SUPENA FRIYATNO
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ANALISIS KEUNGGULAN KOMPARATIF DAN KOMPETITIF KOMODITAS KENTANG DAN KUBIS DI WONOSOBO JAWA TENGAH -, SAPTANA; -, SUMARYANTO; FRIYATNO, SUPENA
SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) Vol. 2, No. 1 Februari 2002
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Abstract

The Agricultural Development in Indonesia is focused to enhance thestructure of production that more diversified through sustainable agribusinessapproach. With this context, based on the demand side horticulture commoditiesespecially potato and cabbage are feasible to developed by increasing of productionarea, cropping intensity, and productivity. This paper is proposed to: (a) conductingfinancial and economic analysis of both commodities, (b) comparative andcompetitive analysis, (c) measuring the divergences and government policy impact,(d) formulating the incentive policy interim of both commodities development. ByPolicy Analysis Matrix (PAM) method, the result showed that both commoditieshave comparative and competitive advantage, which is indicated by DRC and PCRless then 1 .The calculation showed the DRC for potato is arranging 0.239 – 0.306and for cabbage is 0.622-0.660. PCR for potato is arranging 0.413-0.468 and forcabbage is 0.854-0.875. That mean for producing the one unit value added of bothcommodities can be achieved by using less then one unit of the domestic resourcefactors. In other word, in Wonosobo Central Java both commodities are moreprofitable to produce than import.
DAMPAK KONVERSI LAHAN SAWAH DI JAWA TERHADAP PRODUKSI BERAS DAN KEBIJAKAN PENGENDALIANNYA IRAWAN, BAMBANG; FRIYATNO, SUPENA
SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) Vol. 2, No. 2 Juli 2002
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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The scarcity of land, especially sawah land is one of problems that cause to achieve riceproduction more difficult for producing the staple food. Because of that, the Indonesianstatus shifted from self sufficient to rice importer. The objective of this paper is to seekthe size of sawah land conversion and how is the implication to the rice production, andhow is the Government effort to control the sawah land conversion. By tabulation andsimple mathematic approach, the result showed that during 18 years 26, 9 thousandhectares each year, occurred net sawah conversion in Java. During that period, netaccumulation of rice losses was about 40, 6 million ton or 2, 2 million ton per year as animpact of sawah land conversion. The government effort to control sawah landconversion just conducted by law enforcement approach, which is still looking for thebest way. So, the effectiveness of law enforcement to control sawah land conversion isstill relatively low.
ANALISIS DAYASAING KOMODITI TEMBAKAU RAKYAT DI KLATEN JAWA TENGAH -, SAPTANA; FRIYATNO, SUPENA; BASTUTI P., TRI
SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) Vol. 4, No. 2 Juli 2004
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Historically tobacco commodities had been interesting as high value commodity sinceHindia Belanda Colonialist. Indonesian government to be continued tobacco developmentimplemented by government estate enterprise (Perusahaan Negara Perkebunan). Tobaccofarm by smallholder estate in Klaten objective to export commodities. Based on the problemin the tobacco commodities system, this paper have objective to : (1) Performance of tobaccoeconomics; (2) Private and social analysis profitability; (3) Comparative and competitiveanalysis; (4) Incentives policy analysis in the tobacco commodities system; (5) To formulatedevelopment perspective on tobacco commodities. Methodological on this paper use PolicyAnalysis Matrix (PAM), especially to analysis competitiveness and impact of divergences.The result to describe that tobacco small holder farming in Klaten have comparative andcompetitive advantage, each to indicate coefficient value of DRC : 0.42-0.65 and PCR : 0.55-0.67. Even though tobacco market especially for export very high distorted, i.e. cukai costhave achieve 30-40 %. So that rural area in Klaten, Central Java more profitable to increasingfor tobacco domestic production compared with import. Policy implication, tobaccoproduction in Klaten can to be continued improvement by specific location of technologydevelopment. The several argument are efficiency of domestic resource use, extensive oflabor absorption, and so to gate some foreign exchange that is scarcity.
PERKEMBANGAN DAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KONVERSI LAHAN SAWAH SERTA DAMPAK EKONOMINYA ILHAM, NYAK; SYAUKAT, YUSMAN; FRIYATNO, SUPENA
SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) Vol. 5, No. 2 Juli 2005
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Economic growth needs more and more land for infrastructures development.It was suggested that the development would convert wet rice field to non-agricultureuse. This problem suggested will threaten sustainability of national rice production.The aims of this study are: (1) to analyze growth of wetland conversion in Indonesia.(2) To identify factors that affect wet land conversion. (3) To identify economicimpacts of wetland conversion, especially on rice production. The data source is fromBPS as time series data from 1978 to 2000. The data and information was analyzed bydescriptive and using tabulation. Some important conclusions are: (1) the wetlandconversion in Java bigger than other region and tend to increase. This conditionindicated that government effort to control wetland conversion was not effective yet.(2) At the macro level, wetland conversion positive associated with GDP growth,negative associated with farmer change value, no associated with increasing population.(3) The rice production losses caused wetland conversion cannot be supported by newwetland construction, so that Indonesia must import rice to suffice staple food, (4)beside improving the accuracy data and law enforcement, the construction newwetland, improvement technology on wet land and up land rice cultivation and,improvement of extension activity should be realized.
DAMPAK PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI NASIONAL TERHADAP PEMBENTUKAN GAS RUMAH KACA DAN PENURUNAN KAPASITAS SEKTOR EKONOMI DI INDONESIA: PENDEKATAN ANALISIS INPUT-OUTPUT FRIYATNO, SUPENA; SAMIN, BUNASOR; SYAFA’AT, NIZWAR
SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) Vol. 6, No. 2 Juli 2006
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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It has been proven that national economic growth which is originally expected toimprove people welfare, to balance the gaps of income, to alleviate poverty and to keepthe environmental stability could not accomplish the goal of economic development.The objectives of this research are: (1) to analyze the impact of national economicgrowth on greenhouse gases formation, especially on emission of carbon, sulphur andnitrogen, (2) to analyze the impact of greenhouse gases emission which is formed byeconomic activities as consequences of national economic growth on the capacity ofeconomic sectors, especially in declining capacity on output, income, value added andemployment. To prove those main objectives, the national Input-Output analysis is usedin this research. The data used in this research are input-output transaction matrix year1980, 1985, 1990, 1995 and 2000 which is published by Statistical Center Agency(BPS). Input-Output data analysis showed that with 4.24% of economic growth scenarioformed carbon, sulphur, and nitrogen each equal to 3,276.6 kilo ton, 44.2 kilo ton, and79.9 kilo ton respectively. By internalizing the price of carbon Rp 190,000 per mt, theywould decline the capacity of economic sectors, such as Rp 1.4 triliun of output, Rp187.9 biliun of income, Rp 657.2 biliun of value added and 33.728 persons ofemployment respectively. In conclusion, economic growth has caused the greenhousegaseous formation, and has implication on cost of externalities on environment.Furthermore, the policies to compensate the recovery of environmental degradation areneeded through some instruments of policies, such as command-and-control, and basedmarket-policies in Indonesia.
MEMAHAMI PENYEBAB KEBAKARAN HUTAN DAN LAHAN SERTA UPAYA PENANGGULANGANNYA: KASUS DI PROVINSI KALIMANTAN BARAT PASARIBU, SAHAT M.; FRIYATNO, SUPENA
SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) Vol. 8, No. 1 Februari 2008
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Land and forest fire have grabbed much concern and been considered as national issue. Theevent occurs repeatedly year by year, specifically in Sumatra and Kalimantan islands.Government institutions and local community, including farmers and estate enterprises have avery close linkage in such disaster. The smoke produced by the fire has been transformed intoa widespread of thick cloud and immediately affects health conditions of the community. Thesmoke also directly interfere river, land, and air transport systems, thus influencing basicsocio-economic life of human being. This paper is aimed at understanding about how forestfire occurs and its effect on agricultural sector. With rapid rural appraisal method, this papereventually comes to main results and findings as follows: (a) elaboration of five identifiedtypologies of land and forest fire, (b) analysis of direct and indirect impacts of the fire onagricultural sector, (c) identification of who and why land and forest fire occur, and (d)recommendation of programs to persuasively eliminate land and forest fire. Many partieshave its own share and proportion to contribute to land and forest fire. Imbalanced-natureoccurs and causes specific disaster with environment degradation. People have manydifficulties to recover from such situation. The successful to get rid of land and forest fire isheavily depending on how alternative applied technologies can easily be adopted and lawenforcement can widely be implemented.
STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN MODEL KELEMBAGAAN KEMITRAAN AGRIBISNIS HORTIKULTURA DI BALI INDRANINGSIH, KURNIA SUCI; -, ASHARI; FRIYATNO, SUPENA
SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) Vol. 8, No. 2 Juli 2008
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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The role of horticulture commodities is very importance to enhance the growth ofagriculture sector, and its elasticity causes the changing of income. To fill the marketdemand and consumer preference, the constrains related to efficiency, productivity, andquality of horticulture commodities should be attended seriously and to be as priorityefforts. The solution to achieve those conditions is creating the partnership institution thatfarmers and other stakeholders can take benefit for each other and practice a good qualitymanagement. Bali province is one of famous region in Indonesia which has a high-marketdemand on horticulture commodities. The study aim to present identification results ofpartnership pattern, constrain, and it’s potency in Bali. Further, the formulation ofalternative partnership models instead of existing partnership models also will bediscussed. The result showed that generally, partnership pattern have been existing in Balii.e.: plasm-nucleus model, agribusiness operational cooperative, farmers–sub terminalagribusiness (STA) cooperative and reguler trading. The efforts to improve agribusinesspartnership model can be implemented through: (1) developing horticulture farmersassociation, (2) increasing market service information, (3) pushing the role of fieldextension worker, (4) building the vertical communication networking among agribusinessactors, (5) improving the Sub Terminal Agribusiness infrastructure, and (6) empoweringthe financial institution.
Ciri-ciri rumah tangga defisit energi di pedesaan Jawa Tengah Djauhari, Achmad; Friyatno, Supena
Forum penelitian Agro Ekonomi Vol 11, No 2 (1993): Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi
Publisher : Pusat Sosial Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pertanian

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IndonesianKelompok rumah tangga adalah sasaran utama dalam program peningkatan dan perbaikan tingkat konsumsi pangan dan gizi. Oleh karena itu, keberhasilan program ini ditentukan oleh kemampuan mengidentifikasi rumah tangga yang menjadi sasaran tersebut. Penelitian ini mencoba mengidentifikasi ciri-ciri rumah tangga defisit energi pada berbagai tipe agro-ekosistem di pedesaan Jawa Tengah. Penentuan rumah tangga defisit energi dihitung dengan cara membandingkan kebutuhan energi suatu rumah tangga terhadap tingkat konsumsinya. Apabila tingkat konsumsi kurang dari 70 persen dari energi yang dibutuhkannya, maka rumah tangga tersebut dikelompokkan pada kelompok defisit energi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ciri-ciri rumah tangga defisit energi adalah: (a) Adanya perbedaan tingkat konsumsi energi pada berbagai tipe agro-ekosistem dengan sumber energi utama padi-padian; (b) Jumlah anggota rumahtangga umumnya lebih banyak pada semua tipe agro-ekosistem; (c) Sumber pendapatan utama adalah sektor-sektor padat karya (modal dan keterampilan rendah). (d) Tingkat pendidikan kepala rumahtangga umumnya rendah; dan (e) Penguasaan dan pemilikan lahan sempit, sehingga banyak menjadi sebagai penggarap. Dalam jangka pendek implikasi dari penelitian ini, membutuhkan penyuluhan yang lebih intensif tentang konsumsi energi dan gizi, seperti melalui peningkatan pemanfaatan lahan pekarangan dan pengadaan asset-asset produktif bagi rumah tangga defisit energi di pedesaan.
Prospek Model-Kawasan Rumah Pangan Lestari (M-KRPL) Dan Replikasi Pengembangan KRPL Saptana, nFN; Sunarsih, nFN; Friyatno, Supena
Forum penelitian Agro Ekonomi Vol 31, No 1 (2013): Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi
Publisher : Pusat Sosial Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pertanian

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EnglishFood security issues deal with critical problem, namely food demand grows faster than that of production. To achieve food self-sufficiency and food security, the Ministry of Agriculture Indonesia through Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development develops the Model of Sustainable Food Houses Region (M-KRPL) and its replication, namely the Sustainable Food Houses Region (KRPL). The concept of M-KRPL and KRPL programs needs to be refined primarily due to program design, implementation period, implementing organizations, introduced technologies, and strengthened local institutions. Implementation of M-KRPL and KRPL should be carried out through excellent social process and stages of growth, i.e. growing, developing, maturation, and self-reliance. M-KRPL replication should take account the technology use as well as community empowerment. M-KRPL and KRPL is promising in terms of technical, economic and institutional aspects. Important policy implications are: (a) taking accounts the technical aspect and social-economic characteristics of the targeted groups, (b) program period must be at least three years along with the growth stages; (c) the main M-KRPL and KRPL implementing organizations are the Assessment Institute for Agricultural Technology (AIATs) and Regional governments, respectively; (d) the technology introduced consists of nursery, farm practice, post harvest, and processing; and (e) managerial and capital development. IndonesianPembangunan ketahanan pangan dihadapkan pada permasalahan pokok, dimana pertumbuhan permintaan pangan adalah lebih cepat dari pertumbuhan produksinya. Dalam rangka mewujudkan kemandirian pangan dan ketahanan pangan, Kementerian Pertanian melalui Badan Litbang Pertanian mengembangkan Model Kawasan Rumah pangan Lestari (M-KRPL) dan replikasinya menjadi Kawasan Rumah Pangan Lestari (KRPL). Konsep program M-KRPL dan KRPL perlu disempurnakan terutama terkait dengan rancangan program, jangka waktu pelaksanaan, organisasi pelaksana, serta teknologi yang diintroduksikan dan penguatan kelembagaan lokal. Payung hukum M-KRPL dan KRPL adalah : UU No.7 tahun 1966 tentang Pangan; PP No.68 tantang Ketahanan pangan; PP No. 22 tahun 2009 tentang Kebijakan Percepatan Penganekaragaman Konsumsi Pangan Berbasis Sumber Daya Lokal; serta PP No. 43 tahun 2009 tentang Gerakan Percepatan Penganekaragaman Konsumsi Pangan Berbasis Sumber Daya Lokal.  Implementasi replikasi M-KRPL menjadi KRPL seyogyanya dilakukan melalui proses sosial yang matang melalui tahap penumbuhan, pengembangan, pematangan, dan kemandirian.  Replikasi M-KRPL menggunakan entry point teknologi dan sekaligus kelembagaan, serta berdasarkan prinsip pemberdayaan masyarakat.  Pengembangan M-KRPL dan KRPL memiliki prospek baik dan berlanjutan ditinjau dari aspek teknis, ekonomi dan kelembagaan. Implikasi kebijakan penting adalah : (a) rancangan program harus memperhatikan aspek teknis dan karakteristik sosial ekonomi kelompok sasaran; (b) jangka waktu program minimal 3 (tiga) tahun melalui tahap penumbuhan, pengembangan, dan kemandirian; (c) organisasi pelaksana utama M-KRPL adalah BPTP, sedangkan KRPL adalah Pemerintah Daerah; (d) teknologi yang diintroduksikan mencakup teknologi pembibitan, budidaya, serta pasca panen dan pengolahan hasil; dan (e) penguatan kelembagaan pengelola M-KRPL dan KRPL baik dari aspek manajemen, permodalan, dan partisipasi anggota.
Analisis Penggunaan Faktor Produksi pada Usahatani Padi Sawah Dataran Rendah: Kasus desa Tegal Panjang, Cariu, Bogor Friyatno, Supena; Sumaryanto, nFN
Forum penelitian Agro Ekonomi Vol 9, No 2-1 (1992): Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi
Publisher : Pusat Sosial Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pertanian

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IndonesianTulisan ini mencoba melihat alokasi masukan dari masing-masing faktor produksi, analisis input-output, menganalisis kontribusi masing-masing faktor produksi, faktor share serta elastisitas dari masing-masing faktor produksi tersebut. Metoda analisis yang digunakan adalah dengan cara tabulasi dan menggunakan regresi fungsi pangkat. Dari hasil telaahan pada studi  ini ada beberapa hal yang dapat diinformasikan sehubungan dengan usahatani padi di lokasi penelitian. Informasi tersebut diantaranya; tingkat penerapan teknologi usahatani di lokasi penelitian sudah menampakkan pada tingkat kejenuhan. Hal ini terlihat dengan adanya penggunaan faktor produksi yang tidak berimbang, misalnya penggunaan urea 20,63 persen, benih 40,53 persen dan TSP 32,22 persen lebih banyak daripada yang direkomendasikan. Kendatipun secara finansial usahatani di lokasi penelitian masih berada pada usaha yang menguntungkan, yakni sebesar 264.489 rupiah per hektar permusim. Share dari faktor produksi yang digunakan ternyata tenaga kerja mempunyai share yang paling tinggi, yakni 41,65 persen, sedangkan konpensasi pengelolaan dicapai hanya 33,29 persen. Faktor-faktor produksi yang memberikan kontribusi nyata terhadap produksi adalah lahan, curahan jam kerja. Sedangkan benih dan urea tidak menunjukkan kontribusi nyata terhadap produksi. Bahkan pupuk TSP dan pestisida meunjukkan kontribusi yang cenderung negatif, penggunaan kedua faktor produksi tersebut sudah berkelebihan. Implikasi dari temuan tersebut diatas adalah perlunya ditata kembali penerapan teknologi usahatani sehingga betul-betul diaplikasikan secara optimal. Hal ini dapat dicapai melalui peningkatan dan koordinasi penyampaian inovasi baru kepada petani di pedesaan.