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Journal : Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal

In-situ Evaluation of Growth Rate and Yield Components of Several Non-tidal Swamp Rice Accessions in South Sumatera Halimi, Entis Sutisna; Suwignyo, Rujito Agus; Hasmeda, Mery; Rahmawati, I.
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 1, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal

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Halimi et al. 2012. In-situ Evaluation of Growth Rate and Yield Components of  Several Non-tidal Swamp Rice Accessions in South Sumatera. JLSO 1(2):107-115Rapid increase of agricultural land conversion has led to the intensified utilization of  non-tidal swamp. The objective of this research was to identify growth rate and yield components of several rice accessions of non-tidal lowland swamp of South Sumatera. This research incorporated the cultivation of nine rice accessions  in  non-tidal swamp area. Research plots were prepared  by local farmers to include  27 plots of 280 cm x 80 cm following the Complete  Randomized Block Design.  Research indicated that rice accessions might be classified into 3 groups of Low Growth Rate (LGRA), Intermediate Growth Rate (IGRA), and High Growth Rate (HGRA) accessions.  Each group has different growth rate according to the field water level during flooding season of < 5 cm, 5 to 6 cm, and >6 cm  per week, respectively. The LGRA group consisted of  Petek (A5) and Senia (A6), the IGRA group consisted of Bone (A1), Pelita Rampak (A2), and Sawo Rimbo (A7) and the HGRA group consisted of Kuning (A3), Siam (A4), Sawah Beling (A8) and Putih Olak (A9). Some yield components tended to decrease as the growth rate increased, and some varied depending on the accessions. For effective and efficient cultivation, farmers should apparently consider growth rate and yield potential to decide which rice accessions to grow.
Karakter Agronomi dan Toleransi Varietas Cabai Merah Akibat Genangan pada Fase Generatif Susilawati, Susilawati; Suwignyo, Rujito Agus; Munandar, Munandar; Hasmeda, Mery
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

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Susilawati et al., 2012. Agronomic Characteristics and Tolerance of Red Chili Varieties under Water Logging Stress during Generative Phases. JLSO 1(1):22-30.The research objective was  to evaluate the responses of growth and tolerance of red chilli under waterlogging stress during generative phases. Experiments were conducted in village   Alang-alang Lebar Palembang, South Sumatra, from April  to November 2010. Experimental design used was split plot with three replications. The main plot was waterlogging for 1, 2, 3 and 4 days. The subplot was  red chili varieties consisted of Kiyo F1, Bravo F1, Taro F1, Lembang 1, Laris, Riawan, Mario and Kusuma. The results showed that the maximum period of waterlogging  of Red chilli plants in the generative phase was three days. Increased duration of waterloggingduring the generative phase significantly decreased the ability of plants to survive, the number of live plants,  plant height and the number of branches. Based on the agronomic characteristics found in the study, the variety that is the most  tolerant to  waterlogging  during the generative phase was Kiyo F1. 
Upaya Peningkatan Pemulihan Tanaman Padi Terhadap Cekaman Terendam Melalui Perlakuan Pemupukan Setelah Terendam Gribaldi, Gribaldi; Suwignyo, Rujito A.; Hasmeda, Mery; Hayati, Renih
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal

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Plants get stressed shortly after submerged, to improve the recovery and subsequent metabolic processes as well as internal repairs required plant availability of adequate carbohydrate reserves after submerged. Giving fertilization treatment after being submerged is an effort to improve plant recovery after being submerged. This study was aimed to obtain the best fertilization to increase rice recovery to submergence stress through the fertilization after being submerged. The experimental design used was factorial completely randomized design with three replications. The factor consists of rice varieties (Inpara 3 dan IR 64) and treatment (N): Without soaking, basic fertilization (N1), submerged 7-14 DAP (fertilization of N, P2O5, K2O (N2), and fertilization of N, P2O5, K2O + (Si + Zn) (N3), as well as fertilization of N, P2O5, K2O + PPC micro (N4)) given 7 days after submerged, the submerged 7-14 and 28-35 DAP (N, P2O5, K2O (N5), and fertilization of N, P2O5, K2O + (Si + Zn) (N6) and fertilization of N, P2O5, K2O + PPC micro (N7)) given 7 days after the first submerged. The results showed that the growth and grain yield decreased with more frequent of rice plants in stress submerged condition. Fertilization can improve recovery after being submerged rice plants, where the best recovery obtained on varieties of rice plants treated with fertilization of N, P2O5 and K2O + PPC micro 7 days after being submerged.
Pengaruh Wadah dan Lama Penyimpanan Serbuk Sari terhadap Viabilitas Serbuk Sari Kelapa Sawit (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) Hasmeda, Mery; Djafar, Zainal Ridho; Asmono, Dwi; Tobing, Tardas M.L.
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal

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Pollen of oil palm is one of important components that might affect productivity of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.). Viability and availability of pollen directly affect the quality and quantity of oil palm. The aim of this research was to evaluate the effect of storage container and time of storage to pollen viability. This research has been conducted at Seed Preparation laboratory of PT. Sampoerna Agro Tbk, PT. Bina Sawit Makmur Mesuji Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ilir. The experimental design being used was Factorial Randomized completely design with two factors were storage containers i.e. Pirex tube reaction (M1), Film Ampoule (M2), Vial bottle (M3) and Glass Ampoule (M4) and time of storage i.e. storage for 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 months. Each treatment was replicated three times. Parameters being observed included pollen viability, potential of maximum growth and pollen growth rate. The results showed that storage container and time of storage influenced potential maximum growth significantly but there was no effect on pollen viability and pollen growth rate
Studi Peningkatan Ketahanan Bibit Padi Lebak Terhadap Kondisi Cekaman Terendam melalui Perlakuan Zn dan Pemupukan N Sulaiman, Firdaus; Suwignyo, Rujito Agus; Hasmeda, Mery; Wijaya, Andi
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal

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The research has been conducted at rainfield lowland of non tidal swamp in Kecamatan Rambutan Kabupaten Banyuasin in March to May 2014. Objection of research was to find the treatment for seed of rice before planting with application of Zn and nitrogen fertilizer. This factorial experiment was set by randomized block design with three replications. First factor was 6 rice varieties, second factor is two levels of Zn treatment (0 mM and 5,0 mM), and third factor is two level of N fertilizer (30 and 60 kg/ha). The 15-day seedlings, were submerged for 5 days. The parameters, dry weight of seedling, carbohydrate of stem, and chlorophyll of leaf, were measured on 10 days after submergence treatment. Carbohydrate and chlorophyll was measured according to the methode of Yoshida et al. (1976). Result of research showed that application of Zn and N increased dry weight, carbohydrate, and chlorophyll of seedling. Therefore rice seedling will be more tolerant in submergence stress.
Korelasi Komponen Pertumbuhan dan Hasil pada Pertanian Terpadu Padi-Azolla Safriyani, Etty; Hasmeda, Mery; Munandar, Munandar; Sulaiman, Firdaus
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 7, No 1 (2018): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

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Safriyaniet al, 2018. Correlation of Growth and Product Components on Integrated farming Padi-Azolla. JLSO 7(1):59-65.In order to increase the growth and production of rice plants that support sustainable agriculture can be done with the azolla application. This study aimed to evaluate the correlation of the components of growth and yield on rice-azolla production. The research was conducted on Karang Ketuan Subdistrict South Lubuklinggau II Subdistrict Lubuklinggau City from January to April 2018. This study used a randomized block consisting of K1=250 kg urea ha-1 without azolla, K2=250 kg urea ha-1+azolla 1000 kg ha-1, K3=187.5 kg urea ha-1+azolla 1000 kg ha-1, K4=125 kg urea ha-1+azolla 1000 kg ha-1, K5=62.5 kg urea ha-1+azolla1000 kg ha-1, K6=without Urea+azolla1000 kg ha-1. Data analysis used correlation and path analysis. The results showed that plant height and number of pithy grains correlated on grain weight with higher values than other growth components. Dry weight of straw and harvest index had a direct and positive effect on grain weight with cross coefficients value namely 1.086 and 0.755 representatives. Plant height and number of pithy grains could be used as an indicator of crop production.