Articles

Hukum, Demokrasi, dan Mahkamah Konstitusi Harjono, Harjono
INOVATIF | Jurnal Ilmu Hukum Vol 2, No 3 (2010): INOVATIF
Publisher : INOVATIF | Jurnal Ilmu Hukum

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UUD Negara RI Tahun 1945 setelah perubahan ketiga, telah menegaskan bahwa Indonesia adalah negara hukum yang menganut asas demokrasi. Dalam menjaga  tegaknya konstitusi, UUD 1945 membentuk lembaga baru yang bernama Mahkamah Konstitusi. Peran Mahkamah Konstitusi dalam melaksanakan peradilan tata negara adalah untuk menegakkan norma-norma hukum tertinggi yang terdapat dalam UUD 1945. Oleh karenanya, seringkali peran peradilan tata negara disebut sebagai "the guardian of the constitution". Dalam konstitusi negara modern, ditetapkan pula di dalamnya hak-hak warga Negara, dan oleh karena hak-hak tersebut dicantumkan dalam konstitusi maka statusnya menjadi hak-hak konstitusi warga negara yang secara substantif harus ditegakkan pula oleh Peradilan Tata Usaha Negara. Oleh sebab itu, Peradilan Tata Usaha Negara juga berfungsi sebagai "the guardian of citizens." Keyword : negara hukum, demokrasi  dan mahkamah konstitusi
Initial Infection of Falcataria moluccana Leaves and Acacia mangium Phyllodes by Uromycladium tepperianum Fungi in a Laboratory Trial Widyastuti, Siti Muslimah; Harjono, Harjono; Surya, Zulchan Andika
JURNAL MANAJEMEN HUTAN TROPIKA Vol 19, No 3 (2013)
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7226/jmht.19.3.195

Abstract

Sengon is a fast growing species that is cultivated widely in Indonesia. Lately, sengon is severely attacked by fungus Uromycladium tepperianum that causing gall rust disease. It is also known to attack various types of acacia. This study aims to determine the fungal infection process U. tepperianum on sengon leaves and the possibility of infection on Acacia mangium in the laboratory trial. Leave samples and fungal pathogen teliospores obtained from Cangkringan, Sleman, Yogyakarta. Several approach procedures conducted to achieve these objectives were: (1) identification of diseased trees, (2) collecting samples of diseased leaves, branches, twigs, and stems, and (3) artificial inoculation and investigating the infection process of U. tepperianum teliospores in the laboratory. The results showed that the process of infection in sengon started by teliospores germination and germ tube formation. Successive germ tube forming penetration pegs. In the plant tissue, the penetration peg formed hypha and further developed into intracellular and intercellular hyphae. The artificial inoculation on A. mangium leaf surface showed few spores can germinate. However, none of them managed to penetrate. Keywords: Uromycladium tepperianum, sengon, acacia, gall rust, infection DOI: 10.7226/jtfm.19.3.187
IMPLEMENTASI ASAS AUDIETALTERAMPARTEM DALAM PEMERIKSAAN PERKARA PERDATA YANGDIPUTUS VERSTEK Harjono, Harjono
YUSTISIA Vol 59 (2002)
Publisher : YUSTISIA

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The permanent absence of defendant at court so that judgecondem verstek decision, but audi et alteram partem principle shall be applied. Before verstek decision declared the law action has been taken in order to present defendant for listening his argumentation, so that defendant is able to defend his interest. So far there are balance between plaintif and defendant interest. The balances of interest, position dan treatment to the parties whom involved in cases, is the essensial of audi et alteram partem principle.
UTANG MENURUT UNDANG-UNDANG KEPAILITAN DAN PROBLEMATIKANYA DALAM PRAKTEK (Analisis Putusan Mahkamah Agung) Harjono, Harjono
YUSTISIA Vol 62 (2003)
Publisher : YUSTISIA

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The definition of debt seems to be an urgent need. The vacuum of a stricht, clear and sharped debt definition can cause law uncertainty. Such things can be proved by the vision or argumentatiton of trade court, cassasion judge or appeal judge thatinconsistence in which can damage public interest. So that in thenewest payment obligation cancelation and bankcrupcy act draft,should be given a certain and clear definition. Such definition couldbe hoped being judge guidance in deciding the bankcrupcy declaration inquirement, so that
EKSAMINASI PUTUSANPENGADILAN SEBAGAIMANIFESTASIKEPEDULIAN DAN KETERLIBATAN MASYARAKAT TERHADAP PERADILAN Harjono, Harjono
YUSTISIA Vol 63 (2003)
Publisher : YUSTISIA

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An effort to canyout supervision to the court, the public involvement hoped able giving an useful idea for improvement ofIndonesia court soirounding. Technically all the idea ofpublic examination seems ideally. Eventhough most of people still feel hesitate since the existency until the sensitive issuees within examination. There is suspicious to the independence and obyectivity of such examination, as there is possibility to counterfeit the result of examination become a partisan activities for certain interest parties, especially for ceases that caontain conflict ofinterest
KONSISTENSI HAKIM PENGADILAN NIAGA DALAM MENGADILI PERKARA KEPADLITAN DENGAN KLAUSULA ARBITRASE Harjono, Harjono
YUSTISIA Vol 65 (2004)
Publisher : YUSTISIA

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this researchstudy Competency of Commercial Court in judgingcase of bankrupt which was the proffering of the base agreement with arbritation clause, and analyse Appelate Court consistency in giving consideration of bankrupt verdict law with arbitration clause. Existence of Abritration clause that agreement in principle indicate that them mutually agree to to finish arising out dispute of the agreement to institute of arbitrase. Thereby abolish Competency of Commercial Court to check that case. But in practise found many, that Commercial Court remain to checkcase of arising out bankrupt of agreement with arbitration clause. Consideration of legal dicision, Commercial Court and Appelate Court have to load consideration of law concerning competence. This research is including type Research of Normative (Doctrinal). Especial Material research of in the form of materials punish and primary of sekunder. Law materials collected with document study with analysis content. Analysiswith pattern have natural existence ofdeductive. With this deductive formal logic will be found by elementary premis-premis to base on the truth ofan method punish concrete in. in this research will look for base of legitimation consideration of law in judge decision. Judge Commercial Court not have same opinion and perception regarding competency of Commercial court to check and judge application of statement ofbankrupt.This difference (of) mirrorof inkonsistensi considerationof law in dropped decision. There is consideration of judge of judge expressing Justice of authoritative Commercial, on the contrary there is also expressing unqualified. This incosistency cause incidenceuncidence uncertainty oflaw. Ofconsideration ofjudges ofCommercial Court and Supreme Court in the reality, always consistent in giving consideration of law at case applicationofstatement ofbankrupt.
PERLINDUNGAN HUKUM TERHADAP KONSUMEN YANG MENDERITA KERUGIAN DALAM TRANSAKSIPROPERTI MENURUT UNDANG-UNDANG PERLINDUNGAN KONSUMEN ( Studi Pada Pengembang Perumahan PT. Fajar Bangun Raharja Surakarta ) Harjono, Harjono
YUSTISIA Vol 68 (2005)
Publisher : YUSTISIA

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This research will study and answer problems concerning legalfundament able to be used by consumerto sue civil liabilityof developer of housing, in the case of loss as effort obtain get protection of law; arrangement of perpetrator liability of effort ( developer of housing) in ConsumerismLaw have enough give protection to importance of consumer or not yet; civil liability of perpetrator of effort ( developer of housing) have been  executed as according to Consumerism Law or not yet; law procedure able to be gone through by unprofitable consumer, to claim  liability of civil to developer of housing.This research is including type research of law of empirik and have the character of descriptively, this Research data cover primary data and data of sekunder. Primary data is especial data ofthis research. Whiledata of sekunder used as [by] supporter of primary data. Subyek the research more view as [by] [is] informan to giveinformation concerning problems which will check. To determine informan used by technique of purposive sampling . Hereinafter with Snow Ball Sampling determined by other informan. Data collected with technique interview structure (guide interview ). Interview done by circumstantial (interviewing depth in ). To collect data of sekunderused by technique note document, used Analysis technique havethe characterof qualitative. Nature of base analyse this have the characterof inductively, that is ways conclude from things having the character of special toward things having the character of public. Law And Regulation Of which can made by the basis law by unprofitable housing consumer, to claim civil liability of developer ofhousing, as effort obtain; get protection of law namelyUUPK, UU No. 2 Year 1986 Jo. UU No. 9 Year 2004, PERMA No. 1 Year 2002, UU No. 30Year 1999. Civil liability of perpetrator of effort developer of housing of PT. Fajar Bangun Raharja have been executed as according to Consumerism Law. Procedure Law able to be gone through by unprofitable consumer, to claim responsibility of civil to developer of housing that is bringed a lawsuit to the court deed contempt of court to District Court, or suing of class action, and or BPSK
PENGEMBANGAN KEBIJAKAN HUKUM PIDANA UNTUK MENANGGULANGI PEMBAJAKAN PERANGKAT LUNAK KOMPUTER SEBAGAI KEJAHATAN EKONOMIBIDANG HAKKEKAYAAN INTELEKTUAL Supanto, Supanto; Purwandoko, Prasetyo Hadi; Harjono, Harjono; Setiono, Setiono
YUSTISIA Vol 71 (2007)
Publisher : YUSTISIA

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The aimsofthisstudyis to understandlawsandregPulation relatedwith thearrangement ofcomputer softwarepiracy, study the suitability between the nationallawandglobalization development, anddescribe penal policyformulation. Research  methodologyaredescriptive researchandthelaws researchare normativelyand sociologically, so, ituses the soclo-legal  andjuridical-criminology approaches, in the first year research especially uses secondarydata sources, especially the law documents, bypurposive determined informant The data collection is done by interview, library study, and group discussion. The analysis techniqueby usinginventarization, identification, arrangementlawprincipal and finding the doctrinedone by inductive-analytic. Besides that, theoriticahreconstruotion anddata-analytic aredone by qualitative ap proach. Theconclusion obtainedinglobalization era places the state is no longermonopolizethe power because a lot of non-governmentinstitutions which also follow to influence to arrange the international relations, like WTO. Globalization shows the crime development like the transnational crime include the crime related with intellectual property right especially computer software piracy. Indonesia alreadyhas completelegislation productaboutintellectual property right. The termofcriminal act ofcomputersoftware piracyis notofficially In the law, actually as thedeed digress the exclusive creatorrights to multiplies and announce thatbe done unauthorized.
PELAKSANAAN PERDAMAIAN DALAM SENGKETA PERCERAiAN DI PENGADILAN NEGERI DAN PENGADILAN AGAMA SURAKARTA Kussunaryatun, Th.; Harjono, Harjono; Sri Ciptorukmi Nugraheni, Anjar
YUSTISIA Vol 60 (2003)
Publisher : YUSTISIA

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The aim of this study is will solve the matter of how theimplementation of reconciliation in divorce dispute in Surakarta District and Moslem Court. The factor that enable eaching the reconciliaton of the divorce dispute. The factor considered as an obstacle and how to settle it. This study is a descriptive research with an empirical juridicial approach, located at Surakarta District and Moslem Court in accordance with the feet that a divorce dispute is being examined and decided at Local District fortheos non Msem religion, where as for those Moslem is being examined and decided at Moslem Court. The datat is consist of primer and sekunder data. The primer data is related to an interview activities. The sekunder data refer to the divorce cease document that being accomplished with reconciliation. Varies of regulation/act, a previous research of divorce and reconciliation and other document material. The population included allthe district and Moslem Curt judge. The sample is purposive sampling technique. The primer data is collected in depth interviewing and the sekunder data is gained by library study. The data is bering analized in qualitative model. The conclution is reached within inductive logical pattern. Its means that the conclution 1reached from the specified things to general things. The conclusion is supposed to answer th problem araised. A reconsiliation in the divorce dispute being done by a suedimissal. According to the dismissing, will araised a judge decree. This reconsiliation is quite difference with the process of civil disute generally. The reconsiliation I being reached because of all parties relization, children interest, judge contribution, third prties influences and the exist of family business. The Obstacle of reconsiliation as such being ashamed to feel guilty, a negative impact of third parties, way of live differences, a badfamily economy degree.
EKSEKUSI RIIL DALAM PERKARA PERDATA TENTANG PENGOSONGAN TANAH DAN BANGUNAN RUMAH Wikanto, Adityo Wahyu; Yudowibowo, Safrudin; Harjono, Harjono
VERSTEK Vol 2, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : FAKULTAS HUKUM UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET

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Eksekusi  adalah  tindakan  yang  berkesinambunngan  dari  keseluruhan  proses  acara perdata.  Eksekusi  sebagai  tindakan  hukum  yang  dilakukan  oleh  pengadilan  kepada pihak yang kalah dalam suatu perkara merupakan aturan dan tata cara lanjutan dari proses  pemeriksaan  perkara.  Tujuan  penelitian  ini  adalah  untuk  mengetahui pelaksanaan eksekusi riil dan kendala yang ditemui dalam pelaksanaannya.  Penelitian ini  merupakan  penelitian  hukum  empirik  yang  digunakan  untuk  mengkaji  penerapan hukum  dalam  masyarakat.  Pendekatan  penelitian  yang  digunakan  adalah  pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif. Analisis data yang digunakan adalah teknik analisis data kualitatif.Kesimpulan penelitian  menunjukkan  bahwa  pelaksanaan  eksekusi riil dilakukan sesuai dengan ketentuan yang terdapat dalam HIR.  Terdapat kendala dalam pelaksanaannya, yaitu:  a)  pihak  yang  kalah  tidak  hadir  pada  tahap  aanmaning;  b)  pengajuan permohonan penundaan  eksekusi  yang dikabulkan  karena alasan kemanusiaan;  dan c) hambatan komunikasi mengenai besaran uang pesangon.