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PENGETAHUAN DAN PERILAKU KONSUMSI MAHASISWA PUTRA TINGKAT PERSIAPAN BERSAMA IPB TENTANG MONOSODIUM GLUTAMAT DAN KEAMANANNYA

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 7, No 2 (2012): Juli 2012
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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ABSTRACTThe aim of this study was to analyze the knowledge and consumption behaviour of the first year boy students of IPB on Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) and its safety. Data were collected using self administered questionnaire. Questionnaires were given to the students through cooperation with one of internal club in IPB’s Dormitory. There were 1 324 questionnaires that were given, but only 808 questionnaires were collected back and 24 of them not filled out completely. Thus there were 784 questionnaires that qualified to be research data. Knowledge on MSG and its safety was classified into 3 levels of knowledge, such as low (80% of total score). The results showed that most students have low level of knowledge on the MSG (81.4%) and it’s safety (94.3%). However, most of them frequently consume foods containing MSG (39—86%). Level of knowledge on MSG is not correlated to consumption behavior of MSG (p>0.05).Key words: consumption behavior, knowledge, Monosodium Glutamate (MSG)ABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengetahuan dan perilaku mahasiswa putra Tingkat Persiapan Bersama (TPB) IPB tentang Monosodium Glutamat (MSG) dan keamanannya. Data penelitian diperoleh melalui kuesioner yang diisi sendiri oleh mahasiswa putra. Penyebaran kuesioner dilakukan melalui kerjasama dengan salah satu klub internal Asrama Putra TPB. Kuesioner survei diberikan kepada seluruh mahasiswa putra, yaitu sebanyak 1 324 orang. Jumlah mahasiswa yang mengisi kuesioner adalah 808 orang, namun 24 orang diantara- nya tidak mengisi kuesioner dengan lengkap sehingga diperoleh 784 orang sebagai subjek dalam penelitian ini. Tingkat pengetahuan tentang MSG dan keamanannya diklasifikasikan menjadi tiga, yaitu tingkat pengetahuan kurang (skor total80%). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar mahasiswa putra mempunyai tingkat pengetahuan yang rendah tentang MSG (81.4%) dan keamanan MSG (94.3%), namun sebagian besar dari mereka (39—86%) juga sering mengonsumsi makanan yang mengandung MSG. Pengetahuan tentang MSG dan keamanannya tidak berhubungan dengan perilaku konsumsi makanan yang mengandung MSG (p>0.05).Kata kunci: Monosodium Glutamat (MSG), pengetahuan, perilaku konsumsi

Predictive Equations for Estimation of Stature in Javanese Elderly People based on Knee Height, Am Span, and Sitting Height

Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association Vol. 58 No. 12 December 2008
Publisher : Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association

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The objective of this study was to develop a statistical model using knee height, arm span, sitting height, and other factors such as areas (urban-rural), sex, age, calcium intake at 25 and 55 years old, physical activity level, and socio-economic level (educational background, and working status aged 25 and 55 years. Heahhy Javanese elderly people (295 males, and 517 females), aged 55 to 85 years old in the six places (Surabaya, Magetan, Yogyakarta, Gunung Kidul, Semarang, and Wonogiri) participated in this cross sectional study. Standing height weight, knee height, arm span, sitting height, and bone mass density) were measured. Standing height is an ideal technique for estimating the stature of elderly people, but in some cases it cannot be measured. It can be estimated from prory indicators of stature. Linear regression analysis was carried out to derive predictive equations for estimation of stature with elderly height as the dependent variable and knee height, arm span, and sitting height as independent variables, stratified based on gender. The Chumlea equation tended to be over-estimate the stature of elderly men (2.78 cm), and elderly women (4.9 cm). In this study, arm span showed the stongest cotelation with standing height on elderly men (r=0.815), and elderly women (r=0.754). There was a significant difference of stature in urban and rural areas and across socio-economic level (p<0.05). Advancing age was associated with decreased mean of height, weight, arm span, and sitting height both on elderly male and female, but not on knee height (p<0.01). In conclusions arm span is more representatif to predict height on healthy Javanese elderly people than knee height and sitting height. The correlation cofficient of arm span to actual height was larger in elderly male than in female. It should be borne in mind that equation deived from taller stature populations (e.g. Chumlea from Caucasians ethnic) may be less accurate when applied to shorter stature populations. Keywords: height, knee height, arm span, sitting height, Chumlea

HUBUNGAN INDEKS MASSA TUBUH, JENIS KELAMIN, USIA, GOLONGAN DARAH DAN RIWAYAT KETURUNAN DENGAN TEKANAN DARAH PADA PEGAWAI NEGERI DI PEKAN BARU

Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan Vol 31, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan

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AbstractBackground: The increasing prevalence of hypertension is an important public health problem contributing to significant excess disease and mortality. The risk factors of high blood pressure were obesity, sex difference, aged, and heredity. Some factors had clearly evidence that had relationship with blood pressure, but other had not clearly, e.g. blood group. Objectives: To study the relationship between BMI, sex, age, blood group and heredity of hypertension with blood pressure. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Pekan Baru. Subjects were government employee. Blood pressure was collected using sphygmanometer. Weight were collected.by SECA and height by microtoice. Blood group, sex, age, heredity was collected using questionaire. The JNC 7 was used to classify of hypertension. Results: A subject of 510 government employee aged 30 – 55 years was selected in Pekan Baru. The prevalence of pre-hypertension was 37,6% and hypertension was 10,4%. The prevalence of overweight and obese (BMI ≥ 25,0) was 60,6%. BMI was positively associated with systole blood pressure (SBP). This study found that every BMI unit increase was associated with an SBP increase of 0,362 mmHg for men and women. Diastole blood pressure (DBP) of women was lower 3,4 point than men. There was positively associated between aged and systole/diastole. Every one year increase was associated with an SBP increase of 0,493 mmHg, and 0,189 mmHg DBP. Blood group was not associated with SBP, and DBP but SBP of AB blood groups was lower than A, B or O blood group; and DBP was lower than B blood group. There was strong association between heredity hypertension and SBP, and DBP. SBP of subject that had hypertension heredity was higher 4,8 mmHg, and diastole was higher 3,5 mmHg than subject without heredity hypertension. Conclusions: There was positively associated between BMI and SBP; between aged and SBP, and DBP. Men had higher DBP than women. Subject that had hypertension heredity had higher SBP, and DBP than subject without hypertension heredity. [Penel Gizi Makan 2008, 31(2): 51-58]   Keywords: blood pressure, BMI, sex, age, heredity, blood group

NON-FOOD RISK FACTORS OF ANEMIA AMONG CHILD-BEARING AGE WOMEN (15-45 YEARS) IN INDONESIA (FAKTOR RISIKO NON-MAKANAN TERHADAP KEJADIAN ANEMIA PADA PEREMPUAN USIA SUBUR [15-45 TAHUN] DI INDONESIA)

Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan Vol 33, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan

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ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Anemia merupakan salah satu masalah kesehatan masyarakat yang paling banyak ditemukan, baik di negara sedang berkembang maupun negara maju. Kelompok masyarakat yang rentan di antaranya ibu hamil dan perempuan usia subur (PUS). Identifikasi faktor risiko diperlukan dalam penajaman program mengatasi anemia. Tujuan: Menganalisis perbedaan karakteristik antara kelompok anemia dan non-anemia, serta faktor risiko non-pangan terhadap anemia defisiensi-besi pada kelompok PUS. Metode: Analisis data sekunder dari Survei Kesehatan Nasional (SURKESNAS) 2001. Kriteria sampel adalah PUS berusia 15-45 tahun dengan sampel darah dan diukur kadar hemoglobin (Hb). Sebanyak 4.893 sampel memenuhi syarat analisis, yang diperoleh dari 13.000 sampel. Analisis faktor risiko anemia menggunakan regresi logistik. Hasil: Rata-rata hemoglobin, indeks massa tubuh (IMT), lingkar pinggang, lingkar pinggul, dan tingkat pendidikan lebih rendah pada perempuan anemia dibandingkan dengan non-anemia defisiensi-besi (p<0,01). Indikator lain seperti umur, tinggi badan, rasio lingkar pinggang/pinggul, pendapatan, aktivitas fisik, status merokok, kebiasaan minum minuman beralkohol, dan status perkawinan tidak berbeda di antara kedua kelompok. Peubah status perkawinan, tingkat pendidikan, IMT, dan tekanan darah diastol berhubungan nyata dengan kejadian anemia defisiensi-besi (p<0,01). Analisis regresi logistik menunjukkan, kelompok PUS dengan IMT >18,5 cenderung tidak anemia (OR=0,6) dibandingkan kelompok dengan IMT <18,5 (p=0,00). Kelompok PUS dengan IMT <25,0 berpeluang untuk menjadi anemia sebesar 1,3 dibandingkan PUS >25,0 (p=0,01). Kesimpulan: Ukuran antropometri berhubungan dengan risiko terjadinya anemia defisiensi-besi. PUS dengan IMT tinggi cenderung tidak anemia defisiensi-besi. [Penel Gizi Makan 2010, 33(2): 102-109] Kata kunci: anemia defisiensi-besi, perempuan usia subur, faktor risiko, indeks massa tubuh

EFEK SUPLEMEN PROTEIN BERBASIS-SUSU TERHADAP KESEIMBANGAN MIKROFLORA TUBERKULOSIS PARU DARI PASIEN DALAM PENGOBATAN (EFFECT OF MILK-BASED PROTEIN SUPPLEMENT ON THE MICROFLORA BALANCE OF PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS FROM TREATED PATIENTS)

Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan Vol 34, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan

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ABSTRACT Background: Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) patients, in addition to frequently suffering from nutritional deficiency, may have impaired gut microflora balance as effect of low daily dietary intake and antibiotics therapy use, respectively. Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium longum is a normal inhabitant of human gut microflora, which able to improve nutrients absorption and modulate immune response. Objective: To test the effect of milk-based protein (MBP) supplement on the microflora balance of TB (maintaining growth and metabolic activity of probiotic bacteria) from treated patients. Methods: Several methods was applied to determine nutrients concentration and probiotic population. (1) types and carbohydrate amount and vitamin A concentration in MBP supplement was determined by HPLC method, zinc concentration used AAS method and amount of protein used micro Kjeldahl method; (2) total energy, fat and vitamin D concentration was calculated based on their concentration in each ingredient; (3) total cells count for growth and metabolic activity test of probiotics bacteria was used plating technique and HPLC method, respectively; (4) acceptance test to MBP supplement was performed using organoleptic test three point Likert scale. Results: In each 100 gram MBP supplement was containing (a) monosaccharide (1,710 mg), disaccharides (43,870 mg) and oligosaccharides (490 mg), vitamin A, zinc, protein, energy, fat dan vitamin D, (b) it supplement capable maintained growth of probiotics bacteria (> 1x 10 log10 cfu/mL) and stimulated lactic acid production five times higher (4,5 M lactic acid/mL) than placebo (0,9 M lactic acid/ml); (c) MBP supplements has been accepted by all subjects. Conclusion: MBP supplement had capacity to maintain growth and improved metabolic activity of two indigenous probiotic bacteria in the human gut.   Keywords: milk-based protein supplement, probiotic, microflora, pulmonary tuberculosis.   ABSTRAK Latar belakang: Pasien tuberkulosis (TB) Paru, di samping sering mengalami defisiensi zat gizi, diduga mengalami gangguan keseimbangan mikroflora usus akibat rendahnya konsumsi makanan dan penggunaan terapi antibiotika. Lactobacillus acidophilus dan Bifidobacterium longum merupakan penghuni normal mikroflora usus manusia, yang mampu memperbaiki penyerapan zat gizi dan memodulasi respon imun. Tujuan: Menguji efek suplemen protein berbasis-susu (PBS) terhadap keseimbangan mikroflora TB (pemeliharaan pertumbuhan dan aktivitas metabolik bakteri prebiotik) dari pasien dalam pengobatan. Metode: Beberapa metode diterapkan untuk menentukan konsentrasi zat gizi dan populasi probiotik. (1) jenis dan jumlah karbohidrat serta konsentrasi vitamin A dalam suplemen PBS menggunakan metode HPLC, konsentrasi seng menggunakan metode AAS, dan jumlah protein menggunakan metode mikro Kjeldahl; (2) jumlah energi, lemak dan konsentrasi vitamin D dihitung berdasarkan kandungan zat gizi dalam setiap bahan; (3) populasi bakteri probiotik menggunakan teknik plating dan aktivitas metabolik dengan metode HPLC; (4) daya terima suplemen PBS secara organoleptik menggunakan skala Likert. Hasil: Setiap 100 gram suplemen PBS terkandung: (a) karbohidrat monosakarida (1.710 mg), disakarida (43.870 mg) dan oligosakarida (490 mg) serta energi, lemak, protein, vitamin A, vitamin D, dan seng; (b) suplemen PBS mampu memelihara pertumbuhan bakteri probiotik (> 1x 10 log10 cfu/mL) dan menstimulasi produksi asam laktat lima kali lebih tinggi (4,5 M asam laktat/mL) dibandingkan dengan plasebo (0,9 M asam laktat/mL); (c) suplemen PBS disukai oleh seluruh subyek. Kesimpulan: Suplemen PBS memiliki kapasitas mempertahankan pertumbuhan bakteri probiotik dan meningkatkan aktivitas metabolik dua probiotik indigenus saluran pencernaan manusia. [Penel Gizi Makan 2011, 34(2): 147-156]

STRATEGI KOPING OLEH EUMAH TANGGA MISKIN DI KABUPATEN CIREBON

Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan Vol 31, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan

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Coping Strategy Among Poor Households In Cirebon District.Background: Decision of every household to minimize the effect of food insecurity depend on its capacity to give appropriate response. Poor coping strategy create adverse effect to the households.Objectives: To learn how poor households apply a coping strategy and their related factors when they met insecure situation.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in three villages in Cirebon District, each representing of high, medium, and low in food security village based on macro-sector data. From each village 21 poor househqlds wereselected randomly. There are six variables collected consist of mother education, number of household, number ofchildren under five years, occupation of head of household, perception about food insecurity, how often implementedparticular coping strategies, household expenditure and child nutritional status.Results: Prevalence under weight (weight for age) was 50.8% and assosiated with to a type of coping strategy on the reducing of food supply in the household (rs: - 0.255). There were also association between household expenditure and several parameters of coping strategy (income gathering and other parameters related to reducing food intake). The more frequent the hosuehold reducing the amount of food items for consumption, the higher the proportion of undernourished children.Conclusions: Reducing daily food supply as a simple modified to cope food insecurity conducted by households higly correlated to poor nutritional status of under-five years old children. Appropriate coping strategy should be developed by local government and disseminate properly to poor households on anticipating insecurity situation.Keywords: food security, poor households, coping strategies, nutritional status

Analisis Peubah Konsumsi pangan dan sosio ekonomi rumah tangga untuk menentukan indikator kelaparan

Media Gizi dan Keluarga Vol 31, No 1 (2007): Media Gizi dan Keluarga
Publisher : Media Gizi dan Keluarga

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ABSTRACT. The objective of the study was to analyze determinants of hunger. The study design was  a cross-sectional study. Research  was  conducted  in four  areas (Bogor Municipality,  Garut,  Karawang,  and  Pandeglang  Districts)  in  July-October  2003. A systematic stratified random  sampling was applied to select 400 households. The data collected included socio economic, perception on hunger, food expenditure and food intake. An Individual energy adequacy level was calculated by comparing actual intake to RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowances). Qualitatively, a person was categorized as hunger, if his/her daily meal portion and/or meal frequency decrease, along with body weight loss. The t-test and Mann-Whitney test were applied to analyse mean difference of socioeconomic, demographic and food intake variables between hunger and not hunger groups. Discriminant analysis was used to analyze indicators of hunger. There were mean difference of household heads education and mothers education, household expenditure percapita, and individuals food intakes between hunger and non hunger groups. Based on the discriminant analysis, main indicators of hunger in.this study area were rice consumption frequency and staple food expenditure ratio.A  Person was categorized  as hunger  if his or her rice consumption frequency < 14.76 times/ week or expenditure for staple food>23.15%

Analisis determinan kelaparan

Media Gizi dan Keluarga Vol 29, No 2 (2005): Media Gizi dan Keluarga
Publisher : Media Gizi dan Keluarga

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The purpose of this study was to analyze the prevalence and determinants of hunger. The study design was a cross-sectional study. The research was conducted in four areas (Bogor Municipality, Garut, Karawang, and Pandeglang Districts) during July-October 2003. A systematic stratified random sampling was applied to select 400 households consisted of 1351 individuals. The data collected include socio economic and demographic data, perception on hunger, and food expenditure. Logistic regression was applied to analyze determinants of hunger. The results showed that qualitatively, prevalence of hunger was 9.8%, and main determinant of hunger was expenditure per capita.

Analisis Status Gizi Anak Usia Di Bawah Dua Tahun (Baduta) Pada Program Jaring Pengaman Sosial Bidang Kesehatan (JPS-BK)

Media Gizi dan Keluarga Vol 30, No 1 (2006): Media Gizi dan Keluarga
Publisher : Media Gizi dan Keluarga

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The objective of this research was to analyze the influence of the Social Safety Net-Health Sector Program (JPS-BK) on growth of under-two year children (baduta). The study was carried out in Kebumen, Purworejo and Sukohatjo of Central Java, and Lombok Timur and Sumbawa of West Nusa Tenggara. This study was designed as cross sectional with Posttest-Only Nonequivalent Group Study Design, This was applied considering the data was collected in a moment just afier JPS-BK program has been starting with two nonequivalent groups (one was target group and another was non target group of JPS-BK). The sample was mothers who had breast-feeding status and had been pregnant between October 1998 and ended in 2000. Total sample was 622 mothers, consisted of 544 mothers of JPS-BK and 118 mothers of Non JPS-BK. Growth of baduta of JPS-BK was not dgiterent from baduta of Non JPS-BK. Nutritional status of baduta (W/A) had positive and significant correlation with birth weight, immunization, and complementary feeding (MP-AS1 JPS-BK). Nutritional status of baduta (H/A) had positive and significant correlation with birth weight, MP-AS1 JPS-BK. immunization and mother´s educational level. Nutritional status of baduta (W/H) had positive and significant correlation with birth weight, MP-ASI JPS-BK, immunization, income per capita, and mother´s educational level.

PENGARUH INTERVENSI MAKANAN KUDAPAN TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KADAR GLUKOSA DARAH DAN DAYA INGAT ANAK SEKOLAH DASAR

Media Gizi dan Keluarga Vol 30, No 1 (2006): Media Gizi dan Keluarga
Publisher : Media Gizi dan Keluarga

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ABSTRACT. The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of snack intervention on blood glucose level and memory improvement ofelementary schools students, Subjects of this study were 184 students offour (4) elementary schools (grade 6, 5 and 4) at Bogor District, West Java. The study employed a quasi-experimental design and followed experimental procedures to control the subjects food intake and motoric activity during the study period At the day of intervention, both control and interventions subjects were ordered not to have breakfast at home. Interventions subjects were provided with snack (buras, at 10.00 AM) which contained 381.7 kcal energy and 5 g protein, but controls subjects were not. Two types ofpsychological test (word andfigure) were applied twice (at 09.00 and 11.00 AM). Then, at the same time, subjects blood was taken to determine blood glucose, haemoglobin, and hematocrite levels. Interviews with subjects and their mothers were carried out to collect socioeconomic data and dietary intake. Result of the study indicated that snack intervention increased significantly (p<O.OI) blood glucose level (20.8 mgld/) approximately 1 hour after snack given. Blood glucose level significantly (p<O.OI) affected the words and figures memory performance. The higher the blood glucose level the better the memory performance. Keywords: Snack intervention, blood glucose level, memoryperformance, Elementary School Students