasil amonium terjadi pada semua strata, yaitu berkisar antara 5,63 Log cfu/g sampai dengan 8,12 Log cfu/g.  Dari hari pertama persiapan, tambak tradisional telah memiliki kelimpahan bakteri penghasil nitrit dan amonium yang berlimpah.Kata kunci:  tradisional, tambak, nitritifikasi, kelimpahan bakteri.

Nitrogen and phosphorus absorption capability in environmental culture by Taiwan gravestone Anadonta woodiana Lea

Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 11, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1165.056 KB)

Abstract

Nitrogen and phosphorus in a water culture are derived from the metabolism of the farmed organism, feed residue and microbial activity in the water. One way of controlling water quality due to waste in the form of nitrogen and phosphorus from aquaculture is to utilize filter feeder organisms of Anadonta woodiana Lea. This study aimed to analysis the effectiveness of the absorption of nitrogen and phosphorus in waters by A. woodiana as filter feeder. A total of 0 (control), five, ten, and 15 gravestone were putted into a tank of 35 L of water derived from Cirata reservoir. Each treatment was given three times repetition. Measurement of total nitrogen and phosphorus in gravestones were performed at baseline and end of treatment. In addition, measurement of total nitrogen and phosphorus in the water tank was measured every ten days. Another measurement is the length and weight of gravestone. Direct observations made on gravestones barnacle survival, pH, dissolved oxygen, temperature, and turbidity every day. Aeration was provided in each aquarium. Based on the results obtained, the survival of gravestone in the density of five gravestones was 93.33%, in ten gravestones density was 90%, while in 15 gravestones was 95%. The percentage reduction in total nitrogen in the water at the end of treatment was 57% for the five gravestones density, and for ten gravestones was 88.2%. The decrease of total phosphorus in water in ten gravestones density was 37.4%, whereas the increase in density of 15 gravestones and total phosphorus water percentage was 26.9%. On the density of ten gravestones, the body weight decreased until to 3.3%, while in the density of 15 gravestones decreased until to 2.5% on day 30. Results of water quality analysis showed that the DO values decreased from baseline to end of treatment (from 5.08 to 4.86 mg/L), the average water temperature from 26.5 to 27.4 °C, pH values 7‒8, and highest turbidity values was obtained in the density of five gravestone. Decrease in the percentage of total nitrogen in the water suggested nitrogen and phosphorus have been absorbted for barnacle growth. Keywords: total phosphorus, total nitrogen,waste,Anadonta woodiana Lea,cultivation

Toxicity of mercury (Hg) on survival and growth rate, hemato- and histopathological parameters ofOreochromis niloticus

Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 11, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1170.716 KB)

Abstract

Heavy metals are serious pollutants of the aquatic environment because of their environmental persistence and ability to be accumulated by aquatic organisms. Oreochromis niloticus exposed to 0, 0.16, 0.5, and 1.0 ppm Hg for 30 days. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of mercury in water on survival rate, growth rates, hematological, and histological parameters of Oreochromis niloticus. This study was conducted from Mei to June 2009. The experimental design was arranged in completely randomized design with four treatments and three replications. Stock density was 8 fish/aquarium with mean initial body weight was 15.70±1.13 g. Growth and survival rates of test fish were decreased with increasing the Hg concentration. Red blood cell (RBC) count, haematocrit content, and haemoglobin content decreased when compared to the control. The number of white blood cells (WBC) increased in mercuric treated fish. The results are statistically significant at p<0.05 level. Keywords:mercury, survival and growth rate, hematology, histopathology, Oreochromis niloticus

Optimum salinity for growth of mangrove crab Scylla serrata seed in recirculation systems

Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2755.913 KB)

Abstract

ABSTRACT One of the abiotic factors that affects the growth and the survival of crabs is salinity. The optimum salinity media will give maximum impact on mangrove crab Scylla serrata due to the osmoregulation process. This study aimed to examine the effect of salinity on the survival rate (SR) and spesific growth rate (SGR) of mangrove crab through the reaction of physiological condition. The treatments were rearing mangrove crab at the salinity medium of 15 ppt (A), 20 ppt (B), 25 ppt (C), and 30 ppt (D). Result showed that different salinity performed a significant effect (P<0.05) on the survival rate and specific growth rate of the crabs. The low level of stress, shown by the high value of total hemocyte and the low osmotic pressure, has made salinity of 25 ppt was the optimum condition for the mangrove crab rearing. Keywords: salinity, survival, specific growth rate, mangrove crab  ABSTRAK Salah satu faktor abiotik yang memengaruhi pertumbuhan dan kelangsungan hidup kepiting adalah salinitas. Salinitas media optimum akan memberikan efek yang maksimal pada kepiting bakau Scylla serrata sehubungan dengan proses osmoregulasi tubuhnya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji pengaruh salinitas pada kelangsungan hidup dan laju pertumbuhan spesifik kepiting bakau melalui reaksi kondisi fisiologis. Penelitian ini terdiri atas perlakuan salinitas media 15 ppt (A), 20 ppt (B), 25 ppt (C), dan 30 ppt (D). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perbedaan salinitas media pemeliharaan kepiting bakau memberikan perbedaan nyata (P<0,05) pada kelangsungan hidup dan laju pertumbuhan spesifik kepiting bakau. Rendahnya tingkat stres pada salinitas 25 ppt dijelaskan dengan tingginya jumlah total hemosit dan rendahnya tekanan osmotik sehingga salinitas 25 ppt merupakan kondisi optimum bagi pemeliharaan kepiting bakau. Keywords: salinitas, kelangsungan hidup, laju pertumbuhan spesifik, kepiting bakau

Profiles of traditional farms: soil texture, total inorganic N and bacteria-producing estate

Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 9, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (110.882 KB)

Abstract

Pond traditional system is the pond in still activity with a symple management system.  This activity indicated by low technology and relatively low production level.  Aquaculture activities in traditional pond not loss from nitrification and denitrification prosess, however this process is more low production rather than semiintensive and intensive system. This study aims to observe abundance of bacteria nitrification along with changes soil texture, and N-organic in the soil of traditional pond. Chemical and biological analyses were done using spectroscopy and Most Probable Number methods to determine the amount of nitrite and ammonium production of bacteria.  Based of the result, each stratum traditional ponds have relatively similar abundance in nitrite producing bacteria of 7.08-7.47 Log CFU/g.  Increasing abundance in ammonium producing bacteria was found in all stratum, range from 5.63 Log cfu/g to 8.12 Log cfu/g. From the first day of preparation, traditional ponds have a lot of nitrite and ammonium producing bacteria.Keywords: traditional, pond, nitrification, abundance of bacteri. ABSTRAKTambak sistem tradisional merupakan tambak yang dalam kegiatannya masih menggunakan sistem manajemen sederhana.  Hal ini ditandai dengan penerapan teknologi sederhana, dan tingkat produksi relatif rendah.  Kegiatan budidaya di tambak tradisional tidak akan terlepas dari proses nitrifikasi dan denitrifikasi, namun demikian proses ini relatif lebih rendah aktivitasnya daripada tambak sistem semiintensif dan intensif.  Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mempelajari kelimpahan bakteri penghasil senyawa nitrit, amonium seiring dengan perubahan tekstur tanah, dan N-organik pada tanah tambak tradisional. Media pertumbuhan bakteri dikondisikan bebas oksigen (oxygen free nitrogen/OFN method) , sedangkan kelimpahan bakteri dianalisis dengan rumus most porbable number (MPN). Berdasarkan hasil, setiap strata tanah tambak tradisional memiliki jumlah bakteri penghasil nitrit yang relatif sama, yaitu antara 7,08-7,47 Log cfu/g. Peningkatan kelimpahan bakteri penghasil amonium terjadi pada semua strata, yaitu berkisar antara 5,63 Log cfu/g sampai dengan 8,12 Log cfu/g.  Dari hari pertama persiapan, tambak tradisional telah memiliki kelimpahan bakteri penghasil nitrit dan amonium yang berlimpah.Kata kunci:  tradisional, tambak, nitritifikasi, kelimpahan bakteri.

The concentration of optimum dissolved oxygen levels for growth of mangrove crab Scylla serrata seed in recirculation system

Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 16, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3251.944 KB)

Abstract

ABSTRACT This study aimed to determine optimum dissolved oxygen (DO) through the addition of aeration and to evaluate the role of dissolved oxygen on production performance and stress responses of mangrove crab Scylla serrata. Experimental design used was complete randomized design with four treatments namely no aeration (A), one point aeration (B), two points aeration (C), and three points aeration (D). All treatments replicated three times. The crab with the average of body weight 45.6±2.1 g/individual cultured in a plastic box (40×30×30 cm3). The stocking densities was 10 crab/box. Crab was cultured within 42 days and were fed two times a day by restricted method (15% of the total biomass). The result showed that C treatment produced 5.51 mg/L dissolved oxygen and gave the best result of mangrove crabs production performance  with 60% survival, 0.83±0.03 g/day absolute growth rate and food conversion ratio 1.1. It also showed good response to the stress that indicated by the cortisol level (10.159 µg/dL). The best results of coefficient of diversity showed by D treatment that was 13.5%. The water quality during study period was fluctuative as affected by different dissolved oxygen value. Keyword: mangrove crabs, dissolved oxygen, production performance  ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan menentukan kadar oksigen terlarut (OT) atau dissolved oxygen (DO) yang optimum melalui penentuan titik aerasi serta mengevalusi peranan oksigen terlarut terhadap kinerja produksi dan respons stres kepiting bakau Scylla serrata. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan adalah rancangan acak lengkap dengan empat pelakuan (penambahan titik aerasi dengan rincian A, tidak menggunakan titik aerasi; B, satu titik aerasi; C, dua titik aerasi dan D, tiga titik aerasi) dan tiga ulangan. Kepiting bakau yang digunakan memiliki berat rata-rata 45,6±2,1 g/ekor dengan padat tebar 10 ekor/wadah. Wadah yang digunakan selama pemeliharaan adalah bak fiber plastik yang berukuran 40×30×30 cm3. Pemeliharaan kepiting bakau dilaksanakan selama 42 hari dan diberikan pakan dua kali sehari dengan metode restricted yakni sebesar 15% dari biomassa kepiting. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan C yaitu penambahan dua titik aerasi menghasilkan nilai kelarutan oksigen rata-rata sebesar 5,51 mg/L dan memberikan hasil terbaik terhadap kinerja produksi kepiting bakau (tingkat kelangsungan hidup 60%; laju pertumbuhan mutlak 0,83±0,03 g/hari; dan rasio konversi pakan 1,1). Perlakuan C juga menunjukkan respons stres yang baik dengan memiliki nilai kortisol paling rendah dari perlakuan lain yaitu 10,159 µg/dL. Untuk parameter koefisien keragaman berat, hasil terbaik terjadi pada perlakuan D sebesar 23,3%. Kualitas air selama penelitian memiliki nilai yang fluktuatif di setiap perlakuan sebagai efek adanya perbedaan nilai kelarutan oksigen yang dihasilkan. Kata kunci: kepiting bakau, kelarutan oksigen, kinerja produksi

KALSIUM KARBONAT PADA MEDIA BERSALINITAS UNTUK PERTUMBUHAN BENIH IKAN PATIN (Pangasius sp.)

Jurnal Teknologi Perikanan dan Kelautan Vol 5, No 2 (2014): NOVEMBER 2014
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3401.37 KB)

Abstract

Pengembangan teknologi dan sistem produksi dalam bidang perikanan budidaya merupakan salah satu solusi utama bagi upaya peningkatan produksi perikanan terutama untuk mengatasi adanya kendala tentang ketersediaan benih ikan patin. Perbaikan kualitas benih patin diupayakan melalui penambahan kapur untuk ketersediaan mineral di perairan dan pengadaan media pemeliharaan bersalinitas 4 g/L yang bertujuan untuk menekan tingkat kerja osmotik sehingga mengurangi energi yang digunakan untuk osmoregulasi dan dapat dialokasikan untuk pertumbuhan ikan patin. Benih ikan patin yang digunakan berukuran 2,69±0,04 cm dengan bobot 0,08±0,01 g. Akuarium yang digunakan berukuran 30 x 15 x 25 cm sebanyak 15 unit dan diisi air bersalinitas 4 g/L sebanyak 9 liter per unit dan ditambahkan kapur CaCO3 sesuai perlakuan yaitu K (0 mg/L CaCO3) , A (150 mg/L CaCO3), B (200 mg/L CaCO3), C (250 mg/L CaCO3) dan D (300 mg/L CaCO3). Selama penelitian, ikan diberi pakan dengan kadar protein (28%) sebanyak 3 kali sehari dengan FR (5%). Perlakuan penambahan CaCO3 untuk semua perlakuan menghasilkan tingkat kelangsungan hidup sebesar 100% (P>0,05). Sedangkan laju pertumbuhan bobot harian masing-masing perlakuan secara berturut-turut yaitu (11.34%); (12.06%); (11.51%); (12.67%); dan (11.58%) (P>0,05). Panjang mutlak menghasilkan nilai berbeda nyata yaitu 2.84 cm; 3.62 cm; 3.23 cm; 3.79 cm; dan 3.28 cm (P<0,05). Selama penelitian, kualitas air berada dalam kisaran yang dapat ditoleransi oleh benih ikan patin. Penggunaan kapur CaCO3 pada salinitas 4g/L disarank sebanyak 250 mg/L CaCO3 dengan pergantian air secara berkala dan pemberian pakan yang cukup.