Iwan Zaenul Fuad
Jurusan Syariah dan Ekonomi Islam STAIN Pekalongan Jl. Kusumabangsa No. 9 Pekalongan

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BELENGGU TENGKULAK ATAS PETANI PEMBUDIDAYA LELE: Relasi Patron-Klien Budidaya Lele Di Wonotunggal Jawa Tengah Fuad, Iwan Zaenul; Aenurofik, Aenurofik; Rosyid, Ahmad
Jurnal Hukum Islam Volume 13, Nomor 2, Desember 2015
Publisher : IAIN Pekalongan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28918/jhi.v13i2.488

Abstract

Abstract: Within the context of Indonesia as a muslim majority country, Islamic teaching has been widely implemented throughout the country. As a result, Islamic values have become the foundation and basic values within societal economic practices. These values, among others, include social and economic justice and equality. However, these values are not always implemented when people's injustice and greed are in play. One of the cases that can provide example in this case is the relationship between catfish farmers and distributors in Wonotunggal, Batang, Central Java. As a commodity with high economical value, many farmers grow catfish. Thus, there was a big need for catfish distributors to facilitate the rising numbers of catfish farmers, to help them sell the catfish. However, there were many distributors who made attempt to control the market, which give disadvantages to the farmers. One of the examples of such disadvantageous practices is 'ijon', or lending money to the farmers with high interest. As a result many farmers were trapped into debt. This study aims at exploring the relationship between catfish farmers and distributors in Siwatu Village, Wonotunggal, Batang.Abstrak: Keberadaan ajaran Islam yang sarat akan pesan moral, tidak diperuntukkan bagi sebagian golongan saja, melainkan rahmatan li al-‘alamin (berlaku universal). Implikasinya, dalam mendistribusikan kesejahteraan-kemakmuran, harus selalu berpijak pada nilai keadilan dan pemerataan. Namun dalam praktiknya, nilai moral luhur ini berhadapan dengan nafsu keserakahan manusia, yang tidak segan melakukan penindasan dalam mengeksplorasi sumber-sumber kekayaan. Hal ini juga nampak dalam relasi antara petani lele dan tengkulak di Batang. Jawa Tengah. Sebagai komoditas yang punya nilai ekonomis, membuat petani berlomba membudidayakannya. Seiring dengan merebaknya budidaya lele, muncul tengkulak, yang awalnya membantu petani dalam memasarkan budidayanya. Hubungan mulai berkembang dalam pola patron-klien, di mana tengkulak mulai mengendalikan sekaligus menindas petani dengan keunggulan modal dan daya tawar yang dimilikinya. Seringkali ini didahului dengan praktik ijon di mana tengkulak memberikan kredit rente yang mengakibatkan petani lele terjerat hutang berlipat. Penelitian ini bertujuan menguak proses terjadinya hubungan patron-klien antara petani dengan tengkulak sekaligus melihat kekuatan daya ikat hubungan ini dalam budidaya lele, khususnya di Desa Siwatu, Kecamatan Wonotunggal Kabupaten Batang.
SUMPAH POCONG: Upaya Konstruksi Fiqh Kultural Khas Indonesia Fuad, Iwan Zaenul
Jurnal Hukum Islam Volume 12, Nomor 1, Juni 2014
Publisher : IAIN Pekalongan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28918/jhi.v12i1.528

Abstract

As a cultural rite in Indonesia, especially among Javanese, Sumpah Pocong (a kind of oath, which wore an Islamic gown and/or held by Islamic rites for a death man) is an unique rite. Nevertheless looked a like Islamic rites, but it has never found in classical or modern Islamic book of fiqh. The uniqueness guessed that it has made up from acculturation process among Indonesian fuqahā to solve a problem of less or no single evidence in social dispute such calumnies or admission claims. They (Indonesian fuqahā) has modified the institutions in Islamic norm about evidence (mubāhalah and li’ān oath) as a kind of acceptable rite among Indonesian moslem, culturally – that we know recently as Sumpah Pocong. Nevertheless, the refusal views came from puritanist, refused of it as a part of Islamic norm (syari’ah, fiqh). They noted that Sumpah Pocong as a kind bid’ah practices and not a part of syari’a. Hence, it must be abandoned and eliminated from Islamic legal iuris (fiqh). According to me, this puritan’s view is unfriendly toward local wisdom that lie on Sumpah Pocong, as traditional rite that based on acculturation of Islamic norm with local practices. This research aimed to refuse those puritan’s accusation and prove otherwise that Sumpah Pocong is legally true as a part of fiqh. Eventhough, it can be proved using classical ushuliyah method, qiyas, I did so with cultural fiqh contruction approaches. The using of this method grounded the distinctively (Indonesian) cultural fiqh construction, that is more friendly toward local cultural practices in Indonesia, but firmly-still hold Islamic principles. So, I had to construct first this tolerant concept by summarising the Islamic cultural concept of Hasbi as-Shiddiqy, Munawir Sadzali, and Abdurrahman Wahid, in order to bridge the gap between cultural practices and Islamic principles.
PERSEPSI DAN KETAATAN UMAT ISLAM TERHADAP ULAMA Fuad, Iwan Zaenul; Fakhrina, Agus; Aziz, Abdul; Rosyid, A.
Jurnal Penelitian Vol 7 No 1: Mei 2010
Publisher : IAIN Pekalongan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28918/jupe.v7i1.203

Abstract

People’s refusals and disobediences upon fatwa (released by MUI or ulama with their own opinions), followed by influence decreases of religious figures (ulama) towards Muslim community, were being such of phenomenal realities in Indonesia nowadays. This mass behavior might redefine their perceptions and thoughts about “the legitimate ulama”, according both; syara’ (religious legitimation), and social system. The research was located in Pekalongan Regency, thought-out known as “Kota Santri”, and plenty more, many Pesantren and Kyai have lived there. The result revealed that ulama and Muslim Community mostly had the same perception and view in understanding the meaning of Hadist “al-ulama’ waratsat al anbiya” (ulama are heir of prophets). Ulama’ as informants added ulama’ were religious successor leader after the end of Muhammad’s saw prophetic era. But, in another sides, there were some differences, especially in interpreting social label: Kyai, KH, or Ustadz. Muslim Community mostly thought that a person who had such social label was ulama. Meanwhile ulama noted Kyai, KH or Ustadz was just social label, no more. So, it seemed to be weird and screwy if we looked up the sosial fact of fidelity of Muslim Community in Pekalongan Residence. It also could be said that Muslim community in Pekalongan Residence were standing still their obidiece toward kyai, KH, Ustadz or another ones, not toward ulama yet.
KRIMINALISASI SOSIOLOGIS NIKAH SIRI Fuad, Iwan Zaenul; Fakhrina, Agus; Azis, Abdul; Rosyid, Ahmad
Jurnal Penelitian Vol 8 No 1: Mei 2011
Publisher : IAIN Pekalongan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28918/jupe.v8i1.40

Abstract

However, Nikah Siri (unregistered marital) has been seen asa part of the social behavior, and lived in Indonesian society. Thisbehavior often impact living condition of social structure. In anotherside, this social problem must be fixed with appropriate law-makingsystem. The Act Plan of “Hukum Peradilan Agama Bidang Perkawinan”(RUU HPABP) was noted in commitment to criminalize the behavior.Some sounds of pro and anti toward this Act Plan nowadays, makethis issues more interesting be reseacrhed. Applying symbolicinteractionism approach and labelling theory, this study examined thecriminalization issues on the Act Plan in social framework. The frameworkis critical to assume the effectiveness of law making processbased on people participation. This research took place in PekalonganDistrict (the City and Regency of Pekalongan), which is noted for the‘hidden’ large number of nikah siri practices. Results of the study revealedthe social criminalization of Nikah Siri akin to kinds of people’sperception toward the behavior. The hidden types of Nikah Siri(hidden from people’s knowledge) had an effect on social constructionto criminalize the behavior, but not the open one
EVALUASI KUALITAS LAYANAN PENDIDIKAN PADA STAIN PEKALONGAN DENGAN INSTRUMEN SERVQUAL Rosyid, Ahmad; Fakhrina, Agus; Fuad, Iwan Zaenul
Jurnal Penelitian Vol 9 No 2: November 2012
Publisher : IAIN Pekalongan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28918/jupe.v9i2.138

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji kualitas pelayanan akademik di Pekalongan STAIN dengan membandingkan siswa harapan dengan persepsi mereka terhadap pelayanan akademik mereka diterima. SERVQUAL instrumen digunakan untuk mengukur kualitas dimensi yang memiliki lima aspek yaitu keandalan, tanggap, jaminan, empati dan bukti fisik. Hasilnya adalah kesenjangan antara harapan dan persepsi. Kemudian, itu diuji apakah kesenjangan ini adalah signifikan atau tidak dengan menggunakan Wilcoxon Menandatangani uji Rank. Langkah selanjutnya untuk menghasilkan berguna analisis bagi para pengambil keputusan dengan menggunakan Kinerja Penting Analysis (IPA). Hasil pengujian menunjukkan bahwa baik semua item atau dimensi memiliki kesenjangan negatif. Ini berarti bahwa akademik kualitas pelayanan di Pekalongan STAIN masih memerlukan beberapa perbaikan.