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Tidak ada perbedaan respon imun perokok berat dan perokok ringan karena asupan mikronutrien

JURNAL GIZI INDONESIA Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : JURNAL GIZI INDONESIA

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Abstract

Background: Smoking may affect cytokine levels, including IFN-γ, IL-6, and IL-10. Objectives: This study aimed to analyze the difference in levels of cytokines (IFN-γ, IL-6 and IL-10) based on the degree of smoking, and how the daily intake of nutrient influence the relationship of smoking with cytokines level. Method: This was a cross sectional study. Study subject consisted of 23 adult, healthy, smoker men. Ethical clearance was issued by Commission of Ethics of Medical and Public Health Research, Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University. Smoking variabel was obtained from questions. Level of cytokines examined consists of IFN-γ, IL-6 and IL-10 was measured using ELISA (pg/dl). Nutritional intake was measured by method of 2x24-hour recall. The difference of level of IFN-γ, IL-6, IL-10 and daily nutrient intake based on smoking degree was analyzed with Mann Whitney (α 0,05). Result: The result showed no difference in level of IFN-γ, IL-6 and IL-10 found between group of light and heavy smokers. In the group of heavy smokers, daily nutrient intake was higher compare to light smokers. However, the significant difference only found in vitamin C (p = 0.042). Conclusion: Immune response, as measured by level of interferon gamma, interleukin 6 and interleukin 10, do not differ betwen light and heavy smokers due to micronutrient intake Keywords: heavy smoker, light smoker, interferon gamma, interleukin 6, interleukin 10

Correlation of zinc plasma and IgM anti-PGL-1 levels among close contact of leprosy

Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 21, No 3 (2012): August
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

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Abstract

Background: Previous study showed leprosy patients have low zinc status. Yet the status of zinc in close-contact, which indicated by IgM anti-PGL1 level, have not determined. The aim of the study was to determine the association of zinc plasma and IgM anti-PGL-1 levels among close contact of leprosy patients in Indonesia.Methods: This was an observational study. Subjects were 186 close-contact leprosy patients. Measurement of zinc plasma status used atomic absorption spectrophotometer while examination of IgM anti-PGL1 level used ELISA (Polyclonal rabbit anti human IgM/HRP/(Dako®).Results: The average level of IgM anti-PGL1 and zinc plasma were 804 unit/mL (± 439.4) and 16.6 μmol/L (± 3.5) consecutively. There was significant correlation between zinc plasma and IgM anti-PGL1 (r = - 0.230; p = 0.002).Conclusion: There is a significant correlation between zinc plasma and IgM anti-PGL1 in close contact of leprosy (Med J Indones. 2012;21:166-9)Keywords: IgM anti PGL-1, close contact of leprosy, zinc plasma

Identification Of Termites In Lawang Sewu Heritage Building Semarang City

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 2, No 3 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)

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Abstract

Termites are known as wood destroying insects and most important building construction wood and other lignocellulosic materials have been reported in almost all of Indonesia. Lawang Sewu is a heritage building where wood components used in the building is teak wood, which is resistant to termite attack. However,preliminary survey results mark the presence of termites in one corner of the building showed a wanderer termite burrows. The purpose of this study is to identify the species of termite that has been obtained in the research and describe the environmental conditions, including temperature and humidity as well as describing the condition of the building. This research is a descriptive study using survey method and cross sectional approach. The population in this study was all termites in the area Lawang Sewu building. The samples in this study were sampled using a total sampling building and termite sampling using accidental sampling technique. From the results of this research note that was found termite species Macrotermes gilvus Hagen major and minor soldiers and Coptotermes curvignathus Holmgren. The temperature ranges between 28.9°C-33°C, relative humidity ranged between 41.6%-89.7%. While the condition of the building there is damage where such damage can lead to termite entry into the building and attack, there are B,D and E building. Therefore, there needs to be a cleansing of wood, trees that have died and other materials contain lignocellulotic which directly related to land, repairing buildings damaged and need an immediately evaluate for termite treatment that has been done

Identifikasi Cacing dan Protozoa Usus pada Tubuh Lalat

Jurnal Kedokteran Meditek vol. 13 no. 34 Mei-Agustus 2005
Publisher : Jurnal Kedokteran Meditek

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Abstract

Perbedaan praktik PSN 3M Plus di kelurahan percontohan dan non percontohan program pemantauan jentik rutin kota Semarang

Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 9, No 1 (2012): April
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

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Abstract

In 2010 the pilot project of PJR program (routine larvae monitoring) was firstly implemented in Pedurungan village. The program was expected to increase community practice in mosquito eradication program (PSN-plus). The study was aimed to describe the difference of PSN-plus practice in pilot- and nonpilot- PJR villages. This was a comparative survey with cross sectional design. The study subject was household in pilot- and nonpilot-PJR villages which, consisted of 90 respondents each. The selection of study subject used proportional random sampling technique. To measure the of PSN-plus practice, questionnaire and observation sheet were used. Statistical analysis was performed with Chi-Square test. The result showed that PSN-plus practice in pilot village was better than nonpilot one. The statistical test proved the difference of bathtub drain (p value=0.006), closed water containers (p value=0.002), demolished used stuffs (p value=0.001), and hanging clothes habit (p value=0.0001).

Faktor Lingkungan Yang Berkaitan Dengan Kejadian Malaria (Studi Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Kepil I Kabupaten Wonosobo Tahun 2004)

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 4, No 1 (2005): vol 4, No 1 (2005)
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Background: Malaria is one of disease caused by intracellular parasite called Plasmodium and transmitting by Anopheles spp mosquito. Area of Kepil I Local Government Clinic in Wonosobo District is one of malaria endemic area with 32.28‰ annual parasite incidence (API). Environmental factors included physical, biological and social influence the transmission of malaria. Objective: Analyzing environmental factors related to malaria occurrence in area of Kepil I Local Government Clinic. Method: This was a case control study. Participant of this study divided into two groups i.e. case and control group, each consisted of 70 subjects. As case group was malaria patients of Kepil I, taken by systematic random sampling technique, while control group was case’s nearest neighbor with same sex, similar age and economic status, and not suffering of malaria. Data was analyzed by chi-square test and odds ratio (OR). Result: Statistical analysis showed that the occurrence of malaria related to house condition (p=0.041), using of mosquito repellent (p=0.020), stall distance (p=0.005) and night outdoor activity (p=0.001), while closing doors and windows (p=0.194), using bed net (p=0.091), cattle existence (p=0.089) and night outdoor bathe, wash and defecation habit (p=0.168) had no correlation with malaria occurrence in area of Kepil I Local Government Clinic. OR value showed that risk of malaria increase 2.167 times in house with unclose wall and roof, 3.160 times in subject that not use mosquito repellent at night, 4.829 times in subject living in a house with integrated stall or the distance less then five meters, and 4.244 times in subject with night outdoor activity. Conclusion: Environmental factors related to malaria in area of Kepil I Local Government Clinic were unclose wall and roof of the house, not using mosquito repellent at night, existence of stall that is integrated with house or the distance is less than five meters and night outdoor activity. Keywords: malaria, physical environment, biological environment, social environment

PENGARUH PENDIDIKAN KESEHATAN PADA SISWA DAN PETUGAS KEBERSIHAN TERHADAP KEPADATAN JENTIK DI SEKOLAH DASAR WILAYAH KECAMATAN TEMBALANG

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Dengue hemorrhagic fever is an infectious disease which becomes one of the most important public health problems in Indonesia. IR DBD Semarang in 2015 was 98.61 per 100,000 population. School is a potential place in the spread and transmission of dengue disease. The objective of this study is to analyze the effect of health education on students and janitors. This research is a quasi-experimental design with pretest-posttest control group design. The samples studied there were 6 primary schools, 3 samples the experimental group and 3 samples the control group. Data were analyzed using t test independent sample and Mann Whitney. The results showed that there is significant differences knowledge of students between control group and experimentation (p = <0.001). So also with the attitude of students that there are significant differences between the experimental and control groups, p = 0.013. On knowledge, attitude and practice of janitors there is no significant difference between the control group and the experimentation, the views of p = 0.184 and 0.317. The density of larvae, there is significant difference Container Index (CI) between control group and experimentation (p = 0,015). House Index (HI) has decreased, but above the standard (> 5%) and Larvae Free Index (ABJ) has increased, but still below the standard (<95%). The conclusion of this research, there is the effect of health education on the knowledge and attitude of students, Container Index (CI) but there isn’t effect on the knowledge, attitude and practice of primary schools janitors..

GAMBARAN USIA MENARCHE DINI DI PADA ANAK SEKOLAH DASAR DI DAERAH URBAN

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Menarche is the first mentrual period by a woman. There a decline in the secular trend of age of menarche in girls The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of early in private elementary schools students in urban areas. The population of this study were all students in grade IV, V, and VI of elementary schools in Semarang Selatan. 100 samples were chosen by using simple random sampling method. The results showed that the prevalence of early menarche was 20%. Early menarche was mostly found on children with obesity, overweight, and good nutrial status. Early menarche was also mostly found on children with high socioeconomic, had been exposed by audio visual media, less physical activity and high body fat percentage. Parents suggested to watch the uses of the mass media and gadgets in their children.

Duration of Contact, Type of Leprosy, And Floor Condition As Risk Factors For Leprosy Sero-positivity

KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 13, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

The high number of leprosy seropositivity in a population may lead to clinical leprosy. This study aimed to identify risk factors of leprosy. This study was conducted in Brondong, Lamongan, East Java. The subjects were 153 people who lived with leprosy patient. lgM anti PGL-1 level was examined used ELISA (Dako). Logistic regression was conducted to test the independent variables. The results showed that the subjects had an average age 31 year (6.5), average BMI 22 (2.9) and average IgM anti PGL-1 level 1041 unit/ml (820). 79.7% of the research subjects were women. The subjects house floor condition (p value 0.009) was the most influential variable to seropositivity of leprosy. Our findings indicated that not only the duration of leprosy and the contacts need to be considered in the transmission of leprosy, but also environmental factors, such as the subjects house floor condition.

ANALISIS SPASIAL KEPADATAN LARVA PADA WILAYAH KASUS DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI KELURAHAN SENDANGMULYO KOTA SEMARANG

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Sendangmulyo Village is one of the dengue endemic areas with the 4th highest incident rate (IR) in Tembalang District. One of the factors that influence the incidence of dengue is the high density of Aedes spp. larvae. Be required control strategies affectively and efficiently. To support the success of efforts to eradicate the vector, dengue entomology surveys is a must by using House Index (HI), Container Index (CI), and Breteau Index (BI). Spatial analysis in GIS can be used determine the pattern of distribution and areas of dengue potential transmission. The purpose of this study was to spatially analyze the presence and density of Aedes spp. larvae in the area of dengue cases in Sendangmulyo Village, Semarang City. This research is an observational descriptive study with a spatial approach. The number of samples is 244 houses, the minimum sample taken in the case area as many as 20 houses consisting of houses affected by dengue cases and houses around 19 houses with a radius of 50 meters.. The results of overlaying the density of Aedes spp. larvae in the area of RW 10, RW 16, RW 23, RW 25 and RW 28, Sendangmulyo Village is at a high risk of transmission with HI>10%. Whereas in RW 28 and RW 30 which have HI values of 9%, indicating that the two locations are sensitive or vulnerable to DHF (HI> 5%).