Articles

KEKERASAN, KORUPSI DAN PEMILUKADA Fitriyah, Fitriyah
FORUM Vol 39, No 2 (2011): Kekerasan, SARA dan Keadilan
Publisher : Faculty of Social and Political Sciences Diponegoro University

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Abstract :Corruption scandals surrounding  of  local budgeting is one of structural violence,  is paradox to increase the efficiency and responsiveness of the public sector. Local  head elections   increase in the number of regional heads who are involved in corrupt acts. There are 17 governors   and  138  regents and mayors across the country are currently under investigation or serving prison sentences related to corruption.  Why does corruption happen? The factor behind the rampant political corruption is regulation of  voting system led to expensive  political cost, not only in campaign funding but also in  candidate recruitment system.  In order to   minimize the potential for corruption and avoid the temptation of using of regional budgets  by recover election  laws, we must democratize party recruitment and we must limit campaign spending by regional head candidatesKey words:  violence, corruption, local electionspermalink:http://ejournal.undip.ac.id/index.php/forum/article/view/3152
AGGRESSIVENESS, PESANTREN AND SHIYAM (A COMPARATIVE STUDY) Fitriyah, Fitriyah; Falah, Falasifatul
Proyeksi: Jurnal Psikologi Vol 7, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Psikologi Proyeksi VOL. 7 No. 1 April 2012
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology Universitas Islam Sultan Agung Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/p.7.1.109-115

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Aggressive behaviors by adolescents in Indonesia has perceived as national problem. This problem ofbehavior occur among all background of teenagers, including young people who had religiousbackground. There are two purposes of the study: 1). To examine the difference of aggressivenessbetween adolescent living in pesantren and adolescent living outside pesantren; and 2). To examine thedifference of aggressiveness among adolescents doing different frequency of religious fasting (shiyam),especially non-obligatory (sunnah) fasting on Monday or Thursday. The population of study was 11 to 21years old male-Moslem adolescent living in Kelurahan Bangunharjo, Semarang. Samples of study takenwith random sampling, based on data of residences in Kelurahan Bagunharjo Semarang. Twohypotheses were proposed in this study: 1). There are different aggressiveness between adolescentsliving in pesantren and ones living outside of pesantren; and 2). There are different aggressivenessamong adolescents doing different frequencies of Monday-Thursday shiyam. The first examinationemploying independent sample t-test resulted in t=-4,902 which p=0,00 (p<0,01), showed that the firsthypothesis was proved: there was a very significant difference of aggressiveness between the group ofMuslim-male adolescents living in pesantren and the group of others, the first group showed loweraggressiveness. The second examination employing one-way anova resulted in F=16,736 which p=0, 00(p<0, 01), showed that the second hypothesis was also proved: there was a very significant difference ofaggressiveness among the groups of Muslim-male adolescents with different frequency of religiousfasting (shiyam): the more frequency of religious fasting, the lower aggressiveness was. The result ofstudy suggested that both religious living environment and religious fasting might give contribution todecrease aggressiveness on adolescents.
ECONOMIC VALUE ADDED (EVA) dan MARKET VALUE ADDED (MVA) SEBAGAI ALAT UKUR KINERJA PERUSAHAAN Fitriyah, Fitriyah
IQTISHODUNA IQTISHODUNA (Vol 4, No 2
Publisher : fak. ekonomi

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Company performance is a measure that describes the financial condition of a company. The measurement of financial performance is based on the data gathered from financial reports made by the company. One of the popular measure for financial performance is financial ratios. However, financial ratios are only focused on accounting profit and do not include capital cost, so the resulting information cannot give adequate insight on the expected return from the investments made by the investors. In order to provide a solution for this challenge, a new concept has been proposed, that is economic value added (EVA) and market value added (MVA). EVA is a measure of added value generated by a company by reducing cost of capital that will indicated whether the rate of return is higher than the cost of capital expended for financing the investment. While MVA is a cumulative outcome of company performance which results from various investment which has been committed or is expected to be made. Hence, the success in terms of MVA is the success in maximizing the wealth of shareholders by allocating proper resources.EVA is calculated by subtracting after-tax net operating income from weighted average cost of capital (WACC). A positive EVA means that the company gains a greater return than the cost of capital, so that the investors will gain a return from their investment, and vice versa. MVA is calculated by subtracting equity market value with equity book value. Equity market value is calculated by multiplying the number of outstanding shares with share price, while equity book value is calculated by multiplying the number of outstanding shares with the nominal value per share. A positive MVA (&gt; 1) means that that the management has been able to improve the wealth of the company and, by the same token, the investors&acute; wealth, and vice versa.
FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN DAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP KEBERHASILAN INDUSTRI KECIL DI KOTA MALANG Fitriyah, Fitriyah
IQTISHODUNA IQTISHODUNA (Vol 5, No 2
Publisher : fak. ekonomi

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The aim of this study are to know what factors underlying the industrial success derived from extern and intern environment factors, whether or not the factors found have real influence and which of them that has the strongest influence to the success of the industrial achievement.Population for this study are businessman and craftsman that specialize on ‘kripik tempe’  industry in Sanan district both from small scale and family scale industry. Sampling is taken by applying proportional random sampling for 47 respondents. The amount of research variables are 26 variables related to extern environment factors: buyer, supplier, technology, government, and intern factors: marketing, financial, and production. Success variables are measured in their profitability rate and business growth rate.Result of the study showed that there are 7 factors underlying the success of the industry with determination coefficient of 0.590, means that about 59% of the success of the industry can be explained by buyer, supplier, technology, government, marketing, financial, and production variables, while the remaining (100% - 59%) or 41% are explained by other causes unobserved in the research. There 4 factors including supplier, technology, marketing, and production variables partially have significant influence to the success of the industry, meanwhile buyer, government and financial partially don’t have influence to the success of the industry. Production factor is the most dominant factor among the other factors.
IMPLIKASI MARKET VALUE, VARIAN RETURN, LABA PER SAHAM DAN DEVIDEN TERHADAP BID-ASK SPREAD SAHAM SYARIAH Fitriyah, Fitriyah
IQTISHODUNA IQTISHODUNA (VOL 8, NO 1
Publisher : fak. ekonomi

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This research was aimed to determine whether the variables variance return, market value, dividend and earning per share influence the bid-ask spread partially and simultaneously of shares of sharia in Indonesia Stock Exchange. The population in this research are the companies listed in the Jakarta Islamic Index over the period 2007 to 2010. Sampling using a purposive sampling technique and number of sample are 10 companies. The result shows, the variance return, market value, dividend and earning per share simultaneously influence the bid-ask spread. While partially, there ar three variables that significantly influence the bid-ask spread that is variance return with significant positif, dividend, and erningper share with a significant negative relationship. Variable market value does not affect the bid ask spread. Increase in variance return would cause the dealer / broker to cover the high spread. The existence of dividend payments and earnings per share would have an impact on high stock trading so dealers will not take long to save the stock This results in reduced inventory holding cost and ultimately lower the bid ask spread.
POSISI DPRD DALAM UU NO. 32 TAHUN 2004 FITRIYAH, FITRIYAH
POLITIKA Vol 1, No 1 (2010): Politika: Jurnal Ilmu Politik
Publisher : POLITIKA

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AbstractLaw No. 22/1999 on local governance gives more power to Local Assemblies (DPRD) as"the local legislative body". The Law No. 22/1999 lays down their rights and responsibilities in somedetail. These include overseeing budgets, drawing up local regulations to select governor, mayor ordistrict head (bupati), including the power to call the governor, mayor or district head (bupati) toaccount. The Law No. 22/1999 was revised by Law No. 32/2004. Under Law No. 32/2004 DPRD haveloss many powers, including the power to select the governor, mayor or bupati. Today’s main issue isstrengthening the position of DPRD. This article shows up that the main issue not to improve agreater role of DPRD but by develops their capacity.Keywords: kewenangan, badan legislatif daerah, unsur pemerintahan daerah
MENINJAU ULANG SISTEM PILKADA LANGSUNG: MASUKAN UNTUK PILKADA LANGSUNG BERKUALITAS FITRIYAH, FITRIYAH
POLITIKA Vol 2, No 1 (2011): Politika, Jurnal Ilmu Politik
Publisher : POLITIKA

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AbstractGovernors/bupaties/mayors had previously been elected by DPRDs, but a 2004 law onregional elections mandated that they be elected through direct popular vote. In practice, under thatsystem raising widespread skepticism caused by some problems as such, holding direct electionshave been too costly, high violations and conflicts, and unsuccessful raising strong leader. In fact thevarious direct local election problems are mainly related to loophole in written and unwritten electionrules. Hence, direct elections are still relevant and no need to eliminate and return to the pastsystem. Suggested the government and the House have should revise a 2004 law on regionalelections as such bribes for votes, high cost for hold and prone to trigger conflicts could beminimized.Keywords: sistem pilkada, beban anggaran, intensitas konflik, kualitas pilkada
PERILAKU PEMILIH DALAM PILKADA KABUPATEN KUDUS 2013 Fitriyah, Fitriyah
POLITIKA VOLUME 4, NOMOR 2, TAHUN 2013
Publisher : POLITIKA

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Abstract This study describes of  Kudus Regency (Kabupaten Kudus)  voting behaviour. Voting behavior is explained by three main approaches in the study of voting behavior, which are sociological models, psychological models and rational / economic model. Research was conducted in local election (Pilkada)  Kudus Regency. The research is based on survey with a sample of 100 members who are chosen randomly. The study found that the economic  models and candidate figure are the main factors. Also found that voters had permissive attitude to money politics.   Key words: Perilaku pemilih, Pilkada, politik uang
The Electability of Women Candidates in The Election of Central Java DPRD in 2014 Fitriyah, Fitriyah; Supratiwi, Supratiwi
KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 7, No 1 (2015): Komunitas, March 2015
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v7i1.3666

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The study aims to analyze the factors supporting the electability of women candidates in Central Java DPRD election 2014. This type of research is descriptive. Techniques of data collection used the in-depth interviews with all women members of the Central Java DPRD election results 2014. Data processing techniques are data reduction, data display, concluding and verifying. The study found women candidate’s electability factors because they master/control the political capital, social capital and economics capital. By political capital (party officials) so candidate nominated in small number candidacy and electoral district party base. Social capital (activists of social/professional organizations ) support the loyalty and solidity candidate team and candidate voice, and economics capital to support the political cost. Some of them have kinship with the party elite /social elite so openly their access to social and politics capital. An open list proportional electoral system makes it difficult increasing women representation if not followed party policy affirmations committed. In order to reach the 30% the representation of women in the legislature should be intervention laws forcing the party implementing gender justice policies candidacyPenelitian ini bermaksud menganalisa  faktor-faktor pendukung keterpilihan caleg perempuan di DPRD Jawa Tengah dalam Pemilu 2014. Tipe penelitian ini deskriptif.Teknik pengumpulan data  menggunakan wawancara mendalam terhadap seluruh perempuan anggota DPRD Jawa Tengah hasil Pemilu 2014. Teknik pengolahan data dalam penelitian ini adalah reduksi data, display data, penarikan kesimpulan dan verifikasi. Hasil Penelitian menemukan faktor-faktor keterpilihan caleg perempuan karena mereka menguasai modal politik (pengurus partai) sehingga dicalonkan dinomor urut kecil dan dapil basis partai, modal sosial (pengurus organisasi sosial/profesi) yang membantu kerja dan mendapat dukungan suara, dan modal ekonomi untuk biaya politik, dan kekerabatan dengan elit partai/sosial membuka akses untuk modal politik dan sosial. Sistem pemilu proprsional terbuka menyulitkan kebijakan afirmasi jika tidak diikuti komitmen partai. Untuk bisa mencapai keterwakilan 30% perempuan di lembaga perwakilan harus ada intervensi undang-undang yang memaksa partai melaksanakan kebijakan berkeadilan gender dalam pencalonan
PENGARUH CORPORATE GOVERNANCE DAN RASIO AKUNTANSI TERHADAP PERINGKAT OBLIGASI Damayanti, Eka Wahyu; Fitriyah, Fitriyah
IQTISHODUNA IQTISHODUNA (VOL 9, NO 1.
Publisher : Fakultas Ekonomi, UIN Maliki Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18860/iq.v0i0.2281

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This research was aimed to examine the effect of good corporate governance and the accounting ratios that partially or simultaneously are concerned with bond credit ratings. The population in this research are are all the companies rated by PT.PEFINDO over the period 2010 to 2011. Sampling using a purposive sampling technique and number of sample are 42 companies. The analysis method of logistic regression is used for measuring the effect of good corporate governance, the financial ratios and bond credit ratings. The result shows, the value of the Adjusted R Square of 0,45 or 45% indicates that the independent variable, namely corporate governance and accounting ratios, can explain the dependent variable bond ratings by 45% while the remaining 55% is explained by other factors outside the model studied. Significant variable are the board, audit committe, the company’s growth in the proxy by ROA, Leverage ratio in proxy by DER, Slovency ratio and Liquidity ratio. This situation is based upon the significant number of 0,05, while the variables that are not significant are the NPM variables, Sales to Asset, Institutional ownership, managerial ownership and the size of the board of commissioners.