Angga Hardiansyah
Department Nutritional Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University, 16680, Bogor, Indonesia

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EFEK SUPLEMENTASI MULTIVITAMIN MINERAL TERHADAP KADAR HEMOGLOBIN DAN HEMATOKRIT MAHASISWI TPB IPB

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 8, No 1 (2013): Maret 2013
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

ABSTRACTThe objective of this study was to analyze effect of multivitamin mineral supplementation to hemoglobin and hematocrit concentration of Bogor Agricultural University First Common Year female students. Design of this study was the quasi experimental, double blind, with number of subjects were 28 female students devided into two group. The intervention group consisted of 15 subjects, received supplement syrup 15 ml per day for eight weeks.The control group consisted of 13 subjects received placebo syrup. Data collected by interviewing subjects used questionnaire, physical examination, and blood biomarkers. The results of statistical test (paired sample t-test) showed that there were no significant increase in hemoglobin and hematocrit concentration respectively in both intervention and control groups (p>0.05). However, on a subset of subjects anemia, the hemoglobin and hematocrit in the intervention group tended to increase larger than the control group.Keywords: anemia, female, hematocrit, hemoglobin, multivitamin mineral supplementsABSTRAKTujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis efek suplementasi multivitamin mineral terhadap kadar hemoglobin dan hematokrit mahasiswi Tingkat Persiapan Bersama Institut Pertanian Bogor (TPB IPB). Penelitian ini menggunakan desain eksperimental semu, tersamar ganda, dengan jumlah subjek sebanyak 28 yang terbagi dalam dua kelompok. Kelompok intervensi terdiri dari 15 subjek, mendapatkan sirup suplemen 15 ml setiap hari selama delapan minggu. Kelompok kontrol terdiri dari 13 subjek mendapatkan sirup plasebo. Data dikumpulkan dengan wawancara terhadap subjek menggunakan kuesioner, pemeriksaan fisik, dan pemeriksaan biokimia darah. Hasil uji statistik (paired sample t-test) menunjukkan tidak terdapat peningkatan yang nyata masing-masing kadar hemoglobin dan hematokrit baik pada kelompok intervensi maupun kontrol (p>0.05). Namun, pada subset subjek yang anemia, peningkatan kadar hemoglobin dan hematokrit pada kelompok intervensi cenderung lebih besar dibandingkan pada kelompok kontrol.Kata kunci: anemia, hematokrit, hemoglobin, mahasiswi, suplemen multivitamin mineral

KESESUAIAN KONSUMSI PANGAN ANAK INDONESIA DENGAN PEDOMAN GIZI SEIMBANG

Nutri-Sains: Jurnal Gizi, Pangan dan Aplikasinya Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang

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Abstract

Prevalence of malnutritions in childern still high in Indonesia. Bad food consumption is one of several causes of malnutritions. Therefore, food consumption of childern need to be analyzed The objective of this study were to analyze food consumption of childrens 2-12 years old and compare it with Balanced Nutrition Guidelines in Indonesia. This study design was cross-sectional. Subjects were 38890 childrens 2-12 years old of basic health survey of Ministry of Health. Food consumption data were collected by 24 hour recall method. Food consumption patterns presented in the participation and quantity, which devided in to 1) carbohydrate foods), 2) vegetables, 3)fruits, 4) animal foods (included milks), and 5) vegetable proteins. The participation of consumption of carbohydrate foods, vegetables, fruits, total animal foods, milks, and vegetable proteins were 99.9%, 57.6%, 14.0%, 80.0%, 20.4%, and 36.4% respectively. The quantity of consumption of carbohydrate foods, vegetables, fruits, total animal foods, milks, and vegetable proteins were 353.1 – 534.3 gram (3.5 – 5.5 portions), 44.4-72.6 gram (0.44 – 0.72 portions), 88-90 gram (2 portions), 28-244 ml (0.2-2 portions), and 17.6 – 32.6 gram (0.35 – 0.65 portions) recpectively. Subjects had high consumption of carbohydrate foods, but had low consumption of vegetables, fruits, total animal foods, milks, and vegetable proteins. In conclusion, food consumptions of subjects were not accordance with Balanced Nutrition Guidelines.