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Journal : Journal of Tropical Life Science

Study on Starch Granules of Local Varieties of Dioscorea hispida and Dioscorea alata Fauziah, Fauziah; Hendrian, Hendrian
Journal of Tropical Life Science Vol 6, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Life Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11594/jtls.06.01.09

Abstract

Starch is regarded as vital in the food industry, where granule size and shape determine its function and uses. One plant taxon that is widely known as a starch source is Dioscorea (Dioscoreaceae), whose starch and protein content make it a healthy food. As the initial step to identify which varieties possess potential as starch sources, we conducted study on starch granule morphology of some local varieties of D. hispida and D. alata. The aim of this study was to determine shape and size variation of starch granule of each variety of D. hispida and D. alata. The results showed that starch granule morphology does not only vary between species of D. hispida and D. alata, but also among varieties of those species. The shape of starch granules in D. hispida is dominantly polygonal (polyhedral). It showed similar results as those reported by other authors in their studies, except that – in this study - we found there is also a triangular shape, which has never been reported before. Starch granule size of D. hispida is found to be “Very small – Small” and only 1 variety of the species – that is gadung jahe – is classified as “Small” type. According to previous studies, varieties with small type starch granule are recommended as potential sources for non-food industrial raw materials. The shape of starch granules in D. alata is similar to those reported in other studies, which is dominantly triangular and polygonal; the size is classified as “Medium” type, except for two varieties that are uwi ratu and uwi ulo (DC5), which are classified as “Large”. According to previous studies, varieties with large type starch granule are recommended as potential sources for food. Thus, from this study 3 potential local varieties are identified, i.e. gadung jahe of D. hispida, and uwi ratu & uwi ulo of D. alata.
Co-Authors Abdullah, Bualkar Abdullah, Bualkar Adi Soeprijanto Adriani, Azmalina Ahmad Bengar Harahap Ahmad Eddison Ananda, Wahyu Ananda, Wahyu Anna, Irna Lisa Anugraha, Dhimas Mulia Apriansyah, Andez Aris Gunaryati, Aris Armin Darmawan Asmiyenti Djaliasrin Djalil awatiful azza, awatiful budianto panjaitan Budiarti, L Endang Bustamam, Nurbaity Chanif Mahdi Damanik, Sanri Sunervia Damanik, Sanri Sunervia Dasrul Dasrul Dewi, Sarini Vita Dewi, Sarini Vita Dina Maulina Djoko Wahyono Dwi Putro Priadi Eddy Noviana Eldina Fatimah Esti Handayani, Endah Tri Fachreza, Sodi Fachreza, Sodi Fadilah, Ratnawaty Fadillah, Wanda rizki Fadillah, Wanda rizki Fajar Nugraha Farizawati Farizawati, Farizawati Firdus Firdus Fitriana Fitriana Hamdan Hamdan Haryono Haryono Hendri Marhadi Hendrian Hendrian, Hendrian Hernawati, Diana Ina Agustina Jamaliah Jamaliah Juli Melia Junaidi Junaidi Kadirman, Kadirman Kalsum Kalsum Komala Sari, Ratih Titi Komala Sari, Ratih Titi Kosasih, Ade Kusuma, Willy Darma Kusuma, Willy Darma L. Endang Budiarti, L. Endang Ma'arif, Ridwan Ahmad Mahmud Alpusari Mesra, Erna Mesra, Erna Mesra Mimien Henie Irawati, Mimien Henie Mohamad Amin Morica, Cut Desta Muhammad Hatta Mulyadi Mulyadi Munjiatun Munjiatun, Munjiatun Nindya Nika Putri Novianti, Vivi Nurhasanah Nurhasanah Ontoseno Penangsang Pradipta, Nadhira Trisa Prakoso, Galuh Prianto, Deki Rahmawati Rahmawati Riki Saputra, Riki Rina Evianty Rinaldi Rinaldi Riris Rotua Sitorus Rizaldy, Ilham Rosnizar, Rosnizar Rumdasih, Jujum Saputra, Tri Ichsan Septi Andryana, Septi Setiarini, Eva Silviana, Ernita Sugiantoro Sugiantoro Suryani, Siti Darwa Sushanty, Dwi Elgha Syafruddin Syafruddin Syahban, Bayu Fijri Syahrilfuddin Syahrilfuddin, Syahrilfuddin Syamsidik, Syamsidik tamampil, armis Taringan, Yosua Jonathan Teuku Armansyah Tongku Nizwan Siregar Trias Setyowati, Trias Triva Murtina Lubis Ucuk Darusalam Umami, Nahdia Asri Wahyu Ario Pratomo Widiyanti, Siti Arum Wijaya, Yunan Fauzi Wira Dharma Wiranti Sri Rahayu Yani, Ari Soerti Yekki Yasmin Yulia Istia Ningsih, Yulia Istia Yuliusman Yuliusman Yusri Wahyuni Zenab, Ai Siti