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HubunganPengetahuan Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Mengenai Resusitasi Jantung Paru dengan Kepercayaan Diri Mahasiswa dalam Melakukan Tindakan Penyelamatan

Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas Vol 2, No 3 (2013): Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Background:Cardio Pulmonary Resusitation (CPR) is an emergency procedure, performed in an effort to restore spontaneous blood circulation and breathing in cardiac arrest and respiratory arrest. Untill now, CPR is one of the most important procedure in first aid of heart attack, also in respiratory arrest and cardiac arrest due to trauma. CPR need to be performed in a fast and effective way, therefore knowledge of CPR and confidence in perform CPR is needed. This research aims to analyze the relationship beetwen medical student’s of Sebelas Maret University knowledge in CPR with student’s confidence in performing a rescue. Methods:The research was an analytical survey with cross sectional approach implemented in May-June 2013 in Faculty of Medicine Sebelas Maret University. The number of samples in this study was 129 students with the inclusion and exclusion criteria and the samples sampling by simple random sampling. Dependent variable was student’s confidence in performing a rescue and independent variable was student’s knowledge in CPR. This research was conducted with questionnaires by samples and then the data were analyzed by Pearson Correlation. Results:This research showed significant relationship beetwen student knowledge in CPR and students confidence in performing a rescue (p = 0.000).This study showed that 93 students (72.09%) didn’t know the exact location of chest compression, 21 students (16.27%) didn’t know the right recovery position for patient, 129 students (100%) wanted to gain more training and knowledge in CPR, 42 respondents (32.55%) acknowledged that they were still not able to perform CPR effectively, and 40 students (31%) stated that they were not able to perform breathing support in an accurate and effective way. Conclusions:The relationship beetwen medical student’s of Sebelas Maret University knowledge in cardio pulmonary resusitation with student’s confidence in performing a rescue were significant. Keywords:Cardio pulmonary resusitation, confidence, rescue

Perbedaan Kesadaran Kesehatan Reproduksi antara Calon Pengantin Laki-laki dan Perempuan di Kota Surakarta

Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas Vol 3, No 1 (2014): Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Background:People who enters early adulthood phase is considered capable, both physically and mentally, to get married and having children. Before holding their marriage everyone should have basic knowledge and good attitude of reproductive health. But the stigma of gender makes most people think that the awareness of reproduction health only becomes a liability for women. This study aimed to determine whether there was difference in reproductive health awareness among grooms and brides in Surakarta. Methods:This study was analytic observational study used cross-sectional design. Total of 70 subjects consisted of 35 prospective grooms and 35 brides, were selected by purposive sampling method. It had been done in Office of Religious Affair of five sub districts in Surakarta. The data were collected by interview used a set of questionnaire and analyzed byusingIndependent Sample T- test and Two Way Anova. Results:This study showedthe mean score on the reproductive health awareness for prospective grooms were 21.37 ± 2.82 and for the prospective brideswere 22.85 ± 3.05. Independent Sample T-Test showed p = 0.038. Conclusions:There was a difference of reproductive health awareness between the prospective groom and bride. Reproductive health awareness of prospective bride was better than the prospective groom. Keywords:Awareness, reproductive health, prospective groom and bride 

Hubungan antara Tingkat Pendidikan Orangtua dengan Pengetahuan tentang Pelecehan Seksual pada Anak Remaja di Surakarta

Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas Vol 3, No 1 (2014): Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Background: The incidence of sexual abuse in Indonesia increases every year. However, most cases of sexual abuse are often not revealed due to lack of knowledge. Based on the theory, education was one of the factors that affect knowledge of people or families. The aim of this study was to analyze association between parent’s education levels with knowledge about sexual abuse on adolescent. Methods: This study was an observational study with cross sectional design. This study used 76 samples of 7th grade student’s parents from two public junior high schools in Surakarta which was taken by cluster sampling. The level of parent’s education and knowledge were collected through a questionnaire. The association between parent’s education levels with knowledge was analyzed by Spearman Rho correlation test. Results: The number of 76 respondents, 11 respondents (14.5%) had low education level, 55 respondents (72.3%) had moderate education level, and 10 respondents (13.2%) had high education level. The distribution of respondent’s knowledge was 66 respondents (86.85%) had good knowledge, 9 respondents (11.85%) had sufficient knowledge, and 1 respondent (1.3%) had less knowledge. Spearman Rho analysis of test results obtained by the value of rs = 0.514 (p = 0.000) which meant that there were 51.4% parent’s education level have positive correlation with knowledge about sexual abuse on adolescent and 48.6% knowledge about sexual abuse on adolescent was influencedby another factors. This value indicated that there was moderate association between education levels with knowledge about sexual abuse on adolescent. Conclusion: The association between parent’s education level with  knowledge about sexual abuse on adolescent in Surakarta was significant (p = 0.000, rs = 0.514). Keywords:Education level, Knowledge, Sexual abuse  

Hubungan Antara Pengetahuan tentang Keluarga Berencana dengan Keinginan Menjadi Akseptor pada Calon Pengantin Laki-Laki di Kota Surakarta

Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas Vol 3, No 1 (2014): Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Background:Family planningis one of policy and strategy from government to handle demoghraphic problem in Indonesia. Based on the theory, knowledge is an important domain to form someone attitudes and the attitude can be formed based on knowledge is willingness. The objective of this study is to identify association between knowledge about family planning with the prospective groom’s willingness to be an acceptorin Surakarta. Methods:This study was an observasional analitic with cross sectional design. Seventy subjects from five Departement of Religion Office (KUA) in Surakarta fulfilled the inclution criteria, were selected by purposive sampling method.Knowledge about family planning and prospective groom’s willingness to be an acceptor were collected through a questionnaire. The association between knowledge about family planning with prospective groom’s willingness to be an acceptor were analyzed by Chi Square. The power of association between variables were analyzed by Contingency Coefficient. Results:There were, 8 subjects (11.4%) had good knowledge, 27 subjects (38.6%) had enough knowledge, and 35 subjects (50%) had less knowledge. Twenty two subjects (31.4%) wanted to be an acceptor in the future and forty eight subjects (68.6%) did not want to be an acceptor in the future. Chi square test revealed significant assosiciation between knowledge about family planning with prospective groom’s willingness to be an acceptor (p = 0.001). Conclusions: There wasassociation between knowledge about family planning with prospective groom’s willingness to be an acceptor in Surakarta. Keywords:Knowledege, Family Planning, Acceptor 

Hubungan Faktor Sosial Ekonomi dengan Kejadian Pneumonia pada Anak Bawah Lima Tahun di Surakarta

Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas Vol 3, No 1 (2014): Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Background: Pneumonia is public health problem because of the high mortality rate, especially in infants and toddlers. This is caused by several factors, one of which is social and economic. Socio economic conditions will affect the health and disease patterns. This study aims to determine the relationship of socio economic factors to the incidence of pneumonia in children under five years (Toddlers) in Surakarta.   Methods: This study was an observational study with cross-sectional design of which was held in March-April 2013 in the Balai Besar Kesehatan Paru Masyarakat (BBKPM). There were 60 subjects were taken by purposive-quota sampling method. The elderly subjects have been asked to fill out the form identity, written informed consent and questionnaires. Then the results of the questionnaire were tested with Chi Square through SPSS 17.0 for Windows. Results: The survey on respondents of maternal education were below the high school amounted to 38 respondens (63.33%) and 22 respondens (36.37%) above the high school. Occupational parents work, was privately held with non civil servant 57 people (95.00%) while a civil servant with 3 people (5.00%). As for the family income was below the minimum wage amounted to 32 people (53.33%) and above the minimum wage amounted to 28 people (46.67%). The analysis with Chi Square showed no association of maternal education (p = 0.072), family income (p = 0.194), and the work of parents (p = 0.350) with the incidence of pneumonia in infants. Conclusions: There was no relationship of socio economic factors (maternal education, parental employment and family income) with the incidence of pneumonia in young children in Surakarta. Keywords: Socio Economic, Toddler, Pneumonia