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INTERAKSI DAN HARMONI UMAT BERAGAMA

WALISONGO Vol 20, No 1 (2012): Walisongo, Fundamentalisme
Publisher : IAIN Walisongo Semarang

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Abstract   The community of Singkawang constituted the multi cultural society, in religion, ethnic, and culture. Historically Singkawang society was able to maintain inter religious harmony. The associative social interaction seemed to be potential to support the harmony in the society. Based on the paradigm of functional-structural, society was assumed as an organic system having inter-relatednes between one organ and another in order to maintain the existence of the society. Social interaction within Singkawang society was developed by the the interaction in the cyrcle of family, neighbourhood, economical activities, religious leaders, and the relation within culture and tradition. Inspite of this the relation between the element of society is still cosmopolitant, on which the society members are less active in developing community harmony.   *** Masyarakat Singkawang adalah masyarakat yang terdiri atas berbagai kelompok suku bangsa dan agama. Secara historis, masyarakat Singkawang mampu mempertahankan harmoni antar agama. Model interaksi sosial yang bersifat asosiatif tampaknya potensial untuk mendukung harmoni di dalam masyarakat. Berdasarkan paradigma fungsional-struktural, masyarakat diasumsikan sebagai sistem organik yang memiliki huungan antar bagiannya untuk mempertahankan masyarakat. Interaksi sosial di dalam masyarakat Singkawang dikembangkan melalui interaksi di dalam lingkup keluarga, lingkungan sekitar, aktifitas ekonomi, para pimpinan agama, dan hubungan di dalam lingkup budaya dan tradisi. Meskipun demikian, hubungan antar unsur masyarakat masih kosmopolitan, yang di dalamnya anggota masyarakat kurang aktif dalam mengembangkan harmoni masyarakat.   Keywords: interaksi sosial, harmoni, Singkawang, kosmopolitan

KONTRIBUSI UNGKAPAN TRADISIONAL DALAM MEMBANGUN KERUKUNAN BERAGAMA

WALISONGO Vol 21, No 2 (2013): Walisongo, "agama lokal"
Publisher : IAIN Walisongo Semarang

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AbstractThe Ganjuran society who live in Sumbermulyo Village, District BambanglipuroBantul of DIY, have ability to maintain religious harmony although those people aredifferent religions. It is because Ganjuran society have elements that can be a socialglue in their local wisdom. This research is conducted by qualitative approach toreveal local wisdom in the maintaining harmony through the form of traditionalexpressions and tradition of kenduri (ritual of meal). Ganjuran society has strongsocial harmony perspective which is expressed by traditional idiom like rukun agawesantosa crah agawe bubrah (harmony makes peaceful, hostile makes splits).***Masyarakat Ganjuran Desa Sumbermulyo Kecamatan Bambanglipuro Bantul DIYmampu memelihara kerukunan umat beragama, meskipun berbeda agama. Halini disebabkan adanya elemen-elemen yang menjadi perekat sosial berupakearifan-kearifan lokal yang hidup dalam masyarakat Ganjuran. Penelitian yangdilakukan dengan pendekatan kualitatif ini mengungkapkan kearifan lokal padamasyarakat Ganjuran dalam memelihara kerukunan dalam bentuk ungkapanungkapantradisional dan tradisi kenduri. Masyarakat Ganjuran memilikipandangan sosial guyub rukun yang diungkapkan melalui berbagai ungkapantradisional seperti rukun agawe santosa crah agawe bubrah.Keywords: kearifan lokal, kerukunan, ungkapan tradisional, Ganjuran

Jurnal Kawistara Vol 3, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Sekolah Pascasarjana UGM

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KAJIAN KRITIS TERHADAP AJARAN DAN GERAKAN AL-QIYADAH AL-ISLAMIYAH

ADDIN Vol 4, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Addin
Publisher : ADDIN

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Beberapa waktu lalu umat Islam di Indonesia dikejutkan dengan munculnya aliran al-Qiyadah al-Islamiyah yang mengakui Ahmad Mushaddeq sebagai seorang Nabi baru pengganti atau penerus Nabi Muhammad saw. Ajaran ini lengkap pula dengan formulasi syahadat yang baru dan hilangnya beberapa kewajiban-kewajiban ritual agama Islam. Ajaran ini akhirnya difatwa sesat dan dilarang perkembangannya, serta pemimpinnya Ahmad Mushaddeq yang memproklamirkan diri sebagai Rasul ditangkap dan dihukum 4 tahun penjara atas tuduhan penodaan terhadap agama Islam. Menariknya, meskipun memiliki ajaran yang bertentangan dengan ajaran mainstream Islam, aliran ini berhasil menggalang pengikut ribuan. Kajian ini dimaksudkan untuk membongkar kerangka berpikir dari ajaran al-Qiyadah al-Islamiyah. Kata Kunci: Al-Qiyadah Al-Islamiyah, Ajaran, Gerakan.

Manajemen Transportasi Berkelanjutan Dalam Pengembangan Industri Pariwisata di Yogyakarta

Business and Management Review Vol 3, No 1 (2012): Desember
Publisher : Universitas Bakrie

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As a tourist destination, it is very important for managing transport in Yogyakarta which giving attention to the quality of air. Management of the transportation becomes mandatory when Yogyakarta declared as an area excursions and cultural tourism. Sources of air pollutants in addition caused the growth of motor vehicles also caused by population growth. As a result, in addition to increased levels of pollution in the air, the beauty of the system is one of the city as a tourist attraction would be threatened. By using the system dynamics approach, the links between transport management and increased attention to air quality in Yogyakarta tourism activities can be explained by using a number of different scenarios with solutions whether Business As Usua (BAU)l, or other alternative solutions. By using the BAU scenario, PAD (Local Revenue) will increase to Rp2.764.957.000.000 in 2025 or raising around 26.3 percent. The increased PAD will be used to allocate the budget increased by 29.0 percent. While the other scenario, decreasing pollution 7.4 percent, with the increase in revenues a 27.4 percent over the past 25 percent, the budget increase of 30.2 percent. Keywords: System dinamics, Cultural tourism, Sustainable transportation  DAFTAR PUSTAKA Bappenas dan ADB, 2006. Peningkatan Kualitas Udara Perkotaan, Strategi dan Rencana Aksi Lokal, Aglomerasi Perkotaan Yogyakarta. Jakarta: 170 hlm; Bappeda Provinsi Yogyakarta, 2004. Profil Kesehatan Provinsi Yogyakarta. Yogyakarta: 189 hlm; Hasanudin, 2006. Konflik Kepariwisataan di Padang Pariaman. Artikel Ilmiah Penelitian Dosen Muda Fakultas Sastra Jurusan Sastra Daerah. Padang: Universitas Andalas; Irawati, Eka Putra, 2009. Kajian Perencanaan Penataan Kawasan Wisata Terpadu Pantai Padang (Studi Kasus Penataan Kawasan Pantai Padang-Padang Bay City. Laporan Penelitian DIPA Universitas Andalas. Padang: Universitas Andalas; Kementerian Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata Indonesia, 2004. Rencana Strategis Pembangunan Kebudayaan dan Kepariwisataan Nasional Tahun 2005-2009: Ringkasan Eksekutif. Jakarta: Kementerian Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata Indonesia. 234 hlm; Mualisin, Isnaini., 2007.Model Pengembangan  Pariwisata Berbasis Masyarakat di Kota Yogyakarta. Jurnal  Penelitian Bappeda Kota Yogyakarta 2 (2):34-36; Nirwandar, Sapta. 2005, Pembangunan Pariwisata di Era Otonomi Daerah, Laporan Bappenas. Jakarta; Pitana, I Gde dan Putu G. Gayatri, 2009. Sosiologi Pariwisata. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Andi. 95 hlm; Pitana, I Gde dan I Ketut Surya Diarta, 2009. Pengantar Ilmu Pariwisata. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Andi. 95 hlm; Persepsi Wisatawan Domestik. Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan 3(7): 33-49; Rahajeng, Anggi., 2008.Analisis Faktor Keputusan Wisata Budaya, Sejarah dan Alam Yogyakarta: Sammeng, Andi Mappi, 2000. Cakrawala Pariwisata.Jakarta: Ghalia.145 hlm; Yoeti, Oka. A, 2006. Pariwisata Budaya, Masalah dan Solusinya. Jakarta: PT. Pradnya Paramita. 165 hlm; Wardiyanta, 2006. Metode Penelitian Pariwisata. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Andi. 95 hlm;

SPECIFIC ALLOCATION FUND FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY TO INCREASE QUALITY OF THE ENVIRONMENT IN INDONESIA

Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan (Journal of People and Environment) Vol 22, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Lingkungan Hidup Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Related to the climate change and economic development of environmentally friendly (green economy) issues, the President has committed to reducing emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) by 26% on their own sources (BAU), and up to 41% with international support in 2020 through Presidential Decree No. 61 in 2011 about the National Action Plan for Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction (RAN-GRK). In addition to regulating the sectors that are considered to be the largest contributor to GHG emissions, the regulation also establishes funding sources RAN-GRK either through the APBN, APBD, as well as a variety of other sources constituted under the legislation. The main research question are; Is specific allocation fund (DAK) can be used to fund energy efficiency?; if so, what procedure should be done? and how monitoring and evaluating of the energy efficiency of the use of DAK ? To answer those questions, researcher using qualitative library research, cross sectional collection of data for intensive analysis, interviews to some leading experts in the field and a number of Focused Group Discussions were also conducted to construct the policy analysis. Based on the analysis of the mechanism of transfer to the regions in Indonesia, it is possible to enlarge of DAK field for energy efficiency by asking Line Minister to proposed mechanism and send to the Ministry of Finance. This can be addressed to support the achievement of environmental friendly activities and reduce the burden of state budget subsidies. Some of things that must be done is to propose the allocation of DAK EE into government programs and to develop a variety of specificized and technical indicators related.

Dinamika Kerukunan Intern Umat Islam Dalam Relasi Etnisitas Dan Agama Di Kalteng

Analisa Vol 20, No 1 (2013): Analisa Journal of Social Science and Religion
Publisher : Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Agama Semarang

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AbstrakAgama Islam dianut oleh sebagian besar penduduk Kalimantan Tengah yang terdiri dari berbagai etnis seperti Dayak, Banjar, Jawa, Madura, dan lainnya. Penelitian ini mengkaji dinamika hubungan intern umat Islam dalam konteks relasi etnisitas dan agama di Kalimantan Tengah. Permasalahannya adalah bagaimana dinamika hubungan inten umat Islam, faktor pendukung kerukunan, dan strategi adaptasi membangun harmoni di Kalimanta Tengah. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan dengan pendekatan kualitatif dimana pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui wawancara, observasi, Focus Group Discussion (FGD), dan telaah dokumen. Hubungan intern umat Islam di Kalimantan Tengah diwarnai dengan tanggapan terhadap konflik etnistahun 2001 antara Etnis Dayak dan Madura. Faktor yang mendukung kerukunan yang tercapai saat ini antara lain adanya daya tawar budaya, simbiosisme ekonomi, peran tokoh masyarakat, dan peran pemerintah. Adapun strategi adaptasi yang dilakukan untuk memelihara harmoni dilakukan secara kultural dengan revitalisasidan akulturasi budaya dan nilai-nilai lokal, serta secara struktural dengan politik uniformitas baik yang dilakukan oleh pranata Adat Dayak maupun pemerintah Kalimantan Tengah.Kata kunci: Kerukunan, Budaya Dominan, Politik Uniformitas, Strategi Adaptasi AbstractIslam is professed by the majority of people in Central Kalimantan who consists of various ethnic groups such as the Dayak, Banjar, Javanese, Madurese, and others. This study discusses about the dynamics of internal relationship among Muslim in the context of the relationship of ethnicity and religion in Central Kalimantan. The problems are how the dynamics of the internal relationship amongst Muslims in CentralKalimantan and what factors are supporting to the reconciliation and adaptation strategies to build harmony amongst them. This research was carried out with the qualitative approach in which data were collected through interviews, observation, Focus Group Discussions (FGD), and document review. The results of the study showthat the internal relations among Muslims in Central Kalimantan was coloured by the responses to the ethnic conflict in 2001 between Dayaknese and Madurese. The study can also reveal that the factors which support to the achieved-harmony today are include the bargaining power of the culture, economic simbiosism, the roles of both community leaders and the local goventment. The adaptation strategies carried out to maintain the harmony were conducted in two ways: culturally (revitalizing and acculturating cultures and local values) and structurally (political uniformity which is performed not only by the social institution of Dayaknese but also by the localgovernment of Central Kalimantan).Keywords: Harmony, Dominant Culture, Politics Uniformity, Adaptation Strategies

Kearifan Lokal Pendukung Kerukunan Beragama pada Komuntias Tengger Malang Jatim

Analisa Vol 21, No 2 (2014): Analisa Journal of Social Science and Religion
Publisher : Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Agama Semarang

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AbstractReligious harmony is an important prerequisite for Indonesian nation to implement national development. The model of religious harmony can be found in traditional  wisdom which take the form of norms or practical traditions. This study aims to reveal the indigenous wisdom of Tengger community in the village Ngadas of Malang district in building religious harmony. The research used case study approach. The research reveals that the Tengger community in the village Ngadas was multi-religious people: Buddhist, Muslims, and Hindus. They all are able to maintain harmony and religious harmonythrough various traditions and customary norms of Tengger. Religious harmony is reflected in the tradition of gentenan (a tradition of helping each other) sayan (invitation to attend a certain celebration), Genten cecelukan or gentenan nedha (inviting each other to have dinner), nglayat or nyelawat (helping neighbors who expressed difficulties) andso on. The tradition is constructed by local knowledge that people need each others. That  is why they should help other people. The tradition implies harmony folk wisdom to help each other because they recognize the need for the support of others themselves.Keywords: local wisdom, Tengger community, harmony AbstrakKerukunan beragama menjadi prasyarat penting bagi Bangsa Indonesia untuk melakukan pembangunan. Model kerukunan beragama dapat ditemui pada kearifan lokal masyarakat dalam berbagai bentuk tradisi dan norma sosial. Penelitian inibertujuan untuk mengungkapkan kearifan lokal Komunitas Tengger di Desa Ngadas Kabupaten Malang dalam membangun kerukunan beragama. Penelitian yang dilakukan dengan pendekatan studi kasus ini mengungkapkan komunitas Tengger di Desa Ngadasyang multi-agama yaitu Buddha, Islam, dan Hindu mampu memelihara kerukunan dan keharmonisan beragama melalui berbagai tradisi dan norma adat Tengger. Kerukunan beragama ini tercermin dalam tradisi gentenan (saling bergantian) untuk membantu hajatan sesama warga, sayan (undangan hajatan), genten cecelukan atau gentenannedha (bergantian mengundang makan), nglayat atau salawatan (membantu tetangga yang kena musibah). Tradisi tersebut terbentuk dari pengetahuan lokal mereka bahwa setiap orang membutuhkan bantuan orang lain oleh karena itu mereka pun harusbersedia membantu orang lain.Kata kunci: kearifan lokal, Tengger, kerukunan

Struktur dan Stratifkasi Sosial Umat Khonghucu di Kabupaten Tuban Jawa Timur

Analisa Vol 16, No 2 (2009): Analisa Journal of Social Science and Religion
Publisher : Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Agama Semarang

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People of Confucianism as subunsur in the wider community also havea social structure and social stratifcation that support the developmentand sustainability of Confucius’s own people. Research on the structureand social stratifcation is taking Confucian people in Tuban district of EastJava as target people with the method of observation and interviews witha qualitative approach. Confucian social structure people in Tuban in EastJava were not only distinguished in spiritual groups and groups of people,but there are other structures of the pagoda board even have a social rolein a very large religious community Confucian Tionghoa in Tuban in EastJava.Keywords: Social structure, social stratifcation, Tionghoa, Confucian,Tuban in East Java

MODEL PENGEMBANGAN EKOWISATA DALAM MENDUKUNG KEMANDIRIAN EKONOMI DAERAH STUDI KASUS PROVINSI DIY

Jurnal Kawistara Vol 4, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Sekolah Pascasarjana UGM

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Along with the development and economic growth processing, the role of tourism nowadays is moreessential, as new sectors that contibuting foreign exchange for the improvement of people’s welfare.Indonesia is one country that has a many natural and cultural remarkable, also enjoy this benefit.However, tourism is often regarded as one of the largest damage contributor to the preservation of theenvironment and the community, particularly through the development of the infrastructure. YogyakartaProvince as one of the tourist destinations, also face the same problem, a shift in cultural values , socialand environmental wisdom. Ecotourism then regarded as one of the policy alternatives that can be usedas a solution to this problem. By using a qualitative approach, this study was conducted with the aim offormulating a model-based sustainable ecotourism cultural values , social, and environmental wisdomthat will support the successful development of tourism in Yogyakarta. With the development of thispolicy model, expected to be a guideline for governments in developing national policies in the field ofsustainable tourism in order to streng then the economic independence in the region