Wiwik Hartatik
Balai Penelitian Tanah Jl. Tentara Pelajar 12, Bogor 16114

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Pengembangan Pupuk Cair Nitrogen Berukuran Nanometer untuk Meningkatkan Efisiensi Pemupukan Saprudin, Deden; Gulamahdi, Munif; Hartatik, Wiwik; Darusman, Latifah Kosim; Nuraisyah, Ilfa
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 17, No 2 (2012): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (167.569 KB)

Abstract

Conventional utilization of urea just has absorbed 30-60%. Remaining, 40-70% lost to environment, give not economic benefit and serious problem in environment. The use of less efficient urea has received attention lately. One way to overcome the problem of inefficiency of urea fertilizer use is a nano-sized fertilizer. Synthesized nanofertilizer in this study were nanomagnetit (Fe3O4). Nanomagnetit synthesized from FeCl3 as a source of iron, sodium citrate as the reductant, and urea as a source base. Nanomagnetite synthesized using a hydrothermal method. Based on the results of X-ray diffraction, the nanomagnetit has average crystal size 46.66 nm and crystal structure is Face Center Cubic. Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy shows constituent elements in nanomagnetite are iron (29.45%), oxygen (53.07%), carbon (14.86%), and sodium (2.62%). This shows the iron and oxygen is the main constituent elements nanomagnetite. In the process of magnetite formation absorbed urea by 30% with N content (0.14%) and most are in the liquid synthesis (0.82%) so that it can be used as fertilizer on crops. Based on this research, variations of pH (6-8) liquid fertilizer provided no significant effect. The addition of 0.15 g nanomagnetite have better growth among other treatments.  Keywords: corn, hydrothermal, magnetite, nanofertilizer, urea
Pengembangan Pupuk Cair Nitrogen Berukuran Nanometer untuk Meningkatkan Efisiensi Pemupukan Saprudin, Deden; Gulamahdi, Munif; Hartatik, Wiwik; Darusman, Latifah Kosim; Nuraisyah, Ilfa
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 17, No 2 (2012): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (167.569 KB)

Abstract

Conventional utilization of urea just has absorbed 30-60%. Remaining, 40-70% lost to environment, give not economic benefit and serious problem in environment. The use of less efficient urea has received attention lately. One way to overcome the problem of inefficiency of urea fertilizer use is a nano-sized fertilizer. Synthesized nanofertilizer in this study were nanomagnetit (Fe3O4). Nanomagnetit synthesized from FeCl3 as a source of iron, sodium citrate as the reductant, and urea as a source base. Nanomagnetite synthesized using a hydrothermal method. Based on the results of X-ray diffraction, the nanomagnetit has average crystal size 46.66 nm and crystal structure is Face Center Cubic. Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy shows constituent elements in nanomagnetite are iron (29.45%), oxygen (53.07%), carbon (14.86%), and sodium (2.62%). This shows the iron and oxygen is the main constituent elements nanomagnetite. In the process of magnetite formation absorbed urea by 30% with N content (0.14%) and most are in the liquid synthesis (0.82%) so that it can be used as fertilizer on crops. Based on this research, variations of pH (6-8) liquid fertilizer provided no significant effect. The addition of 0.15 g nanomagnetite have better growth among other treatments.
Composition of Phosphorus Fraction on Peat Added with Mineral Soil Ameliorant and P Fertilization HARTATIK, WIWIK; IDRIS, K.; SABIHAM, SUPIYANDI; DJUNIWATI, S.; ADININGSIH, J. SRI
Jurnal Tanah dan Iklim (Indonesian Soil and Climate Journal) No 21 (2003): Desember 2003
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (205.521 KB) | DOI: 10.2017/jti.v0i21.266

Abstract

Most of P on peat is in the form of organic P. Composition of P on peat, especially organic P, is rarely studied. Therefore fractionation of P on peat is important to know the proportion of inorganic and organic P and available P. The aim of the experiment was to study the composition of P added with mineral soil ameliorant and P fertilization. The experiment was conducted in the laboratory of the Indonesian Center for Soil and Agroclimate Research and Development, Bogor. Two hundreds g peat dry weight (105o) added with mineral soil ameliorant in the rate of 7.5% maximum Fe sorption which is equal to 10.4 g pot-1. The mixture of peat and mineral soil (Oxisols) was then added with P fertilizer and followed by incubation for 4 weeks. After incubation, the mixture was fractioned for P. P treatment consisting of four P fertilizer sources that are Maroko rockphosphate, Christmas rock phosphate, Ciamis rock phosphate and SP-36. Four P levels are 25, 50, 75, and 100% of P sorption plus partial complete control, and replicated two times. Composition of P in this study that is readily labile, moderately labile, and non labile. P fraction determinated with sequential extraction based on the method had been used by Ivanoff. The results showed that peat from Air Sugihan Kiri, South Sumatrawas poor (oligotropyc), acidic, and low exchangeable K and ash content. Most of P on the peat was in the proportion of organic P (around 77 up to 95%) and the rest was in a small amount, inorganic P (10 up to 23%). The composition of P organic fraction showed that the non labile was relatively the same P proportion with moderately labile, meanwhile the readily labile was low. Source and rock phosphate level did not affect theproportion of organic P. The application of Maroko and Ciamis rock phosphates at the level of 100% of P sorption increased available P (readily P inorganic). Non-labile inorganic P proportion from Christmas rock phosphate was higher than those from Maroko and Ciamis.
Point of Zero Charge Determination and the Inluence of P, Basic Slag, Organic Matter and Lime Applications on Colloidal Charge and Quality of Oxisols ANDA, MARKUS; KASNO, ANTONIUS; HARTATIK, WIWIK; SULAEMAN, .; ADININGSIH, J. SRI
Jurnal Tanah dan Iklim (Indonesian Soil and Climate Journal) No 19 (2001): Desember 2001
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (322.607 KB) | DOI: 10.2017/jti.v0i19.296

Abstract

The colloidal charge manipulation of highly weathered soils using point of zero charge (PZC or pHo) approach is important in improving soil chemical properties. The objective of this study was to determine the PZC and manipulate colloidal charge surfaces of Oxisols in order to increase their quality. PZC was determined by adjusting pH values from 3 to 7 using potentiometric titration. The change of colloidal surface charges was measured using two extractants; NH4-acetat pH 7 and NH4Cl. A glass house experiment was carried out using 4.5 kg soil/pot. Soil was taken from Sonay, South East Sulawesi and from Sitiung, West Sumatra. Soil was taken from surface layer (0-20 cm) and subsurface layer (20-40 cm) for each location. Four factors consisted of P fertilizer, basic slag, organic matter and lime were used to manipulate colloidal surface charge. The treatment rates were 100, 200 and 400 ppm P for P fertilizer; 2, 4 and 8 t/ha for basic slag; 10, 20 and 40 t/ha for organic matter; 1.5, 3 and 6 t/ha for lime, and a complete control. All 13 treatments with three replications, were arranged using a randomized complete block design in which each layer of two Oxisols is used as a block. The results showed that values of PZC for a surface layer of Sonay Oxisol (OSY) and for surface and subsurface layers of Sitiung Oxisol (OSG) are similar, i.e, pHo was 3.5. In addition, the PZC value for the subsurface layer of OSY occurs at pH 5 which is the highest pHo value compared to three other layers. The PZC value of OSY, at a surface layer is higher than its soil pH value (5.0 vs 4.4) suggesting that colloidal surfaces bear a positive charge. In contrast, the PZC values for the surface layer of OSY and surface and subsurface layers of OSG were lower than their soil pH values, indicating the colloidal surfaces bear a negative charge. Application of P, basic slag, organic matter, and lime was able to manipulate colloidal charge surfaces having positive charges become negative and that the low negative charge of colloidal surfaces become more negative as evidenced from the increase cation exchange capacity (measured in NH4Cl) compared to a control treatment. Application of P, basic slag,organic matter, and lime could increased quality of Oxisols as shown by decreasing K leaching and by increased soybean yields, which drastically increased compared to a control treatment.
Solubility of Rock Phosphate and SP-36 in Peat Soils Amended with Mineral Soil HARTATIK, WIWIK; IDRIS, K
Jurnal Tanah dan Iklim (Indonesian Soil and Climate Journal) No 27 (2008): Juli 2008
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (162.339 KB) | DOI: 10.2017/jti.v0i27.257

Abstract

Rock phosphates application on peat soil has a good prospect because of its high solubility in acid condition. However, the study of the solubility of rock phosphate in peat soils is still limited. This study aimed to quantify the solubility of rock phosphate and the effects of some sources of rock phosphates and SP-36 in the peat soils, taken from South Sumatera amended with mineral soil. The study was conducted in the laboratory ofIndonesian Soil Research Institute, in Bogor. The study consisted of two activities: 1) study on the solubility of some rock phosphates (Marocco, Christmas, and Ciamis) in peat soils. For this study a 100 g of oven dried (105oC) peat soil for each treatment was used for this study. The treatments were eleven levels of P i.e. 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 75, 100, 125, and 150 ppm P applied to dried peat soils. The treated peat soils werethen incubated for 2 weeks before analyses of soluble P was conducted. The molybdat blue method was used to analyze the samples at 2, 4, 8, and 12 weeks after the incubation. 2) The second study i.e. the application of some rock phosphates or SP-36 on the peat soils amended with mineral soils, four levels of P (25, 50, 74, and 100% of P sorption) plus partial and complete control treatments have been replicated twice. Two hundred grams of oven dried peat soils (105oC) amended with mineral soils at 7,5% maximum Fe sorption, incubated for four weeks, and then soluble P was analyzed using molybdat blue at 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 weeks after incubation. The results showed that the order of rock phosphates solubility in peat soils was Marocco> Ciamis>Christmas. The solubility of P in peat soils amended with mineral soil and rock phosphates gave similarresults as rock phosphate was in the order of SP-36>Marocco>Ciamis> Christmas. Soluble P increased up to 8 weeks of incubation, and then decreased. The effect of soil mineral ameliorant and some rock phosphates application of soluble P at 12 weeks after the incubation around 15.7-34.2 ppm P. Rock phosphates that has high reactivity gave a high Psolubility on peat soils so it that can be used as P sources in the peat soil.
The Effects of Inorganic Fertilizer and Mineral Leucite Residues on K Uptake and Maize Yields (Zea mays L.) in Oxisols Hartati, Sri; Minardi, Slamet; Hartatik, Wiwik; Haniati, Isna Luthfa
SAINS TANAH - Journal of Soil Science and Agroclimatology Vol 15, No 2 (2018): December
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (651.537 KB) | DOI: 10.15608/stjssa.v15i2.18604

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of inorganic fertilizer and leucite mineral residues on K uptake and maize yields. This research had been conducted from October 2016 to September 2017 in the experimental field of Neglasari, Dramaga, Bogor. The soil was analyzed in the Soil Chemistry and Fertility Laboratory of Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta. The study was arranged in a completely randomized block design using 11 treatments with three replications. The result showed that the NPK 150 kg ha-1 residues gave a better effect on corn yields whereas there was no significant effect of employing the standard NPK with RAE value of 123%. The study found that the residual treatment of inorganic fertilizers and leucite minerals had a significant impact on maize yields but not on K uptake.