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Prominent diseases among internally displaced persons after Mt. Merapi eruption in Indonesia

Health Science Journal of Indonesia Vol 4, No 2 Des (2013)
Publisher : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan

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Abstract

AbstrakLatar belakang: Letusan gunung berapi menyebabkan dampak kesehatan yang luas. Selain menyebabkan kematian dan luka bakar, paparan terhadap material vulkanik dapat mengiritasi saluran pernapasan, kulit dan mata. Studi ini bertujuan menilai penyakit yang menonjol pada pengungsi setelah letusan Merapi di Indonesia. Metode:Studi ini merupakan studi potong lintang, bersamaan dengan pemberian bantuan kesehatan oleh Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia, pada pekan pertama dan kedua setelah letusan kedua Merapi, di 12 lokasi pengungsian dalam area kecamatan Muntilan dan Mertayudan. Analisis pola penyakit dilakukan setelah mengelompokkan diagnosis kerja sesuai Klasifikasi Penyakit Internasional versi 10 (ICD-10). Hasil:Dengan rentang 1-4 diagnosis per orang, sejumlah 804 penyakit atau kelainan dianalisis. Lima penyakit terbanyak pada pekan pertama setelah letusan Merapi kedua adalah (1) penyakit saluran pernapasan, (2) penyakit jaringan lunak lainnya yang tidak terklasifikasi, (3) hipertensi, dan (4) kelainan episodik dan paroksismal. Proporsi penyakit saluran pernapasan, hipertensi, dan penyakit jaringan kulit dan subkutan meningkat pada pekan kedua. Kesimpulan:Penyakit saluran pernapasan, hipertensi, dan penyakit jaringan kulit dan subkutan meningkat pada pekan kedua setelah letusan kedua Merapi dibandingkan dengan pekan pertama. (Health Science Indones 2013;2:59-63)Kata kunci: Merapi, pengungsi, perubahan penyakit yang menonjolAbstractBackground:Volcano eruptions may result in a wide range of health impacts. Exposure to volcanic materials may irritate respiratory tract, eyes, and skin, in addition to death and heat injury. Mount Merapi had two consecutive eruptions on 2010 and resulted in high number of mortality and morbidity. This study aimed at assessing prominent diseases among internally displaced persons after Merapi eruption in Indonesia. Methods:It is a cross sectional study, attached on delivery of medical aids by Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, on the first and second week after the second Merapi eruption, in twelve evacuation posts within Muntilan and Mertayudan sub-districts. Analysis of prominent diseases was carried out after grouping the working diagnoses according to the International Classification of Diseases-10. Results:With a range of 1 to 4 diagnoses per person, total numbers of diseases or disorders for analysis were 804 diseases or disorders. Four top diseases on Week 1 after the second Merapi eruption were (1) respiratory track diseases, (2) other soft issue disorders, not elsewhere classified, (3) hypertension, and (4) episodic and paroxysmal disorders. On Week 2, respiratory track diseases, hypertension, and skin and subcutaneous tissue diseases had increasing proportion. Conclusion: Respiratory tract diseases, hypertension, skin and subcutaneous tissue diseases increased on week 2 after the second Merapi eruption compared to week 1. (Health Science Indones 2013;2:59-63)Key words:changed of prominent diseases, internally displaced persons, Merapi

The social determinants of knowledge and perception on pulmonary tuberculosis among females in Jakarta, Indonesia

Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 23, No 2 (2014): May
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

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Abstract

Background: Indonesia has not resolved tuberculosis burden since its prevalence and incidence has remained high. As the capital of Indonesia with a large population and a high number of tuberculosis cases, Jakarta has a distinctive condition of tuberculosis burden. This study aimed to obtain social determinants of knowledge and perception of pulmonary tuberculosis in an urban community.Methods: This study used 2,323 samples taken by random sampling in Jakarta during February-May 2011. Questionnaires were delivered to assess respondents’ knowledge and perception about pulmonary tuberculosis. Levels of knowledge were categorized into ‘poor’ and ‘good’. Perceptions about tuberculosis were measured by whether respondents perceived tuberculosis as a humiliating disease and a shunned disease.Results: Most respondents (88.7%) had good level of knowledge about tuberculosis, but misperception remained high (45.9%) in the community. Education level determined level of knowledge. The higher the education level the lower the risk of lack of knowledge. Tuberculosis perceptions were determined by family income and education level. Higher family income and education level were protective factors of misperception about tuberculosis as a humiliating disease and tendency to shun tuberculosis patients.Conclusion: People in urban area of Jakarta have good level of knowledge about tuberculosis, but it does not necessarily lead to proper perception of tuberculosis. Age, education level and having health insurance determined level of knowledge, while tuberculosis perceptions were determined much more by education level and family income. Tuberculosis control program should consider these determinants prior to developing a comprehensive strategy.

Effectiveness of permethrin standard and modified methods in scabies treatment

Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 23, No 2 (2014): May
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

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Abstract

Background: Permethrin is the drug of choice for scabies with side effects such as erythema, pain, itching and prickling sensation. Whole-body (standard) topical application of permethrin causes discomfort; thus, modified application of permethrin to the lesion only, followed with baths twice daily using soap was proposed. The objective of the study is to know the effectiveness of standard against lesion-only application of permethrin in scabies treatment.Methods: An experimental study was conducted in pesantren in East Jakarta and data was collected in May-July 2012. Diagnosis of scabies was made through anamnesis and skin examination. Subjects positive for scabies were divided into three groups: one standard method group (whole-body topical application) and two modified groups (lesion-only application followed by the use of regular soap and antiseptic soap group). The three groups were evaluated weekly for three consecutive weeks. Data was processed using SPSS 20 and analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis test.Results: Total of 94 subjects was scabies positive (prevalence 50%) but only 69 subjects were randomly picked to be analyzed. The cure rate at the end of week III of the standard method group was 95.7%, modified treatment followed by the use of regular soap was 91.3%, and modified treatment followed by the use of antiseptic soap was 78.3% (p = 0.163). The recurrence rate of standard treatment was 8.7%,  modified treatment followed by the use of regular soap was 13% and modified treatment followed by the use of antiseptic soap was 26.1% (p = 0.250).Conclusion: The standard scabies treatment was as effective as the modified scabies treatment.

Pengembangan E-book Interaktif Pada Materi Koloid

Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Kimia Vol 6, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Kimia
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

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Abstract

This study aims to develop an interactive e-book on colloidal system material. The research design that has been used was research and development design (R & D). Based on the validation result of e-book developed, obtained very high category on conformity aspects of content with curriculum and high category aspects of attractiveness in terms of design, color combination, drawing, and animation. The teachers response to both aspects has a very high category. The results of student responses to aspects of attractiveness in terms of design, color mix, images, and animation also have a very high categoryPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan e-book interaktif pada materi sistem koloid. Desain penelitian yang telah digunakan adalah desain penelitian dan pengembangan (R&D). Berdasarkan hasil validasi terhadap e-book yang dikembangkan, diperoleh kategori sangat tinggi pada aspek kesesuaian isi dengan kurikulum dan kategori tinggi aspek kemenarikan dari segi desain, perpaduan warna, gambar, dan animasi. Hasil respon guru terhadap kedua aspek tersebut memiliki kategori sangat tinggi. Hasil respon siswa terhadap aspek kemenarikan dari segi desain, perpaduan warna, gambar, dan animasi juga memiliki kategori sangat tinggi.Kata Kunci: e-book, materi koloid, interaktif.

Effect of Smoking on Advanced Stage Cervical Cancer Patient Survival

Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Volume. 3, No. 3, July 2015
Publisher : Indonesian Socety of Obstetrics and Gynecology

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Abstract

Objective: The researchers aim to investigate the relationship between smoking habit and other factors as prognostic factors of cervical cancer. Method: We performed a retrospective and prospective cohort study with subjects that are stage IIB-IVB cervical cancer patients in Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital followed up from August 2009 to April 2014. The subjects’medical records were reviewed, and patients were interviewed about their current condition by telephone. Questions asked include smoking habit, spouse’s smoking habit, and mortality status. Patients that could not be contacted by phone were excluded from the study. Statistical analysis was done using Stata 10. Result: Out of 390 cervical cancer patients stage IIB-IVB in 2009, there were 270 patients (69.2%) that were included in the inclusion criteria. Most of the patients are 40-59 years old (82.2%) and are nonsmokers (91.8%). The most frequent clinicopathological characteristic is IIIB (63.3%) and squamous cell carcinoma (71.9%). The 5- year survival rate is 22.6%. There is no statistical significance between advanced stage cervical cancer survival with the patients’ or patients’ husbands’ smoking habit. Conclusion: In our study, smoking habits do not aggravate survival rate of advanced stage cervical cancer patients but further research must be done with more sample. Stage, and tumor size both by physical examination and ultrasound can be used as the prognostic factor. [Indones J Obstet Gynecol 2015; 3: 170-176] Keywords: Brigmann Index, cervical cancer, smoking, survival

Effect of Smoking on Advanced Stage Cervical Cancer Patient Survival

Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Volume. 3, No. 3, July 2015
Publisher : Indonesian Socety of Obstetrics and Gynecology

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Abstract

Objective: The researchers aim to investigate the relationship between smoking habit and other factors as prognostic factors of cervical cancer. Method: We performed a retrospective and prospective cohort study with subjects that are stage IIB-IVB cervical cancer patients in Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital followed up from August 2009 to April 2014. The subjects’medical records were reviewed, and patients were interviewed about their current condition by telephone. Questions asked include smoking habit, spouse’s smoking habit, and mortality status. Patients that could not be contacted by phone were excluded from the study. Statistical analysis was done using Stata 10. Result: Out of 390 cervical cancer patients stage IIB-IVB in 2009, there were 270 patients (69.2%) that were included in the inclusion criteria. Most of the patients are 40-59 years old (82.2%) and are nonsmokers (91.8%). The most frequent clinicopathological characteristic is IIIB (63.3%) and squamous cell carcinoma (71.9%). The 5- year survival rate is 22.6%. There is no statistical significance between advanced stage cervical cancer survival with the patients’ or patients’ husbands’ smoking habit. Conclusion: In our study, smoking habits do not aggravate survival rate of advanced stage cervical cancer patients but further research must be done with more sample. Stage, and tumor size both by physical examination and ultrasound can be used as the prognostic factor. [Indones J Obstet Gynecol 2015; 3: 170-176] Keywords: Brigmann Index, cervical cancer, smoking, survival

PERAN KEPUASAN KERJA SEBAGAI MEDIATOR ANTARA KESEIMBANGAN KEHIDUPAN-KERJA TERHADAP KOMITMEN ORGANISASI PADA KARYAWAN DI PT X

Jurnal Muara Ilmu Sosial, Humaniora, dan Seni Vol 1, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Muara Ilmu Sosial, Humaniora, dan Seni
Publisher : Direktorat Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Universitas Tarumanagara

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Abstract

Di era globalisasi ini, Komitmen karyawan dalam suatu perusahaan merupakan hal yang cukup penting untuk di perhatikan. Perusahaan sudah mengeluarkan biaya untuk mencari karyawan yang sesuai dengan posisi dalam perusahaan sehingga perusahaan harus mempertahankan karyawan tersebut dalam jangka waktu yang panjang. Komitmen karyawan berhubungan dengan besarnya hasil kerja, keinginan untuk mengundurkan diri dan meningkatkannya karyawan yang mengundurkan diri. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memahami peran kepuasan kerja sebagai mediator antara keseimbangan kehidupan-kerja terhadap komitmen organisasi karyawan. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada satu perusahaan di Jakarta dengan jumlah sampel 152 orang yang seluruhnya merupakan karyawan. Hasil penelitian ini tidak mendukung penelitian-penelitian sebelumnya. Hasil penelitian ini menemukan bahwa tidak terdapat pengaruh antara variabel kepuasan kerja terhadap komitmen organisasi dengan nilai R = 0.045 R² = 0.002 serta ΔR2= -0,005.Penelitian ini juga menemukan bahwa tidak terdapat pengaruh antara variabel keseimbangan kehidupan-kerja terhadap komitmen organisasi dengan nilai R = 0.039, R² = 0.002 serta ΔR2= - 0,005. Penelitian ini juga menemukan bahwa tidak terdapat pengaruh antara keseimbangan kehidupan-kerja terhadap kepuasan kerja dengan nilai R = 0.092, R² = 0.008 serta ΔR2= 0,002. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian tersebut dapat di simpulkan bahwa kepuasan kerja tidak dapat berperan sebagai mediator antara keseimbangan kehidupan kerja terhadap komitmen organisasi pada karyawan di PT. X