Articles

Insidensi Nematoda Gastrointestinal dan Protozoa pada Monyet Ekor Panjang (Macaca fascicularis) Liar di Taman Wisata Alam (TWA) Pulau Weh Sabang

Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan JIIP Volume XIII No. 6 Mei 2010
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan

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Abstract

The research aims to find out the  incidence of gastrointestinal parasite in wild long tail macaque in wildlife  reserve  park, Weh  Island, Sabang. For  that purpose,  fecal  specimens  from 25 wild  long  tail macaques  in Weh  Island-  Sabang were  collected.  The  fresh  faeces  samples were  then  preserved  using AFA  (alcohol-formal-acetic)  liquid  prior  to  be  examined  in  Parasitology  Laboratorium,  Faculty  of Veterinary Medicine, Syiah Kuala University.   The  presence of gastrointestinal  parasite was  observed using centrifuge method as well as Boray  sedimentation method. The obtained data were tabulated and analyzed  descriptively.  The  result  revealed  that  two  parasite  species  were  found  in  gastrointestine; Eimeria  spp.    (12%)  and  Strongloides  spp.  (8%).  It  could  be  concluded  that  the  prevalence  of gastrointestinal  parasite  in wild  long  tail macaque  in wildlife  reserve  park, Weh  Island-  Sabang was considered mild.

Identification of Parasites in Snakehead Fish (Channa striata) in Meunasah Manyang Village Lhoknga Subdistrict Aceh Besar

Jurnal Medika Veterinaria Vol 8, No 2 (2014): J. Med. Vet.
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SYIAH KUALA

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Abstract

The study aimed at identifying the types of parasites that infect snakehead (C. striata) fish as well as to determine the prevalence of the parasite species. A total of 51 snakehead fish was captured using nets and traps then examined at Parasitology Laboratory of Veterinary Medicine Faculty Syiah Kuala University Banda Aceh. Ectoparasites inspection was done by observation of the outer body organs as well as by making the mucus smear examined under a microscope, while endoparasites inspection was done by observation on the surface of the digestive tract and heart, and also thin and thick boold smear. The study revealed that two types of parasites that infect snakehead fish in irrigation Cot Balee were Pallisentis nagpurensis and Trichodina spp. It also found larvae obtained from the intestinal villi scrapings that have not been identified. A total of 96% snakehead fish infected by P. nagpurensis, 6% infested with Trichodina spp., and 10% infested by unidentified larvae.Key words: parasite, snakehead fish (Channa striata), Palllisentis nagpurensis, Trichodina spp, prevalence

Histopathological Changes of Chicken (Gallus domesticus) Small Intestine Naturally Infected by Ascaridia galli

Jurnal Medika Veterinaria Vol 8, No 2 (2014): J. Med. Vet.
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SYIAH KUALA

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Abstract

This study was aimed at finding out the histopathological changes of chicken small intestines that were naturally infected by Ascaridia galli. Ten intestines were obtained from wet market in Banda Aceh then measured in length and divided into three sections: duodenum, jejunum and ileum, of which histologic slides were made. The number of Ascaridia galli founded in the lumen and ingesta were counted. Parameter picture of histopathologycal changes were scored. Results were analyzed descriptively. Duodenum, jejunum and ileum infected by Ascaridia galli showed hyperemia, hemorrhage, desquamation, inflamatory cell infiltration, histopathological changes of villi represented by desquamation, hyperplasia and fusion. Damage level of the small intestine chicken was largely determined by the number of infecting Ascaridia galli. It was concluded that the more number of Ascaridia galli that infect chickens, the more damage occurred in the small intestine of chicken.Key words: intestine, chicken, Ascaridia galli

Mucosal Mast Cells Contribution in Intestinal Defense of Chickens (Gallus domesticus) Infected Naturally by Ascaridia galli

Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter Vol 5, No 2 (2015): Life Sciences
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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This study was aimed at finding out the investigation of mucosal mast cells   in intestines of chicken  that  were  naturally  infected  by  Ascaridia galli.  Amount  of  ten  intestine  of  freshly slaughtered chickens (Gallus domesticus) found from local abatoir in Banda Aceh were divided into two groups containing five intestines of each. Mucosal mast cells count were done of which histologic slides were made in stained serial histological sections with Alcian blue (pH 0,3) and Safranin-O (pH 0,1) of the intestines. The result showed that the mucosal mast cells increased significantly (P < 0.05) in intestines of chickens infected naturally by survival A. galli adult worms. It was concluded that the intestinal defense of chickens against parasite infection is associated with the mucosal mast cells contribution by creating an environment hostile to the establishment and survival of intestinal nematodes, A. galli.

Enzyme activity of Ascaridia galli Llarvae was inhibited by Phenil Methanyl Methane Sulfonyl Fluoride

Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter Vol 1, No 1 (2011): Life Sciences
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

Enzyme catalyse a broad spectrum of important biological reactions, including protein metabolism and immune reactions. A study was carried out to partial characterize enzyme from exretory/secretory of A. galli L3 stage based on influence of inhibitor. A. galli L3 were recovered from intestines of 100 heads chickens 7 days after oesophagus inoculation with 6000 L2. L3 recovered in this manner were cultured (5 – 10 ml-1) in flasks containing rosswell park memorial institute (RPMI) 1640 media, pH 6.8, without phenol red. Cultures were incubated at 370C in 5% CO2 and culture fluid was collected after 3 days in culture. Excretory/secretory was prepared from metabolic product of L3 released in culture medium. The enzyme activity was assayed against casein 2%. The amount of concentration was determined from the absorbance at 595 nm. Inhibitor sensitivity on enzyme activity was studied in phenil methanyl methane sulfonyl fluoride (PMSF) 0,5 and 1 mM.    The result showed that enzyme activity of A. galli larvae was inhibited by PMSF 0.5 and 1 mM, which enzyme activity remainded 1,8 and 0%, respectively. The results indicate that the excretory/secretory secreted by L3  A. galli contained serine protease

Poultry sellers’ perception and their effort for prevention strategy on avian influenza in Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter Vol 2, No 1 (2012): Life Sciences
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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A study was conducted to examine some poultry sellers’ perception of the Avian influenza (birdflu) in nine locations (Ulee Kareng, Batoh, Lamnyong, Kampong Baru, Peunayong, Setui, Kampong Ateuk, and Neusu) in Banda Aceh Municipality, Indonesia. Primary data were obtained with the use of a structured questionnaire administared to ninety nine (99) respondents selected using proportional stratified random sampling, between November to December 2011. Information was obtained using the questionnaire sheets contain questions: knowladge, attitude, availability of facilities, and the effort of Avian influenza prevention strategy. Data obtained were analyzed by descriptive statistics. The result showed that only 52% of the poultry sellers’ had good knowledge of early symptomps of Avian influenza. Amount 59% of the poultry sellers’ had good attitudes. Result also showed that 73% of respondents had good facilities that was available in live poultry market area, but only 70% of respondents were good awareness about the effort of Avian influenza prevention strategy. In addition, the respondents who had more knowledge, good attitudes, and/or good facilities were also those who actually acted more preventively. Based on the result we concluded that the poultry sellers’ perception on prevention strategy for infection of birdflu in Banda Aceh categorized as poor. It is suggested that compliance with preventive measures may be enhanced through behavioural modification and building awareness through communication, training, workshop programs to the live poultry market sellers’ in Banda Aceh

Ovitrap use in epidemiology study of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus in Kuta Alam sub-district Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter Vol 1, No 1 (2011): Life Sciences
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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A study on the mosquitoes Aedes spp. has been conducted in Kuta Alam Sub-district, Banda Aceh, to find out the percentage and distribution of positive ovitrap with eggs of Aedes aegypti and A. albopictus, based on location of ovitrap, level of rainfall as well as different landuse of settlement areas. Sampling was conducted by setting up ovitrap monthly, from January to December 2010 in settlement area that have more trees versus less trees, both indoor and outdoor. Data of the ovitrap percentage that was proved to be positive with eggs of A. aegypti and A. albopictus was analized using Student T-Test. The study revealed that rainfall value did not significantly affect (P>0.05) the percentage of positive A. aegypti and  A. albopictus ovitraps and neither  did the location of ovitrap (indoor versus outdoor). The settlement areas with more trees have significantly higher percentage of ovitraps containing A. albopictus than areas with less trees, but not significant for A. aegypti (P<0.05). It was suggested that rainfall and location of ovitrap did not influence the number of ovitrap containing Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus eggs, while settlement landuse  influenced significantly the percentage of positive ovitraps for Aedes albopictus, but not for Aedes. aegypti. Between two villages in Kuta Alam sub-district, it was found out that Gampong Beurawe was dominated by Aedes albopictus while Gampong Kuta Alam by Aedes aegypti. Overall, the sensitivity of ovitrap in Kuta Alam subdistrict was 83,7%. The usage of ovitrap is thus recommended for monitoring of Aedes spp. control programs

20. Ectoparasites Identification of Stingrays Fish (Dasyatis Sp.) At Peunayong Fish Market, Banda Aceh

Jurnal Medika Veterinaria Vol 13, No 1 (2019): J. Med. Vet.
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

The aim of this research was to observe the histological of the thymus in tegal duck (Anas javanicus) according to the variation of ages. The animals used in this research were one month, two months and three months old of tegal duck. The thymus of each duck was analyzed by Hematoxylin-Eosin (HE) method and then observed under a light microscope. The result of the research performed differences in thymus structure of these three ages. The cortex had increased at the age of 2 months and decreased at the age of 3 months. The longest diameter of medulla at the age of 3 months was followed by ages 2 months and 1 month of tegal ducks.  The distribution of Hassall's body had increased at every age level. So, the cortex thickness decreased at the age of 2 months to 3 months, while the diameter of the medulla was getting longer.

TINGKAT KERENTANAN Fasciola gigantica PADA SAPI DAN KERBAU DI KECAMATAN LHOONG KABUPATEN ACEH BESAR

Jurnal Medika Veterinaria Vol 7, No 1 (2013): J. Med. Vet.
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan mendapatkan informasi tentang perbedaan tingkat kerentanan sapi dan kerbau terhadap Fasciola gigantica di Kecamatan Lhoong, Kebupaten Aceh Besar. Sampel diperoleh dari lima desa yang  terdapat di Kecamatan Lhoong, Kabupaten Aceh Besar. Sampel terdiri atas 150 ekor  sampel  feses kerbau dan 150 sampel feses sapi segar, masing-masing terdiri atas 75 ekor sampel feses kerbau jantan, 75 ekor sampel feses kerbau betina,75 ekor sampel  feses sapi  jantan, 75 ekor sampel feses sapi betina. Identifikasi dan perhitungan telur Fasciola gigantica menggunakan metode sedimentasi modifikasi Borray. Hasil penelitian dianalisis secara deskriptif. Dari hasil penelitian terlihat perbedaan tingkat kerentanan sapi dan kerbau terhadap Fasciola gigantica di Kecamatan Lhoong Kabupaten Aceh Besar dengan total prevalensi pada kerbau jantan; kerbau betina; sapi jantan; dan sapi betina masing-masing adalah 93,3; 90,6; 92,0; dan 89,3%. Rata-rata intensitas telur pada kerbau jantan; kerbau betina; sapi jantan; dan sapi betina masing-masing adalah 26,16; 29,11; 20,96; dan 10,29. Rata-rata intensitas telur pada kerbau dan sapi masing-masing 25,40 dan 14,24. Prevalensi pada kerbau umur 0-6, 7-12, dan >12 bulan masing-masing adalah 80, 96,  dan100%. Prevalensi pada sapi umur 0-6, 7-12, dan >12 bulan masing-masing adalah 78, 100, 94%. Intensitas telur pada kerbau umur 0-6; 7-12; dan>12 bulan masing-masing adalah 7,79; 19,49;  dan 51,27. Intensitas telur pada sapi umur 0-6; 7-12; dan>12 bulan masing-masing adalah7,38; 18,87; dan 19,24. Dari hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan adanya tingkat kerentanan terhadap Fasciola gigantica pada sapi dan kerbau di Kecamatan Lhoong, Kabupaten Aceh Besar.

PENGAMATAN BRUISES PADA MUSCULUS PECTORALIS AYAM BROILER YANG DIJUAL DI PASAR LAMBARO ACEH BESAR DAN HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN JUMLAH MIKROBA

Jurnal Medika Veterinaria Vol 9, No 1 (2015): J. Med. Vet.
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui perbandingan jumlah mikroba antara ayam normal dengan ayam yang mengalami bruises. Sampel ayam broiler diperoleh di Pasar Lambaro Aceh Besar dengan memilih lima musculus pectoralis ayam normal dan lima musculus pectoralis ayam yang mengalami bruises untuk dilakukan uji mikrobiologis. Bagian musculus pectoralis ditimbang dengan berat 25 g, kemudian dilakukan stomaker untuk mendapatkan ekstrak. Selanjutnya dilakukan uji mikrobiologis, perhitungan jumlah koloni dilakukan selama 24 jam. Jumlah mikroba pada sampelayam normal masing-masing adalah Sn1 (1,6x102), Sn2 (2,6x103), Sn3 (3,5x102), Sn4 (1,3x103), dan Sn5 (1,2x102) Cfu/ml, sedangkan pada sampel ayam yang mengalami bruises masing-masing adalah Sb1 (3,8x104), Sb2 (3,0x104), Sb3 (1,3x105), Sb4 (1,9x105), dan Sb5 (1,6x105) Cfu/ml. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa ayam yang mengalami bruises memiliki jumlah mikroba yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan ayam normal.

Co-Authors . Darmawi . Darniati . Fakhrurrazi . Muthmainnah Abdul Harris Abdullah Hamzah, Abdullah Abu Hasan Ahmad Adil Umara, Adil Admi, Masda Agus Dermawan, Agus Agusty, Atika Ahmad, Abu Hassan Akbar, Muhammad Ridhan Al Azhar Amalia Sutriana Amiruddin A Andi Novita Anwar A, Anwar Aprilia Wardana, Aprilia Arman Sayuti Athailah, Farida Athaillah Farida Athaillah, Farida Athaillah, Farida Aulanni’am a Ayuni, Rizka Azhar Azhar Azhari A Azhari Azhari Bakrie, Muttaqien Basuki B. Purnomo Cut Dahlia Iskandar Cut S. Utami Cut Syeila Utami, Cut Syeila Darmawi D Darmawi Darmawi Dasrul Dasrul Dwina Aliza Dwinna Aliza Eliawardani Eliawardani, Eliawardani Ellyawardani, Ellyawardani Elsa Mariane Ramadani, Elsa Mariane Erdiansyah Rahmi Erina Erina Fachriyan Hasymi Pasaribu Farid Wajidi Farida Farida Febiola Rama Sari, Febiola Rama Ferasyi, T Reza fisdiora, zena Fitra Aji Pamungkas, Fitra Gholib G, Gholib Hamdani Budiman Hamny H, Hamny Hamny Hamny harliyanda, syafriza Henni Vanda Ismail Ismail Jamil, Ikwan Joharsyah J, Joharsyah Khaira, Arini Ulfa M. Aris Widodo M. Nur Salim Maldini, Audi Maryam Maryam Muhammad Hanafiah Mukhtar, Rahmi Sulastri Mulya Fahmi, Mulya Mulyadi Adam, Mulyadi Mulyadi Mulyadi Murhaban Murhaban Muslim Akmal Muslina Muslina, Muslina Mustafa Sabri Muttaqien Bakri, Muttaqien Muttaqien Muttaqien, Muttaqien N.A., Zuhrawaty NA, Zuhrawaty Nurul Hidayati Nuzul Asmilia Parwis, Muhammad Rahmah, Taufikah Rahman, Resty Fauzana Rastina, Rastina Rastina, Rastina Razali Daud Razali R Razali Razali Retno Damayanti Soejoedoeno Rimaya Shafitri Rinidar R, Rinidar Rinidar Rinidar, Rinidar Risa Tiuria Rizki, Adistya Putra Roslizawaty r Rosmaidar Rosmaidar, Rosmaidar Ruskhanidar R, Ruskhanidar Rusli Rusli Saddat Nasution, Saddat Samadi Samadi Septian, Anugrah Siti Aisyah Sri Wahyuni Sugito s Sugito Sugito Suriadi S, Suriadi Sutiman B. Sumitro Syafruddin s T. Armansyah T. Fadrial Karmil T. Reza Ferasyi, T. Reza Tapielaniari -, Tapielaniari Teuku R. Ferasyi Teuku Reza Ferasyi Teuku Reza Ferasyi, Teuku Tongku Nizwan Siregar Triva Murtina Lubis Ummu Balqis Upik K. Hadi Wardani, Elia Winaruddin Winaruddin Wulan Windasari, Wulan Yudha Fahrimal Z, Zuhrawati Zainuddin Z Zainuddin Zainuddin Zakiah Heryawati Manaf Zarry, Muhammad Geraldy