Rahmat Hargono
Departemen Pendidikan Kesehatan dan Ilmu Perilaku Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga

Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 3, No 1 (2006): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan
Publisher : Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan

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The purpose of research was altering people’s behavior in their way to prevent malaria, reducing malaria incidence parasite rate by medical officer with supported by the “key person”. This was a quasi experiment research with three experiment groups. First group was the group which the key person got the training how to prevent and eliminate malaria and had support from medical officer. Second group was the group which the key person got the training but didn’t got medical officer support. Third group was the key person did not get training and medical officer support. This study involved 27 key person and 164 respondent. The result showed that the medical officer support can change people’s knowledge, attitude, and practice in preventing and eradicating malaria. Training method only able to change peoples knowledge’s and attitude’s but not followed by practical changes. In the area which the key person did not get intervention the knowledge, attitude nor practical did not changed. Beside that, the parasite rate decrease significantly in area which groups got intervention. On the other hand  in area which the key person didn’t get training or support, parasite decrease didn’t occur. It is concluded, that the support of medical officers to the key is able to alter the people’s knowledge and behavior in the way to prevent and eradicate malaria beside that, malaria parasite rate decrease significantly. It is suggested that method of giving support to the key person, performed by medical officer will be able to develop to other healthy program or to other area, particulary those similar social and culture research area. Key words: key person, malaria controll, medical officer support.

"Desa Siaga": Community Empowerment in Health Sector through Midwives Participation

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 8, No 3 (2012): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Public Health

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“Desa Siaga” is the one of government’s program for empowering community in health sector, especially to decrease maternal and infantmortality in village areas. This program actually plays as the implementation of empowerment concept. In this paper we elaborate the stephow to implementing the concepts of empowerment, and also make an explanation of the empowerment theory as a program and process whichis infl uence by the role of the midwives at village level. Some research revealed that factors infl uencing the performance of midwives are age,marital status, education level, knowledge, attitude, duration of job, motivation and also their activities in community organization.Key words: Desa Siaga, community empowerment, midwives

Pengembangan Program Pemberdayaan Peningkatan Kemandirian Ibu Rumah Tangga Pengidap HIV (Studi Kasus pada Komunitas Women Empowerment (WE) Surabaya) Developing Empowerment Program to Enhancing Independency of Housewives with HIV (Case Study on Women Empow

Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan Vol 16, No 3 Jul (2013)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan

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Background: Empowerment program aims at improving the independency in social economic sector or psychology. Theresearch aims at formulating the development of empowerment program to improve the independency of the housewiveswith HIV. Method: The research is a qualitative and its design is an exploration research. The subjects of the researchare ten housewives with HIV, the members of Women Empowerment Community/WE Surabaya. Data collection uses indepth interview and Focus Group Discussion (FGD). Results: Research result shows that the subject character has noinfl uence on the kind of the desired empowerment program. The majority of problem lies on the aspect of social economyand the need for economic improvement. Innovation character which infl uences the adoption of empowerment programwhich is now WE developing is the relative advantage while social systems which effect is the friends who even prove tobe the agent of change. WE empowerment program has actually met the concept of empowerment program; it providesmembers with human resources, opportunity, knowledge as well as skill but it still unable to provide the result according tothe program goal. Recommendations: Government and NGO are expected to develop program according to the problem,need and the ability of the housewives with HIV in such a way that empowerment program improve their independencyparticularly in the sector of social economy.