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Kajian potensi perairan dangkal untuk pengembangan wisata bahari dan dampak pemanfaatannya bagi masyarakat sekitar (studi kasus Pulau Semak Daun sebagai daerah penunjang kegiatan wisata Pulau Pramuka Kabupaten Administrasi Kepulauan Seribu) Purnomo, Triyadi; Hariyadi, Sigid; ., Yonvitner
DEPIK Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan, Pesisir dan Perikanan Vol 2, No 3 (2013): December 2013
Publisher : Faculty of Marine and Fisheries, Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.13170/depik.2.3.992

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Abstract. Semakdaun and Pramuka are islands in kepulauan seribu administrated regency of Jakarta province that have typical resources and become tourism destination, by means this research choose semak daun and pramuka to be research place. This research purpose is study potential recourshe in shallow water of Semak Daun island for increasing marine tourism in Pramuka island, and to know impact of increasing marine tourism to economy and social of local people.  This research was conducted on Mei 2013 up to July 2013. The method of this research is descriptive quantitative analysis calculations using percent cover of coral, abundance of reef fish, suitability index of marine tourism, marine tourism area carrying capacity, analysis of Marine Tourism Economic Impact on the community using a multiplier effect . The results obtained from this study are: first, percent cover of coral communities on the Semak daun island categorized from moderate to very good and it ranged between 29.67 % -77.66 %. Second, Semak Daun Island area suitable for diving tourism activities, snorkeling , and beach tourism carrying capacity for diving site is 98 people / day and for snorkling is 242 people / day . Third, Tourists Visitor in Pramuka island has increased which in 2012 reached 36 218 visitors . Fourth, marine tourism activities in Semak Daun island and pramuka Island put up economic impact for society as service user and tourism workers by increasing income the value of Keynesian Local Income Multiplier 1.09, Type I Multiplier Income Ratio is 1.10 and Ratio Income Multiplier, Type II is 1.27.Keywords : Semak Daun island, marine tourism, Pramuka island, carrying capacity, multiplier effect Abstrak. Pulau Semak Daun dan Pulau Pramuka merupakan pulau yang ada di Provinsi Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta tepatnya di Kabupaten Administrasi Kepulauan Seribu  yang memiliki sumberdaya alam yang khas dan menjadi salah satu tujuan wisatawan, oleh karena itu penelitian ini memilih Pulau Semak Daun dan Pulau Pramuka menjadi tempat kajian penelitian. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah  mengkaji Potensi Sumberdaya di perairan dangkal Pulau Semak Daun untuk pengembangan kegiatan wisata bahari Pulau Pramuka dan memprediksi dampak pengembangan wisata bahari terhadap kondisi sosial dan ekonomi masyarakat setempat. Penelitian ini telah dilaksanakan pada bulan Mei 2013 – Juli 2013.   Metode yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah deskriptif kuantitatif dengan menggunakan analisis perhitungan persen tutupan komunitas karang, kelimpahan ikan karang, indeks kesesuaian wisata bahari, daya dukung kawasan wisata bahari, dan analisis Dampak Ekonomi Wisata Bahari terhadap masyarakat menggunakan multiplier efect. Hasil yang diperoleh dari penelitian ini yaitu persen tutupan komunitas karang di Pulau Semak Daun di kategorikan dari sedang sampai sangat baik yaitu berkisar antara 29,67%-77,66%, kawasan Pulau Semak Daun sesuai untuk aktivitas wisata selam dan snorkling dengan daya dukung kawasan untuk wisata selam 98 orang/hari, snorkling 242 orang/hari, Wisatawan yang berkunjung ke Pulau Pramuka mengalami peningkatan yakni pada tahun 2012 mencapai 36.218 pengunjung; dan kegiatan wisata bahari Pulau Semak Daun dan Pulau Pramuka memberi dampak terhadap peningkatan ekonomi masyarakat sebagai penyedia jasa dan pekerja wisata yaitu bertambahnya pendapatan dengan nilai Keynesian Local Income Multiplier 1,09, Ratio Income Multiplier Tipe I adalah 1,10 dan Ratio Income Multiplier, Tipe II adalah 1,27.Kata Kunci :  Pulau Semak Daun, Wisata Bahari, Pulau Pramuka, daya dukung, Multiplier efect.
SISTEM SOSIAL EKOLOGI KAWASAN DESA PESISIR KABUPATEN SUBANG Muliani, .; Adrianto, Luky; Soewardi, Kadarwan; Hariyadi, Sigid
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol 10, No 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jitkt.v10i3.20597

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ABSTRAK Interaksi sistem sosial - ekologi di desa pesisir sering menimbulkan permasalahan, mulai dari menurunnya kualitas ekologi hingga terjadinya konflik sosial. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis sistem sosial - ekologi yang terdapat di Desa Blanakan, Desa Tanjungtiga, Desa Rawameneng, dan Desa Mayangan serta mengetahui jaringan konektivitas sistem sosial - ekologi dari desa pesisir yang terintegrasi. Data yang dikumpulkan berupa data primer dan sekunder terkait sistem sosial dan sistem ekologi, analisis data dilakukan secara deskriptif kuantitatif dan spasial deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sistem sosial ? ekologi Desa Blanakan, Desa Tanjungtiga, Desa Rawameneng, dan Desa Mayangan tersusun atas jaringan sumberdaya berupa sumberdaya ikan, sumberdaya ekosistem, sumberdaya lahan, dan sumberdaya air yang digunakan oleh nelayan, petani, dan masyarakat umum. Keberlanjutan pemanfaatan sumberdaya didukung oleh ketersediaan infrastruktur yang disediakan oleh pemerintah dan swasta. Jaringan konektivitas sistem sosial - ekologi dari integrasi desa pesisir menunjukkan bahwa sistem sosial antar desa pesisir terkonektivitas melalui interaksi pendidikan, kelembagaan nelayan, pelayaanan kesehatan, dan interaksi lainnya, sedangkan interaksi sistem ekologi terkonektivitas melalui jaringan fishing ground dan pemanfaatan ekosistem mangrove secara bersama terutama antara Desa Blanakan dan Desa Mayangan.  ABSTRACTThe interactions of the socio-ecological systems in the coastal villages often create problems, ranging from the declining ecological quality to social conflicts. This study aimed not only to analyze the socio-ecological systems in the villages of Blanakan, Tanjungtiga, Rawameneng, and Mayangan, but also to find out the connectivity network of socio-ecological systems of the integrated coastal villages. The data collected included primary and secondary data related to social and ecological systems. The data analysis was performed in descriptive-quantitative and descriptive-spatial manners. The results showed that the socio-ecological systems of Blanakan Village, Tanjungtiga Village, Rawameneng Village, and Mayangan Village were composed of resource networks such as fish resources, ecosystem resources, land resources, and water resources used by fishermen, farmers and general public. The sustainable utilization of the resources was supported by the availability of infrastructure provided by the government and the private sector. The connectivity network of socio-ecological ecosystems of the integrated coastal villages showed that the social systems among coastal villages were connected through educational interactions, fishermen institutions, health services, and other interactions, while the interaction of the ecological system was connected through fishing ground networks and the shared utilization of mangrove ecosystems, especially between Blanakan Village and Mayangan Village.
Kualitas Air dan Status Kesuburan Perairan Waduk Sempor, Kebumen Shaleh, Fuquh Rahmat; Soewardi, Kadarwan; Hariyadi, Sigid
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 19, No 3 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Sempor Reservoir is one of the reservoir in Central Java. This reservoir has primary function as irrigation and hydropower source. Beside, it also has some benefit for fisheries and tourism activities. Reservoir utilization which has not been optimum yet need some adjustments with water quality and aquatic trophic state in Sempor Reservoir. This study was aimed to determine water quality and aquatic trophic state of Sempor Reservoir. This study was conducted from January to March 2014 with monthly water sampling. Survey method to collect data with stratified random sampling was used for four represented station. Aquatic trophic state determination was based in Carlson Trophic State Index (TSI) measurement. This method used some represented parameters of physics, chemistry and biology such as water transparency, total phosphorus, and chlorophyll-a. The results showed that water quality of Sempor Reservoir was still good for fishery activities. Aquatic trophic state of Sempor Reservoir based on Carlson TSI was classified to low-medium in euthropic category ranging from 50.71-64.91. Inlet was the only area which had medium category of eutrophic due to highly nutrient content derived from anthropogenic activities nearby. Keywords: aquatic trophic state, carlson trophic state index, sempor reservoir
Kualitas Perairan Sungai Buaya di Pulau Bunyu Kalimantan Utara pada Kondisi Pasang Surut Kurniadi, Bambang; Hariyadi, Sigid; Adiwilaga, Enan Mulyana
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 20, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Buaya River is one of the river in Bunyu Island which is found near with domestic and agricultural activities. Moreover, Buaya River is also used for fisheries activity by people nearby (fish products collecting and processing) and also used by the fisherman as the back of the boat. These activities will influence and change water quality. This research aimed to analysed water quality condition at Buaya River. Water quality assessment was conducted at four observation station. Water quality was analysed using Storet index and was compared with threshold for marine organisms (Kepmen No. 51/MENLH/2004). The result showed that Buaya River had been polluted at medium level at tide and medium to heavy level at low tide. TSS, oil and grease were not suitable with marine organisms threshold at all stations in low high and low tide. 
KARAKTERISTIK KUALITAS AIR DAN ESTIMASI RESIKO EKOBIOLOGI HERBISIDA DI PERAIRAN RAWA BANJIRAN LUBUK LAMPAM, SUMATERA SELATAN Jubaedah, Dade; Kamal, M. Mukhlis; Muchsin, Ismudi; Hariyadi, Sigid
Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan (Journal of People and Environment) Vol 22, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Lingkungan Hidup Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Perairan rawa banjiran Lubuk Lampam (RBLL) merupakan ekosistem khas yang mempunyai arti penting terutama secara ekologi sebagai habitat ikan khas rawa banjiran. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui karakteristik kualitas air di RBLL terkait dengan perubahan muka air dan adanya masukan bahan antropogenik terutama dari kegiatan perkebunan kelapa sawit yang berada di dalam dan sekitar area RBLL. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa curah hujan merupakan faktor utama yang mempengaruhi perubahan muka air di RBLL. Fluktuasi muka air yang tidak ekstrim sebagai akibat dari curah hujan yang relatif merata sepanjang tahun menyebabkan karakteristik kualitas air antar periode musim menjadi cenderung sama. Secara umum, karakteristik kualitas air RBLL dicirikan dengan pH cenderung asam, kandungan oksigen rendah, kekeruhan tinggi serta konsentrasi total nitrogen dan total fosfor yang tinggi. Bahan antropogenik berupa herbisida dari jenis paraquat dan glyfosat ditemukan dalam konsentrasi relatif kecil (rataan 0,004 mg/L dan 0,003 mg/L), sehingga berdasarkan nilai resiko (Risk Quotient, RQ) kedua jenis herbisida ini memiliki resiko ekobiologi rendah (<0,01) sampai dengan sedang (0,01<RQ≤0,1).
Kajian Aspek Ekologis dan Daya Dukung Perairan Situ Cilala Pratiwi, Niken T.M.; Hariyadi, Sigid; Ayu, Inna Puspa; Iswantari, Aliati; MZ, Novita; Apriadi, Tri
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 11, No 2 (2015): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v11i2.2201

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ABSTRACTEcological aspect (morphometry, a complexity of community structure, trophic state, and carrying capacity) are one of basic information to build comprehensive management concept of aquatic ecosystem, as Lake Cilala.  The concept was addressed to develop ornamental fish floating cage and natural fishery activity.  Lake Cilala is a longwise shape small lake with maximum length, average width, and average depth as 1141 m, 161 m, 2.67 m respectively.  Lake Cilala has various genera of phytoplankton and zooplankton, 8 genera of benthos, 5 genera of aquatic plants, and 12 fish species including planktivore, herbivore, and carnivore fishes.  Those organisms established food chains, by grazing and detritus food chain.  The trophic state of Lake Cilala was categorized as middle to heavy eutrophic level by Trophic State Index (TSI).  The carrying capacity analysis of Lake Cilala is 130 tons/year. It is resulted a possibility to increase ornamental fish floating cage to 165 units from 300 existed units. Furthermore, the carrying capacity for natural fish was reached 3.77 tons/year. Keywords: carrying capacity, food chain, lake fisheries, small lake management, trophic state 
Fitoremediasi limbah budidaya sidat menggunakan filamentous algae (Spirogyra sp.) Apriadi, Tri; TM Pratiwi, Niken; Hariyadi, Sigid
DEPIK Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan, Pesisir dan Perikanan Vol 3, No 1 (2014): April 2014
Publisher : Faculty of Marine and Fisheries, Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.13170/depik.3.1.1282

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Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui potensi dari filamentous algae (Spirogyra sp.) sebagai agen bioremediasi dalam mereduksi kandungan bahan organik limbah budidaya sidat. Penelitian menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap dengan perlakuan perbedaan dosis limbah (25 %, 50 %, 75 %, 100%).  Wadah penelitian berupa akuarium resirkulasi menggunakan sistem carrousel. Dilakukan pengukuran secara rutin terhadap beberapa parameter kualitas air serta perubahan bobot Spirogyra sp. selama dua minggu retensi. Diperoleh hasil bahwa penurunan konsentrasi bahan organik menggunakan Spirogyra sp. berlangsung efektif hingga hari keenam. Spirogyra sp. mampu mentolelir limbah budidaya sidat pada dosis limbah 25% dan 50%. Spirogyra sp. pada perlakuan dosis limbah 50% memiliki kemampuan yang lebih baik dalam menurunkan bahan organik limbah budidaya sidat.Kata kunci : Bahan organik; Limbah budidaya sidat; Spirogyra sp.
EVALUASI KUALITAS AIR SUNGAI-SUNGAI DI KAWASAN DAS BRANTAS HULU MALANG DALAM KAITANNYA DENGAN TATA GUNA LAHAN DAN AKTIVITAS MASYARAKAT DI SEKITARNYA Yetti, Elvi; Soedharma, Dedi; Hariyadi, Sigid
Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management) Vol 1, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (JPSL)
Publisher : Graduate School Bogor Agricultural University (SPs IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jpsl.1.1.10

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Brantas River that is located at Upper Brantas River Basin Area has been polluting that is noted by poluttion that taking place at Karangkates and Sengguruh Reservoir. Development of people and industries around Malang Upper Brantas River Basin Area since 2000, leading to increasing of river water using and pollution, particularly organic pollution. This research evaluated river water quality at Malang Upper Brantas River Basin Area, refered to water quality standard inserted on Governmental Regulation Number 82 / 2001 (PP No. 82 tahun 2001) and observed its relation to land use system and its surrounding people activity. Water quality is observed at 18 station focusing on physical parameters such as temperature, conductivity, suspended solid, and chemical parameters such as pH, DO, BOD, COD, N-nitrate, total nitrogen, orthophosphate and total phosphorous. Furthermore, water quality status is determined by using of pollution index methode, based on Environment Ministerial Regulation Number 115 / 2003 (Kep. Men. LH No. 115 tahun 2003). Evaluation result was related to land use system at Upper Brantas River Basin Area and its surroundings people activity. Evaluation result showed that, water quality has been decreasing at that area compared with the year of 1997-2002, and furthermore almost at all stations the value of COD has exceeded maximum limit threshold. Determination of water quality status also showed that all rivers at Upper Brantas River Basin has been polluted, majority with medium polutted grade. Research the result also showed that river water quality at Malang Upper Brantas River Basin is influenced by land use system and its surroundings people activity, particuarly by industries located along the river basin. Key Words: Evaluation of River Water Quality, Upper Brantas River Basin, land use system, surroundings people activity
Struktur Komunitas Perifiton Dibagian Hulu Sungai Cisadane, Kawasan Taman Nasional Gunung Halimun Salak, Jawa Barat Pratiwi, Niken TM; Hariyadi, Sigid; Kiswari, Dhona Indah
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 13, No 2 (2017): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v13i2.3403

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ABSTRACTPerifiton is one community of organisms that can adapt and thrive in the river, and relatively settled in one location. Riparian vegetation in the Mountain Halimun-Salak National Park could be expected to affect the community structure of periphyton. The purpose of this study was to identify the community structure of periphyton on different vegetation canopy coverage, to analyze relationship between the communities structure of periphyton and upstream Cisadane water quality conditions, and to determine water quality based on perifiton community. There were three sets three stations based on canopy coverage (80%, 60%, dan 40%). The results showed two groups of stations, the high canopy coverage (80%) and the low canopy coverage. The highest perifiton abundance was found at stations low canopy coverage, that dominated by Bacillarophycae, Pennales order, especially Navicula with higher rate of succesion than the higher canopy caverage. Abundance of periphyton of low canopy coverage was affected by ammonium, turbidity, and water current. Furthermore, in stations high canopy coverage it was influenced by orthophosphate and currents. As a whole, the periphyton community at upstream of Cisadane indicated a good condition of water quality.Keywords: canopy, periphyton, succession rate
Komposisi Fitoplanton dan Status Kesuburan Perairan Danau Lido, Bogor-Jawa Barat Melalui Beberapa Pendekatan Pratiwi, Niken TM; Hariyadi, Sigid; Ayu, Inna Puspa; Iswantari, Aliati
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 9, No 1 (2013): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v9i1.152

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Danau Lido merupakan perairan yang banyak dimanfaatkan untuk berbagai aktivitas manusia yang akan memberimasukan bahan organik dan anorganik ke perairan. Masukan tersebut dapat meningkatkan kandungan nutrienperairan. Hal ini dapat menyebabkan berubahnya status kesuburan perairan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untukmengetahui komposisi fitoplankton dan menduga status kesuburan perairan Danau Lido melalui beberapa pendekatan.Komposisi fitoplankton di stasiun KJA dan non-KJA relatif sama. Proporsi dan kelimpahan tertinggiberasal dari kelompok Bacillariophyceae, terutama dari genus Melosira sp. Status kesuburan berdasarkan parameteryang diolah dengan menggunakan pendekatan TSI, TRIX, dan Indeks Nygaard menunjukkan bahwa perairan DanauLido memiliki status kesuburan eutrofik. Indeks Nygaard masih relevan dan dapat diterapkan dalam penentuanstatus kesuburan perairan.Kata kunci: Danau Lido, Indeks Nygaard, status trofik, TRIX, TSI