M. Noor Rochman Hadjam
Fakultas Psikologi, Universitas Gadjah Mada
Articles
12
Documents
OPTIMISME, HARAPAN, DUKUNGAN SOSIAL KELUARGA, DAN KUALITAS HIDUP ORANG DENGAN EPILEPSI

Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi Vol 3, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Universitas Gunadarma

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Abstract

Individu dengan penyakit parah seperti epilepsi dengan penyembuhan yang sulit dan terapi yang lama, kualitas hidup menjadi terlihat penting sebagai keluaran perawatan kesehatan yang diharapkan. Tujuan dari studi ini adalah untuk menguji interaksi optimisme, harapan dan dukungan sosial keluarga sebagai prediktor kualitas hidup pada Orang Dengan Epilepsi (ODE). Orang dengan epilepsi direkrut dari Klinik Epilepsi di Departemen Neurology Rumah Sakit Cipto Mangunkusumo Jakarta. Sebanyak 62 pasien epilepsi berhasil direkrut menjadi subjek dalam kurun waktu Mei 2009 sampai Juli 2009. Kualitas hidup orang dengan epilepsi, optimisme, harapan, dan dukungan sosial keluarga diukur menggunakan kuesioner dan juga melalui wawancara terhadap 5 orang pasien Klinik Epilepsi di Jakarta dan 4 orang di Semarang dan Yogyakarta. Optimisme, harapan, dukungan sosial keluarga memiliki kontribusi yang signifikan terhadap kualitas hidup. Menggunakan korelasi parsial tampak bahwa terdapat korelasi positif antara kualitas hidup dengan optimisme. Hasil wawancara memperlihatkan bahwa kualitas hidup secara efektif dipengaruhi oleh kesehatan fisik (aura, fungsi kognitif dan fisik), kesehatan psikis (kecemasan, kepercayaan diri, rasa malu, optimisme, harapan), dan kesehatan sosial (stigma, diskriminasi, dukungan sosial, peran sosial di pekerjaan dan pendidikan). Peran untuk meningkatkan kualitas hidup ODE tidak hanya berfokus pada parahnya epilepsi yang diderita, namun juga efek sosial dan psikologis dari epilepsi itu sendiri.

Pengujian Model Peranan Kecakapan Hidup terhadap Kesehatan Mental

Jurnal Psikologi Vol 38, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to test conceptual model that showed the role of life skills to mental health. Participants of this study was teachers (N=260) from various provinces in Indonesia who are following event by Diknas in Jakarta. Life skills was measured by Life Skills Scale that consist six life skill dimensions, while mental health was measured by the Life Satisfaction Scale and Quality of Life Scale. Those measurement model each variables was tested by measurement model of Structural Equation Model/SEM that produces the fit model (χ2=23.20; p>0:05 and χ2=11.54; p>0.05). Analysis using SEM showed that model has goodness fit indices (χ2=52.13 p>0.05). The role of life skills that includes six dimensions:emotional skills, social skills, self-esteem, communication, critical thinking and problem solving are able to predict individual mental health. These results provide strong support tothe activities of mental health improvement of individuals through life skills programs.

Validitas Konstruk Ikhlas: Analisis Faktor Eksploratori terhadap Instrumen Skala Ikhlas

Jurnal Psikologi Vol 38, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

In this study, the construct validity of ikhlas was examined. Exploratory factor analysis was conducted and followed with testing the correlation among the factors of ikhlas, metaneeds, and altruism. The subjects in this study amounted to 205 people who participated in the fulfilling scale. The results show that the construct of ikhlas consists of four dimensions i.e transcendental motives, emotional control, superiority feeling, and conception as the Servant of God. Emotionalcontrol is a region that overlaps with metaneeds and altruism. This indicates that the construct of ikhlas has some areas that overlap with the other constructs, but rather as a whole, it still can be saidthat there is a unique region described by ikhlas.

Pengujian Model Peranan Kecakapan Hidup terhadap Kesehatan Mental

Jurnal Psikologi Vol 38, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The aim of this study was to test conceptual model that showed the role of life skills to mental health. Participants of this study was teachers (N=260) from various provinces in Indonesia who are following event by Diknas in Jakarta. Life skills was measured by Life Skills Scale that consist six life skill dimensions, while mental health was measured by the Life Satisfaction Scale and Quality of Life Scale. Those measurement model each variables was tested by measurement model of Structural Equation Model/SEM that produces the fit model (χ2=23.20; p>0:05 and χ2=11.54; p>0.05). Analysis using SEM showed that model has goodness fit indices (χ2=52.13 p>0.05). The role of life skills that includes six dimensions:emotional skills, social skills, self-esteem, communication, critical thinking and problem solving are able to predict individual mental health. These results provide strong support tothe activities of mental health improvement of individuals through life skills programs.

Validitas Konstruk Ikhlas: Analisis Faktor Eksploratori terhadap Instrumen Skala Ikhlas

Jurnal Psikologi Vol 38, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

In this study, the construct validity of ikhlas was examined. Exploratory factor analysis was conducted and followed with testing the correlation among the factors of ikhlas, metaneeds, and altruism. The subjects in this study amounted to 205 people who participated in the fulfilling scale. The results show that the construct of ikhlas consists of four dimensions i.e transcendental motives, emotional control, superiority feeling, and conception as the Servant of God. Emotionalcontrol is a region that overlaps with metaneeds and altruism. This indicates that the construct of ikhlas has some areas that overlap with the other constructs, but rather as a whole, it still can be saidthat there is a unique region described by ikhlas.

Terapi Kognitif Perilaku dalam Kelompok untuk Kecemasan Sosial pada Remaja Putri dengan Obesitas

JIP : Jurnal Intervensi Psikologi Vol 4, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : JIP : Jurnal Intervensi Psikologi

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Abstract

Tujuan utama penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui apakah terdapat perbedaan penurunan kecemasan sosial pada remaja putri dengan obesitas pada kelompok eksperimen dan kontrol setelah diberikan Terapi Kognitif Perilaku dalam Kelompok. Penelitian ini melibatkan 10 orang remaja putri yang mengalami obesitas dengan IMT minimal 25 yang secara random akan dibagi menjadi kelompok kontrol dan kelompok eksperimen. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah the untreated control group design with dependent pre-test and post-test samples. Pengukuran kecemasan sosial menggunakan alat ukur kecemasan sosial berupa diary checklist berdasarkan karakteristik kecemasan sosial Nevid, dkk (2003). Kelompok eksperimen akan diberikan intervensi Terapi Kognitif Perilaku dalam Kelompok yang dilakukan dua kali seminggu selama empat minggu. Data dalam penelitian ini dianalisis secara kuantitatif menggunakan metode uji Wilcoxon antara hasil pre-test, pascates, dan tindak lanjut. dengan SPSS for windows, serta secara kualitatif dengan menggunakan analisis deskriptif. Hasil penelitian adalah kecemasan sosial pada remaja putri yang mengalami obesitas pada kelompok eksperimen mengalami penurunan setelah diberi Terapi Kognitif Perilaku dalam Kelompok dibanding kelompok kontrol.

Pelatihan Mindfulness untuk Meningkatkan Kesejahteraan Psikologis Remaja Difabel Fisik

JIP : Jurnal Intervensi Psikologi Vol 3, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : JIP : Jurnal Intervensi Psikologi

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Abstract

Physical differential ability adolescents have difficulty to develop their potential so imply their psychological welibeing. The aim of this research was to examine the effect of mindfulness training to increase psychological welibeing of physical differential ability adolescents. The pretest-posttest experimental design were used in this research. Participants were 5 male clients stay at physically differential abibility rehabilitation center, 18-24 years old and got physical diferential ability cause by accident and illness. Results showed that mindfulness training was not significantly effective to increased psychological welibeing to participants. From pretest to posttest showed that z=-1.841 and p=0.06 (p< 0.05). From posttest to follow up showed that z=-0.135 dan p^O.893 (p<0.05). Qualitative abalysis showed that subjects psychological welibeing scale score lower than pretest because they didnt practice mindfulness regularly and feel anxious with the future. One subject got higher psychological welibeing scale score than pretest because practice mindfulness regularly, high motivation and proactive in mindfulness training process. For the future research should consider about mindfulness training time, evaluation and debriefing processKey Word; Physical differential ability adolescents, Mindfulness training, Psychological welibeing

Dinamika Kontrol Sosial Keluarga dan Teman Sebaya pada Remaja Berisiko Penyalahgunaan NAPZA

Gadjah Mada Journal of Psychology (GamaJoP) Vol 3, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The purpose of this research is to know in depth how the dynamics of social control family and peers on adolescents who are at risk of drug abuse. Method: This research method using qualitative research method, which uses data collecting interviews and observation. Participant: This study focused on participants who are at risk of drug abuse with the following criteria: (a) willing to be a participant, (b) gender to male or female, (c) ± adolescents aged 15-18 years, (d) adolescents who are indicated are at risk of drug abuse. Result: The results of this study indicate that adolescents who are at risk of drug abuse are smoking and drinking. High risk factors cause adolescents to be at risk for drug abuse, ie family conflicts, negative parental models, involvement of negative activities with peers, and peer-to-peer conformity. This is supported by the weakness of protection factors in adolescent behavior at risk of drug abuse. Weak family controls supported by weak peer control will increase the risk rate for adolescent drug abuse behavior. This suggests that family and peer social controls are very influential to reduce the risk of adolescent drug abusers, especially in prevention and intervention. 

Penyusunan Instrumen Pengukuran Ikhlas

Psikologika : Jurnal Pemikiran dan Penelitian Psikologi Vol 18, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi dan Ilmu Sosial Budaya Universitas Islam Indonesia Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Ikhlas as a psychological construct does not have any instrument. Based on that fact, the research is aimed at developing a instrument so the topic of ikhlas can be developed more widely. The process of preparation carried out in three stages, namely (1) writing items of ikhlas scale, (2) content validation through professional judgment and cognitive debriefing, and (3) testing the reliability with alpha-cronbach approach. The subjects in this study amounted to 224 people. The result of this research was a ikhlas scale consist of 22 items. The reliabilitys score of scale was 0,809. It shows that the scale developed can be considered as a good instrument of ikhlas.Keywords: ikhlas scale, cognitive debriefing, content validation

Religiusitas: Faktor Protektif Pengasuhan Orangtua dengan Status Sosial Ekonomi Rendah

Psikologika : Jurnal Pemikiran dan Penelitian Psikologi Vol 22, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi dan Ilmu Sosial Budaya Universitas Islam Indonesia Yogyakarta

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Abstract

The low family socioeconomic status (SES) often resulted in variety of negative impact towards child development. One of the mechanism how SES affect children is through parenting. In family with low SES, many parents experience stress due to economic pressure that they implement harsh parenting practices. This then leads to various negative impact in children psychological development. One of the most significant protective factor to reduce the negative impact of low SES is religiosity. Based on thedimensions of religiosity, this research tried to capture how religiosity among low SES parents can serve as protective factor. The subjects of this research three low SES parents who considered as religios by local people and their children managed to achieve high education. The research method is quallitative with in-depth interview. The data analysis employed by coding, formulating units of meaning, and categorization. The results showed that based on the five dimensions of religiosity, all three subjects have adequate religious knowledge particularly related to religionbasedparenting knowledge, then this followed by intensive and devoted religiousritual, and from experiential dimension they often experience grace and closeness to Allah SWT. The impact of those five dimensions of religiosity is they are able to show many positive virtues which enables them to overcome various obstacles the low SES brought. Those virtues are patience, sincere, nrimo (acceptance), pasrah (surrender), and optimistic. They also then transmitted their religiosity to their children with valueinternalization and  guiding worship rituals. Keywords: low soscioeconomic status, parenting, protective factor, positive virtues, religosity