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Pengaruh Panjang Hari, Asam Indol Asetat, dan Fosfor terhadap Tanaman Kedelai dan Kualitas Benih dalam Penyimpanan Hartawan, Rudi; Djafar, Zainal Ridho; Negara, Zaidan Panji; Hasmeda, Mery; Zulkarnain, ,
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 39, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of photoperiod, indole acetic acid (IAA), and phosphorus on soybean plant growth and seed quality during storage. The trial was carried out at Sebapo Experimental Station, Jambi, Center for Post Harvest Research and Development, The Ministry of Agriculture and Center for Forest Research and Development, The Ministry of Forestry, Bogor from November 2009 until June 2010. Split-split plot design was used consisted of three factors, i.e. photoperiods (12 and 14 hours 54 minutes) as the main plot, concentrations of IAA (0, 75, and 150 ppm) as sub plot, and dosages of phosphorus (0, 60, and 120 kg P2O5  ha-1)  as  sub  sub  plot.  The  result  showed  that  photoperiod, IAA,  and  phosphorus  application  had signifi  cantly improved production and seed quality. The path analysis showed that the weight of 1,000 seeds affected other variables. The seed protein content has the largest path coeffi  cient compared to other variables. The treatment of mother plant with 14 hours 54 minutes photoperiod combined with IAA of 150 ppm and P2O5 of 120 kg ha-1 resulted in the highest seed quality during 90 days of storage  in room temperature.   Keywords: food crops, seed physiology, seed technology
Karakter Agronomi dan Fisiologi Varietas Cabai Merah pada Kondisi Cekaman Genangan Susilawati, ,; Suwignyo, Rujito Agus; Munandar, ,; Hasmeda, Mery
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 40, No 3 (2012): JURNAL AGONOMI INDONESIA
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The research objective was to study the agronomic and physiological characteristics of red chilli (Capsicum annuumL.) varieties under waterlogging stress. These studies were conducted at two locations: in Palembang, South Sumatra, from February to August 2010 and in Bogor in West Java, from September to November 2010. Experiments in Palembang was using split plot design with three replications. The main plot was waterlogging treatment for 1, 2, 3 and 4 days. The subplot was red chilli varieties: Kiyo F1, Riawan, Ferosa, Bravo F1 and Laris. Experiments in Bogor was conducted without the use of experimental design; the same plant varieties were waterlogged for 2 and 4 days. The results showed that waterlogging caused root damages on all varieties. Kiyo F1 had better agronomic characters and high levels of tolerance than other varieties. The content of ethylene in all varieties increased with increasing time of waterlogging, except for Laris. In all varieties both leaf chlorophyll and tissue N content tend to decline with the increase in waterlogging duration. However Bravo F1 experienced an increase in the chlorophyll content whereas Kiyo F1 had an increase in N in the plant tissue. Keywords: agronomic character, physiological character, red chili, waterlogging
In-situ Evaluation of Growth Rate and Yield Components of Several Non-tidal Swamp Rice Accessions in South Sumatera Halimi, Entis Sutisna; Suwignyo, Rujito Agus; Hasmeda, Mery; Rahmawati, I.
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 1, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal

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Abstract

Halimi et al. 2012. In-situ Evaluation of Growth Rate and Yield Components of  Several Non-tidal Swamp Rice Accessions in South Sumatera. JLSO 1(2):107-115Rapid increase of agricultural land conversion has led to the intensified utilization of  non-tidal swamp. The objective of this research was to identify growth rate and yield components of several rice accessions of non-tidal lowland swamp of South Sumatera. This research incorporated the cultivation of nine rice accessions  in  non-tidal swamp area. Research plots were prepared  by local farmers to include  27 plots of 280 cm x 80 cm following the Complete  Randomized Block Design.  Research indicated that rice accessions might be classified into 3 groups of Low Growth Rate (LGRA), Intermediate Growth Rate (IGRA), and High Growth Rate (HGRA) accessions.  Each group has different growth rate according to the field water level during flooding season of < 5 cm, 5 to 6 cm, and >6 cm  per week, respectively. The LGRA group consisted of  Petek (A5) and Senia (A6), the IGRA group consisted of Bone (A1), Pelita Rampak (A2), and Sawo Rimbo (A7) and the HGRA group consisted of Kuning (A3), Siam (A4), Sawah Beling (A8) and Putih Olak (A9). Some yield components tended to decrease as the growth rate increased, and some varied depending on the accessions. For effective and efficient cultivation, farmers should apparently consider growth rate and yield potential to decide which rice accessions to grow.
Karakter Agronomi dan Toleransi Varietas Cabai Merah Akibat Genangan pada Fase Generatif Susilawati, Susilawati; Suwignyo, Rujito Agus; Munandar, Munandar; Hasmeda, Mery
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Susilawati et al., 2012. Agronomic Characteristics and Tolerance of Red Chili Varieties under Water Logging Stress during Generative Phases. JLSO 1(1):22-30.The research objective was  to evaluate the responses of growth and tolerance of red chilli under waterlogging stress during generative phases. Experiments were conducted in village   Alang-alang Lebar Palembang, South Sumatra, from April  to November 2010. Experimental design used was split plot with three replications. The main plot was waterlogging for 1, 2, 3 and 4 days. The subplot was  red chili varieties consisted of Kiyo F1, Bravo F1, Taro F1, Lembang 1, Laris, Riawan, Mario and Kusuma. The results showed that the maximum period of waterlogging  of Red chilli plants in the generative phase was three days. Increased duration of waterloggingduring the generative phase significantly decreased the ability of plants to survive, the number of live plants,  plant height and the number of branches. Based on the agronomic characteristics found in the study, the variety that is the most  tolerant to  waterlogging  during the generative phase was Kiyo F1. 
Upaya Peningkatan Pemulihan Tanaman Padi Terhadap Cekaman Terendam Melalui Perlakuan Pemupukan Setelah Terendam Gribaldi, Gribaldi; Suwignyo, Rujito A.; Hasmeda, Mery; Hayati, Renih
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal

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Abstract

Plants get stressed shortly after submerged, to improve the recovery and subsequent metabolic processes as well as internal repairs required plant availability of adequate carbohydrate reserves after submerged. Giving fertilization treatment after being submerged is an effort to improve plant recovery after being submerged. This study was aimed to obtain the best fertilization to increase rice recovery to submergence stress through the fertilization after being submerged. The experimental design used was factorial completely randomized design with three replications. The factor consists of rice varieties (Inpara 3 dan IR 64) and treatment (N): Without soaking, basic fertilization (N1), submerged 7-14 DAP (fertilization of N, P2O5, K2O (N2), and fertilization of N, P2O5, K2O + (Si + Zn) (N3), as well as fertilization of N, P2O5, K2O + PPC micro (N4)) given 7 days after submerged, the submerged 7-14 and 28-35 DAP (N, P2O5, K2O (N5), and fertilization of N, P2O5, K2O + (Si + Zn) (N6) and fertilization of N, P2O5, K2O + PPC micro (N7)) given 7 days after the first submerged. The results showed that the growth and grain yield decreased with more frequent of rice plants in stress submerged condition. Fertilization can improve recovery after being submerged rice plants, where the best recovery obtained on varieties of rice plants treated with fertilization of N, P2O5 and K2O + PPC micro 7 days after being submerged.
Pengaruh Wadah dan Lama Penyimpanan Serbuk Sari terhadap Viabilitas Serbuk Sari Kelapa Sawit (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) Hasmeda, Mery; Djafar, Zainal Ridho; Asmono, Dwi; Tobing, Tardas M.L.
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal

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Abstract

Pollen of oil palm is one of important components that might affect productivity of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.). Viability and availability of pollen directly affect the quality and quantity of oil palm. The aim of this research was to evaluate the effect of storage container and time of storage to pollen viability. This research has been conducted at Seed Preparation laboratory of PT. Sampoerna Agro Tbk, PT. Bina Sawit Makmur Mesuji Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ilir. The experimental design being used was Factorial Randomized completely design with two factors were storage containers i.e. Pirex tube reaction (M1), Film Ampoule (M2), Vial bottle (M3) and Glass Ampoule (M4) and time of storage i.e. storage for 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 months. Each treatment was replicated three times. Parameters being observed included pollen viability, potential of maximum growth and pollen growth rate. The results showed that storage container and time of storage influenced potential maximum growth significantly but there was no effect on pollen viability and pollen growth rate
Studi Peningkatan Ketahanan Bibit Padi Lebak Terhadap Kondisi Cekaman Terendam melalui Perlakuan Zn dan Pemupukan N Sulaiman, Firdaus; Suwignyo, Rujito Agus; Hasmeda, Mery; Wijaya, Andi
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal

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Abstract

The research has been conducted at rainfield lowland of non tidal swamp in Kecamatan Rambutan Kabupaten Banyuasin in March to May 2014. Objection of research was to find the treatment for seed of rice before planting with application of Zn and nitrogen fertilizer. This factorial experiment was set by randomized block design with three replications. First factor was 6 rice varieties, second factor is two levels of Zn treatment (0 mM and 5,0 mM), and third factor is two level of N fertilizer (30 and 60 kg/ha). The 15-day seedlings, were submerged for 5 days. The parameters, dry weight of seedling, carbohydrate of stem, and chlorophyll of leaf, were measured on 10 days after submergence treatment. Carbohydrate and chlorophyll was measured according to the methode of Yoshida et al. (1976). Result of research showed that application of Zn and N increased dry weight, carbohydrate, and chlorophyll of seedling. Therefore rice seedling will be more tolerant in submergence stress.
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FOR THE REGION OF CAMBAI SUB-DISTRICT, PRABUMULIH ADMINISTRATIVE CITY Hasmeda, Mery
Jurnal Pengabdian Sriwijaya Vol 2, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Jurnal Pengabdian Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Science and technology for the region of Cambai sub-district,  Prabumulih Administrative city communities have been conducted from February to December 2010.  The programs included training and demonstration  as well as establishment of “Demplot”.  The programs which have been conducted were training and demonstration of organic horticultural farming system, integrated organic farming, organic fertilizer, fish farming, chicken stock (ayam arab), and processing of fish feed and poultry feed. The programs were conducted integratedly with related institution of local goverment, university partner (Universitas Palembang) and Sriwijaya University.  Several academic staff and students were also involved during implementation programs. The results showed that there were significantly increased in skills and knowledge of farmers especially in producing organic fertilizer, organic vegetables, integrated organic farming system, fish farming  and chicken stock (ayam arab) in  better ways.  Vegetable productions especially Kangkung, bayam, timun, terung were increased significantly compared to previous farming activitities which were not using organic fertilizer.  In addition, farmers have capabilities to produce self fish feed and poultry feed without purchasing from the stores which were very expensive.  Furthermore, the activity of  target farmer groups were also improved in such a way which could make them more established in order to increase their income in agriculture production activities.
Karakter Agronomi dan Fisiologi Varietas Cabai Merah pada Kondisi Cekaman Genangan Susilawati, ,; Suwignyo, Rujito Agus; Munandar, ,; Hasmeda, Mery
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 40, No 3 (2012): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

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Abstract

The research objective was to study the agronomic and physiological characteristics of red chilli (Capsicum annuumL.) varieties under waterlogging stress. These studies were conducted at two locations: in Palembang, South Sumatra, from February to August 2010 and in Bogor in West Java, from September to November 2010. Experiments in Palembang was using split plot design with three replications. The main plot was waterlogging treatment for 1, 2, 3 and 4 days. The subplot was red chilli varieties: Kiyo F1, Riawan, Ferosa, Bravo F1 and Laris. Experiments in Bogor was conducted without the use of experimental design; the same plant varieties were waterlogged for 2 and 4 days. The results showed that waterlogging caused root damages on all varieties. Kiyo F1 had better agronomic characters and high levels of tolerance than other varieties. The content of ethylene in all varieties increased with increasing time of waterlogging, except for Laris. In all varieties both leaf chlorophyll and tissue N content tend to decline with the increase in waterlogging duration. However Bravo F1 experienced an increase in the chlorophyll content whereas Kiyo F1 had an increase in N in the plant tissue. Keywords: agronomic character, physiological character, red chili, waterlogging
The Effect of Plant Growth Regulator on Duku (Lansium domesticum Corr.) Flower for Fruit Formation Susilawati, Susilawati; S., Lidwina Ninik; Hasmeda, Mery; Irmawati, Irmawati
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 2, No 3 (2017): December
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

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Abstract

Plant growth regulators have a significant impact on increasing both quality and quantity of plant yield for either mixed or separated application. The research was aimed to identify the effect of spraying  plant growth regulators on duku flowers for fruit formation. The research was conducted from December 2014 to May 2015 in Sijacarana Local Technical Implementation Unit (UPTD) of Propagation, South Sumatra Province in Ogan Komering Ulu (OKU) Timur Regency. Duku tree used was 15 years old with the height around 10 meter. Complete Randomized Design was used with 3 replications where duku trees as the replicates. The spraying  consisted of 3 single plant growth regulator treatments and 6 mixed treatments which were P1 (BAP 300 mg.L-1), P2 (NAA 300 mg.L-1), P3 (GA3 300 mg.L-1), P4 (BAP 100 mg. L-1 + GA3 200 mg.L-1), P5 (BAP 200 mg.L-1 + GA3 100 mg.L-1), P6 (BAP 150 mg.L-1 + GA3 150 mg.L-1), P7 (NAA 100 mg.L-1 + GA3 200 mg.L-1), P8 (NAA 200 mg.L-1 + GA3 100 mg.L-1), P9 (NAA 150 mg.L-1 + GA3 150 mg.L-1). Spraying was applied twice with a half dosage for each application. First application was performed about one month after flowering, and the second was one and a half month after flowering. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance and least significance difference at α 5%. The measurement of parameters were carried after harvest or 3 months after treatment. Results showed that plant growth regulator positively affected duku fruit formation. GA3 treatment then was considered as the best treatment as it had a unison in fruit maturity, the highest number of fruit per bunch, weight per fruit and total fruit weight per bunch, and had the lowest number of green fruit and seed per fruit.