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DAMPAK SUBSIDI HARGA PUPUK TSP DAN UREA TERHADAP KONTRIBUSI PRODUKSI JAGUNG JAWA TIMUR PADA PRODUKSI JAGUNG NASIONAL

Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 3, No 3 (2009)
Publisher : Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian

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Abstract

Corn is one of the strategic commodities, which has an economic value and a wide opportunity to develop. Because of its role as primary carbohydrate and protein sources after rice, and as a basic material for industry. Recent years, the need toward corn products continually increases, which is in a line with the more increasing population growth and corn consumption. East Java is one of the biggest corn belts in Indonesia. For corn yields, there is a yield discrepancy between corn yield rates produced by farmers and research Institute. One of the causes is the high price of fertilizer. The government policy that is to subsidize the fertilizer price will help corn products produced by the farmers. The goals of this study are to know the development of corn product contribution in East Java toward national corn products, to explore the influence of subsidized prices of TSP and Urea fertilizers to corn products in East Java and to find out the impacts of government policy, to subsidize the fertilizer prices, toward corn product contribution in East Java. This research uses secondary data taken from the year 1985-2006 by using two-stage least square method (2SLS) and trend method. The results of this study indicate that: (1) the development of corn product contribution in East Java toward national corn products tends to decrease; (2) the subsidized price of TSP fertilizer gives a negative influence to corn products while the subsidized price of Urea fertilizer gives a positive influence to corn products; (3) the impact of subsidized price of TSP fertilizer can decline the corn product contribution in East Java while the impact of subsidizes price of Urea fertilizer can increase corn product contribution in East Java.Key Word: ekonometric model, corn , subsidized prices

ANALISIS NILAI TAMBAH DAN HARGA POKOK PADA AGROINDUSTRI TAPIOKA DI DESA POGALAN KABUPATEN TRENGGALEK

Agricultural Socio-Economics Journal Vol 15, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Socio-Economics/Agribusiness Department

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Abstract

Kabupaten Trenggalek merupakan kabupaten kedua dengan produksi ubi kayu tertinggi di Jawa Timur yang memiliki sentra produksi tapioka yang berada di Desa Pogalan Kecamatan Pogalan Kabupaten Trenggalek. Agroindustri tapioka diwilayah ini terdiri dari pola musiman dan pola non musiman. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui: (1) karakteristik agroindustri tapioka di Desa Pogalan Kabupaten Trenggalek; (2) penentuan harga pokok produksi sebagai dasar penentuan harga jual tapioka; (3) nilai tambah pada proses pembuatan tapioka untuk mengetahui balasan terhadap faktor produksi yang dihasilkan serta kesempatan kerja yang bisa ditambahkan dari adanya penambahan nilai pada pengolahan ubi kayu menjadi tapioka Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa: (1) karakteristik agroindustri tapioka di Desa Pogalan Kabupaten Trenggalek terdiri dari dua pola produksi, dengan masing-masing pola memiliki proses perbedaan pada proses pengadaan bahan baku, proses produksi dan pemasaran; (2) perhitungan harga pokok produksi tapioka pada agroindustri tapioka di Desa Pogalan dengan metode variable costing untuk pola non musiman dan musiman berturut-turut sebesar Rp 3,879.58 dan Rp 4,362.86, dengan persentase terbesar dalam penentuan harga pokok adalah biaya bahan baku ubi kayu yaitu rata-rata sebesar 80%; serta (3) pengolahan ubi kayu menjadi tapioka pada agroindustri tapioka di Desa Pogalan mampu memberikan nilai tambah positif pada agroindustri tapioka pola non musiman dan musiman berturut-turut sebesar Rp 224.97 dan Rp 186.58 per kg ubi kayu.

KAJIAN RANTAI PERSEDIAAN BARANG (SUPPLY CHAIN) AGROINDUSTRI TEMPE DI KABUPATEN JEMBER

JSEP (Journal of Social and Agricultural Economics) Vol 11 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : University of Jember

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Abstract

This study aimed to learn about, (1) Supply Chain, (2) Economic Order Quantity; Lead time ordering; Reorder point of soybean at an agroindustrial tempe. The results showed that: (1) Supply chain on agroindustrial tempe in Jember showed a different pattern: (a) The Supplier of soybean - agroindustrial tempe - outlets - consumer (agroindustrial tempe “Makmur”, “Rizqy”) (b) The Supplier of soybean - agroindustrial tempe - consumer (agroindustrial tempe “Makmur”, “Sumber Mas”, “Pratama”, “Rizqy”, and “UD.Rahayu”) (2) EOQ (Economic Order Quanttity) on agroindustrial tempe in Jember indicates of non economic result, because the total ordering cost is not equal to the total ordering cost; Lead time on Agroindustry of tempe in Jember is 0,02 day (agroindustrial tempe “Makmur”), 0,25 day (agroindustrial tempe “Sumber Mas”), 0,02 day (agroindustrial tempe “Pratama”), 0,04 day (agroindustrial tempe “Rizqy”), and 0,04 day (agroindustrial tempe “UD. Rahayu”); Reorder point of feedstock (soybean) in agroindustrial tempe in Jember is 1.5 kg (agroindustrial tempe “Makmur”),  250 kg (agroindustrial tempe “Sumber Mas”), 2 kg (agroindustrial tempe “Pratama”), 4 kg (agroindustrial tempe “Rizqy”), and 4 kg (agroindustrial tempe “UD. Rahayu”)  Keywords: supply chain, Economic Order Quantity, Lead time ordering, Reorder point, and agroindustrial tempe.

FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KEPUTUSAN PETANI MITRA KREDIT PG DJOMBANG BARU MEMILIH VARIETAS TEBU SERTA PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP PRODUKSI TEBU

Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 8, No 2 (2015): JSEP
Publisher : Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian

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Abstract

Sugarcane is a strategic commodities, serves as a raw material in sugar production. One of the sugar factories in Indonesia is PG (Sugar Factory) Djombang Baru. To meet the sugarcane milling capacity per day, PG Djombang Baru collaborate by extending its own sugar cane plantations, or sugar cane farmers, one of which is a sugar cane farmer in partnership with  PG Djombang Baru and credit assistance (farmer partner credit). This study aimed to determine: (1) the characteristics of partner farmers credit PG Djombang Baru, (2) the factors that influence farmers decisions PG Djombang Baru credit partners to choose varieties of early maturity, middle and end of the cane, and (3) whether the selection of varieties cane maturity effect on sugarcane production. Method Selection of research done intentionally (purposive method). The data used are primary data (in 2013) credit partner farmers, sampling methods using simple random sampling were analyzed by: (1) descriptive analysis, (2) logistic regression analysis, (3) analysis of Cobb-Douglas production function. The analysis showed that: (1) the characteristics of farmers credit partners PG Djombang Baru are as follows: most are male sex, age range 40-61 years, Junior High School up to Senior High School or equivalent, sugarcane farming experience more than 8 years, the land is a land with a lease, and plant more than one type of maturity varieties of sugarcane, (2) the variables that significantly affect the decision making of farmers in choosing varieties ripening and labor sugarcane production and sugar cane; (3) The variables that significantly affect the production of sugar cane land area and a dummy variable maturity end of the cane. Keyword : sugarcane, varieties, production, logistic regression 

Analisis Keberlanjutan Agroindustri Tapioka Tradisional di Indonesia

UNEJ e-Proceeding 2018: Pembangunan Pertanian dan Peran Pendidikan Tinggi Agribisnis: Peluang & Tantangan di Era Indu
Publisher : UPT Penerbitan Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Singkong merupakan tanaman pangan potensial yang banyak dibutuhkan sebagai bahan baku industri. Kabupaten trenggalek merupakan kabupaten yang memiliki potensi singkong tertinggi kedua di Jawa Timur, yang juga memiliki unit pengolahan langsung didaerahnya yang telah lama dilakukan hingga kini. Industri tapioka yang ada di Kabupaten Trenggalek terus berkembang dari skala rumah tangga, hingga indutri besar yang dilakukan oleh banyak masyarakat disana. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah melihat keberlanjutan agroindustri tapioka untuk melihat posisi keberlanjutannya. Metode penelitian yang dipakai adalah metode deskriptif dan analitik dengan menggunakan analisis keberlanjutan agroindustri tapioka (Rap-Tapioca). Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa keberlanjutan agroindustri tapioka di Kebupaten Trenggalek berstatus cukup berkelanjutan pada dimensi ekonomi dan sosial. Keberlanjutan agroindustri tapioka di Kabupaten Trenggalek dapat dilakukan dengan syarat adanya perbaikan pada dimensi ekologi dan teknologi.

EFISIENSI BIAYA PRODUKSI PUPUK ORGANIK PADA UNIT PENGELOLA PUPUK ORGANIK (UPPO) TANI MANDIRI I B DI DESA LOMBOK KULON KECAMATAN WONOSARI KABUPATEN BONDOWOSO

Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia Vol 5, No 1 (2017): Juni 2017 (Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia)
Publisher : Departmen of Agribusiness, Economics and Management Faculty, Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Agroinput needs of farming activities, especially fertilizer in Lombok Kulon village is supplied by UPPO Tani Mandiri I B in the village. Livestock population in Lombok Kulon village in 2012-2015 shows an increase of cattle population. The increase of livestock population will increase availability of raw materials for organic fertilizer, so it needs a good raw materials procurement system in the procurement process of livestock manure as raw materials for organic fertilizer. Therefore, the researcher wanted to analyze the production system on UPPO in Lombok Kulon village. The review of the organic fertilizer system production on UPPO in Lombok Kulon village besides viewing the technical aspect, but also can be viewed from the aspect of cost production to see whether the production activities of organic fertilizer is efficient. The results show that: (1) Procurement of livestock manure as raw materials for organic fertilizer on UPPO Tani Mandiri I B has fulfilled aspects of the raw materials procurement, ie quantity, quality, time, cost, and organization systems. (2) The production system of organic fertilizer viewed from three aspects, namely: production type of UPPO Tani Mandiri I B is a mix, facility layout of UPPO Tani Mandiri I B is a product layout. The processing of organic fertilizer on UPPO Tani Mandiri I B is less than in SOP. (3) The use of production costs on UPPO Tani Mandiri I B is efficient. The eficiency value of production costs is 1,84.

ALTERNATIF PEMILIHAN STRATEGI PEMASARAN OLAHAN IKAN BUNTAL (Lagocephalus spadiceus) BERDASARKAN ANALISIS SWOT PADA AGROINDUSTRI JAYA UTAMA KOTA PROBOLINGGO

UNEJ e-Proceeding 2018: Pembangunan Pertanian dan Peran Pendidikan Tinggi Agribisnis: Peluang & Tantangan di Era Indu
Publisher : UPT Penerbitan Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Lagocephalus spadiceus is one of the marine fisheries that has not been widely explored and utilized. Agroindustri Jaya Utama is one of the agro-industries in the City of Probolinggo that is able to utilize and develop Lagocephalus spadiceus through the processing process. Pufferfish by the community are known as poisonous fish and are not safe for consumption, so it becomes a challenge for Agroindustri Jaya Utama to market its products. The selection of alternative marketing strategies needs to be done appropriately through an internal and external environment analysis faced by the company. Based on this, the purpose of this study is to find out the alternative marketing strategies for Pufferfish processed products that can be carried out by Jaya Utama Agroindustry in Mayangan District, Probolinggo City. The sampling method used in the study was purposive sampling method. Data retrieval method uses structured interview method and documentation. The data analysis method used is the SWOT analysis. The results of this study are alternative strategies that can be used by Agroindustri Jaya Utama covering 1) improving the ability of the marketing workforce, 2) improving product quality so that products can compete with competing products, 3) opening outlets in strategic locations, 4) establishing partnerships with suppliers , 5) cooperate with potential distributors, 6) carry out promotions on an ongoing basis, 7) create new designs and flavors.

Kajian Penerapan Teknologi Pertanian Organik pada Usahatani Padi di Desa Rowosari Kecamatan Sumberjambe Kabupaten Jember

Jurnal Ekonomi Pertanian dan Agribisnis Vol 2, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Agricultural Social Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Brawijaya University

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui (1) komponen teknologi pertanian organik di Desa Rowosari, Kecamatan Sumberjambe, Kabupaten Jember; (2) Penerapan teknologi pertanian padi organik di Desa Rowosari Kecamatan Sumberjambe Kabupaten Jember; (3) efisiensi biaya produksi usahatani padi organik di Desa Rowosari, Kecamatan Sumberjambe, Kabupaten Jember. Lokasi penelitian ditentukan dengan metode purposive untuk menentukan lokasi penelitian dengan sengaja sesuai pertimbangan tertentu. Metode pengambilan data dilakukan dengan wawancara untuk data primer dan pengumpulan data sekunder yaitu melalui Badan Penelitian Pertanian dan Statistik Pertanian Pertanian Organik Indonesia (SPOI). Alat analisis yang digunakan adalah statistik deskriptif dan analisis efisiensi biaya usahatani (R/C rasio) untuk mengetatui efisiensi usahatani. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa (1) teknologi pertanian organik belum optimal karena dua komponen, yaitu komponen perangkat keras dan komponen perangkat manusia yang bernilai rendah; (2) Hanya 7 kegiatan (50%) dari total kegiatan adalah 14 kegiatan yang dilaksanakan oleh semua petani sesuai dengan SOP budidaya padi organik yang berlaku; (3) Penggunaan biaya dalam proses produksi padi organik Rowosari Rowosari. Pertanian efisien dengan nilai efisiensi biaya 2,14

RANTAI PASOKAN DAN NILAI TAMBAH EDAMAME GORENG VAKUM DI UD. RAJA KERIPIK KABUPATEN JEMBER

JSEP (Journal of Social and Agricultural Economics) Vol 11 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : University of Jember

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Abstract

 The success of the supply chain of vacuum fried green soybean can be seen from the supply chain flow of the raw materials and the continuity of the resulting product. Agro-industry activities that convert primary products into new processed products with higher economic value can provide higher added value and greater benefits when compared without going through the processing. The research aim to know: (1) product flow, finance flow, and information flow; (2) marketing margin of the supply chain; and value added of vacuum fried green soybeans in UD. Raja Keripik, Jember. The research was conducted in UD. Raja Keripik, Jember. Purposive method was used to determine the research location. Snawball technique was used as sampling technique based on information of UD Raja Keripik’s owner. The first aim was answered with descripton method, the second aim was answered by margin formula, and the last aim was answered by the analysis of Hayami value added. The result proves that (1) there are three flows in the supply chain of the vacuum fried green soybeans such as product flow, finance flow, and information flow (2) The margin distribution of marketing in supply chain shows that profit in each link is not equally. It can proved by the value of provit that are 51.90%; 6.78%; and 38.79%. (3) The value added of processing of one kilogram of vacuum fried green soybeans is Rp. 18.619,49  

ANALISIS KESEDIAAN MEMBAYAR (WILLINGNESS TO PAY) BERAS CERDAS CV AN – NAHLAH DI KABUPATEN JEMBER

JSEP (Journal of Social and Agricultural Economics) Vol 10 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : University of Jember

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Abstract

This study was aimed to identify : (1) consumer characteristic related to their willingness to pay for beras cerdas CV An – Nahlah in Jember ; (2) maximum average willingness to pay of beras cerdas CV An – Nahlah consumer in Jember ; (3) factors affecting consumer willingness to pay for beras cerdas CV An – Nahlah in Jember. The method used is analytical descriptive method. Sample taken purposively using incidental sampling technique. The data analyzed using descriptive analysis and multiple linier regression. The study showed that (1) the characteristics of beras cerdas CV An – Nahlah consumer was related to their willingness to pay are; female, has a bachelor degree, include in adult group, married employed, average income Rp 1.500.000 – Rp 3.000.000 monthly their willingness to pay ranged between Rp 17.001 – Rp 21.000 per 800 gram. (2) maximum average consumer willingness to pay is Rp 20.075 per 800 gram. (3) factors influenced consumer willingness to pay are; age, gender, married status, education,  job, and monthly income.