Gribaldi Gribaldi
Program Studi Agroteknologi Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Baturaja

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Pengaturan Aplikasi Pupuk Nitrogen Untuk Meningkatkan Toleransi dan Pemulihan Tanaman Padi Terhadap Cekaman Terendam Gribaldi, Gribaldi; Suwignyo, Rujito A.; Hasmeda, Merry; Hayati, Renih
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 2, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal

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Abstract

The influence of global climate to the Indonesian climate condition has been in serious condition which was already in high intensity. Flood becomes the fenomena in almost all area in Indonesia. In a swamp area, it can obstruct rice plant cultivation. The submerged rice plant create the obstruction of the rice plant photosynthesis and stress after being submerged. So that  an effort is needed to increase  its tolerance and recovery in order the reduction of the unhulled crop can be reduced.   This study was aimed to obtain a method to increase rice stage is vegetative  tolerance and recovery to submergence stress through the arrangement of nitrogen fertilizer aplication and rice variety.  The experimental design used was factorial completely randomized design with six replications. The factor consists of rice varieties (Inpara 3, Inpara 5, IR 64) and  treatment (P): P1: no submergence, all N dosage prior planting; P2: submerged (7-14 DAP), all N dosage prior planting; P3: submerged (7-14 DAP), all N dosage prior planting + (Si+Zn); P4: submerged (7-14 DAP), ½ N dosage prior planting + ½ N dosage 42 DAP + (Si+Zn); P5: submerged (7-14 DAP and 28-35 DAP), all N dosage prior planting; P6: submerged (7-14 DAP and 28-35 DAP), all N dosage prior planting + (Si+Zn); P7:  submerged (7-14 DAP and 28-35 DAP), ½ N dosage prior planting + ½ N dosage 42 DAP + (Si+Zn). The results showed that the arrangement of nitrogen fertilizer application before submerged to rice plant can increase the rice plant tolerance and recovery to the submerged stress.  The increasing of tolerance and recovery can be obtained at the rice variety given ½ N dosage prior planting + ½ N dosage 42 DAP + (Si+Zn).
Upaya Peningkatan Pemulihan Tanaman Padi Terhadap Cekaman Terendam Melalui Perlakuan Pemupukan Setelah Terendam Gribaldi, Gribaldi; Suwignyo, Rujito A.; Hasmeda, Mery; Hayati, Renih
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal

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Abstract

Plants get stressed shortly after submerged, to improve the recovery and subsequent metabolic processes as well as internal repairs required plant availability of adequate carbohydrate reserves after submerged. Giving fertilization treatment after being submerged is an effort to improve plant recovery after being submerged. This study was aimed to obtain the best fertilization to increase rice recovery to submergence stress through the fertilization after being submerged. The experimental design used was factorial completely randomized design with three replications. The factor consists of rice varieties (Inpara 3 dan IR 64) and treatment (N): Without soaking, basic fertilization (N1), submerged 7-14 DAP (fertilization of N, P2O5, K2O (N2), and fertilization of N, P2O5, K2O + (Si + Zn) (N3), as well as fertilization of N, P2O5, K2O + PPC micro (N4)) given 7 days after submerged, the submerged 7-14 and 28-35 DAP (N, P2O5, K2O (N5), and fertilization of N, P2O5, K2O + (Si + Zn) (N6) and fertilization of N, P2O5, K2O + PPC micro (N7)) given 7 days after the first submerged. The results showed that the growth and grain yield decreased with more frequent of rice plants in stress submerged condition. Fertilization can improve recovery after being submerged rice plants, where the best recovery obtained on varieties of rice plants treated with fertilization of N, P2O5 and K2O + PPC micro 7 days after being submerged.
FERTILIZATION STRATEGY TO INCREASE RICE GROWTH AND PRODUCTION UNDER TWO FLOODING CONDITION ON TWO LOWLAND SWAMP TYPES Gribaldi, Gribaldi; Suwignyo, Rujito A.; Hasmeda, Merry; Hayati, Renita
AGRIVITA, Journal of Agricultural Science Vol 38, No 1 (2016): FEBRUARY
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture University of Brawijaya in collaboration with PERAGI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17503/agrivita.v38i1.498

Abstract

Flood is general phenomenon found in most areas of Indonesia. This can obstruct rice crop cultivation on lowland swamp areas. Fertilization strategy is one of the efforts to increase rice crop growth and production on flooded condition. The objective of this research was to determine the best fertilization strategy on vegetative stage related to rice crop growth and production under flooded condition at two types of lowland swamp. The experimental design used in this research was split-plot design with three replications. The main plot was fertilization treatment consisting of P1 = base fertilization, P2 = fertilization before flooded, P3 = fertilization after flooded and P4 = fertilization before and after flooded. The subplot was rice variety which consisted of V1 = Inpara 3, V2 = Inpara 5, V3 = IR 64 and V4 = Ciherang.  The results showed that fertilization strategy was capable of increasing rice crop growth and production under flooded condition at two types of lowland swamp.  Rice variety Inpara 5 added with fertilizer before flooded on shallow-backswamp and fertilizer addition before and after flooded on middle-backswamp was the best treatment that had produced rice yield with magnitude of 4.48 and 3.43 ton per hectare, respectively.
Peningkatan Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Jagung Manis Melalui Penerapan Sistem Pengolahan Tanah dan Pemberian Mulsa pada Lahan Gribaldi, Gribaldi
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 5, No 2 (2016): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33230/JLSO.5.2.2016.261

Abstract

Gribaldi et al, 2016.  Increasing of Growth and Sweet Corn Production Through Implementationof Tillage System and Mulching on The Dry Land. JLSO 5(2):119-126. Tillage and mulching are intended to create good soil conditions which is suitable for plant growth so could increase crop production. This study aims to gain tillage system and the organic mulching which  can improve the growth and the production of sweet corn on the dry land.  The experimental design used in this study is a randomized block design arranged as factorial with two treatments factors and three replications. The first factor is tillage (P), which consists of no tillage (P0), minimum tillage (P1), and maximum tillage (P2). The second factor is mulching (M), which consists of no mulching (M0), mulching (M1). The results showed that  tillage systems affect the growth and production of sweet corn,  mulching no effect on the growth and production of sweet corn, and mulching on minimum tillage tend to affect both the growth and the production of sweet corn on dry land.
Upaya Peningkatan Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Gambas Melalui Pengaturan Jarak Tanam dan Waktu Penyiangan di Lahan Kering Gribaldi, Gribaldi; Nurlaili, Nurlaili
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 7, No 2 (2018): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33230/JLSO.7.2.2018.358

Abstract

Gribaldi et al, 2018. Increasing the Growth and Production of Oyong Through Setting the Planting Distance and Weeding Period in Dry Land. JLSO 7(2):157-163. Luffa acutangula (angled loofah) provide great benefits so that it is popular and consumed by the public. The increasing of L. acutangula production continues to be carried out in line with increasing market demand, one of them is through the improvement of cultivation techniques, such as fertilizer application, spacing and time for weeding. This study aimed to determine the increase in growth and production of L. acutangula plants at various planting distances and weeding time. This study used a randomized block design which was arranged through factorial with three replications. The factors studied consisted of: plant spacing (J), spacing of 40 cm x 50 cm (J1), spacing of 60 cm x 50 cm (J2), and spacing of 80 cm x 50 cm (J3). Weed weeding treatment (P) consists of: No weeding (P0), weeding at 15 DAS (days after sowing) (P1), weeding at 25 DAS (P2), weeding at 35 DAS (P3), and weed-free (P4). The results showed that the treatment of plant spacing and weeding time affected the plant growth and production. Spacing at 40 cm x 50 cm resulted in the best of plant growth and yield, and weeding at 35 DAS and weed-free plant produced the best growth and yield.
Modifikasi Aplikasi Unsur Hara untuk Perbaikan Vigorasi Bibit Padi dalam Cekaman Terendam Suwignyo, Rujito Agus; Wijaya, Andi; Sihombing, Hesty; Gribaldi, Gribaldi
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33230/JLSO.1.1.2012.2

Abstract

Suwignyo et al., 2012. Modification of Nutrient Application for the Improvement of Rice Seed Vigor in Submergence Threat. JLSO 1(1):1-11.In fresh water swamp rice cultivation, farmers  face the problem of high water levels during the early stage of plant growth, causing risky situation for seed. This study was aimed to obtain a method to increase rice seedling tolerance to submergence stress through improving fertilizer application  rice variety. The experimental design used was factorial completely randomized design with three replications. The factor consists of rice varieties (Inpara 3, Inpara 4, Inpara 5, BR 11 sub-1, IR 42, Rutti, Uffa, and Serendah Kuning), and fertilization treatment (NPK at planting without submergence; NPK with N at 7 days prior to submergence; NPK with N at one day after submergence; NPK + manure with N at 7 days prior to submergence; NPK + Manure + Si + Zn with N at 7 days prior to submergence; and NPK + Manure + Si + Zn with N at one day after submergence). The results showed that application of the proper nutrients could increase rice seedling vigor under submergence stress. At nursery stage, application of NPK, Manure, Si and Zn, with Nitrogen  after submergence would improve seedling vigor after recovery period. Submergence stress tolerant varieties showed higher ability to survive under submergence stress, and Inpara 4, Inpara 5, and BR11 Sub-1 performed better than Inpara 3. Serendah Kuning showed  better response to submergence stress than other local varieties. 
Upaya Peningkatan Pemulihan Tanaman Padi Terhadap Cekaman Terendam Melalui Perlakuan Pemupukan Setelah Terendam Gribaldi, Gribaldi; Suwignyo, Rujito A.; Hasmeda, Mery; Hayati, Renih
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Plants get stressed shortly after submerged, to improve the recovery and subsequent metabolic processes as well as internal repairs required plant availability of adequate carbohydrate reserves after submerged. Giving fertilization treatment after being submerged is an effort to improve plant recovery after being submerged. This study was aimed to obtain the best fertilization to increase rice recovery to submergence stress through the fertilization after being submerged. The experimental design used was factorial completely randomized design with three replications. The factor consists of rice varieties (Inpara 3 dan IR 64) and treatment (N): Without soaking, basic fertilization (N1), submerged 7-14 DAP (fertilization of N, P2O5, K2O (N2), and fertilization of N, P2O5, K2O + (Si + Zn) (N3), as well as fertilization of N, P2O5, K2O + PPC micro (N4)) given 7 days after submerged, the submerged 7-14 and 28-35 DAP (N, P2O5, K2O (N5), and fertilization of N, P2O5, K2O + (Si + Zn) (N6) and fertilization of N, P2O5, K2O + PPC micro (N7)) given 7 days after the first submerged. The results showed that the growth and grain yield decreased with more frequent of rice plants in stress submerged condition. Fertilization can improve recovery after being submerged rice plants, where the best recovery obtained on varieties of rice plants treated with fertilization of N, P2O5 and K2O + PPC micro 7 days after being submerged.
Peningkatan Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Jagung Manis Melalui Penerapan Sistem Pengolahan Tanah dan Pemberian Mulsa pada Lahan Gribaldi, Gribaldi
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 4, No 2 (2015): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Tillage and mulching are intended to create good soil conditions which is suitable for plant growth so could increase crop production. This study aims to gain tillage system and the organic mulching which can improve the growth and the production of sweet corn on the dry land. The experimental design used in this study is a randomized block design arranged as factorial with two treatments factors and three replications. The first factor is tillage which consists of no tillage (P0), minimum tillage (P1), and maximum tillage (P2). The second factor is mulching which consists of no mulching (M0), mulching (M1). The results showed that the soil tillage system and mulching affect on growth and production of sweet corn, minimum soil tillage systems and mulching best affect on the growth and production of sweet corn on the dry land.
Pengaturan Aplikasi Pupuk Nitrogen Untuk Meningkatkan Toleransi dan Pemulihan Tanaman Padi Terhadap Cekaman Terendam Gribaldi, Gribaldi; Suwignyo, Rujito A.; Hasmeda, Merry; Hayati, Renih
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 2, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The influence of global climate to the Indonesian climate condition has been in serious condition which was already in high intensity. Flood becomes the fenomena in almost all area in Indonesia. In a swamp area, it can obstruct rice plant cultivation. The submerged rice plant create the obstruction of the rice plant photosynthesis and stress after being submerged. So that  an effort is needed to increase  its tolerance and recovery in order the reduction of the unhulled crop can be reduced.   This study was aimed to obtain a method to increase rice stage is vegetative  tolerance and recovery to submergence stress through the arrangement of nitrogen fertilizer aplication and rice variety.  The experimental design used was factorial completely randomized design with six replications. The factor consists of rice varieties (Inpara 3, Inpara 5, IR 64) and  treatment (P): P1: no submergence, all N dosage prior planting; P2: submerged (7-14 DAP), all N dosage prior planting; P3: submerged (7-14 DAP), all N dosage prior planting + (Si+Zn); P4: submerged (7-14 DAP), ½ N dosage prior planting + ½ N dosage 42 DAP + (Si+Zn); P5: submerged (7-14 DAP and 28-35 DAP), all N dosage prior planting; P6: submerged (7-14 DAP and 28-35 DAP), all N dosage prior planting + (Si+Zn); P7:  submerged (7-14 DAP and 28-35 DAP), ½ N dosage prior planting + ½ N dosage 42 DAP + (Si+Zn). The results showed that the arrangement of nitrogen fertilizer application before submerged to rice plant can increase the rice plant tolerance and recovery to the submerged stress.  The increasing of tolerance and recovery can be obtained at the rice variety given ½ N dosage prior planting + ½ N dosage 42 DAP + (Si+Zn).
Perubahan Karakter Agronomis Beberapa Varietas Padi Terhadap Cekaman Rendaman Diberbagai Kondisi Kekeruhan Air Gribaldi, Gribaldi; Nurlaili, Nurlaili
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 4, No 2 (2015): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Plants which experienced the stress immersion of photosynthesis and its respiration were hampered, as a result of gas diffusion and penetration of low light. Penetration of light that can be captured by the plant which experienced the stress immersion is highly depending on the turbidity of water and the height of immersion. Some rice varieties have different growth responses to the stress immersion at various water turbidity. This study aims to obtain varieties that are tolerant to stress immersion in various conditions of water turbidity. The experimental design used in this research is completely randomized design arranged in a factorial with two factors treatments and three replications. The first factor is rice varieties consists of IR 64 (V1), Inpara 3 (V2), and Inpara 5 (V3). The second factor is the turbidity of water immersion consists of without an immersion (K0), immersion in pure water (K1), immersion in ½ water turbid (K2), immersion in water turbid (K3). Submersion did on 7hst for 7 days. The results showed that rice crops which experienced the stress immersion in various water turbidity showed a response to agronomic character’s changing which is different, Inpara 5 varieties tend to be more tolerant of stress immersion in various water turbidity, the more turbid water immersion, the greater damage to the rice crop and the lower production of grain produced per hectare