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Tingkat Insidensi Malaria di Wilayah Pemanasan Kelambu Berinsektisida Tahan Lama dan Wilayah Kontrol (MALARIA INCIDENCE RATE OF HEAT ASSISTED REGENERATION LONG LASTING INSECTICIDAL NETS AREA AND CONTROL) Sudarnika, Etih; Sudarwanto, Mirnawati; Saefuddin, Asep; Cahyaningsih, Umi; Hadi, Upik Kesumawati; Kusriastuti, Rita; Eng, Jodi Vanden; Zhang, Daowen; Hawley, William A.
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 12, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Jurnal Veteriner

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Abstract

Long lasting insecticidal nets (LLIN) is one effective way to prevent malaria. Permethrin treatedLLIN is one type of LLIN which is recommended by WHO. Several studies have shown that these types ofLLIN requiring heat assisted regeneration after washing to enhance the biological activity of insecticidethat contained in the LLIN fibers. This study aimed to compare the incidence rates of malaria in childrenunder five years old who live in the intervention area (where the heat assisted regeneration on LLIN afterwashing was applied) and control area (where the heat assisted regeneration on LLIN after washing wasnot applied). Data of malaria cases was collected from laboratory log book at all health centers in BangkaDistrict, in the period of June June 2007 until July 2008. Data were analyzed with Poisson regressionmodels. The results showed that the incidence rate of malaria in children under five years old was notsignificantly different between the treatment and control areas.
Ragam Jenis Nyamuk di Sekitar Kandang Babi dan Kaitannya dalam Penyebaran Japanese Encephalitis Hadi, Upik Kesumawati; Soviana, Susi; Syafriati, Tatty
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 12, No 4 (2011)
Publisher : Jurnal Veteriner

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Abstract

The mosquitoes species in pig pen area and its relation to the trasmission of Japanese Encephalitis(JE) in North Sumatra Province was studied as the first step of the investigation on JE prevalence inIndonesia. The aim of this research is to determined the mosquitoes species that can be a potential vectorsof JE and its relation to the prevalence of JE reactor of pigs in North Sumatra. Mosquito collections werecarried out by using ultra violete light trap, Magoon trap and human landing collections. Serological studywas done by using competitive enzyme linked-immunosorbent assay (C-ELISA) methode. The resultsshowed several mosquitoes species i.e. Culex tritaeniorhynchus, Cx. quinquefasciatus, and Cx. fuscocephalusthat can be a potential vectors of JE was found in this province. The environmental conditions and the pigfarm and horses stable management supported the development of ideal breeding places for mosquitoesand other blood sucking flies. It was reported also that the prevalence of JE reactors in pig farms and horsestable in North Sumatra was high (71.67%). The high prevalence of JE reactors indicated that the infectionof JE was actively occured between pigs-mosquitoes-pigs in thise area.
Pemanfaatan ovitrap dalam pengukuran populasi Aedes sp. dan penentuan kondisi rumah Hidayati, Lisa; Hadi, Upik Kesumawati; Soviana, Susi
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 14, No 3 (2017): November
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (835.946 KB) | DOI: 10.5994/jei.14.3.126

Abstract

Kejadian demam berdarah dengue (DBD) masih menjadi masalah kesehatan masyarakat di Indonesia. Pengamatan selama kurun waktu 20 sampai 25 tahun sejak awal ditemukan kasus DBD menyatakan bahwa angka kejadian luar biasa DBD mengalami peningkatan setiap lima tahun. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah 1) mempelajari keanekaragaman nyamuk Aedes di kota Sukabumi, 2) mengukur populasi Aedes sp. berdasarkan jumlah telur dan indeks ovitrap, dan 3) mengetahui hubungan indeks ovitrap dengan kondisi rumah. Telur Aedes sp. dikumpulkan dari 14 kelurahan di Kota Sukabumi yang memiliki angka insiden tertinggi, mulai dari bulan Mei 2015 hingga Agustus 2015. Pengumpulan telur dilakukan dengan cara memasang perangkap telur (ovitrap) sebanyak 230 buah di 115 rumah (di dalam dan di luar rumah). Hasil pengumpulan ovitrap menunjukan jumlah telur yang diperoleh dari ovitrap di dalam rumah 3 kali lebih banyak dibandingkan dengan telur dari ovitrap di luar rumah  (1307 banding 429). Nyamuk Ae. aegypti ditemukan pada ovitrap di dalam rumah dan Ae. albopictus pada ovitrap di luar rumah. Indeks ovitrap di dalam rumah mencapai 60%, atau 1,6 kali lebih banyak dibandingkan dengan indeks ovitrap di luar rumah (37%). Rumah dengan ventilasi dan sanitasi buruk berisiko 3,09 kali meningkatkan angka indeks ovitrap. Hasil penelitian ini dapat digunakan sebagai informasi dasar bagi masyarakat untuk meningkatkan kebersihan lingkungan melalui pengurangan tempat perindukan nyamuk sehingga menurunkan kejadian DBD.
Pengaruh penggunaan repelen masal jangka panjang pada suatu pemukiman terhadap keberadaan nyamuk Aedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae) Hadi, Upik Kesumawati; Sigit, Singgih Harsoyo; Gunandini, Dwi Jayanti; Soviana, Susi; Sugiarto, Sugiarto
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 5, No 1 (2008): April
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (83.754 KB) | DOI: 10.5994/jei.5.1.27

Abstract

A Study of The Effect of Mass Treatment of Repellent on Aedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae). Larval populations was carried out during 14 week period at Laladon village Bogor. A total of 3684 respondents were treated and 202 houses were surveyed for house index (HI), container index (CI), and breteau index (BI). The results showed that long-term mass treatments were effective to decrease 64.85% of the HI, 27.15% CI and 13.57% of BI, up to three weeks after the last application of the repellent. Final checks which were done four weeks later resulted HI as low as 13.86%, CI 7.68%, and BI 3.84%, compared to those at the beginning of the survey which were 73.27%, 31.87% and 15.93%, respectively.
FORMULASI LARVASIDA NABATI BERBASIS MINYAK BIJI KAMANDRAH (Croton tiglium L.) TERSTANDAR SEBAGAI PENCEGAH PENYAKIT DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE Winoto, Evul; Iswantini, Dyah; Batubara, Irmanida; Hadi, Upik Kesumawati
Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat Vol 24, No 2 (2013): Balai Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat
Publisher : Balittro

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Abstract

ABSTRAKKamandrah (Croton tiglium L.) merupakan tanaman obat yang banyak terdapat di Kalimantan. Biji kamandrah banyak dimanfaatkan sebagai obat pencahar, racun ikan, dan pembunuh jentik nyamuk. Penelitian ini bertujuan mendapatkan formula minyak biji kamandrah untuk larvasida nabati yang efektif, aman dan mendapatkan minyak kamandrah terstandar sebagai bahan baku larvasida nabati. Analisis fisiko kimia minyak biji kamandrah hasil budidaya di Sukabumi memberikan hasil kadar air 0,33%, keasaman 0,09%, viskositas 4,1 cP, berat jenis 0,9425 g ml-1, indeks bias 1,4788 serta kadar asam lemak bebas 1,65%. Hasil uji ini lebih baik dibanding dengan tanpa budidaya dari Kalimantan dan Sukabumi. Uji menggunakan spektrofotometri menunjukkan kandungan piperine minyak biji kamandrah hasil budidaya Sukabumi sebesar 0,046%; tanpa budidaya dari Sukabumi dan Kalimantan masing-masing 0,043% dan 0,037%. Kandungan piperine berpengaruh terhadap hasil uji efikasi larva nyamuk Aedes aegypti instar III, nilai LC50 pengamatan 24 jam minyak kamandrah hasil budidaya Sukabumi sebesar 114,4 ppm, minyak kamandrah tanpa budidaya dari Sukabumi dan Kalimantan masing-masing 125,2 dan 212,9 ppm. Formulasi larvasida metode granulasi basah terhadap minyak biji kamandrah hasil budidaya Sukabumi menunjukkan, kandungan minyak kamandrah 15% dengan emulsifier gom arab memberikan hasil paling efektif dengan nilai LC50 24 jam sebesar 210,01 ppm. Uji stabilitas formula larvasida nabati minyak biji kamandrah yang disimpan pada temperatur 30, 40 dan 50oC selama 28 hari menunjukkan tidak ada perubahan fisik pada granul. Selama penyimpanan terjadi peningkatan kandungan piperine dalam formula larvasida antara 0,6-234%. Uji durabilitas formula larvasida terhadap larva A. aegypti menunjukkan penurunan potensi larvasida sampai di bawah 50% pada hari ke 12 setelah aplikasi.Kata kunci: Croton tiglium, larvasida nabati, standarisasi, formulasi
Aktivitas nokturnal vektor demam berdarah dengue di beberapa daerah di Indonesia Hadi, Upik Kesumawati; Soviana, Susi; Gunandini, Dwi Djayanti
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 9, No 1 (2012): April
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (313.347 KB) | DOI: 10.5994/jei.9.1.1

Abstract

The continous presence of dengue virus infection presents a serious health problem in many tropical areas of the world because of the severe and often fatal disease in children. Dengue viruses are transmitted to human through the biting of infected mosquitoes, especially Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. This paper reported the nocturnal of biting activity of Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus in several areas of Indonesia. Natural population of Aedes was collected by bare leg collection and resting collection from 18:00 to 06:00 out door and indoor. The biting activities of Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus occurred throughout the night from 18:00 to 05:50 out door and indoor in Cikarawang, Babakan, and Cibanteng Kabupaten Bogor (2004); Cangkurawuk Darmaga Bogor (2005, 2007); Pramuka island, Pari island, Kepulauan Seribu (2008); Gunung Bugis, Gunung Karang, Gunung Utara Balikpapan (2009); and Kayangan, Lombok Utara (2009). These results showed that the biting activities of Ae. aegypti dan Ae. albopictus did not only occur diurnally but also nocturnally.
Epidemiology of Japanese–B– encephalitis infection in pigs in Riau and North Sumatera Provinces Sendow, Indrawati; Syafriati, Tatty; Hadi, Upik Kesumawati; Malole, Martin; Soviana, Susi; ., Darminto
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 8, No 1 (2003)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (157.336 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v8i1.374

Abstract

Epidemiology study on Japanese-B-Encephalitis (JE) was conducted in Riau and North Sumatera Provinces. A total of 190 pig sera from Riau Province and 164 pig sera from North Sumatera were tested using competitive ELISA (C-ELISA) to detect antibodies against JE virus. Insect collection was also conducted using several methods near pig farms in those provinces and identified into species to gain more information on its role to distribute JE infection. Serological results indicated that 70% pig in Sumatera and 94% pig in Riau had antibodies against JE virus. The highest prevalence of reaktor was detected in pig of more than 4 months age in both Provinces. The results of insect collection showed that Culex tritaeniorchynchus and Culex quinquefasciatus were the most dominant species in both provinces. Based on serological testing, indicated that JE virus infected pig in Sumatera and Riau Provinces, and higher reactor was obtained in older pig. Culex tritaeniorchynchus and Culex quinquefasciatus were the dominant insect species in both provinces, hence those species had a possibility to play an important role of JE transmission.   Key words: JE, pigs, serology, insects
Keanekaragaman jenis dan perilaku menggigit vektor malaria (Anopheles spp.) di Desa Lifuleo, Kecamatan Kupang Barat, Kabupaten Kupang, Nusa Tenggara Timur Rahmawati, Ety; Hadi, Upik Kesumawati; Soviana, Susi
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 11, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (919.905 KB) | DOI: 10.5994/jei,11,2,53-64

Abstract

Malaria is a preventable and treatable mosquito-borne diseases, whose main victims are children and pregnant women. Indonesia is the second most affected region in South East Asia and has the the highest malaria burden after India. The research was aimed to study the species diversity and biting activity of malaria vectors (Anopheles spp.) in Lifuleo Village, West Kupang District, Kupang Regency, East Nusa Tenggara Province. The mosquitoes was collected by using (1) the human landing collection technique, (2) aspirators for collecting mosquitoes resting on the wall of houses and cow barn, and (3) light traps. The research was done for four months. The result showed that there were six species of Anopheles i.e., An. barbirostris, An. subpictus, An. annularis, An. vagus, An. umbrosus and An. indefinitus. An. barbirostris and An. subpictus were two species with the highest density. The value of man hour density (MHD) indoor  and outdoor  for An. barbirostris were 5.45 and 6.23 respectively, and for An. subpictus were 1.35 and 1.56, respectively. The blood sucking activity  indoor and outdoor for An. barbirostris occured at 22:00 to 4:00 and 21:00 - 04 respectively, whereas for An. subpictus at 8:00 p.m. to 21:00 and 22:00 to 23:00, respectively. Based on the value of man hour density the mosquito Anopheles spp. in Lifuleo village were exophagic and exophilic.
FORMULASI LARVASIDA NABATI BERBASIS MINYAK BIJI KAMANDRAH (Croton tiglium L.) TERSTANDAR SEBAGAI PENCEGAH PENYAKIT DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE Winoto, Evul; Iswantini, Dyah; Batubara, Irmanida; Hadi, Upik Kesumawati
Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat Vol 24, No 2 (2013): Balai Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat
Publisher : Balittro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (597.206 KB)

Abstract

ABSTRAKKamandrah (Croton tiglium L.) merupakan tanaman obat yang banyak terdapat di Kalimantan. Biji kamandrah banyak dimanfaatkan sebagai obat pencahar, racun ikan, dan pembunuh jentik nyamuk. Penelitian ini bertujuan mendapatkan formula minyak biji kamandrah untuk larvasida nabati yang efektif, aman dan mendapatkan minyak kamandrah terstandar sebagai bahan baku larvasida nabati. Analisis fisiko kimia minyak biji kamandrah hasil budidaya di Sukabumi memberikan hasil kadar air 0,33%, keasaman 0,09%, viskositas 4,1 cP, berat jenis 0,9425 g ml-1, indeks bias 1,4788 serta kadar asam lemak bebas 1,65%. Hasil uji ini lebih baik dibanding dengan tanpa budidaya dari Kalimantan dan Sukabumi. Uji menggunakan spektrofotometri menunjukkan kandungan piperine minyak biji kamandrah hasil budidaya Sukabumi sebesar 0,046%; tanpa budidaya dari Sukabumi dan Kalimantan masing-masing 0,043% dan 0,037%. Kandungan piperine berpengaruh terhadap hasil uji efikasi larva nyamuk Aedes aegypti instar III, nilai LC50 pengamatan 24 jam minyak kamandrah hasil budidaya Sukabumi sebesar 114,4 ppm, minyak kamandrah tanpa budidaya dari Sukabumi dan Kalimantan masing-masing 125,2 dan 212,9 ppm. Formulasi larvasida metode granulasi basah terhadap minyak biji kamandrah hasil budidaya Sukabumi menunjukkan, kandungan minyak kamandrah 15% dengan emulsifier gom arab memberikan hasil paling efektif dengan nilai LC50 24 jam sebesar 210,01 ppm. Uji stabilitas formula larvasida nabati minyak biji kamandrah yang disimpan pada temperatur 30, 40 dan 50oC selama 28 hari menunjukkan tidak ada perubahan fisik pada granul. Selama penyimpanan terjadi peningkatan kandungan piperine dalam formula larvasida antara 0,6-234%. Uji durabilitas formula larvasida terhadap larva A. aegypti menunjukkan penurunan potensi larvasida sampai di bawah 50% pada hari ke 12 setelah aplikasi.Kata kunci: Croton tiglium, larvasida nabati, standarisasi, formulasi
Bioekologi vektor demam berdarah dengue (DBD) serta deteksi virus dengue pada Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus) dan Ae. albopictus (Skuse) (Diptera: Culicidae) di kelurahan endemik DBD Bantarjati, Kota Bogor Fadilla, Zahara; Hadi, Upik Kesumawati; Setiyaningsih, Surachmi
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 12, No 1 (2015): March
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (927.613 KB) | DOI: 10.5994/jei.12.1.31

Abstract

Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is a viral disease that threatened community health in Indonesia. As part of an eradication program, it is important to learn the behavioral aspect of the disease vector. The aims of this study were to detect the presence of dengue virus in Aedes spp., at Bantarjati Village, Bogor City and to learn to bioecology of. Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus). Detection of dengue virus in Aedes spp. were done by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) technique that consist of two phase were synthesis phase and cDNA amplification and dengue virus serotipe characterization. The Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus (Skuse) mosquitoes were collected using the landing and resting moquito collection technique booth indoors and outdoors. The highest density of Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus were found in April and the peak activity was occurred at 10:00-11:00 am. Dengue virus was not detected in female mosquitoes Aedes spp.