Ilham Agusta Fauzi
Fakultas Farmasi UGM
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Aktivitas Antiproliferasi Ekstrak Etanolik Herba Ciplukan (Physalis angulata L.) Terhadap Sel Hepar Tikus Betina Galur Sprague Dawley Terinduksi 7,12-Dimetilbenz[a]antrasena

Majalah Kesehatan Pharmamedika Vol 3 N0 1 2011
Publisher : Majalah Kesehatan Pharmamedika

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Abstract

One of the natural materials as potentially efficacious chemopreventive agents are Ciplukan (Physalis angulata L.). Several previous studies reported that Physalis angulata L. herbs ethanolic extract (PEE) has cytotoxic activity and induction of apoptosis in breast cancer cells MCF-7 and HeLa cervical cancer cells. This study aims to determine the effects of  PEE as an chemopreventive agent on rat liver cells induced 7,12-dimetilbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA). This study used Sprague Dawley strain female rats aged 40-50 days were divided into 5 groups : (1) DMBA control group, mice were induced with DMBA in per oral dose of 20 mg/kg; (2) DMBA + PEE dose 750 mg/kgBW group ; (3) DMBA + PEE dose 1500 mg/kgBW group ; (4) solvent control group of CMC-Na 0,5%; (5) PEE dose 1500 mg/kgBW control group. PEE was dissolved in CMC-Na 0,5% and administered daily, starting the seventh week after administration of DMBA. At the beginning of  the tenth week of the study, rats were necropted and liver organs were isolated and stored in buffered formalin 4%. Qualitative analysis to determine the histopathology of liver cells through staining method of Hematoxyllin & Eosin (HE), while quantitative analysis to determine the level of liver cell proliferation by AgNOR staining method. The results showed in the DMBA control group that liver cell morphology changes that hiperproliferation leading to carcinogenesis. In DMBA + PEE dose of  1500 mg/kgBW group improved the situation of DMBA-induced liver cells histopathology and antiproliferation activity better than DMBA + PEE dose of 750 mg/kgBW on DMBA-induced rat liver cells. The results showed that Physalis angulata L. herbs ethanolic extract can inhibit cell proliferation in rat liver caused by DMBA administration through antiproliferation mechanism and have potential for the development as chemoprevention material on liver cancer

AKTIVITAS SITOTOKSIK EKSTRAK ETANOLIK HERBA CIPLUKAN (Physalis angulata L.) PADA SEL KANKER LEHER RAHIM HeLa MELALUI MODULASI EKSPRESI PROTEIN p53

Farmasains Vol 1, No 2 (2011): Oktober 2010 - Maret 2011
Publisher : UMM Press

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Abstract

Cervical cancer is one of leading cause of cancer death in women in the developing countries. One of the strategy to prevent cervical cancer based on cytotoxic agents are now being developed. Ciplukan (Physalis angulata L.) is one of potential plant as chemopreventive agent due to Physalin and Withangulatin constituent in this plant. This study was aimed to know cytotoxic effect  of ciplukan ethanolic extract (CEE) in human cervical carcinoma Hela cell line. Evaluation of cell viability value was determined using MTT assay. The expression of p53 as cell proliferation regulator was observed with immunocytochemistry assay. Ethanolic extract of ciplukan showed cytotoxic effect in HeLa cell line with IC50 of 158 µg/ml. Further observation of cell proliferation regulator showed that CEE induces expression of p53 that inhibit cell proliferation. The result showed that CEE has potential activity to be developed as anticancer agent in human cervical cancer.