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Analisis Derajat Kejenuhan dan Biaya Kemacetan pada Ruas Jalan Utama di Kota Jambi

Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 2 No 4 (2015): Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Ekonomi Pascasarjana Universitas Jambi

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Abstract

This study aimed to analyze: 1) The degree of saturation levels that occur on main roads in Jambi City; 2) Congestion costs borne by road users and the wider community as a result of the congestion that occurs on the main roads in Jambi City. The study was conducted with traffic counting method of survey and moving car observer method of survey. The study was conducted on Jalan Kapten A. Bakaruddin, Jambi City. To analyze the level of congestion, researcher used degree of saturation of roads equation. To calculate the cost of congestion, it was done by reducing the general cost of travel on the actual conditions with the conditions expected. Models of calculation use a method approach of LAPI ITB, MHS resulted from World Bank study in Indonesia and study approach of IHCM. The results from this research are: 1) the degree of saturation of traffic flow at peak activity is 0.89, which means "unstable flow, low speed and different, as well as volume approaches capacity”; 2) The occurrence of congestion on the roads has caused a charge of USD 638.82 per vehicle (SMP) per km of travel. Based on the number of vehicles passing through the toll road, the total additional costs due to the congestion is Rp 2,744,972.07 per an hour of congestion.

Analisis Derajat Kejenuhan dan Biaya Kemacetan pada Ruas Jalan Utama di Kota Jambi

Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 2, No 4 (2015)
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Ekonomi Program Pascasarjana Universitas Jambi

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Abstract

This study aimed to analyze: 1) The degree of saturation levels that occur on main roads in Jambi City; 2) Congestion costs borne by road users and the wider community as a result of the congestion that occurs on the main roads in Jambi City. The study was conducted with traffic counting method of survey and moving car observer method of survey. The study was conducted on Jalan Kapten A. Bakaruddin, Jambi City. To analyze the level of congestion, researcher used degree of saturation of roads equation. To calculate the cost of congestion, it was done by reducing the general cost of travel on the actual conditions with the conditions expected. Models of calculation use a method approach of LAPI ITB, MHS resulted from World Bank study in Indonesia and study approach of IHCM. The results from this research are: 1) the degree of saturation of traffic flow at peak activity is 0.89, which means "unstable flow, low speed and different, as well as volume approaches capacity”; 2) The occurrence of congestion on the roads has caused a charge of USD 638.82 per vehicle (SMP) per km of travel. Based on the number of vehicles passing through the toll road, the total additional costs due to the congestion is Rp 2,744,972.07 per an hour of congestion.

Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kemiskinan dan Pengangguran di Kota Jambi

Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 1 No 2 (2013): Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Ekonomi Pascasarjana Universitas Jambi

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The purpose of this study was : (1) To analyze the factors that affect poverty in the City of Jambi during the period 2000-2011, (2) To analyze the factors causing high unemployment in the city of Jambi during the period 2000-2011, and (3) To analyze the relationship between poverty and unemployment in the city of Jambi during the period 2000-2011. The data used in this study is secondary data from the years 2000-2011. BPS data sources derived from the city of Jambi and Diskakertrans city of Jambi. Analysis tools used in this research is a method of multiple linear regression and correlation. The results showed that: (1). Simultaneously (together) variable population density, education level and the unemployment rate, and a significant positive effect on the level of poverty in the city of Jambi. While partially independent variables that significantly influence the level of education level and the level of poverty is unemployment. Variables influence population density, education level and the unemployment rate is equal to the poverty rate of 92,40 percent, (2). Simultaneously (together) variable education level and health level have positive and significant effect on the unemployment rate in the city of Jambi. While partially independent variables had significant effect on the unemployment rate in the City of Jambi is education level. Variables influence education level and health level rate is equal to the unemployment rate of 42,6 percent; (3). Levels of poverty and unemployment rate in the city of Jambi has a negative correlation with a correlation coefficient of -0.290. Keywords: Population Density, Unemployment Rate, Education Level

Dinamika Penduduk Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jambi

Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 2 No 2 (2014): Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Ekonomi Pascasarjana Universitas Jambi

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Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis dinamika penduduk pada kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi yang mencakup kondisi dan perkembangan kuantitas penduduk (jumlah, komposisi dan distribusinya) serta kualitas penduduk (pendidikan, kesehatan dan kemiskinan). Data dianalisis secara deskriptif kuantitatif dan kualitatif, dengan memanfaatkan indikator-indikator kependudukan. Hasil penelitian menemukan: 1) Jumlah penduduk Provinsi Jambi relatif sedikit dengan tingkat kepadatan yang rendah tetapi dengan ketimpangan tinggi dari distribusi penduduk antar kabupaten/kota; 2) Provinsi Jambi merupakan salah satu daerah di Indonesia dengan pertumbuhan penduduk yang relatif tinggi; 3) Struktur umur penduduk di Provinsi Jambi sudah tidak tergolong lagi pada struktur umur muda, tetapi belum memenuhi kategori struktur umur tua; 4) Membandingkan dengan provinsi-provinsi lainnya di Indonesia, kondisi pendidikan dan kesehatan penduduk Provinsi Jambi sudah relatif memadai; 5) Tingkat kemiskinan di Provinsi Jambi ini relatif rendah dibandingkan secara nasional, dengan penurunan yang juga relatif lebih cepat. Kata kunci : Pendidikan, Kesehatan, Kemiskinan.     Abstract This study aims to analyze the dynamics of the population in the district / city in the province of Jambi which include the condition and development of the population quantity (amount, composition and distribution) as well as the quality of the population (education, health and poverty). Data were analyzed by descriptive quantitative and qualitative, using indicators of population. The results found: 1) The population of the province of Jambi relatively little with low density but with high inequality of the distribution of population among districts / cities; 2) Jambi Province is one of the areas in Indonesia with a relatively high population growth; 3) the age structure of the population in the province of Jambi is no longer belong to the young age structure, but do not meet the age structure of the old category; 4) Comparing with other provinces in Indonesia, education and health conditions of the population has been relatively adequate Jambi Province; 5) The level of poverty in the province of Jambi is relatively low compared nationally, with a decrease in the relatively faster.. Keywords: Education, Health, Poverty

Pengaruh modal dan tenaga kerja terhadap nilai produksi industri pisang salai di Desa Purwobakti Kecamatan Bathin III Kabupaten Bungo

e-Jurnal Ekonomi Sumberdaya dan Lingkungan Vol 7 No 1 (2018): e-Jurnal Ekonomi Sumberdaya dan Lingkungan
Publisher : e-Jurnal Ekonomi Sumberdaya dan Lingkungan

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The purpose of this research is to analyze the socio-economic condition of salai (smoked) banana industry entrepreneur in Purwobakti Village. This research is a type of survey research. The method of analysis used is descriptive quantitative and qualitative. Based on the results of social analysis seen from the average age of entrepreneurs is 50 years, the average education level of high school graduates, the number of dependents of family members an average of four people and experience trying average for 12 years, while the economic conditions seen from the average production value at a rate of Rp. 10,125,000, the average initial capital of Rp. 1.737.500, the average raw material of Rp. 1,561,125, the average wage is Rp. 2,243,750 and the average workforce of four people. The variable of production and labor capital have a significant effect on the production value of salai banana industry in Purwobakti Village.   Keywords: Production Capital, Labor, Industrial Production Value of Banana Sale   Abstrak Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis kondisi sosial ekonomi pengusaha industri rumah tangga pisang salai di Desa Purwobakti. Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian survey. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah deskriptif kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Berdasarkan hasil analisis sosial dilihat dari umur rata-rata pengusaha adalah 50 tahun, tingkat pendidikan rata-rata tamatan SMA, jumlah tanggungan anggota keluarga rata-rata empat orang dan pengalaman berusaha rata-rata selama 12 tahun, sedangkan kondisi ekonomi dilihat dari nilai produksi rata-rata sejumlah Rp. 10.125.000, modal awal rata-rata sejumlah Rp. 1.737.500, bahan baku rata-rata sejumlah Rp. 1.561.125, upah rata-rata sejumlah Rp. 2.243.750 dan jumlah tenaga kerja rata-rata sebanyak empat orang. Modal produksi dan tenaga kerja berpengaruh signifikan terhadap nilai produksi industri pisang salai di Desa Purwobakti.. Kata kunci : Modal Produksi, Tenaga Kerja, Nilai Produksi Industri Pisang salai

Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi penyerapan tenaga kerja pada sektor industri kecil di Kabupaten Muaro Jambi

e-Jurnal Perdagangan Industri dan Moneter Vol 6 No 1 (2018): e-Jurnal Perdagangan, Industri dan Moneter
Publisher : e-Jurnal Perdagangan Industri dan Moneter

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This study aims to analyze the factors that affect the employment opportunities of the small industrial sector in Muaro Jambi regency. The data used are time series data for the period 2003 - 2016. The analysis was done by descriptive and using multiple linear regression. The results of the study found that: 1) the average of employment growth of small industry in Muaro Jambi Regency is 0.46% per year, the growth of small industry business unit is 8.77% per year, the growth of small industry investment is 3.55% Jambi Province minimum wage of 13.49%; 2) Simultaneously, business units, investments and wages have a significant effect on the employment opportunities of small industries in Muaro Jambi Regency. Nevertheless, partially only investments have a significant effect while the number of business units and wages has no significant effect on the employment opportunities of small industries in Muaro Jambi Regency. Keyword : business unit, investment, labor, wages. Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi penyerapan tenaga kerja sektor industri kecil di Kabupaten Muaro Jambi. Data yang digunakan adalah data sekunder deret waktu selama periode Tahun 2003 – 2016. Analisis dilakukan secara deskriptif dan menggunakan regresi linier berganda.  Hasil penelitian menemukan bahwa: 1) rata-rata perkembangan penyerapan tenaga kerja industri kecil di Kabupaten Muaro Jambi adalah 0,46 % pertahun, perkembangan unit usaha industri kecil sebesar 8,77 % pertahun,  perkembangan investasi industri kecil sebesar 3,55 % pertahun dan rata-rata perkembangan upah minimum Provinsi Jambi sebesar 13,49%; 2) secara bersama-sama, unit usaha, investasi dan upah berpengaruh signifikan terhadap penyerapan tenaga kerja industri kecil di Kabupaten Muaro Jambi. Meskipun demikian, secara parsial hanya investasi yang berpengaruh signifikan sedangkan jumlah unit usaha dan upah tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap penyerapan tenaga kerja industri kecil di Kabupaten Muaro Jambi. Kata kunci : unit usaha, investasi, tenaga kerja, upah

Analisis Pendapatan dan Pola Pengeluaran Rumah Tangga Miskin Di Kabupaten Sarolangun

Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 2 No 1 (2014): Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Ekonomi Pascasarjana Universitas Jambi

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Abstract

The purpose of the research entittled ’An Analysis of Income and Expenditure Patterns of the Poor Households di Sarolangun Regency’, they are: First, to analyze the poor households income in Sarolangun Regency. Second, to analyze the education level of the poor households in Sarolangun Regency. Third, to analyze the expenditure pattern of the poor households in Sarolangun Regency. Forth, to analyze the poor households income’s inequality in Sarolangun Regency. The result of the research shows that, First; the monthly average of poor households income in Sarolangun Regency is Rp.852.057,- each family. Second, in the education level point of view, 90,6% of the poor household only completed their Elementary School. Third, in the expenditure-pattern point of view, in average, the expenditure-pattern of  72,96%  poor households in Sarolangun Regency spent their income in food consumption, other 12,07% spent their income in primary needs (electricity, gas, water) and the rest 14,97% for vary. It is indicate that the expenditure pattern of poor households in Sarolangun Regency still concern to the primary consumption. Fourth, the poor households income’s inequality in Sarolangun Regency in average is 0,30. Keywords: primary need, expenditure pattern, income’s inequality

Potensi Klaster Agroindustri Usaha Mikro Kecil dan Menengah di Provinsi Jambi

Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 2 No 1 (2014): Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Ekonomi Pascasarjana Universitas Jambi

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The purpose of research is to 1). Analyzing the agro-industry group of SMEs that have the potential to be developed as an agro-industry clusters of SMEs in Jambi Province; (2. Analyze the various potentials, opportunities, barriers and challenges in the development of agro-industry SMEs in Jambi Province. The data used consist of primary data and secondary data. Primary data were collected from experts and stakeholders associated with agro-industry and agro-industry businesses. Collecting data using a structured questionnaire and interview. Secondary data sourced from related institutions / organizations at the national, provincial, district and sub-district. To identify and analyze the potential for agro-industry SME cluster development is done with consideration of the number of business units and discussions with the experts to get the cluster potential agro-industry group. Furthermore, to analyze the potential, opportunities, barriers and challenges of development of agro-industry cluster analyzed descriptively based on surveys and direct observation in the agro-industry businesses that have the potential clusters in Jambi Province. . The analysis was done by descriptive against internal and external conditions of SMEs. The results found that there are five groups of agroindustrial SMEs that have the potential to be developed in clusters, namely: industrial tempe / tofu soy: copra industry; industrial crackers, chips, dent and the like; industrial woven from rattan and bamboo instead of wood furniture as well as industry. Furthermore, in terms of business development, SMEs in Jambi Province showed relatively good progress, especially when seen from the development of production volume, revenue / turnover, product selling prices, raw material prices and profits. However, there are major obstacles in the development of the agro-industry is the future of SMEs, especially those related to the availability of raw materials, labor, market share and production equipment. Keywords: cluster,agro-indsutry,business development

Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Penyerapan Tenaga Kerja Pada Usaha Mikro, Kecil dan Menengah (UMKM) di Kota Jambi

Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 2 No 2 (2014): Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Ekonomi Pascasarjana Universitas Jambi

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Abstract

Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kesempatan kerja dan faktor yang paling dominan dalam mempengaruhi penyerapan tenaga kerja pada usaha mikro dan kecil menengah (UMKM) di Kota Jambi. Metode analisis data adalah model regresi linier berganda (OLS), dengan menggunakan data sekunder time series dari tahun 1993-2010 yang bersumber dari Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS) dan Kota Jambi Bank Indonesia. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa upah riil memiliki efek negatif yang signifikan terhadap kesempatan kerja dan pembentukan modal tetap bruto dan memiliki pengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kesempatan kerja pada usaha mikro di kota Jambi. Tingkat bunga riil memiliki efek signifikan negatif dan upah regional riil memiliki pengaruh positif yang signifikan. Variabel upah riil lebih dominan dalam mempengaruhi kesempatan kerja pada UMKM di kota Jambi.. Kata kunci : Upah riil, Tingkat bunga riil, Pembentukan Modal Tetap Bruto,.     Abstract The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors that affect employment and the most dominant factor in influencing the labor absorption in the small micro and medium enterprises in the city of Jambi. Methods of data analysis used in this research is the model of multiple linear regression (OLS), by using data from the years 1993-2010 time series derived from the Central Statistics Agency (BPS) and Bank Indonesia Jambi. The results of data analysis showed that real wages and a significant negative effect on employment in micro and gross fixed capital formation has positive and significant impact on employment in micro businesses in the town of Jambi. The real interest rate significant negatif and the regional real wages in small and medium enterprises in the city of Jambi has positive and significant. Variable the real wage is more dominant in affecting employment in micro, small and medium enterprises in the town of Jambi. Keywords: real wages, real interest rates, and gross fixed capital formation

Socio-economic determinants of tourism trips by Jambi residents

Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 4 No 4 (2017): Journal of Perspectives on Financing and Regional Development
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Ekonomi Pascasarjana Universitas Jambi

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This study aims to analyze: 1) characteristics of trips generated by Jambi residents both for tourism purposes or other purposes; 2) characteristics of Jambi residents going on a tourism trip; 3) Socio-economic factors affecting tourism trips generated by Jambi residents. Data was taken from raw data provided in the result of Indonesian National Social Economic Survey (SUSENAS) for Jambi Province 2015. Descriptive research method was used to analyze the characteristics of trips by Jambi residents and of the tourists. Binary logistic regression model was used to analyze factors affecting tourism trips generated by residents. The study found: 1) Number of trips generated by Jambi residents are still relatively low. Only 14.4 percent of the total population has traveled within the last six months; 2) Besides the low number of trips, tourism activities are still relatively limited. Only 17.79 percent of population go on a tourism trip; 3) Tourist attractions in Jambi Province itself are the most common tourism destinations for Jambi residents, then followed by tourist attractions in South Sumatra, West Sumatra and Bengkulu; 4) Tourism trips generated by residents are mostly family trips, so they are relatively dominated by children and parents; 5) Socio-economic factors that significantly influence residents to go on a tourism trip are age, education, and family status. In addition, there is a probability difference of tourism trips by residents of the city and of the regency in Jambi Province. Key words: tourism attraction, family trip, tourism tripAbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis: 1) karakteristik perjalanan penduduk di Provinsi Jambi baik untuk tujuan wisata maupun tujuan lainnya; 2) karakteristik penduduk yang melakukan perjalanan wisata di Provinsi Jambi; 3) Faktor-faktor sosial ekonomi yang mempengaruhi perjalanan wisata penduduk di Provinsi Jambi. Data bersumber dari “raw data” SUSENAS Tahun 2015 Provinsi Jambi. Untuk menganalisis karakteristik perjalanan penduduk, dan karakteristik individu wisatawan dilakukan secara deskriptif. Untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perjalanan wisata penduduk digunakan model regresi binary logistik. Hasil penelitian menemukan: 1). Aktivitas perjalanan penduduk di Provinsi Jambi masih relatif rendah. Hanya 14,14 persen dari total penduduk yang pernah melakukan perjalanan dalam enam bulan terakhir; 2)  Selain rendahnya aktivitas perjalanan tersebut, aktivitas perjalanan untuk wisata juga masih relatif terbatas. Hanya 17,79 persen total penduduk yang melakukan perjalanan untuk berwisata; 3) Objek tujuan wisata penduduk Provinsi Jambi didominasi objek wisata yang ada di Provinsi Jambi sendiri, selain objek wisata yang ada di provinsi-provinsi berdekatan yaitu Sumatera Selatan, Sumatera Barat dan Bengkulu; 4). Perjalanan wisata penduduk didominasi oleh perjalanan wisata keluarga, sehingga relatif didominasi oleh anak-anak dan orang tua; 5) Faktor-faktor sosial ekonomi yang berpengaruh nyata terhadap perjalanan wisata penduduk adalah umur, pendidikan dan status dalam keluarga. Selain itu, terdapat perbedaan probabilita perjalanan penduduk untuk wisata antara kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi.Kata Kunci: objek wisata, wisata keluarga, perjalanan wisata REFERENCES Agustin, Sentosa S U, Aimon H. (2014). Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi permintaan wisatawan domestik terhadap ojek wisata bahari Pulau Cingkuak Kabupaten Pesisir Selatan. Jurnal Kajian Ekonomi, July, Vol. III No. 5, 2014; 1 – 20.Cohen, E. (1972). Towards a sociology of international tourism. Social Research, 39(1), 164-182.Damanik, Janianton dan Weber, Helmut. (2006). Perencanaan ekowisata dari teori ke aplikasi. Yogyakarta: PUSPAR UGM and Andi. Ernita. Y 2001. Karakteristik pola perjalanan wisata di obyek-obyek Tawangmangu Kabupaten Karanganyar. Bachelor’s Thesis. Surakarta, Fakultas Geografi, UMSFandeli, C. (1995). Dasar-dasar manajemen kepariwisataan alam. Yogyakarta: LibertyFoster, D. (1985). Perjalanan dan manajemen pariwisata. Mac.MilanGamal, S. (1997). Dasar-dasar pariwisata. Edisi pertama. 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