Articles

KEKERASAN DALAM PACARAN DAN KECEMASAN REMAJA PUTRI DI KABUPATEN PURWOREJO

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health) Vol 6, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Kes Mas FKM UAD Januari 2012
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Abstract

Background: Gender-based violence in Indonesia is that many cases occur. Since 1998,violence in dating the Rifka Annisa Womens Crisis Center is a case of the second largest afterthe violence against wives. Emotional violence in dating can lead to psychological effects, andone of the psychological effect is the occurrence of anxiety. Anxiety itself can causepsychological effects. The aimof the research to determine the relationship between violence onanxiety in dating young women in Purworejo District.Methods: Cross Sectional study design to girls at SMK SMAN 3 and 6 of Dating Violence (KDP)in Purworejo District 120.Results: The Violence of the most experienced young women is sexual violence because ofbeing kissed forcefully by 34.71%. Physical violence from being hit by 30.83%. Violenceeconomy because without the willingness to buy credit for as much as 25.83% and 17.50%experienced emotional abuse because they feel insulted about the treatment the couple whomake it a laughing stock. Age has an effect on anxiety, where anxiety is more risky in womenwho experience sexual violence against a background of 14-16 years of middle age.Conclusion: There was a significant association between dating violence and anxiety in youngwomen in Purworejo District (p=0,0014 RP= 3,1 dan 95% CI=1,5-6,3).Keywords: Dating Violence, Anxiety, Adolescent

THE PERCEPTION OF THE TEENAGERS OF PREMARITAL SEXUAL IN DENPASAR: CULTURE STUDIES PERSPECTIVE

E-Journal Of Cultural Studies Vol. 4, No. 1 Januari 2010
Publisher : E-Journal Of Cultural Studies

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The Balinese culture, mainly the community of Denpasar, is the result of along process of culture assimilation and aculturization. The modern culture whichenters Bali in some aspects includes their teenagers’ way of life and modern lifestyle. This research’s purposes: what are the teenagers’ perceptions aboutpremarital sex themselves? what are the factors that shaped the teenagers’perception?, and what is the effect and significance of the teenagers’ perception ofpremarital sex within their group in social and value systems? This research isconducted by qualitative methods with a hermeneutic and phenomenologicalapproach. The data are obtained by in-depth interview, focused group discussion(FGD) and by taking a picture with using in-depth interview, FGD andobservational guide as instruments. The informants are teenagers between 10 – 24years old in Denpasar, and the key informants are teenagers who have done sex.Teenagers are students of high school, universities as well as teens who workedand have earned. In-depth interviews are also carried out on public and religiousfigures, policy-maker in education affair, student advisors, onlooker sexualproblems as well as parents. Informants selected purposively, who have a lot ofinformation related sex among teenagers. Theories are used: The Theory ofPerception, The Theory of Hegemony, The Theory of Lifestyle and Youth Sub-Culture, and The Theory of Power and Knowledge.The result shown teenagers generally still have an ideal perception. On theother hand, there are teens who have committed premarital sex have a realityperception. The determinant factors of the perception are internal and externalfactors. The reality perception of teenagers stimulates premarital sex to becomemore widespread. The perception also influences a socio-cultural phenomenonwhich includes: cultural, social and health dimension. The perception need to beanticipated in a constructive way; that is by increasing the power of internalfactors and eliminating negative aspect of external factors.

HUBUNGAN KESADARAN GIZI KELUARGA DENGAN STATUS GIZI ANAK BAWAH DUA TAHUN (BADUTA) DI KABUPATEN PURWOREJO

Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan Vol 27, No 2 (2004)
Publisher : Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan

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Abstract

Background: Children under two years of age are at risk of malnutrition and should be given appropriate foods. Family Nutrition Awareness is a feeding practice provided by consumption of variety foods and balanced diet. Prevalence of malnutrition among children under two years of age were still high.This phenomenon is interested to be studied. Objectives: The study was aimed to determine the role of Family Nutrition Awareness in nutritional status among children under two years in Purworejo District. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Purworejo District. In all, nutritional status and complementary feeding for 350 children under two years of age were included in the analyses. Data were collected in 2003. Family Nutrition Awareness was the total scores of variety foods consumed, exclusive and complementary breast feeding, high-dose of vitamin A supplementation and child weighing. Nutritional status (weigth for age) was measured by using Z-score based on WHO-NCHS criteria. Data were analyzed by using Polychotomous Logistic Regression. Results: The result showed that composite index of Family Nutrition Awareness was not related with nutritional status. Only one of five Family Nutrition Awareness indicators had significant association with nutritional status, i.e. consumption of variety foods (p=0.005). Family Nutrition Awareness had more nutrition impact among children below 6 month old than that 6-23 month old. The number of family members was significantly associated with nutritional status (p<0.05), except for over-nutrition. Compared to family with less than 5 members, those with 5-7 members and over 7 members were 10 and 20 times at high risk of having severe maJnutrition respectively (CI=8.59-46.71 and CI=4.47-21.34). Only 4.9% children were practicing exclusive breast feeding. Intervention should be done by Govemment by: 1) intensiftying Family Nutrition Awareness since the prevalence of underweight was still high; 2) keeping on the family planning program; 3) emphasizing on consumption of variety foods; 4) increasing breastfeeding promotion. Conclusion: Indicators of Family Nutrition Awareness, ie. the consumption of variety foods had significant associantion with nutritional status considering the number of family members.[Penel Gizi Makan 2004, 27(2): 25-33].

Spatial Patterns Associating Low Birth Weight with Environmental and Behavioral Factors

International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS) Vol 6, No 1: March 2017
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

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Abstract

Low birth weight (LBW) is a significant public health problem in the world. It was estimated globally by the World Health Organization (WHO) that prevalence of LBW was 15% of all births. In Murung Raya district LBW cases remain high. This paper aimed to identify and discuss the relationship between environmental risk factors with LBW in Murung Raya.A spatial analysis was conducted with 150 women as the total participantswho were recruited through the incidence data in 2013-2014. The questionnaires, medical records, and geographic data were measured by Stata software, ArcGis, SatScan, and Geoda. The study results indicated there was significant correlation between health behavior and environmental variables with the strength of external neighborhood effect across LBW risk factors. More intense clustering of high values (hot spots) was found through the spatial analysis showing that most of the cases were located near the defined buffer zone. This research demonstrates that the spatial pattern analysis provided greater statistical power to detect an effect that was not apparent in the previous epidemiology studies.

HUBUNGAN KESADARAN GIZI KELUARGA DENGAN STATUS GIZI ANAK BAWAH DUA TAHUN (BADUTA) DI KABUPATEN PURWOREJO

Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan Vol 27, No 2 (2004)
Publisher : Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan

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Abstract

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FAMILY NUTRITION AWARENESS AND THE NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF CHILDREN UNDER TWO YEARS IN PURWOREJO DISTRICT.Background: Children under two years of age are at risk of malnutrition and should be given appropriate foods. Family Nutrition Awareness is a feeding practice provided by consumption of variety foods and balanced diet. Prevalence of malnutrition among children under two years of age were still high. This phenomenon is interested to be studied.Objectives: The study was aimed to determine the role of Family Nutrition Awareness in nutritional status among children under two years in Purworejo District. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Purworejo District. In all, nutritional status and complementary feeding for 350 children under two years of age were included in the analyses. Data were collected in 2003. Family Nutrition Awareness was the total scores of variety foods consumed, exclusive and complementary breast feeding, high-dose of vitamin A supplementation and child weighing. Nutritional status (weigth for age) was measured by using Z-score based on WHO-NCHS criteria. Data were analyzed by using Polychotomous Logistic Regression. Results: The result showed that composite index of Family Nutrition Awareness was not related with nutritional status. Only one of five Family Nutrition Awareness indicators had significant association with nutritional status, i.e. consumption of variety foods (p=0.005). Family Nutrition Awareness had more nutrition impact among children below 6 month old than that 6-23 month old. The number of family members was significantly associated with nutritional status (p<0.05), except for over-nutrition. Compared to family with less than 5 members, those with 5-7 members and over 7 members were 10 and 20 times at high risk of having severe malnutrition respectively (CI=8.59-46.71 and CI=4.47-21.34). Only 4.9% children were practicing exclusive breast feeding. Intervention should be done by Government by: 1) intensiftying Family Nutrition Awareness since the prevalence of underweight was still high; 2) keeping on the family planning program, 3) emphasizing on consumption of variety foods;  4) increasing breastfeeding promotion.Conclusion: Indicators of Family Nutrition Awareness, i.e. the consumption of variety foods had significant associantion with nutritional status considering the number of family members.

HUBUNGAN RESPONSE TIME DENGAN LUARAN KEBERHASILAN PENANGANAN PERDARAHAN POSTPARTUM DI RSU MARGONO SOEKARDJO PURWOKERTO

Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Keperawatan Vol 11, No 2 (2015): JURNAL ILMIAH KESEHATAN KEPERAWATAN
Publisher : LP3M STIKES MUHAMMADIYAH GOMBONG

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Maternal mortality rate is still high. PPH is a major cause of maternal mortality in the world and in developing countries. Handling cases of postpartum hemorrhage is right in health facilities can reduce the incidence of maternal death from postpartum hemorrhage cases, therefore, required response time appropriate in health care facilities. This objective of this study is to determine the relationship of response time with the successful outcome of the handling of cases of PPH. An observational study design was used with case-control study design (case control study. The subjects were all mothers who referred to the Hospital of Purwokerto Soekardjo 2008-31Desember from 1 January 2011 due to PPH. Mechanical sampling with purposive sampling . Data collected by observation medical record and in-depth interviews, analysis of the data used to use univariable analysis, and multivariable bivariable. The results of X ² statistical test known value of 0.058 with p 0.810 (OR 1.22 95% CI 0.39 to 3.20) greater that 0.05 is not statistically significant meaning there is no relationship of response time to the successful outcome of treatment of bleeding post partum. Conclusion: There is no relationship of response time with the successful outcome of the handling of cases of postpartum hemorrhage in RSU Margono Soekardjo Purwokerto. Keywords: response time, postpartum hemorrhage

Determinan gangguan hipertensi kehamilan di Indonesia

Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat (BKM) Vol 32, No 9 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Determinants of pregnancy hypertensive disorders in Indonesia PurposeThis study aimed to assess the determinant factors of gestational hypertension (HDP) in Indonesia.MethodsThis research was an observational analytic study using a cross-sectional design. Sampling was calculated using consecutive sampling technique. The subjects were all pregnant women aged 15-54 years old in 33 provinces in Indonesia and 9024 women were selected as subjects. Chi-square and binomial regression tests were used to analyze the determinants of HDP to see the value of the Ratio Prevalence (RP). ResultsThe prevalence of hypertension among pregnant women was 6.18% (558 people) after being adjusted with external variables which were potentially confounders. The highest of hypertension was found in West Java with 59 pregnant women (10.57%). Overweight and chronic hypertension were related to hypertensive disorders in pregnancy with RP: 2.13 (95% CI: 1.80-2.51); and in overweight with RP: 4.36 (95% CI: 3.6-5.26) in hypertension assessments. The use of contraceptives was not a risk factor for hypertensive disorders in Indonesia with RP 0.92 (95% CI: 0.76-1.10). ConclusionOverweight and chronic hypertension are risk factors for the incidence of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy in Indonesia.

Determinan perilaku tes HIV ibu hamil di puskesmas Bandarharjo kota Semarang

Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat (BKM) Vol 33, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Determinants of HIV testing behavior among pregnant women in public health center Bandarharjo Semarang PurposeThis research aimed to determine factors associated with HIV testing behavior among pregnant women at the public health center Bandarharjo Semarang.MethodsThis research was a descriptive analytic observational study with a matched case control design. Samples were pregnant women at the health center in Bandarharjo Semarang who have been offered an HIV test totaling 90 samples. Samples in the control group were matched according to trimester age of pregnancy to the case group with ratio of 1:1. Samples were enlisted by consecutive sampling. The research instrument used was a questionnaire. The data analysis consisted of univariable, bivariable comparisons using the McNemar test, and multivariable using conditional logistic regression tests.ResultsNo significant correlations were found, but practical information about HIV (OR 2.35; CI95% 0.801-6.9) and stigma (OR 2.16; CI95% 0.722-6.479) were related to HIV testing behavior.ConclusionPractical information about HIV and stigma are correlated to HIV testing behavior.

Perilaku Seks Pranikah Remaja

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 7 No. 4 November 2012
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

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Hubungan seksual sebelum nikah pada remaja merupakan masalah yang serius, berhubungan dengan peningkatan penularan penyakit menular seksual, mempunyai pasangan lebih dari satu, dan kehamilan dini. Suatu kerangka kerja model perilaku terintegrasi (Integrated Behavioral Model, IBM) digunakan untuk menilai berbagai faktor prediktor hubungan seksual prematur pada remaja. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengeksplorasi inisiasi hubungan seksual sebelum nikah pada remaja level 10 dan 11 berdasarkan kerangka kerja IBM, meliputi komunikasi tentang seks kelompok peers, orang tua, paparan perilaku pornografi, kepercayaan normatif, agen personal, dan keinginan hubungan seksual. Metode yang digunakan adalah menyertakan 626 responden dalam survei awal. Responden adalah siswa sekolah menengah atas level 10 – 11 di kota Denpasar. Data dikumpulkan dengan kuesioner laporan sendiri khususnya prediktor inisiasi hubungan seksual sebelum menikah. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa pajanan pornografi, perilaku langsung dan tidak langsung berhubungan secara signifikan dengan inisiasi hubungan seksual sebelum nikah (nilai p < 0,05). Remaja laki-laki tampaknya melakukan lebih banyak aktivitas seksual daripada remaja perempuan. Penelitian ini berimplikasi terhadap pemahaman perilaku langsung dan pajanan pornografi mungkin digunakan dalam meningkatkan program kesehatan dan kesehatan remaja.Kata kunci: Hubungan seksual sebelum nikah, penyakit menular seksual, remajaAbstract Premarital sexual inisiation on adolescence is a serious problem, associated with increased transmition sexually transmitted disease/STD, had having more partners, and early pregnancy. An Integrated Behavioral Model (IBM) framework used to assess predictors of premarital sexual on adolescents. The purpose of this research is to explore predictors of premarital sexual inisiation in adolescents grade 10 and 11 based on IBM framework, includes: communication about sex with peers, parents, pornography exposure, attitude, normative belief, personal agency, and intention to have sex. Method that used is 626 respondent included in earlier survey, and respondent were students of senior high school grade 10 – 11 in Denpasar City. Data collected with self reported questionaire particularly predictor of premarital sexual initiation. The result found that pornography exposure, indirectly attitude, and directly attitude were significantly associated with premarital sexual initiation (p < 0,05). Male adolescents engage in more sexual activity like premarital sexual inisiation than female adolescents. This study has implications for understanding how directly attitude and pornography exposure may be used in intervention to promoting adolescents health program and adolescents ressiliency.Keywords: Premarital sexual, sexually transmitted disease, adolescence

Hubungan Kadar Iodium dalam Garam Beriodium di Rumah Tangga dengan Kecukupan Iodium Berdasarkan Nilai Ekskresi Iodium Urin (EIU) pada Wanita Usia Subur

Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia Vol 5, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia

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ABSTRACT Iodine Deficiency Disorder (IDD) was one of the nutrition problems in Indonesia that causes decrease of human resource quality. The main cause of iodine deficiency was the environmental factors where land and water in that area were poor of iodine. Childbearing age woman was one of the most vulnerable group to have IDD. Iodine fortification in salt was one of the approach to control iodine deficiency problem. The aim of this study was to measure the relationship between iodine level of iodized salt in the household with the iodine allowance based on Urinary Excretion of Iodine (UEI) value. This was an observational study with cross sectional design and conducted in Kragilan village, Pakis sub district, Magelang. A total of 68 women age 18 – 45 years was measured for iodine level of iodized salt in the household, UEI which reflect iodine allowance, the amount of iodine comsumption dan recall for iodine contained food consumtion. The result of this study showed that median UEI was 124.6 μg/L, among subject of this study, the proportion who had iodine deficiency was 41.1% and excess 5.9%. Mean iodine level of iodized salt in the household was 19.58 ppm and 52.9% had ≥ 30 ppm KIO3. The pearson correlation statistic analysis showed there was a significant relationship between iodine level of iodized salt in the houshold with the iodine allowance based on urinary excretion of iodine (UEI) value (rho=0,5 p<0,01). Based on multi variable analysis, the regression equation was Y = 22.199 + 6.076 X1. With that equation, the level of iodine in the salt for sufficient allowance of iodine should be in the range of 13 – 29 ppm iodine or 22 – 49 ppm KIO3. Keywords: iodine, iodized salt, allowance of iodine, UEI, women.   ABSTRAK Gangguan Akibat Kekurangan Iodium (GAKI) adalah salah satu masalah gizi di Indonesia yang akan mengakibatkan penurunan kualitas sumber daya manusia. Kekurangan iodium terutama disebabkan karena faktor lingkungan di mana tanah dan air setempat kurang mengandung iodium. Pada daerah tersebut Wanita Usia Subur (WUS) adalah segmen penduduk yang rawan mengalami GAKI. Sebagai upaya penanggulangan, saat ini dilakukan fortifikasi iodium pada garam. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengukur hubungan antara kadar iodium dalam garam beriodium di rumah tangga dengan kecukupan iodium berdasarkan nilai ekskresi iodium urin (EIU). Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional dengan desain potong lintang. Lokasi penelitian di Desa Kragilan, Kecamatan Pakis, Kabupaten Magelang. Sebanyak 68 wanita usia 18 – 45 tahun terlibat dalam penelitian ini, yang diukur kadar iodium dalam garam yang digunakan di rumah tangga, kecukupan iodium berdasarkan kadar iodium urin (EIU), konsumsi garam beriodium dan makanan sumber iodium. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa median EIU sebesar 124,6 μg/L, proporsi subyek penelitian mengalami defisiensi iodium sebesar 41,1%, dan mengalami excess sebesar 5,9%. Rata-rata kadar iodium dalam garam beriodium di rumah tangga sebesar 19,6 ppm dan proporsi garam beriodium memenuhi syarat (≥ 30 ppm KIO3) sebesar 52,9%. Hasil analisis korelasi pearson menunjukkan ada hubungan bermakna antara kadar iodium dalam garam beriodium di rumah tangga dengan kecukupan iodium berdasarkan nilai EIU (rho = 0,5, p < 0,01). Hasil analisis multi variabel diperoleh persamaan Y = 22,199 + 6,076 X1. Dengan persamaan tersebut, untuk memenuhi kebutuhan iodium, kadar iodium dalam garam beriodium berkisar antara 13 – 29 ppm iodium atau 22 – 49 ppm KIO3. Kata kunci: iodium, garam beriodium, kecukupan iodium, EIU, wanita.

Co-Authors Abd Rahman Abdul Wahab Achmad Surjono, Achmad Adi Utarini Agung Suhadi Ahmad Husein Asdie Aji Setiawan Ambar Relawati, Ambar Andina Vita Sutanto, Andina Vita Andy Muharry Anna Marie Wattie Annisa Nurrachmawati Awal Prasetyo Bambang Hariwiyanto Basri, Mubasysyir Hasan Carla R. Marchira Christina Pernatun Kismoyo Dian Herawati Diana, Nana Djauhar Ismail Donal, Donal Donny Kristanto Mulyantoro Dyah Pradnyaparamita DuarsaI Dyah Puji Astuti, Dyah Puji Ekawati, Rany Elli Nur Hayati Emiliana Mariyah Endro Basuki Fadillah Fadillah Fitri Haryanti Ganap, Eugenius Phyowai Hadiati, Diah Rumekti Hamam Hadi Harahap, Yanna Wari Hartono Hartono Helmyati, Siti Herta Masthalina, Herta Heru Pradjatmo Heru, Retno Hidayati, Putri Ida Nurhayati Irine Christiany, Irine Irnawati Irnawati Irwansyah Irwansyah Kandarina, Istiti khusnul khotimah Komang Yuni Rahyani Lestari, Abriana Lia Nurcahyani Lutfan Lazuardi Mardjan Mardjan Mariati, Titik Meiry Nasution, Meiry Mellia Silvy Irdianty, Mellia Silvy Mora Claramita, Mora Mubasysyir Hasanbasri Musa Musa Ninuk Sri Hartini Ninuk Sri Hartini, Ninuk Sri Nofrisa Mutia P, Nofrisa Novi Kartika Sari Nunuk Pusorowati, Nunuk Nurdiati, Detty Ova Emilia Palupi, Arsi Phyowai Ganap, Eugenius Popy Irawati Prawirohartono, Endy Purba, Edy Marjuang Rahayujati, Theodola Baning Rahmansyah, Ardian Retna Siwi Padmawati, Retna Siwi Rina Triasih, Rina Riris Andono Ahmad Risanto Siswosudarmo Rukmono Siswishanto Rusdianah, Eva Rustam Sunaryo Setianingrum, Veronika Evita Shinta Prawitasari Sholikhah, Siti Silalahi, Veronica Siswanto Agus Wilopo Soenarto Sastrowijoto, Soenarto Soerjo Hadijono Sofia Mubarika Haryana Solekah, Siti SRI SETIYARINI, SRI STIkes M Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Medical Faculty, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, STIkes M Subarda, Subarda Subronto, Yanri Suci Musvita Ayu Sunarto, Yati Susetyo, Dwi Susetyowati Susetyowati, Susetyowati T. Ninuk Sri Hartini Takesan, Inriyani Titih Huriah Toto Sudargo Tunjung Wibowo Umar Malinta Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Universitas Muhammadiyah Wahida Yuliana, Wahida Wahyuni, Budi Wahyuni, Zly Wayan Ardika Wenny, Dwi Mutia Willopo, Siswanto Agus Wirawan, Widodo Wisotowardono, Ossie Sosodoro Wiwin Lismidiati, Wiwin Yanri Wijayanti Subronto, Yanri Wijayanti Yayi S Prabandari Yayi Suryo Prabandari Yuli Isnaeni, Yuli Zubaidah Zubaidah Zulaidah, Hana Shafiyyah