Dwi Guntoro
Departemen Agronomi dan Hortikultura, Fakultas Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680, Indonesia

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Pertumbuhan, Serapan Hara dan Kualitas Turfgrass pada Beberapa Dosis Pemberian Pupuk Hayati Mikoriza Guntoro, Dwi; Purwoko, Bambang S.
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 35, No 2 (2007): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The objective of the research was to study the effect of mycorrhiza dosage on nutrient uptake, growth and turfgrass quality.  The research was conducted at IPB turfgrass experimental farm, Darmaga, Bogor.  The experiment was arranged in randomized complete block design with four replications.  The treatment consisted of five dosages of mycorrhiza (100, 200, 300, 400, and 500 g per pot).  The result showed that application of mycorrhiza at 300 g per pot increased coverage area and dry weight of clipping, and decreased vertical height, but it did not significantly increase nutrient uptake and quality of turfgrass compared to control.   Key words :  Mycorrhiza, turfgrass, growth, nutrient uptake, quality
UJl HASIL KEPRASAN BEBERAPA VARlETAS TEBU LAHAN KERING PADA DAERAH BERIKLIM BASAH Purwono, ,; Sudiatso, Sugeng; Guntoro, Dwi
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 25, No 1 (1997): Buletin Agronomi
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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The study of first rationed sugar cane on wet climate region was carried out at Sindangbarang Bogor (belong to type A according Schmidt and Fergusson classification) from October 1993 to April 1994. The study was designed to fined out the yield and total-sugar content. Several cultivar of Ps 87 (produced by P3GI) were tested (Ps 87-985, Ps 87-21718, Ps 87-22189, Ps 87-22704, Ps 87-21781, Ps 87-22098, Ps 87-21781, Ps 87-21067), and Ps 58 as a control. The result showed that the Ps 87-22074 produced the highest yield (19.524,7 g/m "juring") and total-sugar content (13,16%) among the other.
Kompetisi antara Ekotipe Echinochloa crus-galli pada Beberapa Tingkat Populasi dengan Padi Sawah (Competition of Echinochloa crus-galli Ecotypes at Several Populations Against Lowland Rice) Guntoro, Dwi; Chozin, Muhamad Achmad; Santosa, Edi; Tjitrosemito, Soekisman; Burhan, Abdul Harris
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 37, No 3 (2009): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Echinochloa crus-galli is a major weed in paddy field that reduces rice yield.  The objective of the research was to study the effect of E. crus-galli ecotypes and populations on rice growth and production.  The research was conducted in a green house using split plot design with three replications.  The main plot consisted of three E. crus-galli ecotypes i.e ecotype from Karawang, Cikampek, and Sukabumi. E. crus-galli population as sub plot consisted of 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 E. crus-galli per pot.  The results showed that ecotype of E. crus-galli affected plant height, number of tiller, and panicle density. The competitivenes against rice of E. crus-galli ecotype Cikampek was higher than that of ecotype Sukabumi and Karawang. Population E. crus-galli affected rice growth and production.  Population of E. crus-galli 4/pot decreased spikelets weight about 48.0% and filled spikelets weight about 46.2%.  Interaction of ecotype and population of E. crus-galli did not affect rice growth and production.   Key words:  competition, ecotype, E. crus-galli, population, weed.
Pengaruh Penggunaan Pupuk Anorganik dan Pupuk Semai Mikrobia terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Kapas (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Guntoro, Dwi; Chozin, M. A.; Dwirestina, Dini
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 32, No 1 (2004): Buletin Agronomi
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

effect of inorganic fertilizer dosage and concentration of Semai Mikrobia fertilizer on cotton growth and production was studied at Cikabayan greenhouse, IPR. The experiment was arranged in split plot design with three replicates. The dosages of inorganic fertilizers as the main plot and the concentration of Semai Mikrobia as sub plot. The dosages of inorganic fertilizers were no fertilizer, 50% recommended dosage, and IOO% recommended dosage and the concentrations of Semai Mikrobia were 0 cc/l water, 4 cc/l water, 8 cc/l water, and I2 cc/l water. The results indicated that the application of Semai Mikrobia fertilizer up to I2 cc/l did not affect growth and production of cotton. There was no interaction effect between the dosage of inorganic fertilizer and Semai Mikrobia concentration. Inorganic fertilizer application at IOO% recommended dosage increased height and the number of generative branch compared with no fertilizer.
Pemanfaatan Cendawan Mikoriza Arbuskula dan Bakteri Azospirillum sp. untuk Meningkatkan Efisiensi Pemupukan pada Turfgrass Guntoro, Dwi; Chozin, M. A.; Tjahjono, Budi; Mansur, Irdika
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 34, No 1 (2006): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Introduction turfgrass varieties require fertilization with high dosage, but it can contaminate environment.  The increasing  efficiency of fertilizer absorbtion was expected to reduce fertilizer requirement.  The experiment was conducted to study the effect of arbuscular mycorrhizae and Azospirillum sp. on nutrient uptake, fertilization efficiency, growth and visual quality of turfgrass.  The experiment consisted of two factors, i.e. the dosages of fertilizer and inoculant types.  The dosages of fertilizer were the relatif dosage from recommended dosage (RD) i.e 100%RD, 75%RD, 50%RD, and 25%RD.  The recommended dosage was 0.5 kg N + 1.5 kg P2O5 + 0.5 kg K2O per 100 m2/month by compound fertilizer (15-15-15).  The treatment of 100%RD without inoculant was used as control.  The inoculant types were no inoculant, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), Azospirillum sp., and AMF+Azospirillum sp.  Factorial experiment was arranged in Randomized Block Design with three replications.  The results showed that interaction between inoculant type and dosage of fertilizer affected nutrient uptake, fertilizer efficiency, growth, and visual quality.  AMF inoculation and 25%RD increased shoot N uptake and N fertilizer efficiency, compared with control.  Azospirillum sp. inoculation at 75% RD increased shoot N concentration, but did not affect on shoot N uptake and N fertilizer efficiency compared with control.  Inoculant did not affect shoot P concentration, shoot P uptake, and P fertilizer efficiency.  Azospirillum and AMF+Azospirillum inoculation increased shoot K concentration.  AMF+Azospirillum inoculation and 100%RD increased shoot N concentration and shoot N uptake, compared with control.    Key words : Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, Azospirillum, fertilizer efficiency, nutrient uptake, turfgrass.
Invigorasi Benih untuk Memperbaiki Perkecambahan Kacang Panjang (Vigna unguiculata Hask. ssp. sesquipedalis) pada Cekaman Salinitas Erinnovita, ,; Sari, Maryati; Guntoro, Dwi
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 36, No 3 (2008): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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The objective of this research was to study the influence of invigoration on yard-long bean seed germination under salinity stress. The research was conducted at Seed Science and Technology Laboratory, Department of Agronomy IPB from September to December 2007. Seed of two yard-long bean (Vigna unguiculata Hask. ssp. sesquipedalis) varieties, i.e. 777 and Landung Super, were used to investigate the effects of invigoration treatments, i.e. water soaking, sand priming, sawdust matriconditioning, osmoconditioning with CaCl2, NaCl, KCl and KNO3, under salinity 1.0% NaCl (w/v) stress condition. Sand priming and water soaking treatments significantly enhanced the germination percentage, speed of germination and dry matter of normal seedling under the salinity stress condition. Germination percentage of seed with sand priming was 33.33% higher than tgat of control, and germination percentage of seed with water soaking was 28.66% higher than that of control. The result  suggested that sand priming and water soaking were the effective methods to improve yard-long bean seed germination under salinity stress condition.   Key words: invigoration, salinity stress, sand priming, water soaking, yard-long bean   seed
Pengaruh Pemberian Kompos Bagase terhadap Serapan Hara dan Pertumbuhan Tanaman Tebu (Saccharum officinarum L.) Guntoro, Dwi; Purwono, ,; Sarwono, ,
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 31, No 3 (2003): Buletin Agronomi
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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The effect of bagase compost application on nutrient uptake and growth of sugarcane was studied at PG Jatitujuh. Majalengka, West Java, from October 1998 to March 1999. The experiment was arranged in split plot design with three replications. The bagase compost as sub plot and the recommended rate of inorganic fertilizer as the main plot. The rates of bagase compost were 0.0, 2.5, 5.0, and 7.5 ton/ha and the recommended rate of inorganic fertilizers were 100%, 75%, and 50% of recommended rate. The recommended rate of inorganic fertilizer was 300 kg Urea, 200 kg ZA, 150 kg SP-36, and 200 kg KCl/ha. The results showed that bagase compost application at 7.5 ton/ha significantly increased nitrogen uptake at 3 Month After Planting (MAP) compared to no compost, but did not affect P2O5, K2O and  S. Lower rate of inorganic fertilizer decreased S uptake at 2 MAA, but did not affect N, P2O5 dan K2O. Combination of 5.0 ton/ha compost bagase with 100% recommended rate of inorganic fertilizer tended to increase sugarcane growth. Bagase compost application with inorganic fertilizer did not affect the percentage of growth, height, and diameter off  stalk.   Key words: Sugarcane, Bagase compost, Nutrient uptake
Pengaruh Pemberian Kompos Bagase terhadap Serapan Hara dan Pertumbuhan Tanaman Tebu (Saccharum officinarum L.) Guntoro, Dwi; Purwono, ,; Sarwono, ,
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 31, No 3 (2003): Buletin Agronomi
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

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Abstract

The effect of bagase compost application on nutrient uptake and growth of sugarcane was studied at PG Jatitujuh. Majalengka, West Java, from October 1998 to March 1999. The experiment was arranged in split plot design with three replications. The bagase compost as sub plot and the recommended rate of inorganic fertilizer as the main plot. The rates of bagase compost were 0.0, 2.5, 5.0, and 7.5 ton/ha and the recommended rate of inorganic fertilizers were 100%, 75%, and 50% of recommended rate. The recommended rate of inorganic fertilizer was 300 kg Urea, 200 kg ZA, 150 kg SP-36, and 200 kg KCl/ha. The results showed that bagase compost application at 7.5 ton/ha significantly increased nitrogen uptake at 3 Month After Planting (MAP) compared to no compost, but did not affect P2O5, K2O and ?S. Lower rate of inorganic fertilizer decreased S uptake at 2 MAA, but did not affect N, P2O5 dan K2O. Combination of 5.0 ton/ha compost bagase with 100% recommended rate of inorganic fertilizer tended to increase sugarcane growth. Bagase compost application with inorganic fertilizer did not affect the percentage of growth, height, and diameter off ?stalk. ? Key words: Sugarcane, Bagase compost, Nutrient uptake
Perbandingan Arachis pintoi dengan Tanaman Kacang-kacangan Penutup Tanah Lain dalam Menekan Laju Erosi pada Lahan Kelapa Sawit Berbukit Sarjono, Arif; Guntoro, Dwi; Supijatno, dan
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 47, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

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Abstract

Land preparation of oil palm plantation in hilly areas is vulnerable to environmental degradation. Legume cover crops can be used in vegetation system for soil conservation to control erotion. Arachis pintoi is a legume potential for cover crop. The objective of the research was to study the role of A. pintoi in suppressing soil erosion rate in oil palm land with the topography of hilly land. The research was conducted on the land of Bukit Kemuning farmer group, Mersam, Batanghari, Jambi with an average slope of 22.8% from September 2017 to March 2018. The experimental design used was a single-factor randomized complete block design with five treatments and four replications. The treatment consisted of natural vegetation, Arachis pintoi, Centrosema pubescens, Pueraria javanica and Calopogonium mucunoides. The results showed that the rate of increased leaf number of A. pintoi was 13.6 pieces per week and could cover the ground surface 100% at 20 weeks after planting (WAP). The dry weight of A. pintoi biomass was 496.08 g m-2 at 20 WAP. A. pintoi suppressed soil erosion by 80.45% as compared to natural vegetation treatment. However, it was not significantly different on suppression rates to other biomulch treatments.Keywords: biomass, Calopogonium mucunoides, Centrosema pubescens, land cover crop, Pueraria javanica
Efikasi Herbisida Penoksulam pada Budidaya Padi Sawah Pasang Surut untuk Intensifikasi Lahan Suboptimal Guntoro, Dwi; Agustina, Karlin; Yursida, Yursida
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 2, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal

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Abstract

An experiment on herbicide Penoksulam 25.5 g/L was conducted in tidal land. The objectives of this experiment was to determine the effectiveness of herbicides in controlling weeds in lowland rice. The experiment was conducted from November 2012 to March 2013. Randomized block design (RBD) with 6 treatments and 4 replications was used. The treatments tested the herbicide Penoksulam 25.5 g/L dose of 0.60 L/ha, 0.75 L/ha, 0.94 L/ha, 1,125 L/ha, manual weeding and control. The experimental unit was a plots measuring 5 m x 5 m. The results showed that the application of penoksulam 25.5 g/L  could to control weeds of lowland rice. Dominance weeds species in tidal land were Fimbristylis littoralis, Ludwigia octovalvis and Cyperus Iria. Application of herbicide at doses 0.60 L/ha up to 1.125 L/ha caused only mild symptoms of phytotoxicity on rice. Herbicides could be used to increase low land rice production on effective dose 0.60 L/ha to 0.75 L/ha.