I Komang Gde Bendesa
Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Udayana

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PENINGKATAN KUALITAS SDM: PRASYARAT KETAHANAN EKONOMI DALAM ERA GLOBALISASI Gde Bendesa, I Komang
PIRAMIDA Vol. 1, No. 1 April 2005
Publisher : PIRAMIDA

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Information technology has made globalization in all aspects of life spread all over the world faster. As a result competition is becoming tighter. Education is one of ways to face this reality. The government and society have to pay more attention at some aspects that can increase the quality of education, such as investment on education, health, research and development, and technology. In addition, education must be treated as investment instead of consumption. The increase of education will be able to overcome the impact of globalization, hence to enhance the economy.
KEMISKINAN DI PROVINSI BALI (STUDI KOMPARATIF KABUPATEN/KOTA DI PROVINSI BALI) Wahyu Wijantari, Ni Made; Gde Bendesa, I Komang
Buletin Studi Ekonomi VOL.21.NO.1.FEBRUARI.2016 (PP 1-114)
Publisher : Buletin Studi Ekonomi

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Abstract: Poverty in Bali Province (Comparative Study of Regency/City in Bali Province).This studyhas three goals, the first to analyze the effect of the literacy rate (AMH), life expectancy (AHH), laborforce participation rate (LFPR), the rate of growth of gross regional domestic product (LPE), Gini ratiosand purchasing power simultaneously and partially to the percentage of poor people in the province ofBali. While the purpose of the second study was to analyze the difference of mean AMH, AHH, LFPR,LPE, gini ratio and low purchasing power among the districts / municipalities in the province of Bali. Thethird research goal is to determine the poverty rate estimation model of Bali Province. The type of datain this research is secondary data obtained from BPS Bali. The analysis technique used is the LinearRegression, One-Way ANOVA, as well as analysis of Chow-test and Hausman-test. Linear Regressionanalysis results showed AMH variables simultaneously, AHH, LFPR, LPE, Gini ratios and purchasingpower affect the percentage of poor people, but only partially variable AMH, LFPR, gini ratio and affectpeople’s purchasing power. Results of the analysis by One Way ANOVA in Quadrants I and II showsthat there are differences in the LPE variable between districts / cities. While Quadrant II and III accordingto the results of the analysis showed that there are different variables AHH, AMH, LFPR, and PPP.Quadrant I and quadrant III according to the results of analysis showed that there are different variablesAHH, LFPR, and PPP. Chow-test results, and Hausman-test that models Random Effect is the best modelin the choice of the poverty level estimation model of Bali Province. Keywords: poverty, linear regression, one way ANOVA
TOURISM LEAKAGE OF THE ACCOMMODATION SECTOR IN BALI Oka Suryawardani, I G. A.; Gde Bendesa, I Komang; Antara, Made; Suryawan Wiranatha, Agung
ASEAN Journal on Hospitality and Tourism Vol 13, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : ITB Journal Publisher, LPPM ITB

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Abstract

Tourism has been a driving force of economic development and has become the leading economic sector in Bali Province. However, the economic impacts of tourism development have not been fully beneficial for the Balinese community. Tourists’ expenditure has not been totally remaining in Bali’s economy. Some of the expenditures by tourists leak out of the destination, called tourism leakage, in the form of payments for imported products and services, payment of wages for foreign employees, and profits transferred to foreign owners. So far, the amount of tourism leakage in Bali has not been calculated. Therefore, there is a need to ascertain the current amount of leakage in Bali tourism. This paper estimates the amount of tourism leakage from the accommodation sector in Bali through a micro analysis at the industrial level. There were 79 hotels selected as a sample based upon a purposive probability to size sampling method in four main tourist destinations in Bali, namely Kuta, Nusa Dua, Sanur and Ubud. Four types of accommodation were considered in estimating tourism leakage. The results showed that the highest percentage of leakage was in the 4 & 5 Star-rated chain hotels, i.e. 51.0 % of total revenue. It was followed by the 4 & 5 Star-rated non-chain hotels (22.7 %), and 1, 2 & 3 Star-rated hotels (12.0 %). Meanwhile, the lowest leakage was on the Non star-rated hotels (8.8 %). Overall, the average tourism leakage on accommodation sector in Bali was 18.8 %. These results indicate that (i) the higher the level of hotel classifications, the more leakage will be; and (ii) accommodation which was owned by a foreigner and/or managed by an international chain had more leakage than other types of accommodation. The more leakage, therefore the less revenue from tourism will be directly received by hotel and undirectly by the local community as tourism is the main source of economic development of Bali Province.
Satisfaction as Mediators of the Relationship between Motivation and Loyalty of Diving Tourists to Bali Suardana, I Wayan; Gde Bendesa, I Komang; Antara, Made
E-Journal of Tourism Volume 1 Number 1 (March 2014)
Publisher : Doctoral Program in Tourism Udayana University

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This study was conducted to determine the relationship between extrinsic motivation, satisfaction with the product loyalty and loyalty to the service provider either directly or indirectly. Intrinsic and extrinsic motivations of tourists were used as predictors in determining the tourist loyalty through satisfaction. The model adopted was tested on 250 travelers who had ever been diving in Bali with structural equation modeling (SEM). The empirical results showed that the causal relationship between intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, and satisfaction with service loyalty and product loyalty could be confirmed. Satisfaction became a full media on the relationship between motivation and loyalty. In this model, it could be proved that there was a positive effect of service loyalty on product loyalty. This study contributes to the development of tourist loyalty which should pay attention to tourist satisfaction arising from intrinsic and extrinsic motivation of tourists. Tourist strong motivation to do diving would have an impact on the perceived satisfaction so that tourists have loyalty in service provider and loyal to the diving tourism product shown by intending to return to Bali and would recommend it to others.