Articles

Found 22 Documents
Search

Karakter Makromorfologi dan Mikromorfologi Duku, Kokosan, Langsat dalam Penentuan Status Taksonomi pada Kategori Infraspesies Hanum, Laila; Kasiamdari, Rina Sri; Santosa, Santosa; Rugayah, Rugayah
Biospecies Vol 6, No 02 (2013)
Publisher : Biospecies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Duku, kokosan dan langsat merupakan buah-buahan yang populer dan memiliki nilai ekonomi yang penting. Secara morfologi duku, kokosan dan langsatĀ  hampir mirip satu sama lain sehingga menyulitkan dalam penentuan pada tingkat infraspesies bagi para pemulia tanaman. Berbagai pendekatan untuk penentuan morfologi ini telah banyak dilakukan. Tujuan penelitian ini menentukan status taksonomi duku, kokosan dan langsat pada ketegori infraspesies berdasarkan karakteritik makro dan mikromorfologi. Berbagai variasi duku, langsat dan kokosan dikoleksi dari beberapa pusat pertanaman di Indonesia, meliputi wilayah Sumatera, Jawa dan Kalimantan. Preparasi herbarium tumbuhan meliputi koleksi sampel, persiapan, penempelan dan identifikasi. Analisis morfologi menggunakan metode pengamatan dan deskripsi, pengukuran karakter morfologi dilakukan baik pada organ generatif dan vegetatif meliputi bunga, batang, biji dan buah, dan semua sampel didokumentasikan dengan menggunakan foto. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan ditemukan 29 variasi dari duku, kokosan, dan langsat yang terdiri dari 19 duku, 2 kokosan dan 8 langsat dari semua wilayah. Hasil karakterisasi makro dan mikromorfologi menunjukkan duku, kokosan, dan langsat dari berbagai daerah di Indonesia dapat dinyatakan duku, kokosan, dan langsat merupakan marga Lansium, untuk kategori jenis adalah L. domesticum Correa dan pada kategori infraspesies dapat dibagi menjadi dua group yaitu group duku dan group kokosan-langsat.
Review: Tumbuhan Duku: Senyawa Bioaktif, Aktivitas Farmaklogis dan Prospeknya dalam Bidang Kesehatan Hanum, Laila; Kasiamdari, Rina S.
-
Publisher : Jurnal Biologi Papua

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Lansium domesticum Corr. (Meliaceae) is the popular tropical plant producing economic edible fruits found mainly in Southeast Asia. Seed, leaf, bark, stalks and fruit skin extracts of this plant are potential sources for compounds with broad spectrum of pharmacological activities such as antitumor, anticancer, antimalaria, antimelanogenesis, antibacteria and it may lead to the discovery of a new compouds used for antimutagenic and antioxidative stress. Bioactive compounds, pharmacological activities and prospect this plant in medical application will be discussed in this paper.Key words: Lansium domesticum, bioactive compounds, pharmacological activities, medical application.
Patofisiologi Bisa Ular dan Aplikasi Terapi Tumbuhan Obat Antiophidia (Antibisa) Karim, Aditya K.; Indrayani, Ervina; Hanum, Laila
-
Publisher : Jurnal Biologi Papua

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Venomous snakebite is an important cause of morbidity and mortality, and is one of the major health problems in many regions of the world. Medicinal Plant which are effectively inhibitor and neutralize the snake venom and it is considered as a valuable source of natural products for development of medicines against venomous snake bite. The biomedical value of these natural inhibitors can lead to the development of new therapeutics for an assortment of diseases as well as contributing to efficient antivenoms for the treatment of ophidic accidents.Key words: pathophysiology, snake bite, envenomation, medicinal plant, therapeutic
Genetic Relatedness among Duku, Kokosan, and Pisitan in Indonesia Based on Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Markers Hanum, Laila; Kasiamdari, Rina Sri; ., Santosa; ., Rugayah
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 17, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (306.302 KB)

Abstract

Genetic relatedness among duku, kokosan, and pisitan from Indonesia were investigated using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers. Eleven primers (OPA-01, OPA-02, OPA-10, OPB-07, OPB-11, OPB-12, OPB-15, OPT-16, OPU-14, OPU-19, and OPU-20) were used for amplification and yielded a total of 174 DNA bands, of which 167 were polymorphic. Primer OPA-10, OPB-11, OPB-12, OPB-15, and OPU-19 produced all of the polymorphic DNA bands. The size of the amplified DNA fragments ranged from 41-1546 bp. The dendrogram separated into two clusters at a genetic similarity coefficient of 0.76. The cluster 1 consisted of subclusters duku and several pisitan (pisitan OKI, pisitan Sleman, pisitan Hatu, pisitan Punggur, and pisitan Tanjung), and cluster 2 consisted of subclusters kokosan and pisitan. In the kokosan subclusters, including duku Drendan. Dendrogram supported the determination of taxonomic status of duku, kokosan, and pisitan as one species, namely Lansium domesticum Corr. and its divided into two groups, namely L. domesticum ’duku group’ and L. domesticum ’pisitan-kokosan group’. Thus, RAPD analysis was useful tool for determining the genetic variation and the genetics relatedness among duku, kokosan, and pisitan in Indonesia.Key words: duku, kokosan, pisitan/langsat, genetic relatedness, RAPD
The Phylogenetic Relationship Among Varieties of Lansium domesticum Correa Based on ITS rDNA Sequences Hanum, Laila; Kasiamdari, Rina Sri; ., Santosa; ., Rugayah
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 18, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (208.799 KB)

Abstract

Lansium domesticum Corr. with vernacular name in Indonesian duku has been reported containingtherapeutic bioactive compounds, and some of these compounds shown to be potent antitumor, anticancer,antimalaria, antimelanogenesis, antibacteria, and antimutagenic activities. This plant is commonly known asduku, kokosan and langsat by the local community in Indonesia. The morphological appearance of all varieties isnearly the same, and identifi cation of the varieties is very diffi cult for growers. Variation of DNA sequences ofthe ITS (Internal transcribed spacer) region can be used as a molecular character to determine the phylogeneticrelationship of different varieties of L. domesticum. The aims of this study were to determine taxonomy status ofduku, kokosan, and langsat, also phylogenetic relationship among varieties of L. domesticum based on ITS rDNAsequencing. DNA was isolated from leaves of plant and then amplifi ed using F1 and R1 primers. Nucleotidesequences were identifi ed using Sequence Scanner Software Programm version 1.0, nucleotide sequences from18S, ITS1, 5.8S, ITS2 and 26S region, that has been mergered using EditSeq and SegMan in software Suite forSequence Analysis DNASTAR Lasergene DM version 3.0.25. The results of study showed that DNA fragmentsranging in size from 782-810 bp. Different pattern of DNA fragments indicated polymorphism among duku,kokosan, and langsat. Based on the results of the ITS rDNA sequencing and phylogenetic tree analysis. Itwas determined that Lansium and Aglaia are a separated genus with the similarity index value of 0.98. Duku,kokosan and langsat were divided into two cluster, namely cluster kokosan-langsat and cluster duku with thesimilarity index value of 0.996.Keywords : Phylogenetic relationship, ITS region, L. domesticum, duku, kokosan, langsat
Analysis and Identification of Landuse on The East Coast of South Sumatera Using GIS Windusari, Yuanita; Hanum, Laila; Lestari, Margareta Sri
Proceeding of the Electrical Engineering Computer Science and Informatics Vol 2: EECSI 2015
Publisher : IAES Indonesia Section

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eecsi.2.567

Abstract

Analysis and identification of land use in coastal areas to study the coastal environment Sembilang National Park in South Sumatra using remote sensing system (Geoinformation System) has been conducted from June until November 2014. The objective to study the changes that occur in the coastal environment as well as to identify and estimate the area use change existing mangrove areas in Region I of the Section of Sembilang National Park Management, South Sumatra. Methods for the analysis and identification based on Landsat image data 8 in 2013 using ENVI 4.3 and Arc GIS 9.3 software as well as the conversion of ground check. The results showed the use of land in the mangrove areas in the region I of the Section of Sembilang National Park Management classified into 5 classes, namely mangrove, water area, mangrove shrubs, mainland mud, and ponds areas. The area of each class were observed in sequence as follows 8921.19 ha (41.69%) is a mangrove area; 3934.3 ha (23.28%) is water areas; 3.608,52ha (17.41%) is an area of mangrove shrubs; 1.649,11ha (9.05%) is mainland mud and settlement area; and 1.561,04ha (8.57%) is the ponds areas. The percentage of the class obtained as a result of the conversion of ground check is based on the land use map data with the total area observed.
Patofisiologi Bisa Ular dan Aplikasi Terapi Tumbuhan Obat Antiophidia (Antibisa) Karim, Aditya K.; Indrayani, Ervina; Hanum, Laila
JURNAL BIOLOGI PAPUA Vol 6, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : JURNAL BIOLOGI PAPUA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Venomous snakebite is an important cause of morbidity and mortality, and is one of the major health problems in many regions of the world. Medicinal Plant which are effectively inhibitor and neutralize the snake venom and it is considered as a valuable source of natural products for development of medicines against venomous snake bite. The biomedical value of these natural inhibitors can lead to the development of new therapeutics for an assortment of diseases as well as contributing to efficient antivenoms for the treatment of ophidic accidents. Key words: pathophysiology, snake bite, envenomation, medicinal plant, therapeutic.
Tumbuhan Duku: Senyawa Bioaktif, Aktivitas Farmaklogis dan Prospeknya dalam Bidang Kesehatan Hanum, Laila; Kasiamdari, Rina S.
JURNAL BIOLOGI PAPUA Vol 5, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : JURNAL BIOLOGI PAPUA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Lansium domesticum Corr. (Meliaceae) is the popular tropical plant producing economic edible fruits found mainly in Southeast Asia. Seed, leaf, bark, stalks and fruit skin extracts of this plant are potential sources for compounds with broad spectrum of pharmacological activities such as antitumor, anticancer, antimalaria, antimelanogenesis, antibacteria and it may lead to the discovery of a new compouds used for antimutagenic and antioxidative stress. Bioactive compounds, pharmacological activities and prospect this plant in medical application will be discussed in this paper. Key words: Lansium domesticum, bioactive compounds, pharmacological activities, medical application.
Analysis of Vegetation in Green Open Space of Gasing Industrial Area Oktaviani, Siti Indah; Hanum, Laila; Negara, Zaidan P
Science and Technology Indonesia Vol 3 No 2 (2018): April
Publisher : ARTS Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (684.155 KB) | DOI: 10.26554/sti.2018.3.2.81-88

Abstract

The study aims to determine the diversity of vegetation in the Green Open Space of the Gasing Industrial Area. The study was conducted from April to July 2017. The method of analysis used quadratic method with 2 plots at different location with three repetitions, quantitative data analysis was done on density value, dominance, frequency, important value and diversity index of each plant species. The results showed that vegetation consists of 16 tribes and 19 species, dominated by Pteridophyta and Spermatophyta. Value of vegetation diversity (2,24) and uniformity value 0,30. The higher number of the species, the higher diversity index of the species. Such characteristics are caused by environmental influences such as organic matter content and low pH and factors derived from human intervention. Keywords: Vegetation, Diversity, industrial area
THE DEVELOPMENT OF INVENTORY, MONITORING AND INFORMATION NETWORKS SYSTEM OF FAUNAL DIVERSITY IN SOUTH SUMATRA Yustian, Indra; Setiawan, Arum; Setiawan, Doni; Hanum, Laila; Dahlan, Zulkifli
BIOVALENTIA: Biological Research Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Biology Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Sriwijaya University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24233/BIOV.3.2.2017.79

Abstract

Despite high attention and commitment of Indonesia in biodiversity conservation and its habitat, however, loss of biodiversity and habitat deforestation is also still high. Deforestation rate in Indonesia between period of 2000-2012 reach up 6.02 million ha, and approximately onethird of which is in Sumatra Island. As the fulfillment of CBD and Aichi targets, and in line with the mandate of the Law on the Conservation of Natural Resources and Ecosystems and IBSAP (Indonesian Biodiversity Strategy & Action Plan 2015-2020), we try to support the requires data as well as information on the current state of biodiversity. The aims are to develop an inventory system of biodiversity needed to establish baseline data on biodiversity including its conservation status in South Sumatra, develop a biodiversity monitoring system with qualitative parameters that can be used in the determination and monitoring of degradation rates of biodiversity, and the establishment of data management system and information network of fauna biodiversity in South Sumatera so that it can be utilized in monitoring and reporting of biodiversity at regional, national and international level at the international level. We conduct a comprehensive review of methods and techniques of inventory and monitoring of fauna biodiversity, especially those that have been done in the area of South Sumatra Province. We also analysis of data needs and information network of fauna biodiversity in South Sumatra. The results is shows in the web-application database, called the South Sumatran Biodiversity Information Networks, or SSBIN, and could preview at http://ssbin.unsri.ac.id/.Keywords: south sumatra, biodiversity, information, networks, SSBIN.