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PERBANDINGAN STATUS GIZI BALITA BERDASARKAN INDEXS ANTROPOMETRI BB/ U DAN BB/TB PADA POSYANDU DI WILAYAH BINAAN POLTEKKES SURAKARTA Handayani, Siti; Yatmihatun, Sri; Hartono, Hartono
Jurnal Terpadu Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 1, No 2 (2012): Jurnal Terpadu Ilmu Kesehatan (INTEREST)
Publisher : Jurnal Terpadu Ilmu Kesehatan

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Abstract: Nutritional status, anthropometry index BB / U and BB / TB, IHC. The purpose of this research was to determine the differences in nutritional status of children were assessed with anthropometric indices BB / U and the index weight / height. Type of research is a descriptive cross sectional survey method (cross-sectional). The population of this study was overall a toddler in IHC in the Surakarta Health Polytechnic with a large target sample of 121 children under five posyandu corresponding two criteria. Statistical tests in this study using t-test. The results of this study indicate there is no difference in the nutritional status of children using the index W / A index weight / height ρ value of 0.000. Differences were also seen in the prevalence of malnutrition and poor staus, where poor nutrition and lack of higher index of BB / U than the index weight / height. The prevalence of malnutrition / poor found in the age group 13-60 months. Keywords: Nutritional Status, Anthropometry Index BW / U and BB / TB, IHCAbstrak: Status Gizi, Indeks Antropometri BB/U dan BB/TB, Posyandu. Tujuan dalam penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui perbedaan status gizi balita yang dinilai dengan indeks antropometri BB/ U dan Indeks BB/ TB. Jenis Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif dengan metode survey belah lintang (cross sectional). Populasi penelitian ini adalah keseluruhan balita di Posyandu di wilayah binaan Poltekkes Surakarta dengan besar sampel 121 anak balita dari dua posyandu yang sesuai kriteria. Uji statistik pada penelitian ini menggunakan uji t-test. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan ada ada perbedaan status gizi anak dengan menggunakan indeks BB/U dengan indeks BB/TB dengan nilai ρ sebesar 0,000. Perbedaan juga tampak pada prevalensi staus gizi kurang dan buruk, dimana status gizi kurang dan buruk lebih tinggi pada indeks BB/U dibandingkan indeks BB/TB. Prevalensi gizi kurang/buruk ditemui pada kelompok usia 13-60 bulan.Kata Kunci: Status Gizi, Indeks Antropometri BB/U dan BB/TB, Posyandu
PENGARUH COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY (CBT) TERHADAP PERUBAHAN KECEMASAN, MEKANISME KOPING, HARGA DIRI PADA PASIEN GANGGUAN JIWA DENGAN SKIZOFRENIA DI RSJD SURAKARTA S, Endang Caturini; Handayani, Siti
Jurnal Terpadu Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 3, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Terpadu Ilmu Kesehatan (INTEREST)
Publisher : Jurnal Terpadu Ilmu Kesehatan

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Abstract: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Anxiety, Coping Mechanisms, Self Esteem, The Patient With Schizophrenia. This study aimed to determine the effect of CBT to change coping mechanisms, anxiety, self-esteem in patients schizophrenia in Mental Hospital, Surakarta. The research method was quasi experimental pre-post test with control group. The data was gathered at before and after giving the CBT interventions in schizophrenia patients the intervention group.The amount of samples were 64 respondents which were 32 respondents of intervention group and 32 respondents of control group. Research instrument to learn coping mechanisms, anxiety, self-esteem. Data were analyzed using paired t-tests. Independent t-test multiple linear regression. The results of this study e a significant difference anxiety, coping mechanisms and self esteem before and after CBT (p value <0.05), this proves the existence of a significant change in the patients the intervensi group CBT than the control group.The conclusion is that the level of anxiety, coping mechanisms will be decreased whether and self esteem will be higher the patient does the Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) by himself consistently life with the probability score is 10.0% for anxiety condition and 8.50% for coping mechanisms condition and 31.3 for self-esteem degree and there will be enhanced -4.938 point for anxiety and -4.969 point for coping mechanisms condition and 5.906 point for self esteem degree.Keywords : cognitive behavioral therapy, anxiety, coping mechanisms, self esteem, the patient with schizophreniaAbstrak: skizofrenia, kecemasan, mekanisme koping, harga diri, cognitive behavioral therapy (cbt). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh CBT terhadap perubahan mekanisme koping, kecemasan, harga diri pada pasien Skizoprenia di Rumah Sakit Jiwa Daerah Surakarta. Metode penelitian adalah quasi experiment dengan desain pre-post test design with control group. Data diambil sebelum dan sesudah pemberian intervensi CBT pada pasien skizofrenia kelompok intervensi. Cara pengambilan sampel adalah convinience sampling dengan sampel sebanyak 64 klien dibagi 2 yaitu 32 responden untuk kelompok intervensi dan 32 responden untuk kelompok kontrol. Instrumen penelitian untuk mengetahui mekanisme koping, kecemasan, harga diri. Data dianalisis menggunakan Paired t-tes., independent t-test regresi linier ganda. Hasil penelitian membuktikan adanya perbedaan yang bermakna kecemasan, mekanisme koping dan hargadiri rendah sebelum dan sesudah pemberian CBT (p value < 0,05), hal ini membuktikan adanya perubahan yang bermakna pada pasien yang mendapatkan CBT dibandingkan yang tidak mendapatkan. CBT bila dilaksanakan secara konsisten oleh pasien, berpeluang untuk menurunkan kecemasan sebesar 10,0% dan diperkirakan mampu menurunkan nilai kecemasan sebesar -4.938 poin dan berpeluang untuk menurunkan mekanisme koping sebesar 8.50% dan diperkirakan mampu menurunkan nilai mekanisme koping sebesar -4.969 poin dan juga berpeluang untuk meningkatkan harga diri sebesar 31.3% dan diperkirakan mampu meningkatkan nilai harga diri sebesar 5.906 poin. Disarankan CBT digunakan sebagai suatu intervensi keperawatan dalam merawat pasien gangguan jiwa.Kata kunci: skizofrenia, kecemasan, mekanisme koping, harga diri, cognitive behavioral therapy (cbt).
PENINGKATAN AKTIVITAS DAN KREATIVITAS BELAJAR GEOGRAFI DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN MODEL DISCOVERY LEARNING Handayani, Siti; Pargito, Pargito; Trisnaningsih, Trisnaningsih
Jurnal Studi Sosial Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Studi Sosial
Publisher : Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Lampung

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This research aimed to increase the students activity and creativity in Geograpy learning by using Discovery learning model. The research method was a classroom action research. It had been implemented in three cycles, each cycles consisted of planning steps, actions, observations, and reflections, which purposed to improve the learning quality. The techniques applied in this research were discussions, questionings, and library-study.  The data collecting techniques were learning activities’ observation  sheets, learning creativities observation  sheets, and learning test achievement in form of essay answer. Each data from the observation result and achievement test from every cycle would become data base or improvement material in the next other cycles. The result had shown that improvements could be found in both learning activities and creativities as it could be seen in students study achievements in each cycle after using the discovery model in Geography learning.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan aktivitas belajar dan kreativitas belajar Geografi siswa dalam proses pembelajaran yang  menggunakan model discovery learning. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian tindakan kelas. Kegiatan penelitian ini dilaksanakan sebanyak tiga siklus, tiap siklus terdiri dari tahap perencanaan, tindakan, observasi, dan refleksi, yang bertujuan untuk memperbaiki kualitas pembelajaran. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah diskusi, tanya jawab, dan kajian pustaka. Alat pengumpulan data menggunakan lembar pengamatan aktivitas belajar, lembar pengamatan kreativitas belajar dan tes hasil belajar yang berupa soal uraian. Data dari hasil observasi dan tes formatif disetiap siklus menjadi dasar atau bahan perbaikan pada siklus berikutnya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: terdapat peningkatan aktivitas belajar dan kreativitas belajar siswa yang terlihat dari meningkatnya hasil belajar  siswa disetiap siklus setelah penggunaan model discovery learning pada pembelajaran Geografi.Kata kunci:  aktivitas belajar, discovery learning, kreativitas belajar
HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN GURU DAN PENGELOLA KANTIN TENTANG GIZI BTP (BAHAN TAMBAHAN PANGAN) TERHADAP PENGGUNAAN BTP BERESIKO PADA MAKANAN ANAK SD DI SURAKARTA Handayani, Siti; Hartono, Hartono
Interest : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 5, No 2 (2016): Interest : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan
Publisher : Interest : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan

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Abstract: Knowledge, BTP, Metanyl Yellow, Rodhamin B, Borax, Formalin. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between knowledge Nutrition (BTP) Teachers and business school canteens with the use of food additives in food risk children in elementary schools in Surakarta. This type of research is descriptive analytic survey method. The population in this study is Professor and catering manager/ cafeteria in five elementary schools in Surakarta totaling 50 respondens, totaling 34 kinds of food samples. The sampling technique used in this study is a cluster random sampling. The statistical test used is descriptive statistics. The level of knowledge of teachers and canteen manager is; 84% good, and 16% adequate. There is no BTP (methanyl yellow, rodhamin B, borax and formaldehyde) in food dikantin school, and there is a correlation level of knowledge with the use of BTP.Keywords: Knowledge, BTP, Metanyl Yellow, Rodhamin B, Borax, Formalin.
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN SELEDRI (APIUM GRAVEOLENS L.) TERHADAP PENURUNAN HIPERKOLESTEROLEMIA PADA LANSIA DI PANTI WREDA DARMA BHAKTI KASIH SURAKARTA Hartono, Hartono; Handayani, Siti
Interest : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 6, No 2 (2017): Interest : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan
Publisher : Interest : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan

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Abstract: Celery, Hypercholesterolemia. Dyslipidemia is a lipid metabolic disorder characterized by elevated total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides above normal values and a decrease in HDL cholesterol. In traditional medicine, herb celery has been used as a medicine to lower cholesterol levels because of the content of unsaturated fatty acids in celery plants. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of celery extract on the decrease of hypercholesterolemia in Elderly. Type The design of this study is quasi experimental with one group pre test post test design. The population in this study were all elderly in Panti Wreda Darma Bhakti Kasih Surakarta in 2016 with total sampling that is all respondents of the research after examination total cholesterol, triglycerides and LDL at Parahita Diagnostic Center Surakarta Laboratory with high cholesterol result of 29 people. Result of Analyst Paired t-test Total Cholesteol levels before and after giving Celery extract in Elderly showed P value 0.029 which means there is influence between before and after giving Celery extract. Result of Willcoxon test analysis of Triglyceride level before and after giving Celery extract in Elderly obtained P value: 0,414 which means no influence between before and after giving Celery extract. The results of Willcoxon test analysis of LDL levels before and after giving Celery extract in Elderly obtained P value: 0,102 which means no influence between before and after giving extract Celery Keywords: Celery, Hypercholesterolemia
Uji Aktivitas Antibakteri Senyawa Flavonoid dari Rimpang Temu Kunci (Kaempferia pandurata Roxb.) terhadap Streptococcus mutans Handayani, Siti; Mursiti, Sri; Wijayati, Nanik
Indonesian Journal of Chemical Science Vol 7 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Chemical Science

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Fingerroot (Kaempferia pandurata Roxb.) is one other from varient traditional medicine plant was many grow in Indonesia. This plant had many compounds of secondary metabolite that used for antibacterial. The other one bacterial causing tooth plaque was tooth and mouth diseases which many alert by Indonesians. The most roling bacterial in causing it is Streptococcus mutans. The study aims to determine isolation flavonoid compound and the activity to inhibit bacterial growth. The compound obtained with isolates the fingerroot using coloumn chromatography was extracted with maseration method. Coloumn chromatography result analized with UV-Vis and FTIR spectrofotometre. Antibacterial activity method is agar difusion using paper disk. The results showed that isolation compound is flavanone, that is 6.7.3’.4’-tetrahidroxy flavanone. Activity showed that flavanone is resistent against Streptococcus mutans and have lower activity than ethanol extract samples amount 1.85 mm.
PENGARUH MODEL PEMBELAJARAN INQUIRY TRAINING BERBANTU MEDIA PEMBELAJARAN AUDIOVISUAL FISIKA TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR SISWA SMA Sani, Ridwan A; Handayani, Siti
JURNAL IKATAN ALUMNI FISIKA UNIVERSITAS NEGERI MEDAN Vol 4, No 2 (2018): JURNAL IKATAN ALUMNI FISIKA UNIMED EDISI APRIL - JUNI 2018
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Medan

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Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh model pembelajaran inquiry training berbantu media pembelajaran audiovisual fisika dan pembelajaran konvensional terhadap hasil belajar siswa SMA.Jenis penelitian adalah quasi experiment dengan teknik pengambilan sampel secara cluster random sampling. Populasi dalam penelitian adalah seluruh siswa kelas X semester II yang terdiri dari dua kelas. Sampel yang dipilih adalah kelas X MIA FD A sebagai kelas eksperimen dengan model pembelajaran inquiry training berbantu media pembelajaran audiovisual fisika yang berjumlah 30 orang dan kelas X MIA 3 sebagai kelas kontrol dengan model pembelajaran konvensional yang berjumlah 30 orang. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam penelitian adalah tes pilihan berganda sebanyak 15 soal yang telah divalidkan. Berdasarkan hasil uji hipotesis dengan menggunakan uji t diperoleh kesimpulan bahwa ada perbedaan akibat pengaruh penggunaan model pembelajaran inquiry training berbantu media pembelajaran audiovisual fisika terhadap hasil belajar siswa SMA.
KEEFEKTIFAN PEMBERIAN NEBULIZER TERAPI COMBIVENT DAN TERAPI BISOLVON TERHADAP PATENSI JALAN NAFAS PADA PASIEN ASMA BRONKIAL DIRUANG IGD BBKPM MAKASSAR Lestari, Siti; Handayani, Siti; Bakri, Herman
(JKG) JURNAL KEPERAWATAN GLOBAL Vol 3, No 2 (2018): JURNAL KEPERAWATAN GLOBAL
Publisher : (JKG) JURNAL KEPERAWATAN GLOBAL

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Background : Asthma is a worldwide health problem. People with asthma in the world today was estimated at 300 million peoples, and expected in 2025 reached 400 million peoples. In Indonesia, there were currently about 12.5 million peoples. In BBKPM Makassar, the number of people with asthma who visit in 2009 were 291 patients, in 2010 to 292 patients, and in 2011 starting from January to November, as 243 patients. It shows the number of people with asthma who visit the BBKPM Makassar each month has increased. Therapy of asthma treatment often used was nebulizer using combivent and bisolvon. Purpose this study to determine the effectiveness of provision nebulizer of combivent and bisolvon therapy to airway patency in asthma bronchial patient at ER of BBKPM Makassar. Method: used was quase experimental with two groups pretest and posttest design. Sample of 40 patients who met the criteria were randomly selected to be divided into two groups, 20 samples for nebulizer of combivent therapy, and 20 samples for nebulizer of bisolvon therapy. Method: Technique of data analysis used was paired t test. the Research result conducted on two groups of respondents, obtained t count value frequency of respiratory and pulmonary physiology in the treatment group of nebulizer using combivent obtained t count of the frequency of respiratory physiology was 15.601 and pulmonary physiology was 23.083, while the treatment groups of nebulizer using bisolvon obtained t count value was 7.701 and pulmonary physiology was 12.606. Result: were both higher than the t table value 1.725 at significant level 95%. Conclusion: Provision nebulizer of combivent therapy provide greater effectiveness in reducing airway obstruction in asthma bronchial patients at ER of BBKPM Makassar in 2012. Keywords: Nebulizer, Combivent, Bisolvon, Airway Patency, Asthma Bronchial
Aggresive Mass Excision Through Nasolabial Fold Areain the Treatment of Facial Neurofibromatosis : Case Report Handayani, Siti; Bangun, Kristaninta; Soetjipto Soepodo, Fernita Leo
Jurnal Plastik Rekonstruksi Vol 1 No 1 (2012): January - February Issue
Publisher : Yayasan Lingkar Studi Bedah Plastik

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Neurofibromatosis type 1 is a rare disease which can manifest itself by the development of plexiform neurofibromatosis, with craniofacial deformities. In this paper, we propose special consideration in excision nasolabial fold mass to help lifting procedures in neurofibromatosis patients. We are reporting two case, both presented with von Recklinghausen’s disease, a 21 years old male patient with neurofibromatosis in his right hemifacial for which he had been operated on five times previously at other center, and a 24 years old male with neurofibromatosis in his left hemifacial. After several stages of reconstruction which started with nasolabial fold mass excision, the result was satisfactory, by using the multiple stage repair, it was done until the end result is similar to anatomical form. The mass debulking procedures for these patients, which started with Nasolabial Fold mass excisison are continued with durable lifting procedures. This method gives results a satisfactory lifting procedure.
The Results Of Two Conjoined Twin Separations From January To June 2010 : Case Series Handayani, Siti; Bangun, Kristaninta; Rayeni, Natasha Ratna
Jurnal Plastik Rekonstruksi Vol 1 No 1 (2012): January - February Issue
Publisher : Yayasan Lingkar Studi Bedah Plastik

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Conjoined twins are a rare resulting from late and incomplete division of monozygotic embryonic disk generally after 13th day of fertilization. Most cases of separation are extremely risky and life threatening. We present two successful cases of conjoined twins separations, who were admitted to Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, both in early 2010. Lulu-Lala, the abdominophagus conjoined twins and NaylaNabila the Abdominothorakophagus conjoined twins. The successions of this conjoined twins separation depends on the techniques, precautions and the team that works together to treat the patients. One of the separation techniques is the utilization of tissue expander to loosen the skin and so can be close primarily by primary closure. The foremost precaution is the infection control, including preparation and sterilization. Conjoined twins have a particular structural defect. Forty percent of them are stillborn and 35% survive only for one day. The mortality is increased by many causes and the most common cause is infection after surgery. All aspects in the team have to give priority to the sterility to avoid infection of those babies. The efforts to avoid the infections must have been done start from pre-surgery managements until the post-surgery.