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Design on Watershed and Coastal Management Policy System: Case Study on Citarum’s Watershed and its Estuary West Java ., Edwarsyah; Kusumastanto, Tridoyo; Hardjomidjojo, Hartrisari; Damar, Ario
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 32, No 4 (2009): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Abstract

The objective of this research is to formulate a specific model of Citarum’s watershed and its coastal management policy.  The method applied in the research is the descriptive method or retrospective through a study case with an approach system.  The multidimensional systematic approach is applied to formulate policies, to develop scenario strategies involving several stakeholders and experts on coastal areas and regional and inter sectors.  The results of the research determine that the economical value relating with the aspects of pollution which in general involves replacement costs indicate impacts of pollution from public activities in the coastal stream in de facto costs Rp 31 billion/year.  The Index Value of a Sustainable Watershed and Coastal Management System (IkB-SIPPDAS) applied in the study area according to a multidimensional Rap-SIPPDAS method for upland, center and downstream area of the Citarum’s Watershed are 38.23; 38.27; and 33.59 respectively in a sustainability scale of     0-100, showing a non-sustainable status.  The analysis result for every dimension of development management indicates that the economical dimension for the upland, middle and coastal part of the Citarum Watershed contains the highest index rate, which amounts up to 88.29.  The index value is categorized ”good” or sustainable with the lowest value in ecology.  The results of the statistics indicates that the Rap-SIPPDAS method is effective enough for application as a method to evaluate the Watershed and Coastal Management System in a specific river stream or a rapid appraisal area.  The selected ideal design of the three scenarios for the watershed management policy and West Java’s Citarum coastal area is the progressive-optimistic scenario stressing the possible future condition to receive maximum support or in other words the scenario is based on the scientific way of thinking and being optimistic about the future.   Key words: watershed, coastal, scenario, system, management, pollutant, policy
Strategi Pemasaran Wafer Ransum Komplit untuk Ternak Sapi Jannah, Udoh Roudotul; Suryahadi, -; Hardjomidjojo, Hartrisari
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 8, No 1 (2013): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

This research was aimed to analyze level of interest, identify significant predictor for intention to purchase, analyze level of uniqueness, analyze level of concordance and develop marketing strategy for wafer complete ration. The research design used judgmental sampling to select 30 respondent in Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi. The data were analyzed by using descriptive analysis and ordinal regression. The result showed that wafer complete ration concept was well received. This is indicated by the level of interest (57%) of farmers to the concept. However, there are only 47% of farmers who have a desire to buy a wafer complete ration. Predictors variable that increasing level of willingness to buy are level of uniqueness, whether or not never use agriculture waste and the most usage of feed. While the other predictor variables influence to decrease level of willingness to buy are level of concordance between concepts and needs, level of interest, whether or not never heard about wafer complete ration, number of cattle and the last length of cattle business. Marketing strategies include product development, prices in the range of Rp4500 to Rp5500, the distribution system will be used broken off sell and promotion strategies with more emphasis on activities below the line
Pinjaman Program Kemitraan pada Peningkatan Kinerja Mitra Binaan PT Sucofindo (Persero) di Jabotabek Suprayitno, Heri; Hardjomidjojo, Hartrisari
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 8, No 1 (2013): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Partnership program is a program aimed to increase the ability of small businesses to be resilient and self-sufficient through the use of funds less than 1%-2% of net profit. Partnership program has targeted in small business in the company’s region area which has been doing the business activities for at least 1 year, owning prospects to be developed and not yet having sufficient collateral to obtain bank credit and and has turnover below 200 million. PT Sucofindo (Persero) is a State-owned Business which gives loans to small and medium enterprises (SMEs) through the Program of Partnership and Environment Management. The aim of this study was to analyze: (1) financial profit margin ratio, ROTA, ROE, the circulation of work capital, (2) the changes of turnover, and (3) the changes of labours before and after the partnership loan program to the SME. The study was conducted from April to July 2011 in Jabotabek. Primary data was collected from questioner, interviews and observation, secondary data was collected from literature such as journals, magazines and books. The object was SME that has received the loan from Program of Partnership and Environment Management within 1 to 3 years. The results showed that there was an increase in the measures of SME financial performance, namely: (1) Profit Margin (PM), (2) ROTA, (3) ROE, (4) WCT, (5) Sales and (6) Labours. The conclusion of this study was that PT Sucofindo (Persero) should socialize the procedure to reach the facility of the credit of work capital to the SME.
Kegiatan Simpan Pinjam Khusus Perempuan di Kecamatan Semparuk, Sambas Hamdi, -; Hardjomidjojo, Hartrisari; Saleh, Amiruddin
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 8, No 2 (2013): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Women´s savings and loan (SPP) activity is Indonesian government effort to develop rural savings and loan’s potency, access facility to micro scale enterprise funding, needs fulfill for funding basic social, institutional strengthening of woman activity, support poor households alleviation and create the employment. The objectives of this study were, to identify existing problems, to analyze strengths, weakness, opportunities and threats (SWOT) in the savings and borrowing activities from SPP groups and to improve strategies in the Project Management Unit (UPK) of Semparuk sub-district Sambas regency. The primary data were collected to fund user by observation and interviewed techniques, and secondary data obtained from literature studied. Interviews were conducted to 50 respondents whose used credit for three consecutive years and four program actors. The data explained descriptively and assessment strategies analyzed using internal factor evaluation matrix, external factor evaluation matrix, internal-external (IE) matrix, SWOT matrix and quantitative strategic planning matrix. The results show that identified problems were: poor households’ economic empowerment had not done yet, group members’ savings fail to grow, credit disbursement process was relatively slow, program actors’ role fail to facilitate the groups particularly in members’ businesses development. Several alternative strategies that can be implemented by District Management Unit (UPK) are: improve the services, expanse the credit markets and marketing networking, maximize the program actors’ role, maintain the commitment to developing the SPP, increase the programs promotion, increase the assistance to SPP groups and diversification of deposit and loan products. Women´s savings and loan (SPP) activity is Indonesian government effort to develop rural savings and loan’s potency, access facility to micro scale enterprise funding, needs fulfill for funding basic social, institutional strengthening of woman activity, support poor households alleviation and create the employment. The objectives of this study were, to identify existing problems, to analyze strengths, weakness, opportunities and threats (SWOT) in the savings and borrowing activities from SPP groups and to improve strategies in the Project Management Unit (UPK) of Semparuk sub-district Sambas regency. The primary data were collected to fund user by observation and interviewed techniques, and secondary data obtained from literature studied. Interviews were conducted to 50 respondents whose used credit for three consecutive years and four program actors. The data explained descriptively and assessment strategies analyzed using internal factor evaluation matrix, external factor evaluation matrix, internal-external (IE) matrix, SWOT matrix and quantitative strategic planning matrix. The results show that identified problems were: poor households’ economic empowerment had not done yet, group members’ savings fail to grow, credit disbursement process was relatively slow, program actors’ role fail to facilitate the groups particularly in members’ businesses development. Several alternative strategies that can be implemented by District Management Unit (UPK) are: improve the services, expanse the credit markets and marketing networking, maximize the program actors’ role, maintain the commitment to developing the SPP, increase the programs promotion, increase the assistance to SPP groups and diversification of deposit and loan products. _______________ *) Korespondensi: Jl. Raya Sejangkung Komplek Pendidikan Sambas; e-mail: hamdi_h@rocketmail.com Key words: women’s savings and loan, empowerment, project management unit
Strategi Pengembangan Agribisnis Kentang Berbasis Sumber Daya Manajemen di Kabupaten Banjarnegara Puspasari, Siti Leny; Hardjomidjojo, Hartrisari
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 8, No 2 (2013): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Horticulture is one of the agriculture sub-sector which is potential to be developed, because it has quite high economic value and added value compared to other commodities. One of horticultural commodity namely potato (Solanum Tuberosum) is a vegetable, which has an important role to fulfill food needs. Potato has potential and good prospect to support food diversification program in order to achieve sustainable food security. Potato commodity is one of the best commodities in Banjarnegara district. The study was aimed to (1) identify factors, that effect the agribusiness development of potato commodity through management resource approach in Banjarnegara district, (2) formulate agribusiness development strategy of potato commodity in Banjarnegara district and (3) determine the priority of alternative strategy for the agribusiness development of potato commodity in Banjarnegara district. Based on prospective analysis that there are 10 factors that effect the agribusiness development of potato commodity in Banjarnegara district. Agribusiness development strategy of potato commodity through management resource approach in Banjarnegara district is based on scenarios that the agribusiness will grow in the future. Based on AHP, the most influential factor in formulating agribusiness development strategy of potato commodity in Banjarnegara district is productivity.Key words: strategy development, agribusiness, potato, prospective analysis, analytical hierarchy process
Prospek Pengembangan Usaha Keripik Pisang di Bandarlampung Apriyani, Marlinda; Hardjomidjojo, Hartrisari; Kadarisman, Darwin
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 9, No 1 (2014): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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This study conducted to formulate a possible scenario in the future (prospective strategic). The scenario is based on conditions that may occur in the future toward on the key factors that influence the development of banana chips industry in Bandarlampung. This study aimed to: (1) identify the factors that influence the development of banana chips Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs) industry in Bandarlampung, and (2) determine the formulation of banana chips SME development strategy in Bandarlampung, and (3) determine the operational recommendations for the development of banana chips SMEs in Bandarlampung. The analysis tool is the Prospective Analysis to predict the possibilities that occur in the future and prepare a strategic action needs to be done and see if changes are needed in the future. The studied showed that the critical success factors of banana chips business development in order to increase market share and become a superior product in Bandarlampung are (1) technical capability, (2) managerial skills, (3) access to information, (4) the production process, and (5) availability of raw materials. Formulation of enterprise development strategies carried out by combining the results of stakeholder analysis and a prospective analysis, to generate an optimistic scenario for the development of banana chips in Bandarlampung. Operational recommendations for the development of banana chips in Bandarlampung prepared using a prospective analysis: (1) increase the technical ability of entrepreneur, (2) increase the managerial skills, (3) increased access to information, (4) modern processes for production, and (5) increasing the availability of raw materials.
Strategi Penerapan Standar Nasional Indonesia Biskuit (SNI 2973:2011) bagi Industri Kecil Menengah Syaiful, .; Hardjomidjojo, Hartrisari; Cahyadi, Eko Ruddy
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 13, No 2 (2018): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/mikm.13.2.151-158

Abstract

BSN on December 22, 2011 has stipulated SNI 2973: 2011 Biscuit through the Decree of the Head of BSN No.242/KEP/BSN/12/2011, scope of products in SNI 2973: 2011 are Biscuits, Krekers, Wafers and Pies, Kukis. Until now the number of industries that apply SNI Biscuits is still low from 595 brands of biscuit products that have been registered in BPOM (BPOM, 2017) only 28 brands of biscuits that have received the certificate of SNI (BSN, 2018). Developing strategies to apply SNI Biscuit for SME is to increase applying SNI, as well as input to related technical institution  and related party in conducting coaching related to application SNI products for SME. The results of the assessment of the readiness of the five SME in implementing SNI 2973: 2011 Biscuits respectively as follows: SME A is 97.4%; SME B is 84.5%; SME C of 83.6%; SME D of 62.9%; and SME E of 71.4%. The grouping of the five SME using statistical analysis four SME groups based on their level of readiness in applying Biscuit SNI, namely the first group that is ready to apply the Biscuit SNI (SME A) which is in zone 1; the two groups are quite ready in applying the Biscuit SNI (SME B and C) in zone 2; the three groups of SME that are less prepared in applying the Biscuit SNI (SME E) which are in zone 3; the four groups of SME that are not ready to apply the Biscuit SNI (SME D) which are in zone 4. The recommended strategy for the four groups of IKM using Ishikawa diagram which focuses on the lowest internal and external factors of resources in each SME group.
DESAIN SISTEM MONITORING CONTROL AND SURVEILLANCE NASIONAL DALAM RANGKA PEMBANGUNAN KELAUTAN INDONESIA (National Monitoring, Control and Surveillance Design System for Marine Development in Indonesia) Sarana, Harmin; Haluan, John; Monintja, Daniel R.; Purwaka, Tommy H.; Hardjomidjojo, Hartrisari
Buletin PSP Vol 16, No 1 (2007): Buletin PSP
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Indonesia, an archipelago of 17,508 islands has an abundant of marine resources and also strategic position in international sea-traffic. MCS should be applied to protect Indonesia from illegal activities at the sea. The purpose of this research is to design a national monitoring control and surveillance system in developing Indonesian maritime. Benchmarking analysis was chosen as the preferred analysing method to compare the Indonesian MCS activities with 24 other countries. In order to determine the key factors of Indonesian MCS system, an expert survey was performed. The analysis result shows that the Indonesian MCS activities still operates in a low level compared to the MCS activities of many countries, such as Canada, Australia, and America. Thus, in order to reach a more preferred level, lndonesia has to improve their MCS operation base and furthermore also improve their MCS performance. In order to improve the Indonesian MCS system, factors such as legislation and permission should be more heavily considered, while the performance level of other factors relating to MCS should also be increased. Further research conducted through the SWOT and statistical analysis is still needed in order to determine the system development model of Indonesian MCS.Key words: MCS, benchmarking analysis, design system, prospective analysis.
ANALISIS UNIT PENANGKAPAN IKAN PILIHAN DI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG SELATAN Malanesia, Meizar; Haluan, John; Hardjomidjojo, Hartrisari; Simbolon, Domu
Buletin PSP Vol 16, No 3 (2007): Buletin PSP
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Fisherie resources utilization in Residency of South Lampung as so far has faced on larger potency of fisheries capture while the management is not optimally done yet. This situation has indicated the low productivity of fishing units including the existing fleets as well as unsupported fishing gears facilities in traditional basis. In other hand, in general, the human resources are rare with low management capability. As consequence, technology transfer (adoption) to the lowest level fishermen is constrained. Fishermen slowly use existing technology and be more diversified in business activities. In addition, fishermen's access on capital loan is limited. This research conducted in marine region of South Lampung Residency. The required information is including potency of natural resources, human resources, institution, and available facilities. Data and information on fisheries will be prioritizing to analyze. The data analyses are including standardization of fishing unit, biological aspect analysis, environmental aspect, sustainability and financial feasibility. As we know, fishing units are technical unity in catchments efforts that usually consisted of the Fishermen, vessel and fishing gears. According to the analysis result on fisheries resources and selection on existing fishing units, the expected output should resolved specified for fisheries problems in the regency. In other hand, fishermen expected be to increase the production. Increasing on fisheries product will have significant impact on fisheries activities and fishermen's income. By improving the fishermen's income, the fishermen welfare will be improved.
MODEL PENGEMBANGAN AGROINDUSTRI PERIKANAN BERBASIS PARTISIPASI MASYARAKAT : STUDI KASUS DAERAH CILACAP-JAWA TENGAH Jatmiko, Y.A. Budhi; Haluan, John; Wahyuni, Mita; Hardjomidjojo, Hartrisari
Buletin PSP Vol 16, No 2 (2007): Buletin PSP
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Model of the development of Fishery agro industry base on the society participation addressed to increase regional economics. Criteria of development agro industry besides relied on criteria of legibility financial, but is also relied on a real circumstance is the area. Model develop builded consisted of three sub model that is pre-eminent commodity election, pre-eminent product election and election analyze the financial. Pre-Eminent commodity selected by pursuant to economic value and sum up the commodity which not yet been permeated by industry. Superlative product determined by pursuant to real circumstance is area so that only need a few/little socialization touch and innovate especially from technological facet. criteria of Legibility financial used by Net Present Value ( NPV), Pay Back Period ( PBP) And Benefit Cost Ratio ( B / C Ratio). For the area of Cilacap, alternative of development of agro industry fishery base on the society involvement fish jelly product. Strategy of operational of development of agro industry fishery base on the society participation divided into three phases, that are early stage development, phase of growth and phase of maturation agro industry.