Tatang Ary Gumanti
Jurusan Manajemen, Fakultas Ekonomi, Universitas Jember

Published : 19 Documents
Articles

Found 19 Documents
Search

Board of Commisioner Duality Role, Governance and Earnings Management of Initial Public Offerings in Indonesia Gumanti, Tatang Ary; Prasetiawati, Widi
Jurnal Akuntansi dan Keuangan Vol 13, No 2 (2011): NOVEMBER 2011
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/jak.13.2.80-86

Abstract

Public firm is required to implement good corporate governance as assurance to reduce information asymmetry between firm and its stockholders. Corporate governance mechanism should be able to limit any improper actions of the firm’s management. This study investigates whether the duality role of the board affects earnings management practice of firms making initial public offering at Indonesian Stock Exchange. The study also examines other corporate governance mechanism factors, namely the number of board of commission­ners, the proportion of independent board of commissioners, size of firm, financial leverage, and profitability. Earnings management was measured using Cross-Sectional Modified Jones model. The study employs a total of 60 firms that went public from 2000 to 2006. The results show that duality status of board of commissioners positively and significantly affects earnings management in IPO firms. This could be interpreted that board of directors with duality role had a lower function in monitoring the firms’ performance so that management have opportunity to manage reported earnings. When board of commissioners have dual role, the level of earnings management is getting intense, and vice versa. Size of board of commissioners and profitability are positively related to earnings management.
EARNINGS MANAGEMENT: SUATU TELAAH PUSTAKA Gumanti, Tatang Ary
Jurnal Akuntansi dan Keuangan Vol 2, No 2 (2000): NOVEMBER 2000
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

Earnings management is a new phenomenon, which has contributed to the development of accounting theory. The term earnings management occurs as a direct consequence of the efforts undertaken by managers or preparers of financial statements in an attempt to affect accounting information, especially earnings, for his/her own and/or company´s benefits. Earnings management can not be interpreted as a negative action since it does not solely concern with earnings manipulation. Theoretically, there are many ways or methods available for managers or preparers of financial statements to affect reported earnings, which are considerably possible from the view of positive accounting theory. The positive accounting theory suggests that managers may have the incentives and intention to behave opportunistically for obtaining his/her private gains by selecting certain accounting methods. Empirical studies have shown that earnings management is evidenced in many economic contexts. This indicates that certain economic events or variables can be utilized as a mechanism for managing earnings. This evidence provides opportunity for accounting researchers, in particular, and management researchers to examine the possibility of occurrence of earnings management in various economic contexts. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Earnings management atau manajemen laba merupakan suatu fenomena baru yang telah menambah wacana perkembangan teori akuntansi. Istilah manajemen laba muncul sebagai konsekuensi langsung dari upaya-upaya manajer atau pembuat laporan keuangan untuk melakukan manajemen informasi akuntansi, khususnya laba (earnings), demi kepentingan pribadi dan/atau perusahaan. Manajemen laba itu sendiri tidak dapat diartikan sebagai suatu upaya negatif yang merugikan karena tidak selamanya manajemen laba berorientasi pada manipulasi laba. Secara teoritis ada banyak cara atau metode yang dapat ditempuh oleh manajer (pembuat laporan keuangan) untuk mempengaruhi laba yang dilaporkan (reported earnings) yang memang memungkinkan ditinjau dari teori akuntansi positif (positive accounting theory). Teori akuntansi positif menjelaskan bahwa manajer memiliki insentif atau dorongan untuk dapat memaksimalkan kesejahteraannya. Bukti-bukti empiris menunjukkan bahwa praktek manajemen laba ditemui dalam banyak konteks. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa peristiwa atau variabel-variabel ekonomi tertentu dapat dijadikan sebagai sarana untuk memanaje laba. Kenyataan tersebut memberikan peluang bagi para peneliti akuntansi khususnya, dan peneliti manajemen umumnya, untuk meneliti kemungkinan munculnya manajemen laba pada satu aspek atau konteks ekonomi. Kata kunci: Manajemen laba, teori akuntansi positif, akrual, laba.
BENTUK PASAR EFISIENSI DAN PENGUJIANNYA Gumanti, Tatang Ary; Utami, Elok Sri
Jurnal Akuntansi dan Keuangan Vol 4, No 1 (2002): MAY 2002
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

This paper discusses and summarizes the efficient market hypotheses initially proposed by Fama (1970). According to the efficient market theory, the market is said to be efficient if ´security prices reflect all available information´. Fama (1970) contends that there are three types of market efficiency, namely weak form market efficiency, semi-strong form market efficiency, and strong form market efficiency. Over the last three decades, the efficient market theory has become the center of research interest and has attracted attention, which has contributed to the development of corporate finance theory. Empirical evidence however appears to support that the American stock market is classified to be the semi-strong form. This means that the information that forms the price in the market has been dominated by historical and public information, although the clear cut is still unwarranted. Other interesting aspect of the efficient market hypothesis is the strong evident of anomaly in the market, which appear to confront the efficient market hypothesis. There are at least four types of market anomalies that have been identified, namely firm anomalies, seasonal anomalies, event anomalies, and accounting anomalies. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Tulisan ini membahas dan merangkum hipotesis pasar efisien sebagaimana pertama kali dikemukakan oleh Fama (1970). Menurut konsep pasar efisien, pasar dikatakan efisien bilamana harga-harga yang terbentuk di pasar merupakan cerminan dari informasi yang ada. Menurut Fama (1970), ada tiga bentuk tingkat efisiensi pasar berdasarkan pada tingkat penyerapan informasinya, yaitu pasar efisien bentuk lemah, pasar efisien bentuk semi kuat, pasar efisien bentuk kuat. Teori efisiensi pasar telah menjadi acuan kajian yang mendapat perhatian luas selama tiga dasawarsa terakhir dan menjadi topik paling menarik dalam perkembangan teori keuangan perusahaan. Bukti empiris yang sejauh ini telah dikemukakan cenderung mendukung hipotesis bahwa pasar modal di Amerika cenderung berbentuk efisien dalam tingkat semi-kuat. Artinya, informasi yang membentuk harga di pasar masih didominasi oleh informasi historis dan informasi publik, walaupun dalam banyak hal masih belum dapat dikatakan pasti. Sisi menarik lain yang terkait dengan hipotesis pasar efisien adalah ditemukannya anomali yang dalam banyak hal sepertinya mementahkan konsep efisiensi pasar yang berkembang selama ini. Setidaknya ada empat kelompok anomali yang dikenal sejauh ini, yaitu anomali perusahaan, anomali musiman, anomali peristiwa atau kejadian, dan anomali akuntansi. Kata kunci: hipotesis pasar efisien, pasar efisien bentuk lemah, pasar efisien bentuk semi kuat, pasar efisien bentuk kuat, anomali.
AN INVESTIGATION OF EARNINGS MANAGEMENT IN INDONESIAN MANUFACTURING INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERINGS Gumanti, Tatang Ary
Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business Vol 5, No 3 (2003): September-December
Publisher : Master of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1245.858 KB)

Abstract

This paper examines whether the issuers of Indonesian manufacturing initial public offerings (IPOs) manage the firms reported earnings by making income increasing discretionary accruals. The absence of market-determined prices for IPO shares prior to the offering has made issuers and underwriters to use nonprice information. The test was performed on a sample of 45 IPOs that went public during the period of July1991 through December 1994. The model used in this study follows the one developed by Friedlan (1994). The results show that there is no evidence that earnings management occurs among the sample firms. In other words, this study is unable to reject the null hypothesis that the issuers of Indonesian IPOs exercise accounting discretion that increases the reported earnings in the periods prior to the offering. In contrast, the study finds strong evidence of earnings management in the period after the offering, which could be interpreted as issuers trying to maintain the firms performance after the offering by making income increasing discretionary accruals.
CAN ACCOUNTING INFORMATION ACT AS A PROXY FOR EX ANTE UNCERTAINTY IN INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERINGS? Gumanti, Tatang Ary
Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business Vol 5, No 2 (2003): May-August
Publisher : Master of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1418.396 KB)

Abstract

This paper reviews and summarizes previous works and the rationale for the proposition that accounting information is in fact value relevant in the determination of an initial public offering IPO).Theoretical and empirical evidence has indicated that certain accounting measures can he used as proxies for total firm risk, that is, they could determine the riskiness of a corporation. The literature also advocates that accounting information is relevant in determining the value and thus the riskiness of a corporation through the use of accounting analysis. Since most of the information available in the prospectus is accounting information, it is arguable that this information represents a potential source for assessing the issuing firm. Some scholars have also advocated the possibility of using accounting information in assessing the value of firm making an IPO. Numerous papers have provided analytical and empirical evidence of the association between accounting numbers and the value of IPOs. The conclusion generally comes to show that information in the prospectus is value relevant concerning the IPO. The paper shows that it is indeed an arguable to use accounting information in the valuation of an IPO. Accordingly, it is an empirical issue whether accounting information has the property in explaining the ex-ante uncertainty of an IPO.
DETERMINAN-DETERMINAN MANAJEMEN LABA PADA PENAWARAN SAHAM PERDANA (KASUS PADA PERUSAHAAN SEKTOR ANEKA INDUSTRI) Gumanti, Tatang Ary; Prihandini, Sheila Regina; Utami, Elok Sri
Jurnal Siasat Bisnis Vol 18, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Jurnal Siasat Bisnis

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20885/jsb.vol18.iss2.art9

Abstract

Penelitian ini menganalisis pengaruh arus kas operasi, perubahan laba, leverage, dan tujuan penggunaan dana hasil IPO pada manajemen laba perusahaan di berbagai sektor industri yang melakukukan penawaran saham perdana (IPO) di Bursa Efek Indonesia. Sampel penelitian ini dipilih dengan menggunakan metode purposive sampling di mana ada 15 dari 33 perusahaan pada periode 1990-2012. Data yang digunakan adalah data sekunder dari berbagai sektor industri. Prospektus perusahaan diperoleh dari database Fakultas Ekonomi, Universitas Jember, Direktori Pasar Modal Indonesia (ICMD), dan sumber-sumber lainnya. Variabel terikat dalam penelitian ini adalah manajemen laba, yang diukur dengan menggunakan rasio Discretionary Akrual yang dikembangkan oleh Friedlan (1994). Variabel independen terdiri dari arus kas operasi, perubahan laba, tujuan penggunaan dana IPO yang berfungsi sebagai variabel dummy, dan rasio leverage diukur dengan rasio hutang terhadap ekuitas. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa hanya arus kas operasi yang berpengaruh negatif dan signifikan terhadap manajemen laba. Sementara perubahan pendapatan, leverage, dan tujuan penggunaan dana IPO tidak mempengaruhi secara signifikan manajemen laba perusahaan di berbagai sektor industri.Kata kunci: manajemen laba, arus kas operasi, perubahan laba, leverage
AN INVESTIGATION OF EARNINGS MANAGEMENT IN INDONESIAN MANUFACTURING INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERINGS Gumanti, Tatang Ary
Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business Vol 5, No 3 (2003): September-December
Publisher : Master in Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1245.858 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/gamaijb.5628

Abstract

This paper examines whether the issuers of Indonesian manufacturing initial public offerings (IPOs) manage the firms reported earnings by making income increasing discretionary accruals. The absence of market-determined prices for IPO shares prior to the offering has made issuers and underwriters to use nonprice information. The test was performed on a sample of 45 IPOs that went public during the period of July1991 through December 1994. The model used in this study follows the one developed by Friedlan (1994). The results show that there is no evidence that earnings management occurs among the sample firms. In other words, this study is unable to reject the null hypothesis that the issuers of Indonesian IPOs exercise accounting discretion that increases the reported earnings in the periods prior to the offering. In contrast, the study finds strong evidence of earnings management in the period after the offering, which could be interpreted as issuers trying to maintain the firms performance after the offering by making income increasing discretionary accruals.
CAN ACCOUNTING INFORMATION ACT AS A PROXY FOR EX ANTE UNCERTAINTY IN INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERINGS? Gumanti, Tatang Ary
Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business Vol 5, No 2 (2003): May-August
Publisher : Master in Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1418.396 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/gamaijb.5405

Abstract

This paper reviews and summarizes previous works and the rationale for the proposition that accounting information is in fact value relevant in the determination of an initial public offering IPO).Theoretical and empirical evidence has indicated that certain accounting measures can he used as proxies for total firm risk, that is, they could determine the riskiness of a corporation. The literature also advocates that accounting information is relevant in determining the value and thus the riskiness of a corporation through the use of accounting analysis. Since most of the information available in the prospectus is accounting information, it is arguable that this information represents a potential source for assessing the issuing firm. Some scholars have also advocated the possibility of using accounting information in assessing the value of firm making an IPO. Numerous papers have provided analytical and empirical evidence of the association between accounting numbers and the value of IPOs. The conclusion generally comes to show that information in the prospectus is value relevant concerning the IPO. The paper shows that it is indeed an arguable to use accounting information in the valuation of an IPO. Accordingly, it is an empirical issue whether accounting information has the property in explaining the ex-ante uncertainty of an IPO.
UNDERPRICING DALAM PENAWARAN SAHAM PERDANA DAN PENAWARAN SAHAM SUSULAN Gumanti, Tatang Ary; Alkaf, Nafisah
Jurnal Akuntansi dan Keuangan Indonesia Vol 8, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Departemen Akuntansi, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (387.222 KB) | DOI: 10.21002/jaki.2011.02

Abstract

Underpricing has become a subject for various examinations in initial public offerings (IPO) context. Underpricing is known as one of three anomalies surrounding IPO setting. A number of theories have been put forward to explain why such phenomenon occurs. One of them is that underpricing is used as a signal of firm quality, hoping that when the firm is going to reissue stock in the future, namely right issue or seasoned equity offerings (SEO), it will gain positive response from the market. This study aims at examining a sample of 85 IPOs and SEOs whether underpricing could signal firm quality when making right issue during 1990-2006 at the Indonesian Stock Exchange. Consistent with other capital market studies, results show that, on average, IPO firms are significantly underpriced as much as 22.35 percent, whilst for SEOs the average underpricing is 13.35 percent. The level of underpricing between IPOs and SEOs is not significantly different from zero. IPO firms experiencing higher underpricing will experience lower underpricing in SEO. Overall, the finding does not support the hypothesis that IPO underpricing is used as signal for firm quality undertaking SEO. Keywords: underpricing, IPO, SEO, signaling hypothesis Dalam konteks penawaran saham perdana (initial public offering=IPO), underpricing telah menjadi suatu subjek berbagai penelitian. Underpricing merupakan salah satu dari tiga anomaly dalam penawaran saham perdana. Sejumlah teori sudah diajukan untuk menjelaskan fenomena tersebut. Salah satu teori yang ada menyatakan bahwa underpricing digunakan sebagai salah satu sinyal atas kualitas perusahaan dengan makna bahwa jika suatu saat perusahaan menerbitkan kembali sahamnya, yang dikenal dengan sebutan penawaran saham susulan (seasoned equity offering=SEO), maka perusahaan akan memperoleh respon positif di pasar. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji teori sinyal, yaitu apakah underpricing dapat menjadi sinyal saat perusahaan melakukan SEO, dengan sampel sebanyak 85 perusahaan yang melakukan IPO dan SEO tahun 1990-2006 di Pasar Modal Indonesia. Konsisten dengan temuan di pasar modal lain, hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa secara rata-rata perusahaan yang melakukan IPO mengalami underpricing sebesar 22,35 persen, sedangkan saat SEO, tingkat underpricingnya sebesar 13,35 persen. Tingkat underpricing saat IPO dengan saat SEO secara statistik adalah tidak berbeda. Perusahaan dengan tingkat underpricing lebih tinggi saat IPO akan mengalami tingkat underpricing lebih rendah saat SEO. Secara keseluruhan, hasil penelitian belum berhasil mendukung teori sinyal dalam IPO. Kata Kunci: underpricing, IPO, SEO, hipotesis sinyal.
DETERMINAN MANAJEMEN LABA PADA PERUSAHAAN YANG MELAKUKAN PENAWARAN SAHAM PERDANA Marsela, Ike Anis; Gumanti, Tatang Ary; Singgih, Marmono
Jurnal Akuntansi Bisnis Vol 15, No 29 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Katolik Soegijapranata Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (541.86 KB) | DOI: 10.24167/jab.v15i29.967

Abstract

This article aimstoanalyze the effect ofoperatingcash flows, size of thecompany, earnings changes, andfinancial leverage onearnings managementchangesin the basic industry and chemicalsub-sectormaking initial public offering in theIndonesia Stock Exchange. The samples were selected using purposive sampling method in which as many as 35 out of 60 companies in the period 1989-2013. The data used are secondary data from a basic industry and chemical sub sector. The companys prospectus is obtained from database of the Economic Faculty, University of Jember, Indonesian Capital Market Directory (ICMD), and other sources. This usesmultiple linearregressionanalysis to test the hypotheses. The dependent variable is earnings management measured using the ratio of DCA models of Friedlan. Independent variables consisted of operating cash flow, size of the company, earnings changes, and financial leverage. Results showedthatoperatingcash flows negatively andsignificanty affectearnings managementchanges, earningschanges have positive andsignificant effect onearnings managementchanges, size of the company andfinancial leveragedoes not havesignificant effecton earnings management changes.