Elviera Gamelia
Jurusan Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Ilmu-ilmu Kesehatan Unsoed

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The Determinants of Husband Behavior in The Care of Pregnant Women

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 12, No 1 (2016): JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT (KEMAS) JULY 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan

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Abstract

Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) and Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) in Banyumas District are still below The Minimum Service Standard (MSS), especially in Puskesmas (Public Health Center) I Ajibarang. The strategies for reducing maternal mortality are conducted by increasing mother’s health status during pregnancy. This study aims at determining the factors of husband’s role in women’s prenatal care. Cross-sectional method was used. The populations were all of the pregnant women in Puskesmas I Ajibarang. Proportional random sampling was applied to select 90 pregnant women. Logistic regression was used to determine factors. Theory of planned behavior was used to explore the determinants of husband’s role. The results show that the level of education, family income, the knowledge, the attitude, and subjective norm are not related to husband’s role in mother prenatal care. However, husband’s behavior control (p=0.045) and intention (p=0.000) have relation with husband’s role in women prenatal care. Variable of intention is the most dominant variable related to husband’s role in women’s prenatal care.

Rural-Based Health Promotion Model for Pregnant Women in Banyumas District

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Volume 11, Issue 1, August 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

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Abstract

Previous studies show that knowledge of prenatal care in rural areas remains low that affects to bad behavior, so developing health promotion models is needed to improve prenatal care knowledge, attitude and behavior. This study aimed to develop health promotion model of prenatal care in rural area based on needs assessment. Study was conducted on June 2015 by qualitative approach involving first 16 pregnant women in third trimester with risky pregnancy as key informants and 16 family members living with them and know their daily life, 27 midwives and 3 religious leaders as additional informants. Data collection techniques were in-depth interviews and observation for pregnant women and family, then focus group discussion for midwives and religious leaders. Analysis used was Miles and Huberman model by data reduction, data display and conclusion. Based on needs assessment, health promotion media is needed by book for pregnant women with attractive design that features images, colors and complete explanation. Book is selected because of pregnant women’s preference and needs, characteristics of rural areas and infrastructure availability. Prenatal care materials need to be added from book containing child and maternal health including prenatal checkup by midwives, danger pregnancy signs, causes, consequences, prevention, recommended and unrecommended food, breast care ways, pregnancy exercise and fetal development. Health promotion methods are lectures and discussions in pregnant women’s class.AbstrakPenelitian sebelumnya menunjukkan bahwa pengetahuan pelayanan prenatal di wilayah pedesaan masih rendah yang berdampak pada perilaku buruk sehingga mengembangkan model promosi kesehatan dibutuhkan untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan prenatal, sikap dan perilaku. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan model promosi kesehatan pelayanan prenatal di wilayah pedesaan berdasarkan penilaian kebutuhan. Penelitian dilakukan pada Juni 2015 dengan pendekatan kualitatif melibatkan 16 ibu hamil pertama di trimester ketiga dengan kehamilan berisiko sebagai informan kunci dan 16 anggota keluarga yang tinggal bersama ibu hamil dan mengetahui kehidupan sehari-harinya, 27 bidan dan 3 tokoh agama sebagai informan tambahan. Teknik pengumpulan data adalah wawancara mendalam dan observasi untuk ibu hamil dan keluarga, kemudian focus group discussion untuk bidan dan tokoh agama. Analisis yang digunakan adalah model Miles dan Huberman dengan melakukan pengurangan data, tampilan data dan kesimpulan. Berdasarkan penilaian kebutuhan, media promosi kesehatan dibutuhkan melalui buku untuk ibu hamil dengan desain menarik berfitur gambar, warna dan penjelasan lengkap. Buku dipilih karena kecenderungan dan kebutuhan ibu hamil, karakteristik wilayah pedesaan dan ketersediaan infrastruktur. Bahan pelayanan prenatal perlu ditambahkan dari buku yang memuat kesehatan ibu dan anak meliputi pemeriksaan prenatal oleh bidan, tanda kehamilan berbahaya, penyebab, konsekuensi, pencegahan, makanan rekomendasi dan tidak, cara menjaga payudara dan latihan kehamilan serta perkembangan janin. Metode promosi kesehatan adalah penyampaian dan diskusi di kelas ibu hamil.

EFEKTIVITAS PELATIHAN PENERAPAN PHBS ANAK USIA DINI TERHADAP PENINGKATAN PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP, DAN PERAN ORANG TUA

PALASTREN Jurnal Studi Gender Vol 10, No 1 (2017): PALASTREN
Publisher : STAIN Kudus

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Abstract

Keterlibatan dan kemampuan orang tua terhadap Perilaku Hidup Bersih dan Sehat (PHBS) anak usia dini sangat menentukan kualitas kesehatan anak. Kemampuan orang tua mengenai PHBS ditingkatkan dengan pendidikan kesehatan seperti pelatihan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektifitas pelatihan penerapan PHBS terhadap peningkatan pengetahuan, sikap, dan peran orang tua siswa PAUD.Penelitian  quasy experimental ini menggunakan desain pre-test and post-test design. Sampel 36 orang tua (19 orang tua PAUD Tunas Harapan Desa Karangmangu dan 17 orang tua PAUD Kasih Ibu Desa Kemutug Kidul). Pengumpulan data menggunakan angket untuk pengetahuan dan sikap, serta kuesioner untuk peran yang dilakukan sebelum dan sesudah pelatihan. Data diuji dengan uji wilcoxon untuk perbedaan pengetahuan dan sikap sebelum-sesudah diberikan pelatihan, sedangkan uji paired t test untuk perbedaan peran sebelum-sesudah diberikan pelatihan.Hasil uji menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan pengetahuan, sikap, dan peran sebelum dan sesudah diberikan pelatihan dengan nilai p pengetahuan 0,000, sikap 0,000, dan peran 0,000 (<0,05).Pelatihan penerapan PHBS anak usia dini efektif meningkatkan pengetahuan, sikap, dan peran orang tua. Kata Kunci : PHBS, orang tua, anak usia dini

Determinant of Teenage Pregnancies

KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 13, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

The number of teenage pregnancies in Banyumas district in 1727 as a pregnant teenager less than 20 years old and young teenagers maternity by 1382 either through premarital or marital. The research was conducted in 2016 aimed to determine the factors that affect pregnancy young age in Banyumas. This research is a quantitative research with cross sectional approach. The population was all pregnant women under 20 years of pregnancy and childbirth are recorded in the data in Puskesmas Jatilawang, Puskesmas I Cilongok, health center II Donates totaled 614 people. Calculation of the estimated proportion of the sample using the formula obtained 107 samples, taken using simple random sampling technique. The data collection is done by using a questionnaire that advance has been tested questionnaire to meet the validity and reliability of a measuring instrument. Yan data analysis used univariate analysis with descriptive statistics, bivariate analysis using chi square, and multivariate analysis by logistic regression. The results showed the level of education, marital status, knowledge, access to information, health care utilization, the role of the family has no effect on pregnancy young age. Attitudes and access to health information is the most dominant variable affecting the pregnancy young age.

The Determinants of Husband Behavior in The Care of Pregnant Women

KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 12, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) and Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) in Banyumas District are still below The Minimum Service Standard (MSS), especially in Puskesmas (Public Health Center) I Ajibarang. The strategies for reducing maternal mortality are conducted by increasing mothers health status during pregnancy. This study aims at determining the factors of husbands role in womens prenatal care. Cross-sectional method was used. The populations were all of the pregnant women in Puskesmas I Ajibarang. Proportional random sampling was applied to select 90 pregnant women. Logistic regression was used to determine factors. Theory of planned behavior was used to explore the determinants of husbands role. The results show that the level of education, family income, the knowledge, the attitude, and subjective norm are not related to husbands role in mother prenatal care. However, husbands behavior control (p=0.045) and intention (p=0.000) have relation with husbands role in women prenatal care. Variable of intention is the most dominant variable related to husbands role in womens prenatal care.

Peran Serta Masyarakat dalam Pengelolaan Sampah Domestik sebagai Upaya Pencegahan Penyakit Berbasis Lingkungan

Kes Mas: Jurnal Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 12, No 2 (2018): Kes Mas: Jurnal Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Abstract

Background: Domestic waste remains a problem in Indonesia. The more the population who were making the volume of domestic waste increase, including in Banyumas regency. The purpose of this study is to describe the knowledge, attitude, and practice of the community in the management of domestic waste as an environmental-based disease prevention. Method: The method that was used in this research is qualitative. The research subjects were obtained by using purposive sampling technique by interviewing 7 people as the main research subject and 3 midwives, Forum Kesehatan Desa (FKD) Chairman, and Tempat Pembuangan Akhir (TPA) Manager as the supporting research subject. How to collect data with observation, in-depth interview, literature study, and documentation. This model of analysis is an interactive analysis, through the process of collected data in the form of research findings that are relevant to the writing materials, and then presented in a narrative. Results: The results showed that the community has applied the knowledge about domestic waste as an environmental-based disease prevention. Conclusion: Environmental-based disease prevention requires policies and human resources in the application.