Abdul Ghofir
Department of Neurology, Sardjito Hospital, Yogyakarta

Published : 11 Documents
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SELAYANG PANDANG TENTANG PARTAI POLITIK DALAM KEPOLITIKAN NASIONAL Ghofir, Abdul
MAGISTRA Vol 19, No 61 (2007): Magistra Edisi Juni
Publisher : MAGISTRA

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Abstract

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Rerata Tekanan Arteri Lebih dari 145 MmHg pada Saat Masuk Rumah Sakit Sebagai Prediktor Prognosis Kematian 7 Hari pada Pasien Stroke Hemoragik Nugrahanti, Shinta S.; Ghofir, Abdul; Yudiyanta, Yudiyanta
Damianus Journal of Medicine Vol 10, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Damianus Journal of Medicine

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Background: Hemorrhagic stroke is usually caused by high blood pressure. Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP) >145 mmHg that exceed upper limit of autoregulation could increase cerebral blood flow leading to encephalopathy hypertension, rupture of blood vessel, and bleeding. This study is aim to know prognostic value of MAP value in hospital admission to 7 days mortality rate in hemorrhagic stroke patient.Methods: This is a cohort retrospective study. One hundred eighty four medical records were collected. All hemorrhagic stroke patient medical records were included and all recurrent patient were excluded. Characteristics of patient include age, sex, level of consciousness, blood pressure, mean arterial pressure, blood glucose, cholesterol, ECG, hematoma volume, perifocal oedem, ventricular extension were noted and classified. Outcome after 7 days since admission (die and not die) were also noted and then filled into form and all data were analysed.Results: Significant value of MAP >145 mmHg as prognosis predictor of 7 days mortality in hemorrhagic stroke is 0,771 (p>0,05). P value of each level of consciousness and ventricular extension are p=0,000 (p<0,05) and p=0,015 (p<0,05).Conclusions: MAP >145 mmHg at hospital admission is not significant as prognosis predictor of 7 days mortality in hemorrhagic stroke while level of consciousness and ventricular extension is significant as prognosis predictor of 7 days mortality in hemorrhagis stroke.
PERAN PERGURUAN TINGGI AGAMA ISLAM NEGERI (PTAIN) DALAM MEMASUKI ERA KOMPETISI GLOBAL Ghofir, Abdul
El-HARAKAH (TERAKREDITASI) Vol 5, No 2 (2003): EL HARAKAH
Publisher : UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18860/el.v3i2.5139

Abstract

Along the time, it seems the mission of this dawah is no longer can be maintained, because it is not in accordance with the development and current demands. Besides, the mission of dakwah does not has a significant meaning to the surrounding community. That is, with the existence of IAIN (with its branch faculty) circumstances on the surrounding community does not necessarily become more qualified, either social, moral and spiritual. Even in some areas, existence of IAIN does not provide significant resonance to the community. The presence and absence of IAIN, has no impact directly or indirectly to the public. On the contrary, some areas where there is no IAIN might have a better condition morally and spiritually. Seiring dengan perjalanan waktu, nampaknya misi dakwah ini tidak lagi bisa dipertahankan, karena tidak sesuai dengan perkembangan dan tuntutan jaman. Disamping juga, misi dakwah ini temyata tidak mempunyai makna yang signifikan kepada masyarakat sekitar. Artinya, dengan keberadaan IAIN (dengan fakultas cabangnya) keadaan secara masyarakat sekitar tidak serta merta menjadi lebih berkualitas, baik sosial, moral dan spiritual. Bahkan di beberapa daerah, keberadaan IAIN tidak memberikan resonansi yang signifikan terhadap masyarakat sek:itamya. Ada dan tidak adanya IAIN, tidak memberikan dampak langsung maupun tidak langsung terbadap masyarakat Demikian juga sebaliknya, beberapa daerah yang kebetulan tidak ditempati IAIN (fakultas cabangnya) bukan berarti secara moral dan spiritual lebih jelek dari yang ditempati IAIN.
HUBUNGAN KEYAKINAN DAN KEPATUHAN TERAPI PENCEGAHAN SEKUNDER TERHADAP KEJADIAN STROKE BERULANG Annisaa, Eva; Ghofir, Abdul; Ikawati, Zullies
JURNAL MANAJEMEN DAN PELAYANAN FARMASI (Journal of Management and Pharmacy Practice) Vol 5, No 2
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1176.387 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jmpf.141

Abstract

Terapi pencegahan sekunder stroke salah satunya bertujuan untuk mencegah terjadinya stroke yang berulang, namun fakta di lapangan menunjukkan angka kejadian stroke berulang. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan keyakinan akan pengobatan dengan kepatuhan dalam menggunakan pencegahan sekunder serta hubungan kepatuhan dalam menggunakan pencegahan sekunder dengan kejadian stroke berulang. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian analitik observasional dengan metode potong lintang (cross-sectional). Penelitian dilakukan di RSUP Dr. Sardjito dan RSU PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta pada Desember 2014 sampai April 2015. Subyek penelitian adalah semua pasien pasca stroke iskemik yang menggunakan pencegahan sekunder di ruang rawat inap serta poliklinik saraf yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi. Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaires (BMQ) dan Morisky Medication Adherence Scale-8 (MMAS-8) digunakan untuk mengukur keyakinan akan pengobatan dan kepatuhan pasien dalam menggunakan terapi pencegahan sekunder. Sejumlah 105 pasien memenuhi kriteria untuk diikutkan dalam penelitian, 36 (34,3%) di antaranya merupakan pasien stroke berulang. Secara umum pasien menunjukkan skor yang tinggi pada subskala necessity dan concern, dengan nilai median (IQR) sebesar 14 (16-12) dan 14 (16,5-12), sedangkan pada subskala overuse dan harm terlihat skor yang rendah, yaitu 6 (7,5-6) dan 11 (14-9). Uji Mann-Whitney pada keempat subskala BMQ menunjukkan adanya hubungan antara keyakinan akan pengobatan dengan kepatuhan dalam menggunakan terapi pencegahan sekunder (p<0,001). Analisis hubungan antara kepatuhan dalam menggunakan pencegahan sekunder dengan kejadian stroke berulang menggunakan uji Chi-Square menunjukkan adanya perbedaan yang signifikan pada kejadian stroke berulang antara kelompok kepatuhan tinggi dan kepatuhan rendah (OR=12,4, CI 95%=4,451-34,545).
PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN SASTRA INDONESIA BERBASIS PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER DI SMA/SMK KABUPATEN KLATEN (Development of the Teaching-Learning Model of Indonesian Literature Based on Character Education in SMA/SMK in Klaten Regency) Ismawati, Esti; Santosa, Gunawan Budi; Ghofir, Abdul
METASASTRA: Jurnal Penelitian Sastra Vol 9, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Balai Bahasa Jawa Barat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26610/metasastra.2016.v9i2.185-200

Abstract

Penelitian Hibah Bersaing DP2M DIKTI ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan model pengajaran sastra Indonesia berbasis karakter. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah R&D model Gall & Borg dengan 4 langkah, yakni (1) studi pendahuluan, (2) tahap pengembangan, (3) tahap pengujian model, dan (4) desiminasi hasil. Produk akhir penelitian ini berupa model pembelajaran sastra Indonesia berbasis karakter beserta buku teksnya. Permasalahan yang akan dipecahkan dalam penelitian ini adalah sebagai berikut: (1) Karakter apa saja yang sudah dan belum dimiliki oleh siswa dan guru SMA, SMK, dan MA di Klaten? (2) Bagaimana pembelajaran sastra Indonesia berbasis karakter di SMA, SMK, dan MA di Klaten? (3) Perlukah pengembangan model pembelajaran sastra Indonesia berbasis karakter di SMA, SMK, dan MA di Klaten? Hasil penelitian menyimpulkan bahwa (1) dari 18 karakter yang harus dibelajarkan di tingkat SLTA, baru 14 karakter yang terinternalisasi dalam diri siswa dan guru di Klaten; (2) pembelajaran karakter dalam sastra hanya ditempelkan saja; (3) perlu model pembelajaran sastra Indonesia berbasis karakter yang aplikatif.Abstract: The research of DP2M  DIKTI  aims to develop the teaching- learning model of Indonesian literature based on character education. The method of this research is R & D with four steps, namely, (1) preliminary study phase/introductory study, (2) development phase,  (3) trial phase, and  (4)  dissemination of the model. The product of this research is a learning   model of Indonesian literature   based on the character as well as the textbook. The research questions of the study are as follows: (1) what kinds  of the character  have or have not yet been owned by students and teachers  of SMA, SMK, MA in Klaten; (2) how the teaching Indonesian literature based on the character  is; (3) whether development of teaching Indonesian literature based on the character needs doing in SMA, SMK, and MA in Klaten. The results of the research show that (1) of the 18 characters taught  in  the high school level, only 14 characters are internalized within the students and teachers in Klaten; (2) teaching the character in literature subject  is only written; (3) it needs learning model of Indonesian literature based  on applicable  character.
HUBUNGAN KEYAKINAN DAN KEPATUHAN TERAPI PENCEGAHAN SEKUNDER TERHADAP KEJADIAN STROKE BERULANG Annisaa, Eva; Ghofir, Abdul; Ikawati, Zullies
JURNAL MANAJEMEN DAN PELAYANAN FARMASI (Journal of Management and Pharmacy Practice) Vol 5, No 2
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jmpf.141

Abstract

Terapi pencegahan sekunder stroke salah satunya bertujuan untuk mencegah terjadinya stroke yang berulang, namun fakta di lapangan menunjukkan angka kejadian stroke berulang. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan keyakinan akan pengobatan dengan kepatuhan dalam menggunakan pencegahan sekunder serta hubungan kepatuhan dalam menggunakan pencegahan sekunder dengan kejadian stroke berulang. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian analitik observasional dengan metode potong lintang (cross-sectional). Penelitian dilakukan di RSUP Dr. Sardjito dan RSU PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta pada Desember 2014 sampai April 2015. Subyek penelitian adalah semua pasien pasca stroke iskemik yang menggunakan pencegahan sekunder di ruang rawat inap serta poliklinik saraf yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi. Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaires (BMQ) dan Morisky Medication Adherence Scale-8 (MMAS-8) digunakan untuk mengukur keyakinan akan pengobatan dan kepatuhan pasien dalam menggunakan terapi pencegahan sekunder. Sejumlah 105 pasien memenuhi kriteria untuk diikutkan dalam penelitian, 36 (34,3%) di antaranya merupakan pasien stroke berulang. Secara umum pasien menunjukkan skor yang tinggi pada subskala necessity dan concern, dengan nilai median (IQR) sebesar 14 (16-12) dan 14 (16,5-12), sedangkan pada subskala overuse dan harm terlihat skor yang rendah, yaitu 6 (7,5-6) dan 11 (14-9). Uji Mann-Whitney pada keempat subskala BMQ menunjukkan adanya hubungan antara keyakinan akan pengobatan dengan kepatuhan dalam menggunakan terapi pencegahan sekunder (p<0,001). Analisis hubungan antara kepatuhan dalam menggunakan pencegahan sekunder dengan kejadian stroke berulang menggunakan uji Chi-Square menunjukkan adanya perbedaan yang signifikan pada kejadian stroke berulang antara kelompok kepatuhan tinggi dan kepatuhan rendah (OR=12,4, CI 95%=4,451-34,545).
THE COMPARISON BETWEEN MONOTHERAPY AND POLYTHERAPY IN EPILEPSY IDIOPATHIC GENERALISED TONIC CLONIC Wijayatri, Ratna; Ikawati, Zullies; Ghofir, Abdul
JURNAL MANAJEMEN DAN PELAYANAN FARMASI (Journal of Management and Pharmacy Practice) Vol 3, No 2
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2663.041 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jmpf.106

Abstract

The prevalence of epilepsy in the world reachs 5-20 per 1000 population. In Indonesia, the prevalence of epilepsy is approximately at 0.5-1.2%. Antiepilepsy drug has an important role in the epilepsy treatment. This study was aimed to know the effectiveness and safety of monotherapy treatment compared to polytherapy in terms of seizure frequency, seizure-free duration, and adverse drug reaction. This study was the observational research. The data were collected prospectively using instruments i.e.: seizure diaries and APS (Adverse Drug Reaction Probability Scale). Subject of this study were epileptic patient with idiopathic generalized tonic clonic who receive either polytherapy or monotherapy in neurological clinic of Dr. Sardjito Hospital on May-June 2012 period, which fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The data from monotherapy and polytherapy group was analysed in term of seizure frequency, seizure-free duration and adverse drug reaction. Result showed that monotherapy treatment more effective in controlling seizure (reduce the frequency of seizure) compared to polytherapy (<0.05). Percentage of seizure free was 83% in monotherapy compared to 48% in polytherapy. The prevalence of adverse drug reaction was about 20% in monotherapy and 14% in polytherapy. Based on the interview, although monotherapy caused more adverse drug reaction than that in polytherapy, the drug adverse reaction in monotherapy was milder and did not annoy patient convenience.Keywords: Epilepsy, Idiopathic Generalised Tonic Clonic, Monotherapy, Polytherapy, Adverse Drug Reaction
THE COMPARISON BETWEEN MONOTHERAPY AND POLYTHERAPY IN EPILEPSY IDIOPATHIC GENERALISED TONIC CLONIC Wijayatri, Ratna; Ikawati, Zullies; Ghofir, Abdul
JURNAL MANAJEMEN DAN PELAYANAN FARMASI (Journal of Management and Pharmacy Practice) Vol 3, No 2
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jmpf.106

Abstract

The prevalence of epilepsy in the world reachs 5-20 per 1000 population. In Indonesia, the prevalence of epilepsy is approximately at 0.5-1.2%. Antiepilepsy drug has an important role in the epilepsy treatment. This study was aimed to know the effectiveness and safety of monotherapy treatment compared to polytherapy in terms of seizure frequency, seizure-free duration, and adverse drug reaction. This study was the observational research. The data were collected prospectively using instruments i.e.: seizure diaries and APS (Adverse Drug Reaction Probability Scale). Subject of this study were epileptic patient with idiopathic generalized tonic clonic who receive either polytherapy or monotherapy in neurological clinic of Dr. Sardjito Hospital on May-June 2012 period, which fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The data from monotherapy and polytherapy group was analysed in term of seizure frequency, seizure-free duration and adverse drug reaction. Result showed that monotherapy treatment more effective in controlling seizure (reduce the frequency of seizure) compared to polytherapy (<0.05). Percentage of seizure free was 83% in monotherapy compared to 48% in polytherapy. The prevalence of adverse drug reaction was about 20% in monotherapy and 14% in polytherapy. Based on the interview, although monotherapy caused more adverse drug reaction than that in polytherapy, the drug adverse reaction in monotherapy was milder and did not annoy patient convenience.Keywords: Epilepsy, Idiopathic Generalised Tonic Clonic, Monotherapy, Polytherapy, Adverse Drug Reaction
LDL/HDL ratio association with out-patient NIHSS score and Dyslipidemic Drug intake status as Metabolic Syndrome Criteria of ischemic stroke patients at RSUP Dr. Sardjito, Yogyakarta Elberta, Felicia; Ghofir, Abdul; Rusdi, Imam
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 50, No 1 (2018): SUPPLEMENT
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (152.662 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedScieSup005001201804

Abstract

LDL-C/HDL-C ratio (numeric) is a more significant predictor of the progression of IMT than LDL-C or HDL-C alone (2). The Objective is to check whether being dyslipidemic or metabolic syndrome shown by the ratio, affects the data of NIHSS results obtained to measure functional outcome. the data was analyzed using Pearson Chi-square with contingency table post-hoc analysis and Spearmann’s Correlation with additional simple-linear regression.Out of 189 subjects, only 156 data are complete and valid. 70 patients were dyslipidemic, 65 were non-dyslipidemic and the rest were unknown. There is a significant association of LDL/HDL ratio cut off point above 2,3 with dyslipidemic drug intake likely to produce a mild NIHSS outcome category (z score 2,1) (calculator is  P value = 0,035729), but not with other NIHSS categories.  There is significant association of patients that do not take dyslipidemic drug with whatever LDL/HDL cut off point to the predictor outcome of Mild NIHSS category, but not with other NIHSS categories. The correlations are also insignificant between the LDL/HDL ratio and NIHSS score in one tailed (p<0,36) and at two tailed (p<0,72).Moreover, simple linear regression reveal that LDL/HDL ratio predicts 16% of NIHSS score, while taking anti dyslipidemic drugs which mean the person is dyslipidemic, and LDL/HDL ratio predict 31% of NIHSS outcome. Therefore LDL/HDL ratio have weak predictor value to NIHSS outcome, should not be an independent predictor.
الخطوات المناسبة عند الطريقة المباشرة والسمعية الشفهية لتدريس مهارة الكلام Ghofir, Abdul
al Mah?ra: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Arab Vol 4 No 1 (2018): Jurnal al Mah?ra Edisi Bulan Juni 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Pendidikan Bahasa Arab UIN Sunan Kalijaga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (967.658 KB) | DOI: 10.14421/almahara.v4i1.1780

Abstract

One of the objectives of teaching Arabic is to improve students' speaking skills. This purpose is to express the skill of speech and the way it is taught. In this case, the researcher wants to know the conditions related to the skill of speech, especially with regard to the way it is taught. The most appropriate model for the description process is the pendekatan kualitatif method, by means of the thesis or the case design. From this research it is known that the teaching of speech skill uses several direct method or oral auditory method of the communicative input. It is difficult to define a detailed definition of both methods, if the term "direct" is simply a sign of meaning, but that term does not refer to the meaning of the meaning of the method mentioned. Key Words : steps, method, direct, oral audio, accessive input.