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Efektivitas Insektisida Komersial Terhadap Kecoak Jerman (Blattella Germanica L.) Strain VCRU-WHO, GFA-JKT dan PLZ-PDG dengan Metode Kontak (Glass Jar) Madona, Wulan Rahfi; Rahayu, Resti; Dahelmi, Dahelmi; Hariani, Nova
- Vol 4, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

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Abstract

The purposes of this study was to find out the effectiveness of commercial insecticides to German cockroaches. Study was conducted from September to November 2013 in the Laboratory of Animal Physiology, Department of Biology, Andalas University. This study used the contact method (glass jar) with three strains of German cockroaches (VCRU–WHO, GFA-JKT and PLZ-PDG) and five kinds of insecticide (ByWS, HtWS, MtWS, RdWS, and VpWS). The average of knockdown time and lethal time were counted with a probit analysis. The effectiveness category divided into two groups, value of knockdown time and lethal time were needed to be achieved in a certain time. The results showed that based on the value of knockdown time 90% (KT90), effective aerosol insecticide to knockdown the German cockroach is aerosol insecticide ByWS, HtWS and VpWS. Aerosol insecticide MtWS was only effective to knockdown the German cockroach VCRU-WHO strain and ineffective for GFA-JKT and PLZ-PDG strains. Aerosol insecticide RdWS was only effective to knockdown the German cockroach VCRU-WHO and GFA-JKT strains, ineffective for PLZ-PDG strain. Based on the lethal time 90% (LT90)  there was no single insecticide effective to kill German cockroach.
Efektivitas Beberapa Insektisida Aerosol Terhadap Kecoak Blattella germanica (L.) (Dictyoptera; Blattellidae) Strain VCRU-WHO, GFA-JKT DAN PLZ-PDG Dengan Metode Semprot Bestari, Weny; Rahayu, Resti; Dahelmi, -; Hariani, Nova
- Vol 3, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

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Abstract

We examined the effectiveness of some insecticide aerosols to German cockroaches. This experiment was conducted at the Laboratory of Animal Physiology Department of Biology, Andalas University from July to October 2013. Animal subjects were three strains of German cockroaches, namely GFA-JKT from Jakarta, PLZ-PDG from Padang and VCRU-WHO from School of Biological Sciences, University Sains Malaysia. Those subjects were treated using spray method of five brands of commercial insecticides found in the market, namely ByWS, HtWS, MtWS, RdWS and VpWS. We analyzed  knockdown and lethal times using probit analysis. The effectiveness were evaluated based on running time to achieve the knockdown and lethal. The results showed that knockdown time (KT90) of ByWS, HtWS, MtWS, RdWS and VpWS were effective for VCRU-WHO and GFA-JKT strains and the only HtWS and RdWS were effective for PLZ-PDG strain. Based on the the lethal time (LT90)  there was no single insecticide effective to kill cockroach.Kata kunci: Blattella germanica, commercial insecticide, Spray Method, Knockdown.
Resistensi lalat rumah, Musca domestica Linnaeus (Diptera: Muscidae) dari empat kota di Indonesia terhadap permetrin dan propoksur Ahmad, Intan; Susanti, Silvi; Kustiati, Kustiati; Yusmalinar, Sri; Rahayu, Resti; Hariani, Nova
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 12, No 3 (2015): November
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (294.457 KB) | DOI: 10.5994/jei.12.3.123

Abstract

House flies (Musca domestica Linnaeus) is one of the common urban pests causing health, economics, and aesthetics problems. Although intensive control by using inseticides are carried out, there are reports of control failures, which are probably due to insect resistance. Bioassay tests with topical application to study the status as well as resistance mechanism of house flies collected from the city of Jakarta (JKT), Bandung (BDG), Yogyakarta (YGY) and Surabaya (SBY) to pyrethroid (permethrin) and carbamate (propoxur) insecticides were carried out. The results show that, as compared to the most susceptible strain (YGY), we found that BDG strain is highly resistant to permethrin with resistance ratio (RR) of 133.7 fold. SBY strain was the most resistant to propoxur with RR of 38.36 fold, followed by Bandung strain with RR of 18.22 fold. The addition of piperonyl butoxide (PBO) to either permethrin or propoxur in most of the strains caused a decrease in  LD50 values and increasing the synergist ratio (SR) suggesting that the detoxifying enzyme mixed function oxidase (MFO) played an important role in the development of resistance to permethrin and propoxur. Our study is the first report of M. domestica resistance to permethrin and propoxur in Indonesia.
Diversitas Serangga Permukaan Tanah Pada Lokasi Budidaya Padi Sasak Jalan Di Loa Duri Kabupaten Kutai Kartanegara Nurmianti, Nurmianti; Hariani, Nova; Budima, Budima
BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 10 No 2 (2015): Bioprospek: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi: Volume 10 Number 2 2015
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

Explorative descriptive research that has been implemented inpaddy-fields at Sasak jalan aim to understand diversity andstructure of the community an insect active in the surface of theground. Insects was collected by pitfall trap method.The resultshowed, there were 7 ordo, 14 famili and 18 genus of insects inthe paddy fields sasak jalan. The diversity of the average rangedfrom 0.78-0.84. Index of uniformity in each paddy field rangedbetween 0.66-0,75 with the highest uniformity index waslocated on the land of the zone I to the value of 0.75. Indexdominance in each land, averaging around between 0.18-0.23.
MORTALITAS LARVA NYAMUK Aedes aegypti (Cullicidae: Diptera) INSTAR III YANG DIKOLEKSI DARI KELURAHAN LOA BAKUNG, DADI MULYA DAN SEMPAJA TIMUR KOTA SAMARINDA TERHADAP ABATE Febritasari, Tya; Hariani, Nova; Trimurti, Sus
BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 11 No 2 (2016): Bioprospek: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Volume 11 Number 2 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

Dengue fever dengue (DBD) is an infectious disease caused by dengue virus, which is spread by the Aedes aegypti mosquito. Samarinda City health report that the last 3 years of disease in some wards DBD Samarinda endemic status and has an incidence rate 155,1/100,000 population. The village has a number of cases most of which political districts Loa Bakung, Dadi Mulya and East Sempaja. One of the controls is done by sharing Samarinda Health Office to the public, however abate insecticide control using abate hasn’t been able to reduce the number of cases of illness DBD. This research aims to know the mortality of larvae of the mosquito Ae. aegypti (Diptera: Cullicidae) of abate relic Loa Bakung, Dadi Mulya and East Sempaja,Samarinda. Methods used namely ovitrap method and analysis software with POLO-PC. From the 3  region value of LC50 obtained abate with the dose 0.01% recommended by the Health Office RI is no longer effective because the results showed that abate 0.01% cant kill animals testing by 50% in a span of 24 hours.
Diversitas Serangga Permukaan Tanah Pada Lokasi Budidaya Padi Sasak Jalan Di Loa Duri Kabupaten Kutai Kartanegara Nurmianti, Nurmianti; Hariani, Nova; Budima, Budima
BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 10 No 2 (2015): Bioprospek: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi: Volume 10 Number 2 2015
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (615.234 KB)

Abstract

Explorative descriptive research that has been implemented inpaddy-fields at Sasak jalan aim to understand diversity andstructure of the community an insect active in the surface of theground. Insects was collected by pitfall trap method.The resultshowed, there were 7 ordo, 14 famili and 18 genus of insects inthe paddy fields sasak jalan. The diversity of the average rangedfrom 0.78-0.84. Index of uniformity in each paddy field rangedbetween 0.66-0,75 with the highest uniformity index waslocated on the land of the zone I to the value of 0.75. Indexdominance in each land, averaging around between 0.18-0.23.
ANALISA KANDUNGAN TIMBAL (Pb) DAN TEMBAGA (Cu) YANG TERDAPAT PADA KERANG DARAH (Anadara granosa) DI PERAIRAN MUARA BADAK Rahma, Siti; Hariani, Nova; Sudrajat, Sudrajat
BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 11 No 2 (2016): Bioprospek: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Volume 11 Number 2 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

Which aims to determine the levels of heavy metals Pb and Cu in water, sediments and blood clam (Anadara granosa) in Muara Badak. Sampling using purposive sampling method with 3 stations and each station repeated twice. Levels of heavy metals Pb and Cu were measured using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS). The results showed that the levels of heavy metals Cu and Pb in water, sediments and blood clams in Muara Badak as follows: Pb in water ranging between 0,204 – 0,376 ppm and Cu 0,033 to 0,035 ppm, sediment metal content of Pb 0,212 to 0,285 ppm and Cu 0,010 to 0,113 ppm, on blood clams Pb 0,201 to 0,258 ppm and Cu 0,066 to 0,078 ppm. Based on quality standards of heavy metal level Pb and Cu on blood clam did not exceed the threshold of quality standards yet in accordance with SNI No. 7387: 2009 is 1,5 ppm and Department of Health Republic Indonesia No. 0375/B/SK/1989 is 20 ppm
Analisis Kandungan Timbal (Pb) pada Udang Putih (Penaeus merguiensis) di Perairan Muara Badak Magfirah, Andi; Hariani, Nova; Sudrajat, Sudrajat
BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 11 No 1 (2016): Bioprospek: Journal Ilmiah Biologi. Volume 11 Number 1 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30872/bp.v11i1.122

Abstract

Study on Analysis of Lead (Pb) Heavy Metal in White Shrimp (P. merguiensis) on the Muara Badak Estuary was conducted in May until July 2016. This aims to determine how much the concentration of lead (Pb) heavy metals in water, sediment and white shrimp (P. merguiensis) in the Muara Badak estuary. The method is using purposive sampling at 3 stations namely, near the pier and the residents, the transportation lines near of fishermen and the transit of oil tankers. During the research the temperatures ranging between 29.705 ° C 30.025 ° C shows the range was quite good for the aquatic biota growth, pH ranged from 7.135 to 7.425 which included in the category of normal pH, salinity ranged from 3.64 to 22.415 ‰ which showed freshwater, TDS ranged 13300-2320 mg/L which included in the range of high and exceed the quality standards set, and DO range from 7.16 to 7.61 which included in the category of normal. Levels of lead (Pb) heavy metals were measured using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (AAS). The mean levels of lead (Pb) heavy metals in the water from Station 1 to Station 3 are 0.515, 0.273 and 0.216 mg/L which exceeds the quality standards specified by KMNLH no. 51 2004 was 0.008 mg/L, the average concentration of lead (Pb) heavy metals in sediment was 0.844, 0.758 and 0.835 mg/kg which is still safe because it is below the quality standard is 36 mg/kg and the average concentration of lead (Pb) heavy metals on white shrimp (P. merguiensis) is 0.534, 1.079 and 0.921 mg / kg which exceeded the quality standards set by BPOM RI in 2009 at 0.5 mg / kg.
MORTALITAS PREVALENSI DAN INTENSITAS TELUR CACING PARASIT PADA KUKU SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR DI SDN 007 KELURAHAN BUGIS DAN SDN 007 KELURAHAN SUNGAI PINANG LUAR KECAMATAN SAMARINDA KOTA Meilinda, Fanellya; Hariani, NOva; Sudiastuti2, Sudiastuti
BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 13 No 1 (2018): Bioprospek: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Volume 13 Number 1 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

Worm infections are one of the common diseases that spread around the world. Media transmission is divided into two groups, namely the group of worms STH (Soil Transmitted Helminths) and the group of worms Non-STH (Soil Transmitted Helminths). The parasite entry into the body is divided into three way hand to mouth, vector (Intermediate hospes), and hospes definitive. The aim of this research is to know the prevalence and intensity of parasitic worm eggs, the difference of the number and types of parasitic worm eggs on the students nails at Elementary School 007 in Bugis village and Elementary School in Sungai Pinang Luar village. This research method uses descriptive quantitative and sampling technique using purposive sampling method. The Data collection in the field conducted interviews and cutting student nail samples. For sample analysis techniques used two methods namely floating method and sedimentation method. The results showed that the type and number of the highest eggs were found on the students nails at Elementary School 007 in Bugis village and Elementary School 007 in Sungai Pinang Luar village, are the same type of egg Ascaris lumbricoides, while the fewest are Oxyuris vermicularis. Prevalence and intensity on students nail at Elementary School 007 in Bugis village is 100% and its intensity is 12,25 grains/ind., while on the student’s nail at Elementary School 007 in Sungai Pinang Luar village that dominates is 100% and its intensity is 20.8 grains/ind.
STUDI KETERTARIKAN KECOAK JERMAN (Blattella germanica L.) PADA KARBOHIDRAT dari AMPAS TAHU dan AMPAS KELAPA Az, Syadza Zahratun Nufus; Hariani, Nova; Trimurti, Sus
BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 13 No 1 (2018): Bioprospek: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Volume 13 Number 1 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

Germany cockroaches (Blattella germanica L.) is one of the urban pest that has ability to breeding rapidly. The pest control methods, usually using fogging. However, this method increasing the resistance and environmental damage. So, the new inovation to pest control with bait method. Especially, gel bait is the most widely used method to controlling population of German cockroaches. In making gel bait using glucose aversion behavior that found on German cockroaches. These behavior causing the cockroaches aren’t interested in foods that contain glucose. The solution about behavior is to found another alternative food which is contain high carbohydrate and has abundant sources namely tofu and coconut dregs. This research aims to know the interest of German Cockroaches on tofu dregs and coconut dregs, to find out the total visits of German cockroaches on tofu dregs and coconut dregs, and to find out the relation of the total visits and total food consumption of German Cockroaches. This research using observation method on olfaktometer arena with observation time interval of 15 minutes, 30 minutes, 45 minutes, 60 minutes, and 120 minutes for five days. There are four treatments used in this research namely plain jelly, tofu dregs jelly, coconut dregs jelly, and combination jelly (made from tofu and coconut dregs). The results showed the German cockroaches are more interested in tofu dregs jelly than coconut dregs jelly. Total visits on tofu dregs jelly as much as 330 times and coconut dregs jelly as much as 114 times. The result of regression test showed a positive correlation and correlation between these two variable is significant.