E. Gumbira-Sa’id
Agroindustrial Technology Department, Bogor Agricultural University, PO Box 220 Bogor 16002, Indonesia

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The Integration of Cleaner Production Indicators on the Environmental Performance Measurement System for the Indonesian Natural Rubber Industry Hasibuan, Sawarni; Gumbira-Sa’id, E.; Eriyatno, Eriyatno; Saillah, Illah; Honggokusumo, Suharto; Romli, M.
International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology Vol 3, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1687.058 KB) | DOI: 10.18517/ijaseit.3.2.290

Abstract

This study aims to identify the priority of the cleaner production implementation and integrate it in the design of a comprehensive environmental performance measurement system for natural rubber industry in Indonesia. Prioritizing the cleaner production on the production process of natural rubber is based on the case of 10 Indonesian crumb rubber companies using the Analytical Hierarchy Process. The comprehensive environmental performance measurement system in natural rubber industry, i.e. in crumb rubber industry, starts from the selection of key environmental performance indicators (KEPI) using the fuzzy independent preference evaluation method. The environmental performance measurement model is developed to assist users in evaluating the comprehensive environmental performance and condition of the key indicators. The weighting for each of the KEPI is performed by means of the expert choice software. The environmental performance measurement model is designed in the form of a environmental scorecard with traffic light facilities which can provide recommendations based on the performance achievement status of each KEPI. From the results of the model verification in the case of crumb rubber industry, several indicator statuses were found "not good", i.e. on the index of raw materials, solid waste load, water conservation, energy conservation, and environmental innovation indicators. The environmental performance ranking model is designed to evaluate the comprehensive environmental performance in different companies or at different assessment periods.
OPTIMASI MODEL TRANSPORTASI DALAM PENGUKURAN KINERJA MANAJEMEN RANTAI PASOKAN BERAS: STUDI KASUS DI PERUM BULOG DIVISI REGIONAL JAWA BARAT Dewi, Galuh Chandra; Gumbira-Sa’id, E.; Fahmi, Idqan
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 2, No 2 (2005): Vol. 2 No. 2 Oktober 2005
Publisher : Graduate Program of Management and Business Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze the ability of West Java on providing the needs of rice through all over West Java as well as the surrounding regions; and to evaluate optimal rice distribution among the regions. It was predicted that the rice production volume in West Java and Banten Provinces tend to decrease, each for 3 806.33 Tons per quartile and 1 662.85 Tons per quartile. The optimal rice transportation network should be conducted through rice distribution from Cirebon Sub Regional Division to Ciamis Sub Regional Division or from Karawang Sub Regional Division to Cianjur Sub Regional Division. Rice distribution could be conducted from Cirebon, Indramayu, Karawang and Subang Sub Regional Divisions to Jakarta Raya Sub Regional Division
PETA SELERA PASAR TEH DUNIA Suprihatini, Rohayati; Gumbira-Sa’id, E.; Ma’arif, Syamsul; Marimin, Marimin
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 1, No 2 (2004): Vol. 1 No. 2 Oktober 2004
Publisher : Graduate Program of Management and Business Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

In order to increase Indonesia tea export market share is required product improvement of Indonesian tea supply to serve the market preference in each world tea market region.   Research results showed that world tea market based on preference attibutes namely (1) tea type, (2) tea grade, and (3) organoleptic score apllying hierarchical cluster analysis, between-groups linkage method and Euclidean method can be classified in to five groups of tea markets.  Market Group-1 consist of Poland, Hungary, USA, and Canada; Market Group-2 consist of West Europe Region, Australia, Japan, East Europe in general, Turkey, North America Region, South America Region in general, and India; Market Group-3 consist of Pakistan, Afghanistan, Egypt, Malaysia, and Singapore; Market Group-4 consist of Iran and Middle East Region in general; and Market Group-5 consist of Iraq, Syria, and Russian Region especially Russian Federation.  Market Group-4 are markets typical having the highest preference due to only the best tea is accepted.    On the other hand, Market Group-1 are tea markets having lowest preference, while others Market Groups are in medium preference. 
ANALISIS KEKUATAN KEUNGGULAN KOMPARATIF DAN KOMPETITIF INDONESIA DALAM MENINGKATKAN DAYA SAING AGROINDUSTRI HALAL Purnomo, Dwi; Gumbira-Sa’id, E.; Fauzi, Anas M.; Syamsu, Khaswar; Tasrif, Muhammad
Jurnal Teknotan Vol 5, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Jurnal Teknotan

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Abstract

Pemetaan keunggulan daya saring komparatif dan kompetitif agro-industri dan bisnis halal Indonesia diperlukan untuk menjamin keberhasilan bisnis halal di pasar internasional, terutama di negara-negara anggota ASEAN. Analisis SWOT- kuantitatif digunakan sebagai metode perencanaan strategis dan untuk mengevaluasi kekuatan,kelemahan, peluang dan ancaman yang terjadi pada agroindustri halal eksisting Indonesia. Lima faktor yang dikelompokkan dianalisa dengan dua belas faktor daya saing yang dinilai untuk mengubah keunggulan komparatif menjadi keunggulan kompetitif.  Penilaian dilakukan oleh tujuh belas responden pelaku agroindustri halal nasional yang terdiri atas pengambil kebijakan, industri pakar dan pengamat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Agroindustri halal dapat menjadi altrenatif kebijakan yang sangat baik (skor kekuatan 4,19 dan skor kelemahan -2,25), mengingat kemampuannya melibatkan keterkaitan antara pengembangan industri hulu pertanian, industri hilir pertanian serta jasa-jasa pendukung secara harmonis dan simultan Kata kunci : Analisis SWOT kuantitatif, Halal, Agroindustri, Komparatif, Kompetitif
KINERJA ADITIF IMPROVER DALAM PRODUKSI ROLLING OIL MENGGUNAKAN BAHAN BAKU MINYAK SAWIT The Performance of Improver Additive in Rolling Oil Production Using Crude Palm Oil as Raw Material Ainuri, M.; Irawadi, T. T.; Suryani, A.; Gumbira-Sa’id, E.; Mas’ud, Z. A.; Hardono, E.
Jurnal Agritech Vol 28, No 03 (2008)
Publisher : Jurnal Agritech

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Abstract

Rolling oil (RO) is a process lubricant that used in metal working industries, especially in cold rolling mill (CRM)process as roll coolants, roll oil and pickler oil. Rolling oil is the mixture of basic lubricant and additives. Basic lubricant of RO usually from mineral or synthetic oil which have problems on process performance as well as in en- vironment. Crude palm oil (CPO) is a potential commodity, but its’ utilities are still very limited. CPO is better than mineral or synthetic oil, especially on environmental conservation and process performance. Therefore, CPO is very potential to replace mineral oil as a base lubricant of RO. To determine the best base lubricant and additives based on characteristic analysis and performance uses two approaches, the statistical approach  used to know whether the treatment is effective or not and zero one method used to get the best decision from more alternatives and criteria. In general, CPO characteristics generally is similar with commercial RO characteristics. Yet, deviation of the acid value, peroxside value, iodine value, moisture and Fe content can be minimized by purification and mixture of olein fraction. Performance of improver additive, emulsifier (EM), viscocity index improver (VII) and extrime pressure (EP) produces three kinds of the best additive namely emulfluid A (Ed) as a emulsifier additive, AP. 5315 (Va) as a viscosity index improver and AP.2337 (Pb) as a extreme pressure. Interaction phenomena distinguish the more purify of CPO purification process the more interactive for additive, and interaction between additives distinguishes that additives of VII affect to emulsion performance and EP additives have negative effects on emulsion and viscosity performance. Selection of the best concentration of the best improver additives results; Ed 2.0 % (w/w) with alternative value of 35%, Va 2.0 % (w/w) with alternative value 42,9 % and Pb 2.0% with alternative value 46.25 %.ABSTRAKRolling oil (RO) adalah salah satu pelumas proses yang digunakan di industri logam, khususnya  pada proses coldrolling mill (CRM), berfungsi sebagai roll collants, roll oil dan pickler oil. Bahan utama RO adalah pelumas dasar dan aditif. Pelumas dasar RO pada umumnya berasal dari minyak bumi atau minyak sintetik yang memiliki permasala- han baik dalam kinerja proses maupun lingkungan. Minyak kelapa sawit (CPO) merupakan komoditas potensial, tetapi pemanfaatannya masih terbatas. CPO lebih baik dibanding minyak mineral dan sintetik khususnya terhadap konservasi lingkungan dan kinerja proses. Oleh kerena itu, CPO berpeluang menggantikan minyak mineral sebagai pelumas dasar RO. Pemilihan pelumas dasar dan aditif pada produksi RO didasarkan atas analisis karakteristik dan kinerja yang menggunakan dua pendekatan; statistik untuk mengetahui efektifitas perlakuan, dan metode  zero one untuk penentuan pilihan terbaik dari banyak alternatif dan kriteria. Secara umum, karakteristik CPO tidak jauh berbeda dengan karateristik RO komersial. Perbedaan pada bilangan asam, peroksida, dan iod, serta kadar air dan kadar Fe dapat diperkecil melalui proses purifikasi dan pencampuran fraksi olein. Kinerja aditif improver, emulsifier (EM), viscocity index improver (VII) dan extreme pressure (EP) diperoleh tiga macam aditif terbaik, yaitu emulfluid A (Ed) sebagai aditif emulsifier, AP. 5315 (Va) aditif viscosity index improver dan AP.2337 (Pb) aditif extreme pressure. Fenomena interaksi CPO dangan aditif menunjukkan semakin murni CPO semakin kuat dan interaksi antara aditif dengan aditif menunjukkan bahwa aditif VII berpengaruh positif terhadap kinerja emulsi dan aditif EP negatif terh- adap kinerja emulsi dan viskositas.  Sedang konsentrasi aditif improver terbaik  adalah Ed 2.0 % (w/w) dengan nilai alternatif  35 %, Va  2.0 % (w/w) dengan nilai alternatif  42,9 % dan Pb  2.0%  dengan nilai alternatif  46.25 %.