Halimursyadah Halimursyadah
Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Tumpangsari Tomat (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.) dan Bawang Merah (Allium esculentum L.) melalui Kobinasi Jarak Tanam dan Konsentrasi Pupuk Hayati Ichsan, Cut Nur; Halimursyadah, Halimursyadah; Susanti, Elisa
Jurnal Agrista Vol 15, No 2 (2011): Volume 15 Nomor 2 Agustus 2011
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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ABSTRACT. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menentukan efektivitas jarak tanam dan konsentrasi pupuk hayati terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman tumpang sari tomat dan bawang merah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa jarak tanam berpengaruh terhadap tinggi tanaman pada 10 dan 55 HST, jumlah buah dan bobot total tanaman tomat. Terdapat interaksi antara jarak tanam dan konsentrasi pupuk hayati terdapat tinggi tanaman pada 55 HST, rata-rata bobot buah per tanaman tomat. Tanaman tomat tertinggi pada 55 HST dijumpai pada perlakuan jarak tanam 60cmx60cm tanpa pemberian pupuk hayati memberikan dan jarak tanam 70cmx60cm dengan pemberian pupuk hayati sebanyak 2% memberikan rata-rata bobot buah tomat tertinggi.Growth and Yield of Intercropping Tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.) and Onion (Allium esculentum L.) due to Different Spacing and Concentration of BiofertilizerABSTRACT. The objective of study were to determine the effective row-spacing and concentration of biofertilizer on growth and yield of intercropping tomato and onion. The result showed that the row spacing have significant effect on height of tomato tree at 10 and 55 DAP, amount of fruit and total weight of per tomato plant. Their were significant interaction between row spacing and concentration of biofertilizer on height at 55 DAP and average weight of fruit per plant of tomato. The row spacing 60 cm x 60 cm and 0% of biofertilizer gave the highest height of tomato tree at 55DAP and row spacing 70 cm x 60 cm with 2% biofertilizer gave heaviest average of weight of tomato fruit per plant.
Respon Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Plasma Nutfah Padi Lokal Aceh Terhadap Sistem Budidaya Aerob Efendi, Efendi; Halimursyadah, Halimursyadah; Simajuntak, Hotna Riris
Jurnal Agrista Vol 16, No 3 (2012): Volume 16 Nomor 3 Desember 2012
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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ABSTRAK. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui respon pertumbuhan dan produksi 30 varietas padi lokal Aceh terhadap sistem budidaya padi aerob dengan menggunakan pendekatan secara intermitten selama fase pertumbuhan vegetatif. Respon pertumbuhan dan produksi tanaman padi dipelajari dengan mengamati karakter morfo-agronomis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa varietas sangat mempengaruhi tinggi tanaman. Tinggi tanaman padi varietas lokal ternyata sangat bervariasi antar satu varietas dengan varietas lainnya. Varietas Pade Pangku, Sikuneng, Rom Mokot, Sepuluo, Pade Mas, dan Sigupai merupakan kelompok varietas yang paling tinggi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan juga bahwa varietas sangat mempengaruhi jumlah anakan varietas padi lokal Aceh. Varietas Pandrah, Asi Puteh, Sigudang, Bo Santeut, Pade Mirah, Pade P66,  Sanbei, Aweuh, Acong, Bo 100, Salah Mayang Ru, dan Sipirok merupakan varietas-varietas yang memiliki jumlah anakan yang tinggi. Sedangkan tanaman yang paling cepat berbunga terdapat pada varietas Pade P66, Sigudang, dan Pade Das. Sementara varietas yang paling lama mengeluarkan bunga terdapat pada varietas Rangkop Mirah. Varietas berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap hasil tanaman per pot. Perbedaan varietas menghasilkan berat gabah per pot yang sangat bervariasi. Hasil tanaman per pot terberat dijumpai pada varietas Pade Manggeng, Aweuh, Sigupai, Bo Santeut, Sikuneng, dan Pade Mas. Respon pertumbuhan dan produksi tanaman padi varietas lokal Aceh lebih baik dibandingkan padi varietas Nasional apabila dibudidayakan dengan sistem padi aerob.The Response of Local Acehnese Germplasm of Rice to Growth and Production in Aerobic ConditionABSTRACT. The purpose of this research is to study responds of 30 variety of Acehnese local rice to aerobic cultivation method with intermitten approach during vegetative phase of rice plant. Morpho-agronomic characters were observed to evaluate the responds of the varieties. Results of study showed that variety was significantly affected plant height, and indicated wide variation among varieties for the plant height. Pade Pangku, Sikuneng, Rom Mokot, Sepuluo, Pade Mas, and Sigupai were the varieties that have taller plant height than others. The factor of variety also significantly affected number of tillers. Variety of Pandrah, Asi Puteh, Sigudang, Bo Santeut, Pade Mirah, Pade P66,  Sanbei, Aweuh, Acong, Bo 100, Salah Mayang Ru, and Sipirok were the varieties that have bigger number of tillers. Some varieties, PadeP66, Sigudang, and Pade Das produced flower earlier than others. Rangkop Mirah variety was the longest time to initiate it flower. We also found that variety significantly affected yield of rice per pot. Pade Manggeng, Aweuh, Sigupai, Bo Santeut, Sikuneng, and Pade Mas were the varieties that have higher yield of rice per pot compared than others. When the varieties cultivated in aerobic condition, the responds of Acehnese local variety was better than national superior variety.
Pengaruh Konsentrasi Pupuk Organik Cair Super Bionik dan Varietas Kacang Tanah terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Zuyasna, Zuyasna; Halimursyadah, Halimursyadah; Saputra, Chandra
Jurnal Agrista Vol 14, No 3 (2010): Volume 14 Nomor 3 Desember 2010
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Effect of Organic Liquid Fertilizer and Peanut Variety on the Growth and YieldABSTRACT. The objective of this study were to investigate several varieties and liquid organic fertilizer on the growth at the yield of peanut of the tsunami affected area and also to identify the interaction between the two factors. The research was conducted at the Lamnyong river flood plain which is located at west sector of Komplek Pelajar Mahasiswa (KOPELMA) Darussalam – Banda Aceh from March to Mei 2009. Randomized completely block design with two factor was used on this experiment using three replications. The first factor was peanut variety (i.e. Singa, Kuala Batee and Tangse), and the second factors was Super Bionik fertilizer concentrations (i.e. 0 cc; 0.9 cc; 1,8 cc /225cc). The variety significantly influenced the plants height on 45 days after planting, the amount of ginofore, the plant wet weight, and 100 seed weight, however the variety not significantly influenced other parameters (i.e. the amount of the branches at 45 days after planting, the total pods, and the amount of full pod). The result showed that Super Bionic concentrations not significantly influenced all parameters observed, and no interactions between the variety and the fertilizer concentration occurred on the parameters observed.
Pengaruh Laju Pengeringan Terhadap Perubahan Fisiologi BENIH Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh. Halimursyadah, Halimursyadah
Jurnal Agrista Vol 12, No 1 (2008): Volume 12 Nomor 1 April 2008
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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The Effect of Drying Rate on Physiological Changes in Seed of Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh.ABSTRACT. Avicennia marina seed has been classified a highly recalcitrant that need the right handling for maintaining seed viability. The objective og this study was to investigate physiological, biochemical, anatomical changes at various drying rate, fast, medium and slow drying. Seed moisture content, germination percentage, speed of germination, index of vigor, time to reach 50% germination, electrolyte leachates, oligosaccharide content were determined, and anatomical of embryonic axes was observed at various times durng desiccation. The result of the experiment show that the moisture content of A. marina seed was 60.75-64.67% at shedding. Time to reach the lowest moisture content (32-33%) at fast, medium and slow drying were 6, 10 and 14 days, respectively. First and final count in germination test were 13 and 22 days. Critical moisture content of seed based on time to reach 50% viability (P50) were 37.25, 43.28, and 45.92% for fast, medium and slow drying, respectively. The critical moisture content based on speed of germination were 36.51, 42.47, and 45.01% for fast, medium and slow drying, respectively.
Penggunaan organic priming dan periode inkubasi untuk invigorasi benih cabai merah (Capsicum annum L.) kadaluarsa pada stadia perkecambahan Halimursyadah, Halimursyadah; Jumini, Jumini; Muthiah, Muthiah
Jurnal Floratek Vol 10, No 2 (2015): Oktober 2015
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Using Organic Priming and Incubation Period for Invigoration of Chilli Seed Expired at Germination Stage ABSTRACT. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of organic priming and incubation period to increase viability and vigor of expired chilli seeds and interaction between of two factors. This research was conducted in the Laboratory of Seed Science and Technology Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University in Banda Aceh, from March until November 2012. Using completely randomized design (CRD) factorial, the first factor is organic priming (banana extract and coconut water) and the second factor is incubation period (24, 48, 72 hours). The results showed that interaction between types of organic priming and incubation period significan affect to increase viability and vigor of expired chilli seeds, especially on potential growth, germination, speed of germination, first count germination and T50. The best treatment showed by using coconut water and 48 hours incubation periods.
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN SENYAWA ANTIOKSIDAN SEBELUM SIMPAN TERHADAP UMUR SIMPAN BENIH KAPAS (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Halimursyadah, Halimursyadah
Jurnal Floratek Vol 3, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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The effect of antioxidants  as pre-storage treatment to expand the cotton seed storage period Halimursyadah1 dan Endang Murniati2 1Fakultas Pertanian Unsyiah, Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam2Fakultas Pertanian Institut Pertanian Bogor,Bogor ABSTRACTCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) seeds ‘Kanesia 8’ were treated with antioxidants to maintain viability and vigor during ageing.  Antioxidants which were used are α-tocopherol and extract of red fruit) dissolved in acetone, ascorbic acid dissolved in water also.   Seeds were stored at 70-80% relative humidity and 28-29ºC for 12 weeks.  Periodically, viability and vigor were determined.  Seed viability and vigor were estimated by percentage germination, speed of germination, T50, and Index of vigor.  Seeds treated with α-tocopherol 150 ppm showed the highest viability and vigor during the ageing period, while ascorbic acid 300 ppm also retarded the rate of ageing.  Treating seeds with red fruits showed the highest of T50.  The ability of α-tocopherol, ascorbic acid and red fruit to reduce viability and vigor loss of stored cotton seeds may be due to their ability to inhibit lipid peroxidation.      
PERUBAHAN ANATOMI DAN KANDUNGAN OLIGOSAKARIDA PADA BENIH REKALSITRAN Avicennia marina AKIBAT PERBEDAAN LAJU PENGERINGAN Halimursyadah, Halimursyadah
Jurnal Floratek Vol 5, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1032.75 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/floratek.v5i1.381

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ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to evaluate anatomical changes and oligosaccharide content of recalcitrant seed Avicennia marina at various drying rate i.e. fast, medium and slow drying.  Oligosaccharide content was determined, and anatomical embryonic axes was observed at various times during desiccation. The result showed that moisture content of  A. marina seed was 60.75-64.67% at shedding. The highest ratio of (raffinose + stachyose) / sucrose was 0.41, indicating that embryonic axes were more tolerant to desiccation than cotyledon.   Anatomical observation of embryonic axes showed that there was radicle damage due to  medium and slow drying treatment.
PENGGUNAAN POLYETHYLENE GLYCOLE SEBAGAI MEDIA SIMULASI CEKAMAN KEKERINGAN TERHADAP VIABILITAS DAN VIGOR BEBERAPA VARIETAS BENIH KACANG TANAH (Arachis hypogaea L.) PADA STADIA PERKECAMBAHAN Halimursyadah, Halimursyadah; Hereri, Agam Ihsan; Hafnizar, Aira
Jurnal Floratek Vol 8, No 2 (2013): Oktober 2013
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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This study was aimed at determining peanut varieties that are tolerant to drought stress and assessing the effectiveness of the use of PEG 4000 as a media simulation to drought stress.  Experiment was arranged in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) factorial 4 x 4, repeated three times. First factor was variety, consisted of four levels, namely Tuban, Bima, Bison and Local Aceh. Second factor was PEG concentration, consisted of 4 levels, namely control, 3.5%, 11.6%, and 18.1%. Variables measured were maximum growth potential, germination rate, relative growth rate, vigor index, germination value, root length, hypocotyl length, and seedling dry weight.  The results showed that varieties exerted significant effects on maximum growth potential, germination rate, relative growth rate, root length, and hypocotyl length. PEG concentration exerted significant effects on maximum growth potential, germination rate, growth velocity, relative vigor index, germination value, root length, hypocotyl length, and seedling dry weight. There were interactions between varieties and PEG concentration on relative growth rate, root length, and hypocotyl length of groundnut seeds. Local variety of Aceh was recommended as a tolerant variety to drought stress.  Bison was not tolerant to drought stress. Bima was recommended as a moderate tolerant variety to drought, while Tuban was a tolerant variety to drought.
PERUBAHAN FISIOLOGI DAN KANDUNGAN KLOROFIL SELAMA PEMASAKAN SERTA HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN VIABILITAS BENIH JARAK PAGAR (Jatropha curcas L.) Hasanuddin, Hasanuddin; Halimursyadah, Halimursyadah; Kurniawan, Trisda
Jurnal Floratek Vol 7, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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The objectives of this research were to study physiological and chlorophyll changes during seed ripening and find quick parameters as indicators to determine seed physiological maturity level. A randomized completely block design with 5 treatments and 3 replications was used in this research. The treatments were (1) dark green fruit, 42 days after anthesis (DAA), (2) yellowish green fruit, 47 DAA, (3) fully green fruit, 52 DAA, (4) brownish yellow fruit, 57 DAA, and (5) dark brown fruit, 62 DAA. The results showed that jathropa seed was physiologically mature at 57 DAA with criteria: fruit color was brownish yellow, fruit skin was soft and easily hand-opened, and seed was black. These were also supported by seed dry weight, germination percentage, germination rate and first count germination. There were negative relationships between seed chlorophyll content and germination percentage, germination rate and first count germination. 
Respon Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Bawang Merah (Allium ascalonicum) terhadap Kombinasi Dosis NPK dan Pupuk Kandang dirgantary, salvitia; Halimursyadah, Halimursyadah; Syamsuddin, Syamsuddin
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2016): November 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pertumbuhan dan hasil bawang merah terhadap kombinasi dosis pupuk NPK dengan pupuk kandang. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di lahan petani Desa Empetrieng Kecamatan Darul Kamal Kabupaten Aceh Besar, yang berlangsung dari bulan November 2015 sampai Januari 2016. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) pola non faktorial dengan 3 kali ulangan. Perlakuan dosis pupuk terdiri atas 9 perlakuan, sehingga diperoleh 27 satuan percobaan. Faktor yang diteliti ialah dosis pupuk yang terdiri dari 9 perlakuan yaitu: kontrol, 90 g NPK, 110 g NPK, 1,8 kg pupuk kandang, 2,4 kg pupuk kandang, 90 g NPK dan 1,8 kg pupuk kandang, 90 g NPK dan 2,4 kg pupuk kandang, 110 g NPK dan 1,8 kg pupuk kandang, 110 g NPK dan 2,4 kg pupuk kandang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan kombinasi dosis pupuk NPK dengan pupuk kandang berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap bobot berangkasan basah, bobot berangkasan kering, bobot umbi kering, potensi hasil, dan berpengaruh tidak nyata terhadap tinggi tanaman umur 14, 28 dan 42 HST, jumlah daun umur 14, 28 dan 42 HST dan jumlah umbi. Kombinasi perlakuan 110 g NPK dan 2,4 kg pupuk kandang memberikan pengaruh yang terbaik dibandingkan perlakuan lainnya.Abstract. This study aimed to determine the effect of growth and yield the onion to the combination dose of NPK fertilizer and manure. This research was conducted in Empetrieng village, Darul Kamal, Aceh Besar, from November 2015 through January 2016. This study used a randomized block design (RBD) non factorial pattern with three replications. Dosage of fertilizer consisted of 9 treatments, in order to obtain 27 units of trial. Factors to be examined is that of fertilizers is comprised of 9 treatments, namely: control, 90 g of NPK, 110 g of NPK, manure 1.8 kg, 2.4 kg of manure, 90 g and 1.8 kg NPK manure, 90 g NPK and 2.4 kg of manure, 110 g and 1.8 kg NPK fertilizer, NPK 110 g and 2.4 kg of manure. The results showed that the combination treatment dose of NPK fertilizer with manure very significant effect on weight stover wet, weight stover dry weight of dried shallots, yield potential, and the effect was not significant on plant height ages 14, 28 and 42 DAP, the number of leaf age 14, 28 and 42 DAP and the number of shallots. Combination treatment of 110 g NPK and 2.4 kg NPK manure gives the best effect than other treatments.