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Studi Komersialisasi Benih Padi Sawah Varietas Unggul

Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 33, No 1 (2005): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Rice is the most important food in Indonesia and the rice demand has gradually increased during some decades.  There are several efforts to increase national rice production in order to minimize  rice import, such as using seed of improved variety, fertilizer, protection from pest and diseases, improving water management  and post harvest handling.  Cultivation of improved  variety is the most efficient way to  increase  rice production in Indonesia.   There are several improving characteristics on new released variety such as : early mature, high productivity, resistant to pests and diseases, resistant to lodging, and  high quality of rice.  During 1960 - 2000, more than 90 improved varieties were released by Ministry of Agriculture, but only several varieties (about 10%)  were accepted by the farmer and  cultivated in a large-scale area during  a long periode.   IR 64 is the most popular variety in many provinces more than 12 years, so that the variety has the  highest commercial level  and  efficency index among Cisadane, PB 42, PB 46 and the old improved variety.    Key words: Rice, Commercialization, Efficiency index

POTENSI OBYEK WISATA DAN KETERPADUANNYA DALAM PENGEMBANGAN KAWASAN AGROPOLITAN PAYANGAN, KABUPATEN GIANYAR, PROVINSI BALI

Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia Vol 4, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia (JLI)
Publisher : http://web.ipb.ac.id/~landscapearch/

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Abstract

Payangan Agropolitan is an area of agricultural development that has tourism potential. Along with development of the agricultural sector, the tourism sector also developed. However, recently trends that agriculture sector got tressured by the development of other sectors; one of them was the tourism sector. Thus, further developments need to be done in an integrated manner. Objectives of this research were: (1) to find out the potential of tourist attractions to be developed in the region of Payangan Agropolitan; (2) to find out the tourist´s perception on the factors that effects tourist visitation to the Area of Payangan Agropolitan;(3)to formulate plans and strategies of integrated tourism development of Payangan Agropolitan in the framework of area development. Analysis on the tourism potential showed that the most preferred was nature-related tourism. From analysis of the factors of tourist visitation, there were five dominant influential factors, i.e: services, tourism and attraction types, the available facilities, transportation facilities, and promotion. Furthermore, on the subsequent analysis it was obtained three main strategies to integrate tourism with areadevelopment of Payangan Agropolitan, consisted of: improving the sectoral linkage by integrating of inter-existing sectors was developing science and technology; introducing and offering the existing tourism potential by developing tourism packages through a partnership of government, private and public; and strengthening the tourism by establishing partnerships and networks.

PERENCANAAN LANSKAP SUNGAI KELAYAN SEBAGAI UPAYA REVITALISASI SUNGAIDI KOTA BANJARMASIN KALIMANTAN SELATAN

Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia Vol 4, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia (JLI)
Publisher : http://web.ipb.ac.id/~landscapearch/

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Abstract

Kelayan River is a small river in Banjarmasin City. Urbanization in the city has caused the physical development expansion up to the river bank and its impact has decreased the biophysical quality of the area. The objectives of this study are to identity landscape potencies and problems in Kelayan River area; to analize biophysical, social, cultural and economical aspect of Kelayan River which will influence the river landscape planning based  on biophysical aspect tosupport Kelayan River revitalization; which able to reflect waterfront city. Method of the study following the landscape planning process of Simonds (1983)consisted of preparation, collecting data, analysis, synthesis, and planning. This study uses biophysical approach modified from Astuti and Fandeli (2009). Biophysical aspects to be considered are rain fall, land coverage (Land Coverage Index IPL),  inundated area, land use (Land Use Suitability/KPL), vegetation and fauna. In analysis phase, the river is divided to seven segments based on administrative boundary. Each aspect will be analized quantitatively using scoring and weighting, as well as spatially. The analysis results biophysical quality classification i.e. very critical, critical, moderate, and good quality. The synthesis is directed to improve biophysical condition and to accommodate proposed land use through rehabilitation and conservation. The good biophysical quality segment is allocated to non-intensive rehabilitation zone, while the moderate biophysical quality segment is developed tosemi-intensive rehabilitation zone, and the critical and very critical segments are used for intensive rehabilitation zone and will be utilized for non-conservation area. Functional river with good quality of biophysical condition and reflecting waterfront city is the concept in the landscape plan for this area. The plan divides the area into three zones which are: (1) Non-intensive Rehabilitation Zone (16%), (2) Semi-intensive Rehabilitation Zone (33%), and Intensive Rehabilitation Zone (51%). The landscape plan is developed to spatial, circulation, vegetation, and settlement plans.

Dampak Modal Sosial terhadap Kesejahteraan Rumah Tangga Perdesaan di Indonesia

MIMBAR (Jurnal Sosial dan Pembangunan) Volume 30, No. 2, Tahun 2014 [Terakreditasi Dikti]
Publisher : Universitas Islam Bandung

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Abstract

Makalah ini bertujuan menganalisis dampak indeks modal sosial yang diinstrumentasi terhadap kesejahteraan (proksi dengan pengeluaran per kapita) rumah tangga di perdesaan di Indonesia. Penelitian telah menemukan tiga variabel instrumen, yaitu partisipasi rumah tangga dalam kegiatan keagamaan, partisipasi rumah tangga pada kegiatan olahraga, dan banyaknya organisasi sosial di pedesaan untuk mengatasi masalah endogenitas. Menggunakan model estimasi kuadrat terkecil dua tahap (2SLS), penelitian ingin menjawab apakah modal sosial dapat meningkatkan pengeluaran per kapita rumah tangga. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa indeks modal sosial berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kesejahteraan rumah tangga. Lebih lanjut, hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa estimasi pengaruh indeks modal sosial yang diinstrumentasi terhadap pengeluaran perkapita dengan menggunakan model 2SLS lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan model OLS biasa. Dari hasil temuan ini, instansi pemerintah diharapkan memfasilitasi rumah tangga miskin untuk partisipasi dalam kegiatan masyarakat dan meningkatkan jumlah dan kegiatan organisasi sosial untuk meningkatkan kesejahteraan rumah tangga di perdesaan di Indonesia. 

ANALISIS USAHATANI JAGUNG DAN KEBERLANJUTANNYA DI PULAU KISAR KECAMATAN PULAU-PULAU TERSELATAN KABUPATEN MALUKU BARAT DAYA

Sosiohumaniora Vol 16, No 2 (2014): SOSIOHUMANIORA, JULI 2014
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

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Abstract

Jagung merupakan komoditas pangan dominan di Pulau Kisar dan menjadi sumber pangan utamamasyarakat. Pengusahaannya bersifat subsistem dan tradisional untuk memenuhi kebutuhan pangan rumah tanggapetani dan tidak dikomersialkan, meskipun ada yang menjualnya dalam jumlah sangat terbatas jika ada kelebihan.Sistem pertanian lahan kering menetap dengan pola tanam polikultur pada satu lahan dengan kombinasi tanaman setahundan tahunan. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk melihat tingkat keuntungan dan kelayakan serta keberlanjutan usahatanijagung di Pulau Kisar, menggunakan Metode Survei dengan teknik Stratifikasi Random Sampling. Hasil penelitianmenunjukkan bahwa biaya produksi jagung di Pulau Kisar Kecamatan PP Terselatan Kabupaten Maluku Barat Dayaterdiri dari komponen biaya tetap meliputi : biaya penyusutan alat dan biaya sewa lahan, biaya variabel meliputi : biayasaprodi dan biaya tenaga kerja. Biaya variabel memberikan kontribusi terbesar terhadap biaya produksi usahatanijagung. Usahatani jagung menguntungkan dan layak diusahakan, ditunjukkan oleh besarnya rata-rata nilai pendapatanRp.4.488.617 yang diperoleh dibandingkan dengan rata-rata biaya yang dikeluarkan petani sebesar Rp.3.755.917 sertanilai BC rasio sebesar 1,20. Usahatani jagung memiliki keberlanjutan secara ekonomi, ekologi dan sosial.Kata kunci : jagung, usahatani, keuntungan, kelayakan, keberlanjutan

EKOLOGI DAN BUDAYA PETANI ASLI PAPUA DALAM USAHATANI DI KABUPATEN KEEROM

Sosiohumaniora Vol 16, No 3 (2014): SOSIOHUMANIORA, NOPEMBER 2014
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

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Abstract

Luas lahan yang dimiliki petani asli Papua asal Keerom sangat luas, namun penduduknya tidak berupayamengelolanya secara maksimal untuk usahatani. Hal ini dipengahuhi oleh budaya meramu hasil hutan dan berburuhewan liar dalam memenuhi kebutuhan hidup. Interaksi pada lingkungan alam tersebut menunjukkan tingkatketergantungan petani pada lingkungan alam masih tinggi. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis ekologi dan budayapetani asli Papua dalam pengelolaan sumberdaya lahan (SDL) di wilayah Kabupaten Keerom. Metode penelitianini dimulai dengan menganalisis peta bentuk lahan, peta kesesuaian lahan, dan peta zone agroekologi digital,diikuti survei lapangan untuk pengambilan data fisik wilayah.Metode studi kasus dilakukan melalui pendekatananalisis interaktif Miles dan Huberman untuk menganalisis aspek kebiasaan hidup yang bertujuan mengungkapkanaktivitas budaya (adat). Wawancara dan Focus Group Discution (FGD) untuk mendapatkan data sosial budaya.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan penduduk keerom cenderung memilih dataran aluvial sebagai lokasi permukimankarena bentuk lahan ini sangat kaya potensi bahan pangan. Petani asli Papua asal Keerom terbiasa dengan polaambil, petik dan konsumsi atau jual, dibanding tanam, rawat, petik dan jual. Komoditas pertanian yang ditanampetani asli Papua adalah komoditas yang telah dipahami tahan terhadap serangan hama dan minim risiko gagalpanen, yaitu: keladi, ubijalar, singkong dan pisang, tapi dalam jumlah terbatas karena lebih diutamakan untukkonsumsi sendiri. Faktor modal sosial yang kuat dalam kehidupan penduduk tidak hanya terbatas pada pemberianbahan pangan kepada kerabat, tetapi ikut berpartisipasi dalam budaya bayar adat, denda adat, dan bayar maskawin,sehingga perolehan pendapatan tidak dijadikan untuk modal usahatani.

DAMPAK PARTISIPASI DALAM KEGIATAN KEMASYARAKATAN TERHADAP PENDAPATAN RUMAH TANGGA PERDESAAN DI INDONESIA

Sosiohumaniora Vol 16, No 3 (2014): SOSIOHUMANIORA, NOPEMBER 2014
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

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Abstract

Penelitian ini meneliti dampak partisipasi dalam kelompok kemasyarakatan (kegiatan keagamaan,olah raga, dan arisan) terhadap pendapatan (dengan proksi pengeluaran perkapita) rumah tangga di perdesaanIndonesia. Hasil penelitian menemukan ada hubungan kausal dua arah antara pengeluaran perkapita dan akses padakegiatan kemasyarakatan. Hal ini menunjukkan adanya masalah endogenitas, sehingga artikel ini menggunakanpendekatan probit kuadrat terkecildua tahap (2SPLS) yang dapat mengontrol endogenitas. Dengan menggunakandata hasil survei Badan Pusat Statistik, hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa partisipasi dalam organisasikemasyarakatan secara positif memengaruhi pengeluaran perkapita, sehingga dapat meningkatkan pendapatandan mengurangi kemiskinan. Hasil penelitian lebih lanjut menunjukkan bahwa pengeluaran perkapita dan lamasekolah kepala rumah tangga secara positif terkait dengan akses terhadap organisasi kemasyarakatan. Dari temuanini, strategi pemerintah untuk untuk meningkatkan pendapatan rumah tangga di perdesaan dapat bersifat kelompokdengan mendorong jumlah dan kegiatan organisasi kemasyarakatan dan akan mengurangi kemiskinan lebih cepatdi perdesaan.

PENGEMBANGAN WILAYAH BERBASIS POTENSI UNGGULAN DI KABUPATEN MANGGARAI TIMUR PROVINSI NTT SEBAGAI DAERAH OTONOM BARU

Jurnal Tataloka Vol 17, No 1 (2015): Volume 17 Number 1, February 2015
Publisher : Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

East Manggarai Regency is a new autonomous region of the division of Manggarai Regency in East Nusa Tenggara Province. As a new district, the area must be developed based on the dominant potentials in the region so that the regional government is more flexibel to design appropriate regional development strategy and create a conducive investment climate to attract investors to the area. The purpose of research is to identify potential sectors that can be developed and provide more economic value, evaluating existing landuse based on land capability and formulate East Manggarai District development strategies. The method used is the input-output analysis combined with analysis of LQ, LI, SI and SSA to determine the dominant sectors and leading commodity, image interpretation and analysis of land capability and SWOT analysis to formulate a regional development strategy. The results showed that the leading sectors in East Manggarai district consists ofthe food crops,the manufacturing sector and the non-oil sectorand the trade sector. Based on the ability of the land, there are many areas that are not their designation as the management of extreme farm lands. Thus, it needs the appropriate strategy in the management of the territory through conducive government policies to the development of the leading sectorsEast Manggarai Regency is a new autonomous region of the division of Manggarai Regency in East Nusa Tenggara Province. As a new district, the area must be developed based on the dominant potentials in the region so that the regional government is more flexibel to design appropriate regional development strategy and create a conducive investment climate to attract investors to the area. The purpose of research is to identify potential sectors that can be developed and provide more economic value, evaluating existing landuse based on land capability and formulate East Manggarai District development strategies. The method used is the input-output analysis combined with analysis of LQ, LI, SI and SSA to determine the dominant sectors and leading commodity, image interpretation and analysis of land capability and SWOT analysis to formulate a regional development strategy. The results showed that the leading sectors in East Manggarai district consists ofthe food crops,the manufacturing sector and the non-oil sectorand the trade sector. Based on the ability of the land, there are many areas that are not their designation as the management of extreme farm lands. Thus, it needs the appropriate strategy in the management of the territory through conducive government policies to the development of the leading sectors

Studi Pengembangan Wilayah Kota Sukabumi

TATALOKA Vol 16, No 1 (2014): Volume 16 Number 1, February 2014
Publisher : Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

Sukabumi development approach which has been more emphasis on economic growth tends to ignore the regional disparities. Therefore, it is necessary to study and identify the direction of regional development policy . By knowing the level of disparity that occurred in this research sought leading sectors and the level of regional development to build of the Sukabumi city. The analytical method used is the Williamson index , Theil index , Location Quotient , Shift Share Analysis , Entropy and Schallogram . From the analysis  is known that there has been a disparities of Sukabumi areas in middle category / uneven . The development of the old town area which consists of a level hierarchy I and II have the balance of diversity and economic sectors better, the leading sector dominated by the tertiary sector which is urban characteristics . While the new city area, including the development of a hierarchy of regions III and leading sectors dominated by primary and secondary sectors which are characteristic of rural areas.Sukabumi development approach which has been more emphasis on economic growth tends to ignore the regional disparities. Therefore, it is necessary to study and identify the direction of regional development policy . By knowing the level of disparity that occurred in this research sought leading sectors and the level of regional development to build of the Sukabumi city. The analytical method used is the Williamson index , Theil index , Location Quotient , Shift Share Analysis , Entropy and Schallogram . From the analysis  is known that there has been a disparities of Sukabumi areas in middle category / uneven . The development of the old town area which consists of a level hierarchy I and II have the balance of diversity and economic sectors better, the leading sector dominated by the tertiary sector which is urban characteristics . While the new city area, including the development of a hierarchy of regions III and leading sectors dominated by primary and secondary sectors which are characteristic of rural areas.

ANALISIS POTENSI DAN KESENJANGAN WILAYAH KABUPATEN SUKABUMI, PROPINSI JAWA BARAT

TATALOKA Vol 17, No 4 (2015): Volume 17 Number 4, November 2015
Publisher : Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

Regional development is synonymous with growth. Growth can also be positive, but if it is not built in a comprehensive manner would cause a negative impact on the other side. Sukabumi district is rich in various potential including the potential for agriculture, plantation, forestry, marine, geothermal energy and mines. However, Sukabumi District is one district that is still classified as disadvantaged areas in West Java. The purpose of this study was to analyze the development of the area in Sukabumi and analyzing the potential of the region as well as the development gap between regions in Sukabumi. The results showed the development of the district is based can be regarded as a relatively underdeveloped area. There is a gap of regional development in Sukabumi. Sukabumi district has several potential sectors including the industrial sector in particular, non-oil processing industry. In the industrial sector in particular, non-oil processing industry can be a dominant sector as it can contribute to and have strong linkages with other sectors that can influence other sectors.