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PENGARUH ATRIBUT PRODUK TERHADAP SIKAP (Survei pada Ibu Rumah Tangga Konsumen Pewangi dan Pelembut Pakaian Merek “Molto Sekali Bilas” di Desa Bandar Kidul Kecamatan Mojoroto Kota Kediri)

Jurnal Administrasi Bisnis Vol 2, No 1 (2013): MEI
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Administrasi Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Sikap seseorang terhadap atribut produk dapat berbeda – beda karena keyakinan serta evaluasi terhadap atribut yang dimiliki produk tersebut. Di samping itu masih ada faktor lain turut berpengaruh yang pada akhirnya akan menentukan minatnya membeli suatu produk. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diketahui bahwa nilai F signifikansi yaitu sebesar 0,000 (α < 0,05), yang berarti bahwa secara bersama – sama variabel – variabel Merek (X1), Mutu (X2), Label (X3), dan Kemasan (X4) mempunyai pengaruh signifikan terhadap variabel Sikap Konsumen (Y). Hasil R2 (koefisien determinasi) sebesar 0,689, berarti bahwa 68,9% variabel Sikap Konsumen akan dipengaruhi oleh variabel bebasnya, yaitu Merek (X1), Mutu (X2), Label (X3), dan Kemasan (X4). Sedangkan sisanya sebesar 31,1% akan dipengaruhi oleh variabel – variabel yang lain yang tidak dibahas dalam penelitian ini. Hasil uji t digunakan untuk mengetahui pengaruh variabel bebas terhadap variabel terikat secara parsial dengan membandingkan taraf signifikan α yaitu 0,05. Hasil penelitian diketahui bahwa nilai sig. t sebesar 0,040 untuk variabel Merek (X1), Mutu (X2) sebesar 0,045, Label (X3) sebesar 0,046, dan Kemasan (X4) sebesar 0,049. Hal ini menunjukkan nilai sig. t untuk masing – masing variabel bebas kurang dari 0,05 (nilai sig. t < 0,05) yang berarti keempat variabel bebas mempunyai pengaruh signifikan terhadap variabel terikat secara parsial. Kesimpulan yang dapat ditarik dari penelitian ini adalah bahwa variabel – variabel dalam Atribut Produk baik secara bersama – sama maupun secara parsial mempunyai pengaruh terhadap Sikap. Keempat variabel bebas tersebut menunjukkan variabel Merek memiliki pengaruh yang dominan terhadap Sikap Konsumen. Kata kunci : atribut produk, merek, mutu, label, kemasan, dan sikap

Tata Kelola Dana Desa dalam Rangka Implementasi Undang–Undang Nomor 6 Tahun 2014 Tentang Desa di Kecamatan Krian Kabupaten Sidoarjo

JKMP (Jurnal Kebijakan dan Manajemen Publik) Vol 5, No 1 (2017): March
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo

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Abstract

The village is a collection of people who live together or a region, which has a government organization with a set of rules that you define yourself, and under the leadership of the village were selected and assigned its own. Since the enactment of Law No. 6 of 2014 on Village hereinafter called the Village Law. In the course of this village there is a translation of the Act detailing government regulations on the management of village finances. Of PP 43 in 2014 and converted into PP 47 2015 and of PP PP 60 in 2014 to 8 in 2016, there are some things that lead to the necessity of adjusting the legal basis on the village's financial management practices. The problems of this research focuses on the mechanism of channeling funds Krian village in the district of Sidoarjo regency and use of village funds to realize good governance in Sidoarjo. And finally, this study aims to Analyze fund disbursement mechanism villages to villages in Sidoarjo and analyze procedures and the implementation of the use of funds village in Sidoarjo. The method used in this study is a socio legal research approach jurisprudence which use the social sciences, by applying social science perspective to the study of law. Including legal sociology, legal anthropology, legal history, psychology and law, political science studies judiciary, comparative linguistics, as well as other scientific. Legal research is performed to find a solution to the legal issues that arise. The results to be achieved is to provide a prescription of what should be.

ANTESEDEN PARTISIPASI ANGGARAN: GAYA KEPEMIMPINAN, ASIMETRI INFORMASI, DAN PENGGUNAAN REALISASI ANGGARAN SEBAGAI ALAT EVALUASI (STUDI KASUS SATKER DI WILAYAH PEMBAYARAN KPPN SELONG)

Diponegoro Journal of Accounting Volume 2, Nomor 3, Tahun 2013
Publisher : Diponegoro Journal of Accounting

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Abstract

The main purpose of this study is to explore the causes or antecedents of budget participation in the public sector organization. The study focuses on the reasons why superiors encourage the budget participation of their subordinates and use several theoretical perspectives including leadership theory, agency theory and organizational justice. Data used in this study is obtained using questionnaires method. From 120 questionnaires which were distributed to the treasury managers in government offices under the KPPN Selong budgets payment area, 88 (73,33 %) questionnaires were sent back but only 69 questionnaires could be used for analyse. The data was analyzed with Multiple Linear Regression using IBM SPSS 16 program. The result of this study proves that evaluative use of budget realization has positive and significant relationship with superiors encourage of budget participation, in which case, the study argues, the superiors encourage participation because of concerns about organizational justice. This study also found that the evaluative use of budget realization and budget participation relationship are significantly mediated by superiors encourage in budget participation as an intervening variable. The two hypothesis about relationship between considerate leadership style with superior encourage budget participation and relationship between information asymmetry with superior encourage budget participation is not supported.

Through-the-scope Polyethylene Balloon Dilations in Benign Corrosive Esophageal Stricture Complicated with Temporomandibular Joint Dislocation

The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 13, NUMBER 1, April 2012
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

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Abstract

Esophageal dilation is a non-surgical management for anatomic and functional abnormalities causing both benign and malignant esophageal stricture. The basic goals of stricture dilation include safe and efficacious lumenal enlargement plus prevention of restenosis. These could be achieved using through- the-scope (TTS) balloon dilations, ranged in diameter of 4 to 40 mm, they will allow dilation of previously inaccessible strictures in the esophagus, stomach, small bowel, and colon. There are 5,000–15,000 cases of stricture due to ingestion of corrosive substances in United States every year. The following case would demonstrate a 28-year-old male with depressive disorder who attempted a suicide by ingesting corrosive substances two months before admission. Subsequently he started having difficulty in swallowing even soft foods. The complaint was gradually increasing until a month before admission he went through endoscopic examination and a corrosive esophageal stricture found. Hence after, he underwent dilation using Savary bouginage with fluoroscopy and through-the-scope (TTS) balloon dilations. The patient underwent a series of dilation treatment and demonstrated vigorous improvement. Problems raised as the patient was complicated with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dislocation due to traumatic injury after ingesting corrosive substances. The consideration in management of esophageal stricture with complications will be discussed further in this article. Keywords: esophageal stricture, corrosive substances, dysphagia, temporomandibular joint dislocation, through-the-scope polyethylene balloon dilation

Upper Gastrointestinal Abnormalities in Esophagogastroduodenoscopy Examination: Descriptive Study in PSUPAU Endoscopic Unit

The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 9, ISSUE 3, December 2008
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

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Abstract

Background: The Endoscopy Unit of Indonesian Air Force Central Hospital Dr. Esnawan Antariksa, Jakarta, Indonesia, has just been established in late 2004 and it is still in developing process. This study was aim to depict the profile of patients who underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy procedure in the unit. Method: This study was a retrospective study that analyzed data in endoscopic registry of patients who underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) examination from September 2004 to December 2007. Result: Total of 108 patients underwent EGD examination, comprised of 66 (61%) males and 42 (39%) females, with average age of 45.4 years old (range 16-77 years old). The most frequent indication for EGD was dyspepsia 63%, followed by hematemesis-melena 26% and dysphagia 5.5%. Among patients with dyspepsia, EGD revealed organic abnormalities in 71% patients, with descriptions of erosive gastritis 35%, gastritis 18%, bile reflux 7%, esophagitis 5% and gastric ulcer 3%. Among patients with hematemesis-melena, EGD revealed abnormalities, which were described as erosive gastritis 48%, esophageal varices bleeding 22%, gastric ulcer 18%, caustic injury 4%, and esophagitis 4%. Conclusions: EGD is an important procedure to ascertain the occurence of organic abnormalities in patient with gastrointestinal symptoms and signs e.g. dyspepsia and gastrointestinal bleeding. More than half of patients with dyspepsia showed organic abnormalities. Among patients with hematemesis-melena, erosive gastritis is more common than variceal bleeding. Keywords: esophagogastroduodenoscopy, dyspepsia, upper gastrointestinal bleeding, hematemesis melena

Hospital-based Survey on Knowledge and Attitude toward Colorectal Cancer Screening among Indonesian Population

The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 10, ISSUE 2, August 2009
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

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Abstract

Background: Several western countries have recommended colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, however the yield of CRC screening is still low. The acceptability of CRC screening is influenced by people’s knowledge and attitude. This study was conducted to evaluate the knowledge and attitude of Indonesian people toward CRC screening. Method: Adult Indonesian population aged 19–65 years was recruited in this hospital-based survey. Knowledge and attitude toward CRC screening were assessed by using structured questionnaires consisting of nine chapters. Result: There were 614 respondents recruited in this study. Most respondents (36.2%) incorrectly pointed out abdominal pain or pain around anus as the symptom of bowel cancer. Regarding CRC risk factors, eating fruits or vegetables rarely was the most frequent answer (28.5%) encountered. Only one-third (28%) of respondents mentioned colonoscopy as the Method for CRC screening. There were 38.1% of respondents who believed that CRC screening test might be harmful to the body. Up to 70.8% of the respondents agreed and strongly agreed that CRC screening test might cause physical discomfort. Two fifth (41.5%) of respondents believed that CRC screening test was embarrassing. More than half (58.8%) of respondents were afraid of having the CRC screening test. The test was too expensive according to 79.5% of respondents. Conclusion: The knowledge on CRC symptoms, risk factors, and screening tests is still low among Indonesian population. Our study result indicates that the lack of knowledge and the discouraging attitude among Indonesian population will be the major barriers to implement CRC screening in Indonesia.   Keywords: colorectal cancer, screening, knowledge, attitude

Gastric Outlet Obstruction due to Peptic Ulcer Disease

The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 12, NUMBER 2, August 2011
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

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Abstract

Gastric outlet obstruction is a rare complication of peptic ulcer disease, resulting from acute or chronic inflammatory changes. Patient may present asymptomatic or may have mild gastrointestinal symptoms. Some complications may include indirect systemic disorders such as water, acid-base, and electrolyte imbalance, which could be fatal. Acute management should include gastric decompression, correction of water and electrolytes abnormalities, as well as reduction of spasm and edema by using acid-supressants. After the patient has been stabilized, more definite measures should be taken such as endoscopic dilatation or surgery and treatment of peptic ulcer itself. Nowadays, endoscopic dilatation has been performed by using through-the-scope balloon dilating catheters. The diameter of balloon is usually increased gradually over several sessions. Long-term recurrence after endoscopic baloon dilatation has been reportedly low. Keywords: peptic ulcer, gastric outlet obstruction, endoscopic baloon dilatation

Proximal Jejunal Diverticle: Cause of Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding

The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 13, NUMBER 1, April 2012
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

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Abstract

Five percents of patient presenting with gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, the etiology of bleeding could not be found by upper endoscopy and colonoscopy. Almost 75% of which, the abnormality is detected in small bowel. One of the etiologies in small bowel bleeding is jejunal diverticle. In this paper, we reported a female, 38 years old, came with upper GI bleeding since one month ago. She had undergone several diagnostic procedures, such as abdominal ultrasound, abdominal computed tomography scan (CT-scan), upper and lower endoscopy, but there were no conclusion to explain the cause of bleeding. However, barium follow through examination found a diverticle, pouch-like shape, at jejunal proximal projection. Then, she underwent surgical treatment. Small intestine bleeding is best investigated by capsule endoscopy and double balloon enteroscopy. However, in limited conditions, small bowel follow through can be used to screen the source of bleeding in small intestine. The specific diagnosis of small intestine diverticle is possible by radiologic contrast study using various form of barium. Small bowel diverticle does not require surgical treatment, unless refractory symptoms or complications occur. Jejunal diverticle is one of sources in small intestinal bleeding. Small bowel follow through can still be used to diagnose jejunal diverticle. Keywords: diverticle, proximal jejunal, upper gastrointestinal bleeding, barium follow through

Peutz Jeghers Syndrome

The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 7, ISSUE 3, December 2006
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

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Abstract

Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome (PJS) is a rare condition that tends to run in families. Diagnosis of PJS is made if a person has polyps in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and at least two of the following: polyps in the small bowel, melanin spots, and/or a family history of PJS. The typical clinical manifestation of the disease is associated with complications secondary to intestinal polyps often requiring surgical treatment. A young woman, 29 years old with PJS had been hospitalized in Cipto Mangunkusumo hospital. She was suffering from GI complication secondary to her polyps such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomited every time she takes her meal and milk, anorexia, fatigue, weakness, chronic diarrhea with hematoschezia. Upper and lower endoscopy showed the multiple polyps along from esophagus, gaster, duodenum, and her colon. Histopathology examination confirmed the type of polyps is Peutz Jeghers with the unique morphology consisting of mucosa with interdigitating smooth muscle bundles that yield a characteristic branching tree appearance. We also found the family tree of this patient and it is a good evident how PJS can be inherited in a family. Keywords: Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, melanin spots, polypsry

Candida Esophagitis: A Retrospective Study of Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Grading and the Characteristic Profile

The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 12, NUMBER 2, August 2011
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

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Abstract

Background: Candida esophagitis is a common abnormality found on esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) procedure in patients with recognizable risk factors. However, the finding is frequently incidental as most of them are asymptomatic. There has been no study on the characteristics of Candida esophagitis in Indonesia. The aim of this study was to describe the degree of Candida esophagitis and its characteristics in patients who underwent EGD procedure at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital. Method: A retrospective study was conducted on all EGD procedures at the Gastroenterology Procedure Room, Internal Medicine Department, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, between January 2007 and December 2009 with a total of 2,311 samples. The study was carried out by visually examining all endoscopic procedures and grading them according to the Kodsi severity grading (1976), and evaluating medical records. Data analysis was performed using Microsoft Excel 2007. Results: During the study period, Candida esophagitis was found in 2.6% patients with predominant male (68.9%) and the average age was 49.8 ± 15 years. The chief complaints found were dyspepsia (34.4%), melena (21.3%) and dysphagia (4.9%) and 32.8% patients were asymptomatic. The most frequent risk factors were age ≥ 60 years old (28.3%), proton pump inhibitor or H2 receptor antagonist user (26.4%), and antibiotics (17.0%). Grade II Kodsi candidiasis was the most prevalent degree in this study (44.3%). Conclusion: Candida esophagitis was one frequent finding in endoscopy based on the complaint of dyspepsia in patients with certain risk factors. However, the results of this study still need further validation in prospective studies. Keywords: Candida esophagitis, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, risk factors, grading

Co-Authors . Hendriyawan Aan Santi Abdul Aziz Rani Adam Aji, Adam Adisetia Permata, Adisetia Ahmad Syibli, Ahmad Aim Muzaqqi, Aim Ali Imron Yusuf Amanda P Utari, Amanda P Ambarwati, Dewi Anang Kukuh Adisusilo Andree Kurniawan Angga Pramudita Ari F Syam Ari Fahrial Syam Arif Sejati Ario Perbowo Putra, Ario Perbowo Armeliza, Diah Armen Armen Arshita Auliana Atok, Rosyid Beny Y.V Nasution, Beny Y.V Bona Adhista Budi Tan Oto Catarina Budyono, Catarina Cekli Wahyuwidowati Chudahman Manan Clara Ajeng Artdita, Clara Ajeng Cleopas M Rumende, Cleopas M Dadang Makmun Dahlan Fanani, Dahlan Daldiyono Daldiyono Daniel Gunawan DARMA RIKA, DARMA Deddy Gunawanjati Diah Rini Handjari Dicky Levenus Tahapary Dinastya Saraswati Dolly Dolven Kansera Dwi Handarini, Dwi Edy Yulianto Eko Sakapurnama Ekowati Rahajeng Elli Arsita Ening Krisnuhoni F. X. Toha Fahmi Agus Fahruddin, Fahmi Agus Fajar Budi Lestari, Fajar Budi Fajar Raditya Fitri Damayanti Fitriyanti, Ika Fransiska Hardi Griskalia Christine Haryanto Haryanto Hasan Maulahela, Hasan Hasyim, Mohammad Alfa HENRY ERYANTO, HENRY Ilham Ahmadi Ilone, Stella Imam Suyadi Imelda Maria Loho, Imelda Maria Indra Marki Iwan Setyawan Jane Estherina Jeffri Gunawan Joseph JY Sung Julwan Pribadi Kadarisman Hidayat Kaka Renaldi Katharina Setyawati Lina Fibrianti M Purnomo Isnaeni Marcellus Simadibrata Marpaung, Iis Joice Susanti Masyhur Irsyam Meutia Gebrina, Meutia Moch Ikhsan Mokoagow Murdani Abdulah Murdani Abdullah Nababan, Toman Nata Pratama Nelfiyanti Nelfiyanti Nikko Darnindro Nisan Soeheri Novie Rahmawati Zirta Nur Rasyid Nurita, Prima Nurul Akbar Oni Dian Rachmatiwi, Oni Dian Pamela Abineno Pardede, Akim Manaor Hara Paulus Kusnanto Petrolis Nusa Perdana, Petrolis Nusa Pradana Soewondo Pradana Suwondo Pramudiyanti Pramudiyanti Prasetyaningtyas, Abigail Putri, Istiqomah Dwi R.R.PONCO DEWI, R.R.PONCO Raden Nur Ista Radhiyatam Mardhiyah, Radhiyatam Rahman, Perdana Aditya Rani, Annisa Mulia Retno Kusumastuti Riahdo Saragih Rio Zakaria Riwin Kusnaryati Rizki Yaruntradhani Rolan Sitompul Rudy Hidayat Saeful Bahri Santi Susanti, Santi Sari Dewi, Putri Pamungkas Saskia Aziza Nursyirwan, Saskia Aziza Sedijono Sedijono Seri Mei Maya Ulina Sheila Ajrina, Sheila Simajuntak, Magdalena Simon Salim Sri Zulaihati, Sri Srikandi Kumadji Steven Sumantri Sudoyo, Aru Wisaksono Suhardjono Suhardjono Sunarti Sunarti Suryantini Suryantini Susilo, Anggita Kurnia Heru Suzana Ndraha Tanzila, Erian Pemila Ayu Tjahjadi Robert Tedjasaputra Tri Jalmo Ummu Habibah, Ummu Unggul Budihusodo Usama Juniansyah Fauzi Wicaksono, Avie Haryo Yaldiera Utami, Yaldiera Zainuddin Zainuddin Zainul Arifin Zulkifli Amin