Wahyuddin Halim
Fakulty of Ushuluddin and Filsafat UIN Alauddin Makassar

Published : 6 Documents
Articles

Found 5 Documents
Search

ARUNG, TOPANRITA DAN ANREGURUTTA DALAM MASYARAKAT BUGIS ABAD XX Halim, Wahyuddin
Al-Ulum Vol 12, No 2 (2012): Al-Ulum
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (122.763 KB)

Abstract

Artikel ini berupaya mengulas pengertian beberapa konsep kunci berkaitan dengan otoritas politik dan agama dalam masyarakat Bugis di Sulawesi Selatan, khususnya sejak abad ke-20, seperti arung (bangsawan), topanrita (cendekiawan) dan anregurutta (kiyai). Setelah menganalisis pergeseran makna dari konsep-konsep tersebut, artikel ini berupaya merunut relasi antara otoritas tradisional (arung) dengan sosok topanrita yang, dalam makna tradisionalnya, identik dengan konsep cendekiawan dalam masyarakat modern. Setelah menunjukkan peralihan makna dari konsep topanrita sehingga lebih merepresentasikan sosok ulama tradisional dalam masyarakat Bugis, artikel ini menyimpukan, salah satu faktor penencapaian masa keemasan kerajaan-kerajaan Bugis-Makassar di masa lalu adalah karena adanya relasi yang bersifat kritis dan simbiotik antara otoritas politik (arung) dan sosial-agama (topanrita atau anregurutta) dalam kerajaan-kerajaan tersebut.-----------------------------------This article attempts to review some understanding of key concepts related to political and religious authority in the Bugis people of South Sulawesi, particularly since the 20th century, such as arung (nobility), topanrita (scholar) and anregurutta (Islamic scholar). After analyzing the shift in the meaning of these concepts, this article seeks to trace the relationship between traditional authorities (white) with topanrita figure that, in the traditional sense, synonymous with the concept of intellectuals in modern society. After pointing out the meaning of the concept of transition topanrita so much represents the traditional ulama in Bugis society, the article concluded, among other factors of golden era of kingdoms Bugis-Makassar in the past is because of the critical relationship between political authority and symbiotic (arung) and socio-religious (anregurutta or topanrita) in these kingdoms.
The Sufi Sheikhs and their Socio-cultural Roles in the Islamization of Bengal during the Mughal Period (1526-1858) Halim, Wahyuddin
JICSA Vol 7, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (195.619 KB) | DOI: 10.24252/jicsa.v7i2.7045

Abstract

One of the most observable influences of Islam on the Indian-subcontinent, especially in today’s Bangladesh, is the spiritual and humane teaching of Sufism during the medieval period. Based primarily on a critical elaboration of Eaton’s The Rise of Islam in Bengal Frontier 1204-1760 (1993), this article attempts to describe the socio-cultural and religious role of the Sufi sheikhs in the conversion to Islam of the Bengali people during the period of Mughal Empire (1526-1858). The earliest Sufis attempted at Islamic conversion began in the very hostile environment maintained by the local Hindu or Buddhist rulers. However, these Sufis sheikhs or pirs were able to convert most of the local population to Islam by preaching about the great teachings of the new religion about love, brotherhood, and equality. Among other success factors in the Sufi mission in Islamic conversion of the Bengali during the period under discussion were their unconquerable dedication and exceptional piety as well as the common belief among the Bengali people that these pirs could perform incontestable miracles.
Islam and Its Impact on Womens Status and Role in Egypt Halim, Wahyuddin
JICSA Vol 4, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : JICSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (259.047 KB) | DOI: 10.24252/jicsa.v4i2a1

Abstract

Gender relations in Islam has been the subject of serious debates among scholars in Egypt for many decades. One of the central questions was whether the status and role of women in Egypt were and are primarily influenced by Islam, or they should also be attributed to other social, economic, cultural and political factors. This study will look at the status and role of women in modern Egypt. It is commonly known that traditions based largely on religion (including Islam) and superstition are strong elements in the Egyptian culture. However, this study will show that the inequity in gender relations in modern Egypt should be more attributed to socioeconomic factors than to those religious or theological beliefs. On the other hand, one cannot overlook the formative influence of Islam on the roles of women and men in the country both in the past and in the present. The study suggests that attempts to reinterpret, reassess and re-actualize Islamic doctrines and practices pertaining to the equal status and roles of women in the context of Egyptian culture should also be considered in order to alter the women and men’s perception on gender relations.
The Complex Relationship Between Sufism And Shi‘Ism As Reflected In The Concept Of Walāyah Halim, Wahyuddin
Kanz Philosophia : A Journal for Islamic Philosophy and Mysticism Volume 5 Number 1, June 2015
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Islam (STFI) Sadra

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20871/kpjipm.v5i1.88

Abstract

Abstrak : Tulisan ini mencoba meneliti konsep walāyah dalam tradisi Sufisme dan Syi’isme. Walāyah adalah salah satu prinsip yang paling penting dalam Sufisme dan Syi’isme, menempati status mendasar dalam seluruh struktur doktrin metafisik mereka. Walāyah merupakan ide tentang kelanjutan otoritas spiritual Nabi Muhammad kepada otoritas tertentu setelah beliau mangkat. Berangkat dari sumber-sumber agama yang sama, kedua pihak tampaknya mengembangkan konsep yang sama tentang walāyah dan karakteristik mereka yang layak atas otoritas rohani, meskipun mereka mengartikulasikan konsep tersebut dalam terminologi dan fungsi yang berbeda.Kata-kata  Kunci: Sufisme, Syi’isme, walāyah, manusia sempurna, keimaman (imāmah), penutup para nabi, risalah.Abstract : This paper tries to examine the concept of walāyah in Sufism and Shi’ism. Walāyah is one of the most important principles in both Sufism and Shi’ism, occupying such a fundamental status within the whole structure of their metaphysical doctrines. Walāyah constitutes the idea on the necessary continuation of the spiritual authority of the Prophet Muhammad to particular authorities after the prophet’s death. Drawing from the same religious sources, both parties seem to develop the same concept of what constitutes walāyah and what the characteristics of those who deserve that spiritual authority, although they articulated the concept in different terminologies and functions.Keywords: Sufism, Shi’ism, walāyah, perfect man, Imāmate, seal of the prophets, risālat.
EKSPLORASI ATAS PRAKTIK DAN NILAI-NILAI DEMOKRASI DALAM KERAJAAN WAJO’ ABAD KE-15/16 DAN KOMPATIBILITASNYA DENGAN SISTEM DEMOKRASI MODERN Halim, Wahyuddin
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 18, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (632.964 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v18i2.410

Abstract

This paper explores the practice of democratic values in political system of the traditional Bugis state or kingdom of Wajo’ in South Sulawesi during its golden era around the end of the 15th and the early 16th century. Long before similar values were established in the 18th century Europe, in Wajo’ they had been part of the state system, developing Wajo’ as unique kingdom among other Bugis-Makassar kingdoms in the southern Sulawesi. Some scholars have claimed Wajo’ as ‘democratic-aristocratic kingdom’ (Pelras, 2006), ‘aristocratic republic’ (Mattulada, 1991a), and ‘democratic kingdom’ (Abidin, 1983). Based on literature review on the traditional manuscripts (B. Lontara’), as have been transliterated and explained by some scholars of Bugis history and culture, I describe some democratic practices in Wajo’ political and moral system (pangngadereng), such as the state’s acknowledgment and respect to its people’s right for freedom, the freedom of speech, the existence of a board of the highest lords which is similar to people’s representative body in the modern political system, the king election, and the people’s equal right before the law. Keywords: Democracy, local wisdom, political system, Wajo’ kingdom, freedom Tulisan ini menggali praktik nilai-nilai demokrasi dalam sistem politik dari kerajaan Bugis tradisional Wajo’ di Sulawesi Selatan selama era kejayaannya pada sekitar akhir abad ke-15 dan awal abad ke-16. Lama sebelum nilai-nilai yang kurang lebih sama dipraktikkan di Eropa pada abad ke-18, nilai-nilai tersebut telah menjadi sistem kerajaan di Wajo’, dan membuatnya menjadi kerajaan yang cukup unik di antara kerajaan-kerajaan Bugis-Makassar lainnya di bagian selatan Pulau Sulawesi. Beberapa sarjana telah menyebut Wajo’ sebagai ‘kerajaan aristokratik demokratis’ (Pelras, 2006), ‘republik aristokratis’ (Mattulada, 1991a) dan ‘kerajaan demokratis’ (Abidin, 1983). Berdasarkan atas pembacaan cermat atas sejumlah manuskrip tradisional (Bugis: Lontara’), sebagaimana ditransliterasi dan diulas oleh beberapa pakar sejarah dan budaya Bugis, penulis mendeskripsikan beberapa praktik dasar demokrasi dalam sistem politik dan moral (pangngadereng) seperti pengakuan dan penghormatan kerajaan atas hak-hak kebebasan rakyatnya, adanya kebebasan berbicara, adanya dewan pertuanan tertinggi yang agak menyerupai dewan perwakilan rakyat di sistem demokrasi politik modern, sistem pemilihan raja dan kesamaan hak semua orang di hadapan hukum. Kata kunci: Demokrasi, Kearifan Lokal, Sistem Politik, Kerajaan Wajo’, Kebebasan