Merry Hasmeda
Jurusan Budidaya Pertanian Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sriwijaya Palembang

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Pengaruh Pemupukan terhadap Perubahan Morfofisiologi Dua Varietas Padi pada Kondisi Cekaman Rendaman ., Gribaldi; Hasmeda, Merry; Hayati, Renih
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 42, No 1 (2014): JURNAL AGRONOMI INDONESIA
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

ABSTRACTSubmergence tolerance is plant adaptation to anaerobic or hypoxia condition without significant damage.  Changes in morphophysiological characters of rice plant are often related to the plant adaptation to submergence stress.  Fertilization might affect  plant morphophysiological changes under submergence stress. The objective of this research was to study the effect of rice varieties and fertilizer application on the growth and morphophysiological changes under submergence stress. The experiment was arranged in factorial completely randomized block design with six replications. The first factor was rice varieties consisted of Inpara 5 (V1) and IR64 (V2), while the second factor was fertilizer application consisted of  without  fertilization (P0) and with fertilizer application (P1). Submergence stress was applied on 28 days old seedlings for 7 days.  The results showed that fertilizer application increased aerenchyma formation and plant N content of both IR64 and Inpara 5 varietes.  Inpara 5 variety had higher relative chlorophyll content, relative carbohydrate content, and relative plant dry weight thant IR64 variety at 7 days after submergence stress.    Keywords: fertilization, morphophysiology, submergence stress, tolerance
Pengaturan Aplikasi Pupuk Nitrogen Untuk Meningkatkan Toleransi dan Pemulihan Tanaman Padi Terhadap Cekaman Terendam Gribaldi, Gribaldi; Suwignyo, Rujito A.; Hasmeda, Merry; Hayati, Renih
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 2, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal

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Abstract

The influence of global climate to the Indonesian climate condition has been in serious condition which was already in high intensity. Flood becomes the fenomena in almost all area in Indonesia. In a swamp area, it can obstruct rice plant cultivation. The submerged rice plant create the obstruction of the rice plant photosynthesis and stress after being submerged. So that  an effort is needed to increase  its tolerance and recovery in order the reduction of the unhulled crop can be reduced.   This study was aimed to obtain a method to increase rice stage is vegetative  tolerance and recovery to submergence stress through the arrangement of nitrogen fertilizer aplication and rice variety.  The experimental design used was factorial completely randomized design with six replications. The factor consists of rice varieties (Inpara 3, Inpara 5, IR 64) and  treatment (P): P1: no submergence, all N dosage prior planting; P2: submerged (7-14 DAP), all N dosage prior planting; P3: submerged (7-14 DAP), all N dosage prior planting + (Si+Zn); P4: submerged (7-14 DAP), ½ N dosage prior planting + ½ N dosage 42 DAP + (Si+Zn); P5: submerged (7-14 DAP and 28-35 DAP), all N dosage prior planting; P6: submerged (7-14 DAP and 28-35 DAP), all N dosage prior planting + (Si+Zn); P7:  submerged (7-14 DAP and 28-35 DAP), ½ N dosage prior planting + ½ N dosage 42 DAP + (Si+Zn). The results showed that the arrangement of nitrogen fertilizer application before submerged to rice plant can increase the rice plant tolerance and recovery to the submerged stress.  The increasing of tolerance and recovery can be obtained at the rice variety given ½ N dosage prior planting + ½ N dosage 42 DAP + (Si+Zn).