Fuadi Fuadi
Prodi Ilmu Aqidah, Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry, Darussalam, Banda Aceh

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Journal : Substantia

PERAN AKAL MENURUT PANDANGAN AL-GHAZALI Fuadi, Fuadi
Substantia Vol 15, No 1 (2013)
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Abstract

Intellect is a tool of thought contained in human beings, the human mind is different from other creatures because sense is given only in humans and is not given to other creatures. This difference has made humans superior and smarter in managing their lives. Therefore man with a clear intellect would find God as the final returns from real life. According to al-Ghazali sense a profound effect on the human mind even define perfection the man himself. Al-Ghazali in principle recognize the existence of the senses and the intellect, but both instruments are limited and may not be essential to understand the science. Al-Ghazali argued that scientific truth is not limited to sensory truth, but there is truth behind the truth abstract sense. Al-Ghazali had divided power in some sense be viewed by potential and levels: first, practical sense; sense it serves to move the body and to deliver knowledge-practical knowledge, such as the application of morals in life. Second, Intellect theoretical; theoretical sense is the power of knowledge in human beings or the desire to know that is immaterial and abstract.Kata Kunci : Akal, Kebenaran, Al-Ghazali
MEMAHAMI HAKIKAT KEHIDUPAN SOSIAL KEAGAMAAN SEBAGAI SOLUSI ALTERNATIF MENGHINDARI KONFLIK Fuadi, Fuadi
Substantia Vol 13, No 1 (2011)
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Abstract

The substance of social life is a man ability to understand that life is to become other people in togetherness based on the universal value of religion by dialogic-theology approach. Developing creative thought concept on social would reduce tension and subjective claim on truths. Developing productive economic system will cover any social conflict from indigent and economically oppressed community.Kata Kunci : Agama, Relasional, Kedamaian
Kekerasan Atas Nama Aliran Sesat: Studi Tentang Mobilisasi Isu Sesat Dalam Kontestasi Elit Gampoeng Armia, Nirzalin; Nazaruddin, Muhammad; Fuadi, Fuadi
Substantia Vol 17, No 1 (2015)
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Abstract: Misguided and misleading is the "magic" world that led to the emergence of a mass solidarity to destroy a group that have different religious understanding among people. However, the mass movement against a deviant group was is not actually based on the religious movement to defense of the purity of religious motives. In reality, the mobilization of certain groups motivated and based on protecting of various interests, such as political, economic and cultural image. Based on the study case conducted  in Gampoeng (village) Jambo In the District Plimbang Bireuen,  it demonstrate the complex reality and aspcts behind the violence in the name of religion against groups considered deviant. This qualitative study found that mass anarchism action against groups accused Tengku Aiyub deviant in Gampoeng Jambo In Bireuen not motivated by misguided thinking. This reality prompted by suspicion village government elite towards Tengku Aiyub.  His  critical attitude towards the management of funds threatened the village elite. While, Tengku Aiyub fame as a  martial arts teacher led to   decreasing the number of pupils among other teachers.  Beside, the lack of the ability of government officials to cease and desist early, causing mass anarchism action against Tengku Aiyub and led him and his followers died.  Abstrak: Sesat dan menyesatkan merupakan kata-kata “sakti” yang melatarbelakangi lahirnya soliditas massa untuk membumi-hanguskan suatu kelompok yang dipandang memiliki pemahaman keagamaan berbeda. Namun, gerakan massa yang tersusupi oleh isu kelompok sesat ini tidaklah murni gerakan yang didasari oleh motif pembelaan terhadap kemurnian agama. Realitasnya, mereka bergerak karena mobilisasi kelompok tertentu untuk melindungi kepentingan-kepentingan politik, ekonomi dan citra kulturalnya. Berdasarkan kasus di Gampoeng (desa) Jambo Dalam Kecamatan Plimbang Kabupaten Bireuen, studi  ini hendak menunjukkan realitas kompleks  dibalik terjadinya aksi kekerasan atas nama agama terhadap kelompok yang dituduh  sesat. Penelitian kualitatif ini menemukan bahwa aksi anarkhisme massa terhadap kelompok Teungku Aiyub yang dituduh sesat di gampoeng Jambo Dalam Bireuen  tidak dilatarbelakangi oleh ajaran sesat itu sendiri. Realitas ini dipicu oleh kegelisahan elite pemerintahan gampoeng dan para jagoan silat tradisional terhadap Teungku Aiyub. Sikap kritisnya terhadap pengelolaan dana gampoeng membuat elite gampoeng terancam. Sementara, kemasyhuran Teungku Aiyub sebagai jagoan pedang membuat para guru silat kesulitan menambah jumlah murid. Lemahnya kemampuan cegah dan tangkal dini dari aparatur pemerintahan membuka jalan terhadap terjadinya aksi anarkhisme massa hingga Teungku Aiyub dan beberapa pengikutnya wafat.Keywords: konflik, keagamaan, aliran sesat.
Metode Historis: Suatu Kajian Filsafat Materialisme Karl Marx Fuadi, Fuadi
Substantia Vol 17, No 2 (2015)
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Abstract

Histories have gone a very long journey throughout the historical journey of mankind and they have been in existence since human beings come to the world. Histories are the human themselves, real human beings who live and fight to do everything possible to own the materials. Histories include the method of thought expressed in the philosophical ideology of Karl Marx to free mankind from dogma and cult. The historical method must start from the basic nature and changes throughout history through human activities and works according to their needs. According to Karl Marx, materials are everything to humans, humans derived from materials, thus they should be in quest for them. Materials are the factor for eternal changes to human beings, and such changes cannot be separated from histories. Therefore, materials cannot be separated from histories themselves as the place for development, formation and perfect human happiness Historis telah menempuh perjalanan amat panjang sepanjang perjalanan historis umat manusia dan telah ada sejak manusia mulai bereksistensi di permukaan bumi ini. Historis adalah manusia itu sendiri, yaitu manusia nyata yang hidup dan berjuang dalam melakukan segala hal untuk memiliki materi. Historis termasuk metode berpikir yang diutarakan dalam pemahaman Filsafat Karl Marx untuk membebaskan manusia dari dogma dan kultus. Metode historis harus dimulai dari dasar alamiah dan perubahan sepanjang sejarah melalui aktivitas dan pekerjaan manusia berdasarkan kebutuhan. Menurut Karl Marx bahwa materi adalah segala sesuatu untuk bagi manusia, manusia berasal dari materi dan manusia harus mencari materi. Materi merupakan faktor untuk perubahan yang hakiki bagi manusia, dan perubahan itu tidak bisa lepas dengan historis, karena itu materi tidak bisa terlepas dengan historis itu sendiri sebagai tempat pengembangan, pembentukan dan kebahagiaan manusia yang sempurna.