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RELIGION BASED-ANTI-CORRUPTION EDUCATION (An Effort to Strengthen Nation’s Character) Harto, Kasinyo
Al-Ulum Vol 14, No 1 (2014): Al-Ulum
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo

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Abstract

Agama selama ini dipahami sebagai sebuah doktrin normative-tekstual, hanya mengajarkan keimanan dan ketakwaan, tetapi kurang menyentuh realitas. Hal ini menyebabkan kurangnya kepedulian masyarakat terhadap masalah-masalah sosial, seperti masalah korupsi. Karena itu, kajian ini berupaya melihat sejauhmana realitas masyarakat religius dapat diakomodasi dalam Pendidikan Anti-Korupsi (PAK). Penelitian ini menerapkan  riset pustaka murni dalam mencari sumber-sumber data primer tentang teori-teori PAK dalam perspektif agama dengan pendekatan rekonstruksi sosial. Data selanjutnya dianalisis dan dielaborasi  menjadi prinsip-prinsip paradigmatis sebagai dasar filosofis PAK berbasis agama. PAK berbasis agama sangat mungkin diterapkan dalam proses pembelajaran melalui internalisasi nilai-nilai keagamaan dengan tema-tema amanah dan keadilan, serta pendekatan integratif-sintesis; pendekatan saintifik dan spiritual, dalam rangka penguatan karakter bangsa. ---------------------Religion has been understood as a normative-textual doctrine, which teaches faith and devotion; but it doesn’t touch reality. This leads to a lack of people’s awareness of social issues, such as corruption. Therefore, this study attempts to see how far the reality of religious society can be accommodated in the Anti-Corruption Education. This paper is a library research to be applied in collecting data on theories of anti-corruption education in religious perspective through social reconstruction approach. The data were analyzed and elaborated into paradigmatic principles as the basis of religion based-anti-corruption education. Religion based-anti-corruption education is highly feasible to apply in the  learning process through internalization of religious values with themes of trustworthiness and fairness, and integrative-synthesis approach, scientific and spiritual approachs, in order to strengthen nations character.
Pendidikan Anti Korupsi Berbasis Agama Harto, Kasinyo
Intizar Vol 20 No 1 (2014): Intizar
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Penerbitan Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Fatah Palembang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19109/intizar.v20i1.426

Abstract

Tulisan ini memfokuskan pada pendidikan anti korupsi melalui perspektif agama dengan model rekonstruksi sosial. Pendekatan teoritis pendidikan  antikorupsi berbasis agama berupaya melihat sejauhmana realitas masyarakat religius dapat diakomodasi dalam aspek-aspek Pendidikan Anti-Korupsi, baik pada aspek materi, metode pembelajaran, evaluasi, dan sebagainya. Dengan pendekatan seperti itu, tulisan ini diharapkan mampu melakukan analisis-sintesis yang menghasilkan konsep-konsep teoritis PAK berbasis agama yang visibel untuk diterapkan dalam proses pembelajaran di kelas dan berhasil dalam implementasinya pada kehidupan sehari-hari. Jika konsep ini mungkin diterapkan, maka diharapkan akan terjadi perubahan dalam cara pandang peserta didik terhadap nilai agama yang dapat diterapkan dalam kehidupan empiris. Dampak lebih jauh dan jangka panjang diharapkan bahwa proses menuju masyarakat Indonesia yang bersih semakin  akan dapat diwujudkan.This paper focused on the anti-corruption education through religion perspective with social reconstruction model. The theoretical approach of anti-corruption education based religion sought to see how far the reality of religious communities could be accommodated in the aspects of Anti-Corruption Education, both in material aspects, teaching methods, evaluation, and so on. With that approach, this paper was expected to do the analysis-synthesis that produced theoretical concepts PAK-based religion that was visible to be applied in the learning process in the classroom and succeed in its implementation in daily life. If this concept might be applied, it was expected that there would be changes in learners perspective on religion values that could be applied in empirical life. Further impacts and long-term it was expected that the process towards the Indonesian societies who clean more would be created.
PENGEMBANGAN MODEL INTERNALISASI NILAI KARAKTER DALAM PEMBELAJARAN PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM MELALUI VCT (VALUE CLARIFICATION TECHNIQUE) DI SMA NEGERI 6 PALEMBANG Harto, Kasinyo
Intizar Vol 21, No 1 (2015): INTIZAR
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Penerbitan Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (LP2M)

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Abstract

AbstractThis paper is a research result that reviews the way to internalize character values through VCT (Value Clarification Technique) in Islamic education by conducting a case study at SMAN 6 Palembang. The procedure of developing the character internalization model through VCT is also discussed. The implementation of VCT at SMAN 6 Palembang is conducted by the teachers through some stages: First, teacher conducts the learning process in accordance with the lesson plans to make the students internalize the values and perform appropriate attitude. Second, teacher does the assessment through written test and affective evaluation. Third, teacher gives remediation for those who do not meet the minimum standard score. Thus, the implementation of VCT in the subject of Islamic education at SMAN 6 Palembang has been conducted by the teachers through various materials starting from opening the class, discussing and assessing the students by written and unwritten evaluation. Keywords: Islamic education, VCT
Pengembangan Model Internalisasi Nilai Karakter dalam Pembelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam Melalui VCT (Value Clarification Technique) di SMA Negeri 6 Palembang Harto, Kasinyo
Intizar Vol 21 No 1 (2015): Intizar
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Penerbitan Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Fatah Palembang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19109/intizar.v21i1.298

Abstract

The research result that reviews the way to internalize character values through VCT (Value Clarification Technique) in Islamic education by conducting a case study at SMAN 6 Palembang. The procedure of developing the character internalization model through VCT is also discussed. The implementation of VCT at SMAN 6 Palembang is conducted by the teachers through some stages: First, teacher conducts the learning process in accordance with the lesson plans to make the students internalize the values and perform appropriate attitude. Second, teacher does the assessment through written test and affective evaluation. Third, teacher gives remediation for those who do not meet the minimum standard score. Thus, the implementation of VCT in the subject of Islamic education at SMAN 6 Palembang has been conducted by the teachers through various materials starting from opening the class, discussing and assessing the students by written and unwritten evaluation.
MODEL PENGEMBANGAN PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM BERBASIS MULTIKULTURAL Harto, Kasinyo
AL-TAHRIR Vol 14, No 2 (2014): Resolusi Konflik Berbasis Multikulturalisme dalam Islam
Publisher : IAIN Ponorogo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21154/al-tahrir.v14i2.122

Abstract

Abstract: This study aims to discover principles of and philosophical basis for multicultural Islamic religious education. This study is important due to ineffective application of Article 13A of National Education System Law that could endanger national education and unity of the nation. This is a library research that analyzes the Qur’an, hadist and scholarly views to formulate basic principles for multicultural Islamic education. The results of this formulation are used to compose curriculum, syllabus, teachers’ and students’ competence, model of learning and evaluation. This study argues that approaches to religious learning having been applied so far in schools need to be reformulated and accorded to the multicultural context of Indonesian society because they tend to create intolerant, exclusive and egoistic students and emphasize personal piety. Education should not only teach students how to think critically but also how to live side by side with others peacefully. This idea must be included in learning processes so multiculturalism and are applied through such processes.
LEARNING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IN HIGHER EDUCATION: AN EXPERIENCE AT MELBOURNE UNIVERSITY Harto, Kasinyo
EDUKASI: Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Agama dan Keagamaan EDUKASI | VOLUME 12, NOMOR 2, AGUSTUS 2014
Publisher : Badan Litbang dan Diklat Kementerian Agama RI

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Abstract

Learning pattern of Islamic higher education, especially in Indonesia, is generally dominated by conventional learning with teacher-centered approach in which learning process focuses on the lectures, not on the students. As a result, the students tend to be passive and poor of creativity, less capable of arguing, trying, and appreciating science. Considering this reality, it is a necessity to make some efforts of reconstructing that learning pattern. One of them is doing bench-marking against universities in Australia, like Melbourne University. Therefore, this study focuses on learning management system of Melbourne University in relation to the development of learning quality. The result of the study shows that learning strategy developed at Melbourne University enhances student active learning through a variety of learning experiences, such as on-line discussion (collaborative learning), weekly readings, weekly exams, weekly assignments (independent learning), class presentation, and round table discussion. In addition, learning management system at Melbourne University has been running well along with an integrated system of ICT that enables the lecturers to communicate their courses and enables the students to interact dynamically with the tasks, lectures, and other students. It is expected that this can be an inspiration and alternative model for Islamic higher education institutions in Indonesia in designing their learning pattern and environment to promote active learning.
IMPLEMENTASI MANAJEMEN BERBASIS MADRASAH BERCIRIKAN LINGKUNGAN PADA MAN 3 PALEMBANG Amilda, Amilda; Afriantoni, Afriantoni; Harto, Kasinyo; Ashsiddiqi, Hasbi
El-Idare Vol 1 No 2 (2015): El-Idare
Publisher : Program Studi Manajemen Pendidikan Islam Fak. Ilmu Tarbiyah dan Keguruan

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Abstract

Isu lingkungan menjadi sorotan di sekolah selalu penting untuk meningkatkan citra madrasah itu sendiri. Oleh karena itu, sikap partisipasi adalah sikap dan tindakan yang berusaha untuk mencegah kerusakan lingkungan alam sekitarnya dan pengembangan untuk meningkatkan kerusakan lingkungan yang telah terjadi.Sebagai bentuk partisipasi aktif MAN 3 Palembang berusaha untuk mengembangkan diri sebagai madrasah berbasis lingkungan, dengan terus meningkatkan kualitas madrasah akuisisi posisi Adiwiyata ditingkat nasional hari menuju diri Adiwiyata.Semuanya dilakukan melalui visi, serta diperlukan partisapasi internal dan eksternal. Madrasah sebagai lembaga pendidikan yang berusaha untuk menjadi madrasah berbasis lingkungan dengan kriteria sebagai berikut: pengaturan, pengelolaan sampah di sudut kelas, membuat slogan tentang lingkungan, tentang budaya sehat, bebas narkoba dan sebagainya dukungannya akan berkompetisi. Pengembangan kebijakan perawatan madrasah dan lingkungan budaya di MAN 3 Palembang dianggap baik, dibuktikan dengan budaya bersih, sehat dan peduli lingkungan. Environmental issues into the spotlight at the school always important to improve the image of madrasah itself. Therefore, participation attitude is an attitude and actions which seeks to prevent damage to the surrounding natural environment and development to improve the environmental damage that has occurred. As a form of active participation MAN 3 Palembang trying to develop themselves as a madrasah-based environment, by continually improving the quality of madrasah of acquisition positions Adiwiyata national level today towards self Adiwiyata. Everything is done through the vision, as well as the necessary internal and external partisapasi.Madrasah as an educational institution that strives to be a madrasah-based environment with the following criteria: the arrangement, the waste management in the corner of the classroom, create a slogan about the environment, about the culture of healthy, drug-free and so its support would be competed. Madrasah care policy development and cultural environment in MAN 3 Palembang considered good, evidenced by the culture of clean, healthy and care for the environment.
MODEL PENGEMBANGAN PEMBELAJARAN PAI BERBASIS LIVING VALUES EDUCATION (LVE) Harto, Kasinyo
Tadrib: Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam Vol 4 No 1 (2018): Tadrib: Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Agama Islam Fakultas Ilmu Tarbiyah Dan Keguruan UIN Raden Fatah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19109/Tadrib.v4i1.1873

Abstract

In fact, the realistic-empirical data shows that the morality and character of the nation is now degraded, thus in itself inviting various calamities and disasters that extend to the social, religious, and political spheres, even in education. The general public indirectly blames educators from elementary to college, as the party most responsible for the deterioration of this nation in its mindset and behavior patterns that are inconsistent with the guidance of the world's citizens who should be cultured and dignified. Religious education in this case Islamic Education, hereinafter referred to as PAI, should be the basis of morality. But today it seems to have been seen as having lost its vital role in the effort to form the character of the nation's child morality. This is due to the fact that PAI learning practices have only been concerned only with cognitive aspects and ignored the fostering of affective aspects, namely the willingness and determination to practice the values ​​of religious teachings. This imbalance results in a gap between knowledge and experience, between theory and practice, or in the practice of religious education transformed into religious teaching, thus unable to form moral persons. As an effort of ijtihad to restore the essence, function and strategic role of learning of PAI in the formation of morals of the nation of this research is done with the principal of research problem, that is through improvement and development of PAI quality learning model for character formation of learners by using Living Values ​​Education paradigm. The purpose of this research is to design and formulate the learning model of PAI based on living values ​​education and how to implement it in learning process of PAI. Then, this research includes library research, therefore the steps that will be carried out is the exploration of some data from various literatures, both primary data, and secondary data. The method of collecting data is done by collecting books, articles, journals, scientific opinion in which to reveal and study living values ​​education, then look for writing about the learning of Islamic religious education. The data analysis technique using descriptive-analytic method. The data have been analyzed and then presented with deductive methods that depart from general theory to lead to the conclusion which is the answer of the research problem formulation.
DEVELOPING CHARACTER INTERNALIZATION MODEL IN ISLAMIC EDUCATION THROUGH VALUE CLARIFICATION TECHNIQUE Harto, Kasinyo
MADANIA: JURNAL KAJIAN KEISLAMAN Vol 19, No 2 (2015): DECEMBER
Publisher : IAIN Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (295.099 KB) | DOI: 10.29300/madania.v19i2.40

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Pengembangan Model Internalisasi Karakter dalam Pembelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam melaluiValue Clarification Technique. Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh asumsi bahwa pembelajaran PAI (PendidikanAgama Islam) terkesan kurang efektif dalam penanaman nilai afektif pada peserta didik sehingga dianggap tidakfungsional. Hal ini disebabkan oleh pembelajaran agama yang cenderung dominan disampaikan dengan modelverbalistik dan normatif-doktriner. Sebagai solusi alternatif, penelitian ini dilakukan dengan pokok masalah,yaitu bagaimana implementasi model pembelajaran VCT (Value Clarification Technique) dapat mengembangkanpotensi afektif dalam pembelajaran PAI. Tujuan utama penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengembanganpotensi afektif siswa melalui penerapan VCT. Penelitian ini termasuk pada kategori penelitian lapangan denganmenggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dalam sistem pengumpulan data dan analisis data. Hasil penelitianmenunjukan bahwa dengan mengembangkan model pembelajaran VCT dalam pembelajaran PAI, internalisasinilai-nilai keagamaan dapat ditanamkan secara efektif dan efisien melalui pengungkapan sikap, nilai, dan moralsiswa terhadap suatu kasus yang disajikan oleh guru.
PENGEMBANGAN PEMBELAJARAN PAI BERWAWASAN ISLAM WASATIYAH : UPAYA MEMBANGUN SIKAP MODERASI BERAGAMA PESERTA DIDIK Harto, Kasinyo
At-Ta'lim : Media Informasi Pendidikan Islam Vol 18, No 1 (2019): JUNI
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Bengkulu

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Abstract

Abstract: Development of PAI Learning with Islamic Wasatiyah Insight: Efforts to Build Moderation Attitude Religious Learners. The human dignity of the Indonesian people has fallen to the deepest abyss, the violence and crime that occurred is an indication that our society has shifted into a society that has lost national identity. The motive for terror is carried out over and over again about jihad fisabilillah in order to achieve a degree of martyrdom, which is a noble degree in upholding the religion of Allah. The meaning of jihad is understood literally-textualist, that is only limited to war (qital) in the physical sense by taking up arms aimed at people both individually and institutionally. Such a textual-literary understanding implies rigid, exclusive and intolerant social-religious attitudes and behaviors to people who are different from them so that there is some kind of belief that people who are outside their group are not right (kafir) and are required fought. Our religious education seems to still be trapped in the teaching of the cognitive dogmatic realm which is teaching the knowledge of rules and religious law with fiqh oriented (fiqh oriented), so the fiqh is considered as religion itself. Departing from these problems, it is necessary to reconstruct a scientific-doctrinaire-based modern learning approach. The students are allowed to inner and intellectual encroachment, so they will find maturity in religion, both in terms of their religious affections and intellectual dimensions. This research includes library research, therefore the steps to be taken are the exploration of a number of data from various literature, both primary data, and secondary data. The method of data collection is done by collecting books, articles, journals, scientific opinions in which it reveals and examines the wasatiyah. The data analysis techniques using descriptive-analytic methods. The data that has been analyzed presented with the deductive method which departs from general theory to lead to conclusions to answers to the research problem. The results of the study show that applying a contextual scientific approach is a must because the approach touches three domains: attitudes, knowledge, and skills. The result is an increase and balance between the ability to be a good human being and have the skills and knowledge to live properly. Learning about Islamic wasatiyah insight is expected to be: first, students become more aware of their own religious teachings and aware of the reality of the teachings of other religions. Second, students are able to develop an understanding and presentation of other people's religions. Third, encourage students to participate in social activities which involve various adherents of different religions. Fourth, students can develop all of their own potential including their diversity potential, so they can control their own lives and more empowered.Abstrak: Pengembangan Pembelajaran PAI Berwawasan Islam Wasatiyah : Upaya Membangun Sikap Moderasi Beragama Peserta Didik. Martabat kemanusiaan bangsa Indonesia sudah terpuruk ke jurang paling dalam, kekerasan-kekerasan dan tindak kriminal yang terjadi merupakan sebuah indikasi bahwa masyarakat kita telah bergeser normanya menjadi masyarakat yang kehilangan jatidiri kebangsaan yang ramah. Motif teror yang dilakukan lagi-lagi soal jihad fisabilillah dalam rangka mencapai derajat syahid, yang dalam agama merupakan derajat yang mulia dalam menegakkan agama Allah. Makna jihad dipahami secara literalis-tekstualis, yakni hanya sebatas perang (qital) dalam arti fisik dengan mengangkat senjata yang ditujukan kepada orang baik secara perorangan maupun kelembagaan. Pemahaman yang tekstual-literal semacam itu, berimplikasi kepada sikap dan perilaku sosial keagamaan yang rigid, eksklusif dan intoleran  kepada orang yang berbeda paham dengan mereka, sehingga ada semacam keyakinan, bahwa orang yang diluar dari kelompok mereka  adalah tidak benar (kafir) dan wajib untuk diperangi. Pendidikan agama kita nampaknya masih terjebak dalam pengajaran ranah kognitif dogmatis yang sibuk mengajarkan pengetahuan peraturan dan hukum agama dengan disiplin ilmu fiqh yang menjadi orientasinya (fiqh orientid) sehingga fiqh dianggap sebagai agama itu sendiri. Berangkat dari problematika tersebut, Maka perlu melakukan rekonstruksi pendekatan pembelajaran modern berbasis scientific-doktriner dengan demikian, peserta didik dibiarkan melakukan perambahan batin dan intelektual, sehingga kelak menemukan dalam dirinya kedewasaan dalam beragama, baik dalam hal afeksi religiusnya maupun dimensi intelektualnya. Penelitian ini termasuk library research, karena itu langkah-langkah yang akan dilakukan adalah eksplorasi terhadap sejumlah data dari berbagai literatur, baik data primer, maupun data sekunder. Metode pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan mengumpulkan buku-buku, artikel, jurnal, opini ilmiah yang didalamnya mengungkap dan mengkaji wasatiyah. Adapun teknik analisa data dengan menggunakan metode deskriptif-analytic. Data yang telah dianalisis kemudian dipaparkan dengan metode deduktif yang berangkat dari teori umum untuk menuju pada kesimpulan yang merupakan jawaban dari rumusan masalah penelitian. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa menerapkan pendekatan saintifik kontekstual merupakan suatu keharusan, karena dengan pendekatan tersebut menyentuh tiga ranah, yaitu sikap, pengetahuan, dan keterampilan. Hasilnya adalah peningkatan dan keseimbangan anatara kemampuan untuk menjadi manusia yang baik dan memiliki kecakapan dan pengetahuan untuk hidup secara layak. Pembelajaran PAI berwawasan Islam wasatiyah diharapkan dapat: pertama, peserta didik menjadi lebih sadar terhadap ajaran agama mereka sendiri dan sadar terhadap adanya realitas ajaran agama lain. Kedua, peserta didik mampu mengembangkan pemahaman dan paresiasi terhadap agama orang lain. Ketiga, mendorong peserta didik untuk berpartipasi dalam kegiatan sosaial yang di dalamnya terlibat berbagai penganut agama yang berbeda. Keempat, peserta didik dapat mengembang seluruh potensi mereka sendiri termasuk potensi keberagaman mereka sehingga mereka dapat mengontrol kehidupan mereka sendiri, dan dengan cara demikian mereka lebih berdaya.