. Hardinsyah
Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia (FEMA), Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor 16680

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MINUMAN BERKALORI DAN KONTRIBUSINYA TERHADAP TOTAL ASUPAN ENERGI REMAJA DAN DEWASA Febriyani, Ni Made Putria Sukma; Hardinsyah, .; Briawan, Dodik
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 7, No 1 (2012): Maret 2012
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ABSTRACTThe objective of this research was to analyze energy intake from calorie beverages (EICB) and it’s contributionto the total energy intake of adolescents and adults. The research was carried out through analyzing a data set of THIRST (The Indonesian Regional Hydration Study) collected in 2008 and 2009 by applying a crossectional study design among 606 adolescents (male and female aged 15-18 yrs) and 594 adults (male and female aged 25-55 yrs) in North Jakarta, West Bandung, Surabaya, Malang, Makasar and Malino. Data processing and analysis were conducted in Bogor in April-June 2011. The results showed that the mean EICB among adolescents was 420 ± 406 kcal/day and among adults was 450 ± 382 kcal/day, which is 21.2% and 23.4% of the total energy intake (TEI) of adolescents and adults respectively. EICB was moderately associatedwith TEI of adolescents (r= 0.58, p
REVIEW FAKTOR DETERMINAN KERAGAMAN KONSUMSI PANGAN Hardinsyah, .
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 2, No 2 (2007): Juli 2007
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Index of food intake diversity or dietary diversity reflects the nutritional quality of the diet; and it is associated with nutritional health outcomes. Understanding factors determine index of dietary diversity is important for improving nutritional-health status of the people.  However, no studies have been done to capture completely the determinant factors of dietary diversity. This journal article is intended to review the determinants factor of dietary diversity from studies done in both develop and developing countries at individual and household levels.  The results show that four studies analyzed the food data at individual level and the other four studies analyzed the food data at household level; and most of the studies were done in USA. Method of dietary diversity measurement and its statistical analysis varies among the studies. A few dietary diversity studies have investigated particular determinant factors with attention given to assessing nutrition knowledge and socio-demographic factors; and the others on economic and ecological factors.  The present review  suggested that the determinant factors of dietary diversity are nutrition knowledge, food preference, household size and composition, food availability and ecological factors, time availability for food preparation, and food purchasing power e.g. income, food expenditure and food prices. Based on this review a comprehensive conceptual framework and model of the determinant factors of dietary diversity could be developed. Keywords: determinant factors, dietary diversity
HUBUNGAN ANTARA INTENSITAS PEMERIKSAAN KEHAMILAN, FASILITAS PELAYANAN KESEHATAN DAN KONSUMSI TABLET BESI DENGAN TINGKAT KELUHAN SELAMA KEHAMILAN Indreswari, Marissa; Hardinsyah, .; Damanik, M. Rizal Martua
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 3, No 1 (2008): Maret 2008
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Pregnant mother is one of the group gristle nutrition. Pregnant mother need to do medical check during pregnancy to support quality of good health. Pregnancy inspection is suggested minimum four times during pregnancy. The aim of this study is to analyze correlation between intensity of pregnancy inspection, facility of health service and the iron tablet consumption with mount the sigh experienced during pregnancy. This study used the cross sectional study method with sample taking method by purposive in Kramat Jati Sub-district (East Jakarta) and Ragunan Sub-district (South Jakarta). Total sample taken for this study were 100 pregnant mothers (50 from each regional). Data obtained was processed by Microsoft Excel 2003 and analyzed by SPSS 13.0 for windows. Analyze data used Rank Correlation Spearman to know the correlation between variables. Results showed significant correlations between iron tablet consumption obedience with intensity of pregnancy inspection. Significant correlation was also shown by intensity of pregnancy inspection variable with facility of health service which got by pregnant mother during pregnancy inspection. This result study was strenghtened by previous study that showed intensity of pregnancy inspection to the health service had strong correlation with antenatal care which obtained by pregnant mother. Keywords: pregnancy inspection, facility of health service, iron tablet consumption
HUBUNGAN KONSUMSI SUSU DAN KALSIUM DENGAN DENSITAS TULANG DAN TINGGI BADAN REMAJA Hardinsyah, .; Damayanthi, Evy; Zulianti, Wirna
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 3, No 1 (2008): Maret 2008
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  The objective of this study was to analyze the relationship between milk and calcium intake with body height and bone density of adolescent. The study applied a cross sectional design to 246 senior high school students in Bogor. The subject aged 16-17 years old were selected purposively. Milk and calsium intake was derived from the food intake data collected by applying a semi-FFQ method for a week. Bone density (stiffness index) was measured by densitometer of achilles insight. The results of the study showed that the mean intake of milk was 170.7±136.3 ml/day with average frequency 6 times/week, and mean intake of calcium was 250.0±212.6 mg/day with contribution of milk was 44.0%. The mean stiffness index of subjects was 97.5±18.3; and the mean stiffness index of boys (104.4±18.9) was significantly higher than girls (92.9±16.3). The calcium intake of milk and calcium intake of calsium-rich foods of non milk was not correlated with the bone density and body height; but milk intake,  frequency and  length of milk intake were correlated with body height and bone density. This implies the important of milk intake in bone density and  linear growth of adolescent. Keywords: milk, calcium intake, bone density, body height, adolescent
STATUS GIZI AWAL KEHAMILAN DAN PERTAMBAHAN BERAT BADAN IBU HAMIL KAITANNYA DENGAN BBLR Yongky, .; Hardinsyah, .; Gulardi, .; Marhamah, .
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 4, No 1 (2009): Maret 2009
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The objectives of this research were to analyze nutritional status of pregnant women in Jakarta Timur and Bekasi and the accretion of body weight and its relationship with low birth weight. As many as 638 pregnant women had been followed since first examination until delivery. At the first trimester, most of pregnant women (53.8%) were categorized as normal nutritional status (BMI 19.8-26); underweight (BMI 26.01) 6.2%. The accretion of pregnant women body weight was relatively higher in high socio-economic status rather than low socio-economic status. The prevalence of low birth weight was higher among mothers from low socio-economic status. It is important for pregnant women to pay attention on her nutritional status in the early pregnancy and the accretion of body weight. Keywords: nutritional status of pregnant women, birth weight
PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP, DAN PRAKTEK GIZI SERTA TINGKAT KONSUMSI IBU HAMIL DI KELURAHAN KRAMAT JATI DAN KELURAHAN RAGUNAN PROPINSI DKI JAKARTA Mawaddah, Nadiya; Hardinsyah, .
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 3, No 1 (2008): Maret 2008
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The aim of this research is to understand the knowledge, attitude, and practice of nutrition and nutrient adequacy level (energy, protein, vitamin A, and Iron) of pregnant women. This research used a cross sectional study design. Research location implemented sprinkle programme. The sample was taken purposively with criteria not the first pregnancy, the age of pregnancy is between 8-28 weeks, and they are willing to be interviewed. The number of samples that were chosen are 100 pregnant women. Data that were collected were analyzed descriptively and statistically. In general, part (26%) of pregnant women had low nutrition knowledge. More than a half (71%) of pregnant women had moderate nutrition attitude. A half (50%) of pregnant women had good nutrition practice. Based on Spearman analysis, there were significant correlation between education level and nutrition knowledge (r=0.35, p
POLA KONSUMSI PANGAN DAN ASUPAN ENERGI DAN ZAT GIZI ANAK STUNTING DAN TIDAK STUNTING 0—23 BULAN Hayati, Aslis Wirda; Hardinsyah, .; Jalal, Fasli; Madanijah, Siti; Briawan, Dodik
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 7, No 2 (2012): Juli 2012
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ABSTRACTThe objective of this study was to analyze food consumption, energy, and nutrients intake patterns between stunting and non-stunting in young children of 0—23 months old, using the data from BHR (Basic Health Research)2010. The data sub-set from BHR 2010 was obtained into e-files form. From 6 634 under-two children 3 539 were screened out due to incompleteness, outlier, and unusual food consumption during data collect-ion. Nutritional status data were processed using the WHO AnthroPlus 2007, while the other data/statistics were processed using the Excel and SPSS for windows. The different on food consumption pattern was performedwith Man-Whitney U test. Food consumption, energy and nutrients intake patterns which measured were type number of food consumption, group number of food consumption, frequency of food consumption, nutrient adequacy, nutrient quality, and nutrients density. The results of study showed that analyze food consumption, and energy and nutrients intake patterns were different between stunting and non-stunting YC according to their age group; the higher the age, the higher their difference. There was no difference in food consumption, and energy and nutrients intake patterns between stunting and non-stunting children 0—5 months. Meanwhile, there was difference in children 6—11 and 12—23 months. The average of protein adequacy and protein density was difference between stunting and non-stunting children 6—11 months. In children 12—23 months, the differences not only in the average of protein adequacy and protein density but also in average of energy and calcium adequacy and calcium density, phosphor, vitamin A, and C adequacy, nutrient quality, and type number of food. Implications for Indonesia that is necessary to study the efficacy of nutritional interventions to achieving optimal linear growth in young children.Key words: children 0—23 months old, food pattern, stuntingABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis pola konsumsi pangan dan asupan energi dan gizi anak stunting dan tidak stunting 0—23 bulan menggunakan data Riskesdas 2010. Sub-set data Riskesdas 2010 diperoleh dalam bentuk e-files. Dari 6 634 data anak baduta dalam e-files Riskesdas 2010, sejumlah 3 539 data anak dikeluarkankarena data tidak lengkap, pencilan, konsumsi pangan saat kondisi tidak biasa. Status gizi diolah menggunakan WHO AntroPlus 2007, pengolahan data lainnya menggunakan program Microsoft Excel 2007 dan SPSS for windows. Uji beda pola konsumsi pangan menerapkan Mann-Whitney U test. Pola konsumsi pangan dan asupan energi dan zat gizi yang diukur berupa jumlah jenis konsumsi pangan, jumlah kelompok konsumsi pangan, frekuensi konsumsi pangan, tingkat kecukupan zat gizi, mutu gizi asupan pangan, dan densitas asupan zat gizi. Hasil kajian menunjukkan pola konsumsi pangan dan asupan energi dan zat gizi anak stunting dan tidak stunting 0—23 bulan berbeda menurut kelompok umur; semakin bertambah umur semakin meningkat perbedaannya. Pada anak 0—5 bulan tidak ada perbedaan pola konsumsi pangan dan asupan energi dan gizi anak stunting dan tidak stunting; sebaliknya pada anak 6—11 dan 12—23 bulan. Pada anak 6—11 bulan, rata-rata tingkat kecukupan protein anak stunting dan tidak stunting berbeda, demikian pula densitas asupan protein.Pada anak 12—23 bulan, tidak hanya rata-rata tingkat kecukupan protein dan densitas asupan protein, tetapi rata-rata tingkat kecukupan energi, tingkat kecukupan kalsium dan densitas asupan kalsium, tingkat kecukupan fosfor, tingkat kecukupan vitamin A, tingkat kecukupan vitamin C, mutu gizi makanan, dan bahkan jenis pangan juga berbeda. Implikasi untuk Indonesia yaitu perlu dilakukan penelitian efikasi intervensi zat gizi tersebut untuk pencapaian pertumbuhan linier optimal anak.Kata kunci: anak usia 0—23 bulan, pola konsumsi pangan, stunting
ANALISIS KEBIJAKAN DAN PROGRAM SUBSEKTOR PETERNAKAN KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT Simarmata, Hotmuda; Hardinsyah, .; Pranadji, Diah Krisnatuti
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 3, No 3 (2008): November 2008 (Edisi Suplemen Ketahanan Pangan)
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This study aims to analyze the policy, program, activity and budgetting of husbandry subsector in West Lampung Regency. The study was conducted retrospectively, studying documents of policy 2003-2007 in Husbandry and Animal Health Agency of West Lampung and interviewing respondents of the officials involved in the drafting of the program, decision makers, and groups of farmers from November to December 2008. Data that were required in this research, consist of primary and secondary data and was analyzed by descriptive analysis, content analysis and SWOT analysis.The results of this research showed that the formulation of policy and program had been in line with the regulation, but there were some constraints in implementing the policy and program in form of activities due to the limited budget. Budgeting allocation portion for the development food resources from  husbandry  for 4 years was higher than supporting activities, except in the fifth year. Implementation of husbandry sub-sector, especially cattle breeding was enthusiastically welcomed by the community indicated by their high motivation and initiatives. The environment has changed from the previous period so that the future concept will focus on the breeder empowerment and capital access and strategy by intensifying animal breeding culture, building husbandry centers and partnership with private sectors. Keywords: policy, program, strategy, environmental strategy, implementation
APLIKASI REGRESI LOGISTIK DALAM ANALISIS FAKTOR RISIKO ANEMIA GIZI PADA MAHASISWA BARU IPB Maharani, Indah Irma; Hardinsyah, .; Sumantri, Bambang
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 2, No 2 (2007): Juli 2007
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This study was aimed at analyzing risk factors of nutritional anemia among new students of Bogor Agricultural University (IPB). A logistic regression model for 1907 new students’ record data matched with health record data was selected and applied on anemia risk factors analysis. The result showed that 10.9% and 21.4% of the students were suffering from nutritional anemia and proteinuria respectively. The risk factors of nutritional anemia among the new students of IPB are sex, age, family income and proteinuria status. The nutritional anemia risk is higher among female students (OR = 1.36); among younger age (age < 18 year); among students from low income family (OR = 1.70); and students suffered from proteinuria (OR = 1.49). This implies that the regular monitoring and controlling of both anemia and proteinuria among the students by Polyclinic of IPB are urgently required.   Keywords: risk factors, nutritional anemia, proteinuria
DETERMINAN GIZI KURANG DAN STUNTING ANAK UMUR 0 – 36 BULAN BERDASARKAN DATA PROGRAM KELUARGA HARAPAN (PKH) 2007 Aries, Muhammad; Hardinsyah, .; Tuhiman, Hendratno
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 7, No 1 (2012): Maret 2012
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ABSTRACTThe objective of this study was to analyze the determinant factors of nutritional status (weight/age and height/age) on children aged 0 – 36 month from the Conditional Cash Transfer Family Program (CCTFP) participants.This data was analised from the CFP survey at six provinces in 2007. The survey was conducted in six provinces in Indonesia (DKI Jakarta, West Java, East Java, North Sulawesi, Gorontalo, and East Nusa Tenggara). Numbers of samples were 9221. The study showed the protective factors of underweight (W/A) on children aged 0 – 36 month were being female (OR = 0.75; CI 95%:068-083), family received cash transfer or BLT (OR = 0.80; CI 95%:0.70-0.91) and family received food aids or Raskin (OR = 0.74; CI 95%:0.63 -0.88). Protective factor of stunting and severe stunting (H/A) children were being female (OR = 0.75; CI 95%:0.69-0.81), family received BLT (OR = 0.86; CI 95%:0.77-0.95) and Raskin (OR = 0.85; CI 95%:0.75 - 0.96).Key words: Conditional Family Program, underweight, stunting, children 0–36 months, protective factorABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis berbagai faktor determinan kejadian status gizi kurang (underweight)dan pendek (stunting) pada batita (anak umur 0 – 36 bulan) yang berasal dari keluarga peserta ProgramKeluarga Harapan/PKH. Data yang dianalisis dalam penelitian ini berasal dari survai PKH tahun 2007 yang dilaksanakan di enam propinsi (DKI Jakarta, Jawa Barat, Jawa Timur, Sulawesi Utara, Gorontalo, dan Nusa Tenggara Timur) di Indonesia. Jumlah contoh dalam penelitian adalah sebanyak 9221 anak usia 0 – 36 bulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa faktor protektif terhadap kejadian gizi kurang (underweight) pada anak usia 0 – 36 bulan adalah anak dengan jenis kelamin perempuan (OR = 0.75; CI 95%: 068-083), keluarga yang mendapatkan BLT (OR = 0.80; CI 95%: 0.70-0.91) dan yang mendapatkan Raskin (OR = 0.74; CI 95%:0.63-0.88). Faktor protektif untuk kejadian pendek dan sangat pendek (stunting) pada anak umur 0 – 36 bulan adalah jenis kelamin perempuan (OR = 0.75; CI 95%: 0.69-0.81), keluarga mendapatkan BLT (OR = 0.86; CI 95%: 0.77-0.95), dan mendapatkan Raskin (OR = 0.85; CI 95%: 0.75 -0.96).Kata kunci: Program Keluarga Harapan, gizi kurang, pendek, anak umur 0 - 36 bulan, faktor protektif