Diyah Fatmasari
Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi Politeknik Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Semarang

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EFEKTIVITAS OBAT KUMUR PROPOLIS, KLORHEKSIDIN DAN POVIDON IODINE TERHADAP INDEKS PLAK (Studi Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Islam Sultan Agung Semarang berusia 18-23 tahun)

Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Media Dental Intelektual
Publisher : Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual

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Nowdays various chemical and herbal mouthwash has been circulating. Propolis is one of the herbal mouthwash product derived from bee Apis sp. While chlorhexidine and povidon iodin are chemical mouthwash known to control the plaque growth. Research’s objective determine the effect of propolis mouthwash to plaque index decrease, compared to mouthwash ‘chlorhexidine and povidone iodine.The study was conducted on students 18-23 years old from the Dentistry Faculty, Islamic University Sultan Agung Semarang. Samples were divided into three groups, each group consits of 11 people for mouthwash chlorhexidine, povidon iodin, and propolis. Measurement of plaque index using PHP (Patient Hygiene Performance Index) Plaque Index by Podshadley and Haley.The majority of criteria dental plaque before rinsing were moderate in the group propolis, chlorhexidine and povidon iodin. The majority of criteria dental plaque after rinsing are moderate in the propolis, chlorhexidine and povidone (p < 0,05) iodine. P-value from one way anova test on the plaque index after rinsing shows that plaque index mean was significantly different. The post hoc test showed plaque index decrease by propolis is equivalents to chlorhexidine and higher than povidon iodin. The research design was pre and post test control group.It was concluded that propolis mouthwash influence to plaque index decrease. Keywords: propolis, chlorhexidine, povidon iodin, plaque index

PENGARUH DEPRESI TERHADAP TERJADINYA GINGIVITIS (Studi Terhadap Santri Pondok Pesantren Rohmatulla 2 Tahun 2012)

Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Media Dental Intelektual
Publisher : Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual

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ABSTRACT Depression as a part of a psychological condition is a situation that interference with the natural feeling. Emotional condition can affect the secretion of saliva in oral cavity and can disrupt the balance of bacteria in the mouth and can cause disease in the oral cavity. One of the common diseases is gingivitis. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of depression on the occurrence of gingivitis at boarding school students Rohmatullah 2 in 2012.This study was used observational analytic method with cross sectional design study that was conducted on 50 students at the boarding school Rohmatullah2 in 2012 using simple random sampling method. The level of depression was measured with a questionnaire of Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Gingival health conditions were measured by the Gingival Index. The results of research were analyzed using the Kolmogorov-Smirnovt test.The results of the data analysis with Kolmogorov-Smirnov test showed that there was a significant relationship between the level of depression and the occurrence of gingivitis (p=0.001), while the status of OHI-S as a confounding factor in this study also affect the occurrence of gingivitis (p=0.000). The existence of a significant effect of depression on the occurrence of gingivitis in accordance with a theory that depression can affect the release of cortisol from corticosteroid hormone that results in decreased production of IgA and Ig Gingingival fluid that acts as antibody in the oral cavity. In addition to the poor conditions of oral hygiene can lead the accumulation of plaque. from the accumulation of plaque can lead to the development of inflammatory diseases such as gingivitis.Based on the results of this study concluded that there was significant influence between depression and gingivitis at boarding school students Rohmatullah 2 in 2012. Keywords: Depression, Gingivitis, BDI, Gingival Index

HUBUNGAN ANTARA TINGKAT KECEMASAN DENGAN KONDISI KESEHATAN RONGGA MULUT PENDERITA DIABETES MELLITUS TIPE 2 (Studi Terhadap Pasien RSI Sultan Agung Semarang Tahun 2012)

Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Media Dental Intelektual
Publisher : Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual

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Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients are individuals who are potentially exposed to infectious diseases due to their weakened immune. One of these infections is in the oral cavity. Diabetes mellitus also affects the patient’s psychological condition, such as anxiety and depression. The aim of the study is to determine the relationship between levels of anxiety with oral health of diabetes mellitus patients type 2 RSI Sultan Agung Semarang in 2012.This research was used analytic observational on cross sectional design, conducted on 30 patients at the RSI Sultan Agung Semarang in 2012 with the simple random sampling technique. Anxiety levels of patients was measured by using questioner of Hammilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A). Caries status was measured by the DMF-T index, periodontal tissue status was measured by russel periodontal index, status saliva was measured by salivary status sialometri technique. The results were analyzed with the product moment pearson correlation.From the result showed that there was a significant relationship between the level of anxiety with dental caries status (p = 0.004), anxiety levels with periodontal tissue status (p = 0.000), and anxiety levels with saliva status (p = 0.009).Based on the research it can be inferred that there was a significant relationship between the level of anxiety with oral health of diabetes mellitus type 2 patients at RSI Sultan Agung Semarang in 2012. Keywords: Anxiety, oral health, diabetes mellitus type 2

PENGARUH EKSTRAK ALPINIA GALANGA (L)WILLD TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN CANDIDA ALBICANS PADA PLAT GIGI TIRUAN RESIN AKRILIK

Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Media Dental Intelektual
Publisher : Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual

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Denture stomatitis disease that occurs in elderly prevented by maintenance and cleaning dentures. Denture stomatitis caused plaque and microorganisms C. albicans that accumulate on surface acrylic resin denture base. Alpinia galanga (L) Willd contains essential oils that are antifungal compounds. This study to determine effectiveness of Alpinia galanga extract to the C. albicans growth on acrylic resin denture plate.This study there was acrylic resin plates 10x10x2 mm soaked in solution of Alpinia galanga (L) Willd extracts concentration 70%, 80%, 90%, and 100% for 8 hour and clorhexidine 0,2% as the positive control. Taken 0.01 ml dripped on petri dishes that is containing SDA and incubated for 48 hours. Next, C. albicans colony counting and data analyzed with Kruskal-Wallis and Mann Whitney.The results Kruskal Wallis showed no significant difference from Alpinia galanga (L) Willd extract concentration 70%, 80%, 90%, and 100% of the growth of C. albicans. Mann Whitney showed difference between the control (+) with every Alpinia galanga (L) Willd extract.The results of this study concluded that extracts Alpinia galanga (L) Willd concentration 70% is the minimum concentration to inhibit the growth of C. albicans maximally.Keyword: Denture stomatitis, Alpinia galanga (L) Willd, C. albicans.

PERBEDAAN MOTIVASI ANAK, REMAJA, DAN DEWASA PADA PASIEN ORHODONTIC DENTAL CARE

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 10, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan

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Perawatan orthodonsi tidak hanya dapat memperbaiki susunan gigi geligi, tetapi dalam kasus-kasus tertentu juga mempunyai dampak yang besar pada penampilan wajah seseorang. Salah satu faktor yang mempengaruhi keberhasilan perawatan adalah motivasi pasien. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui adanya perbedaan motivasi pasien orthodonsi usia anak-anak, remaja dan dewasa dalam merawatkan gigi di klinik gigi Puri Cempaka Semarang. Jenis penelitian ini adalah observasional studi dengan rancangan cross sectional, dengan menggunakan kuesioner. Sampel penelitian ini adalah pasien orthodonsi usia anak-anak, usia remaja dan usia dewasa yang merawatkan gigi di Klinik Gigi Puri Cempaka Semarang sebesar 100 orang. Prosedur penelitian ini membagi kuesioner dengan pertanyaan sebanyak 20 item dan pilihan jawaban Likert scale berisi tentang motivasi mereka datang ke drg, kebutuhan perawatan apa yang mendesak, siapa yang membayar perawatan. Hasil penelitian dalam analisis Kruskal-Wallis Test menunjukkan bahwa ada perbedaan yang bermakna antara motivasi pasien orthodonsi usia anak-anak, remaja dan dewasa dalam merawatkan gigi di klinik gigi Puri Cempaka Semarang.Pasien anak-anak tidak mempunyai motivasi internal, pasien remaja tujuannya untuk meningkatkan kecantikan sedangkan pasien dewasa bertujuan untuk merapikan kelainan posisi gigi.Orthodontics is a significant basis for physical well-being, mental stability and mental ad-aptation upon teenager for the coming days. Orthodontic treatment is not only can fix dental structure, but in the certain cases have a significant impact toward aesthetic of one’s face appearance. One factor that influence success of treatment is patient motivation. The reseach purpose was to know the existence of motivation differences between children, teen-ager and adult patients for orthodontic dental treatment at Puri Cempaka dental clinic of Semarang. This research approach was a observational study with cross-sectional design using a questionionnaire. The research sample was 100 patients with three groups of aged. Research procedure by distributing 20 items of quesionnaire with likert scale contain pur-pose, motivation, chief complain and who will pay the treatment. The research result with in Kruskal-Wallis analysis test demonstrates that there is a significant differences between children, teenager and adult orthodontic patients motivation in getting dental treatment at Puri Cempaka dental clinic of Semarang. Children patients has external motivation, teenager patients have purpose to improve their dental aesthetic and adult patients tend to fix their dental malposition. 

SURVEI MENGENAI PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP DOKTER GIGI TENTANG FLUORIDA BAGI KESEHATAN GIGI DI KOTA SEMARANG (Berdasarkan Usia, Jenis Kelamin, Dan Jenis Pekerjaan Dokter Gigi)

Jurnal Medali Vol 2, No 1 (2015): Media Dental Intelektual
Publisher : fakultas kedokteran gigi, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

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Abstract

Karies merupakan salah satu penyakit kronis yang paling umum terjadi di dunia. Penggunaan fluorida sebagai tindakan pencegahan karies sudah lama dilakukan di negara-negara maju. Dokter gigi mempunyai peranan yang sangat penting sebagai sumber informasi tentang fluorida terhadap tindakan pencegahan kesehatan gigi untuk masyarakat. Peningkatan pengetahuan dokter gigi tentang fluorida sangatberpengaruh terhadap sikap dokter gigi dalam tindakan pencegahan karies gigi dan akan meminimalkan terjadinya fluorosis pada gigi. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui perbedaan mengenai pengetahuan dan sikap dokter gigi tentang fluorida bagi kesehatan gigi (berdasarkan usia, jenis kelamin, dan jenis pekerjaan dokter gigi).Jenis penelitian ini analitik observasional dengan pendekatan survey cross sectional. Data penelitian ini diperoleh dengan menggunakan kuesioner. Pengetahuan dalam penelitian ini adalah pengetahuan dokter gigi tentang fluorida sebagai bahan untuk pencegahan terjadinya karies, sedangkan untuk sikap yaitu respon dari dokter gigi terhadap penggunaan fluorida untuk mencegah terjadinya karies. Uji chi-squaredigunakan sebagai alat analisis dengan nilai p < 0,05.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat perbedaan pengetahuan dokter gigi tentang fluorida berdasarkan kelompok usia (p=0,01) dan jenis pekerjaan (p=0,001), namun tidak terdapat perbedaan antara dokter gigi laki-laki dan perempuan (p=0,661). Tidak terdapat perbedaan sikap dokter gigi terhadap fluorida berdasarkan kelompok usia (p=0,245) dan jenis kelamin (p=0,481), namun terdapat perbedaan berdasarkanjenis pekerjaan (p=0,039).Sikap dan pengetahuan dokter gigi terhadap fluorida berdasarkan usia dan jenis pekerjaan dokter gigi menunjukkan perbedaan signifikan, sedangkan berdasarkan jenis kelamin tidak menunjukkan perbedaan yang signifikan.

FLUORIDE ABSORBED ON EXTRACTED TEETH AFTER IMMERSING IN FLUORIDE TABLET, FLUOCOL SOLUTION AND FLUORIDE DENTRIFICE (IN VITRO TEST)

ODONTO Dental Journal Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Juli 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

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Abstract

Background: The role of fluoride in preventing tooth decay both for children and adult has been acknowledged internationally. There are several types of fluoride modalities either topically or systemic way. In Indonesia the modalities used to apply are fluoride tablet, fluocol solution and fluoride containing toothpaste. The purpose of this research is to find the effectiveness of fluoride modalities.Method: The study design was quasy experimental with 40 extracted teeth (Premolar teeth). The teeth divided into four groups D group I soaked on tablet fluor, Group II ; soaked on fluocol solution, Group III soaked on fluoride tooth paste and group IV soaked on Mill J (Aquadest/ Control solution). Fluoride concentration before and after soaking was determined using Spectrophotometer UV-Vis. Fluoride absorption was determined by the reduction of fluoride concentration after soaking.Result: Research result shown that the highest fluoride absorption was on soaking in fluoride tablet, followed by soaking on fluocol and tooth paste (mean fluoride absorption was 0,32; 0,08 and 0,04 ppm). Anova test shown significance level was 0,000.Conclusion: there were a significance of fluoride absorption on soaking in tablet fluoride, fluocol solution and toothpaste. The mechanism of fluoride regimens shown different fluoride absorption.

PERBEDAAN KELARUTAN KALSIUM PADA GIGI DESIDUI DAN GIGI PERMANEN DALAM PERENDAMAN MINUMAN BERKARBONASI RASA BUAH

ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2015): December 2015
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

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Introduction: SThe carbonated beverage is the main factor  causing tooth erosion due to acidic and mass consumed, especially by children and adolescents.Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the  differences between solubility of calcium in deciduous teeth and  permanent teeth in the soaking fruit-flavored carbonated  beverage.Methods: The research was a quasi experimental research with the formulated research post test only design. The sample used was 24 teeth, which consists of 12 deciduous incisors central teeth of the maxillary and 12 incisor central permanent teeth of the maxillary. The samples were divided into 6 groups and treated by soaking in the carbonated soft drinks for 30, 45, and 60 minutes. The data analysis used in this reasearch was a Two Way ANOVA test with probability p<0.05. Furthermore, the data were analyzed by the Tukey HSD test to determine the  differences in each group.Results: Based on Two Way ANOVA test that was conduct, it was obtained significance value of 0.000 (p <0.05), so it can be concluded that there are significant differences between groups. From Tukey HSD test it was obtained a significance value of  p<0.05 in all groups. It means that there are significant differences between each group, except in the immersion group of deciduous teeth 30 minutes with the permanent teeth 45 minutes that obtained 0,929 significance (p>0.05). It means that there was no significant differences between the two treatment groups. The result of the data analysis reveals that there was a difference in the solubility of calcium in deciduous teeth and permanent teeth. The solubility of calcium in deciduous teeth was larger than the permanent teeth at all time duration,  because of the deciduous teeth had thinner and permeable enamel than permanent teeth.Keywords: carbonated beverage, solubility of tooth calcium,Tooth erosion

Improving Elderly’s Dental Hygiene Through Nursing Home Staff’s Dental Health Education at the Nursing Home

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 12, No 2 (2017): Jurnal KEMAS Vol.12 No.2 : January 2017
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan

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Abstract

Stomatitis often occurs in elderly at nursing home. They need nursing home staff assistance to maintain their dental and oral health. Therefore, nursing home staff need dental health education. Lecture or discussion methods, which are more effective to improve knowledge, attitude and skill of nursing home staff was the purpose of this research. The research design was quasi-experiment research and pretest-posttest with control group. The sample was 42 nursing home staffs and 74 elderlies, divided into two groups, consisted of 18 nursing home staffs and 33 elderlies using lecture method. Another group consisted of 24 nursing home staffs and 41 elderlies using discussion method.  Validity was tested with product moment. Questionnaire of knowledge, attitude and skill correlation was 0.4725 – 0.6853; 0.4772–0.6962 and 0.3100–0.4916. Reliability test with Alpha Cronbach was 0.9292; 0.9273; 0.792. Research result was lecture and discussion methods were effective to improve knowledge, attitude and skill of nursing home staff to increase elderly’s dental hygiene. The research concludes that discussion method is effective to improve knowledge while lecture is more effective to improve attitude and skill of nursing home staff.

EFEK NIGELLA SATIVA OIL TERHADAP UKURAN DIAMETER ULKUS TRAUMATIKUS PADA MALE WISTAR RATS SECARA IN VIVO

ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2016): December 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

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Abstract

Background: Ulcer is a pathological condition characterized by loss of epithelial tissue. Ulcer will experience healing within 2 weeks after trauma source is removed. Nigella sativa Oil has been known to heal wounds. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of NSO on healing of ulcers in male wistar rats from the use of chemicals.Method: This study design was quasi-experimental methods. Ten male wistar rats were exposing the H2O2 on the mandibular anterior gingiva. divided into negatif control group and NSO group. NSO group treated twice daily for 10 days. Observaton wound size was measured on 0, 3,7, 10 days. The results were analayzed with Repeated Anova test and LSD test.Result: The observations difference diameter of traumatic ulcer negative control group and NSO on 0-10 days was 1.458 mm and 2.182 mm. The results of data analysis showed that there are significant differences (p<0,05) between negatif control group and NSO.Conclusion: NSO has an influence of the size reduction of the diameter of traumatic ulcers.

Co-Authors ,, Yodong Ade Ismail A.K Agus Suwandono Akhmad Kharis Nugroho Ani Subekti, Ani Aning Susilowati Ari Suwondo Arlina Nurhapsari Bedjo Santoso, Bedjo Benni Benyamin Cahya Rosyida, Desta Ayu Dewi, Hevny Kartika Donny Kristanto Mulyantoro Dyaswara Tituk A.W Ekoningtyas, Endah Aryati Endah Aryati Eko Ningtyas Endah Aryati Eko Ningtyas, Endah Aryati Eko Erni Mardiati, Erni Erwid Fatchur R Erwid Fatchur Rahman Hadi Hadi Hidayat, Syarief Taufik Hutami, Rahma Rizki Ida Ariyanti, Ida Imam Djamaluddin Mashoedi Irma H.Y Siregar, Irma H.Y Iwan Dwi Prahasto Julita Hendrartini Kris Adityawarman, Kris Kumala, Ferry Kun Aristiati Susiloretni, Kun Aristiati Kurniati Puji Lestari Lanny Sunarjo, Lanny Linda Septiana, Linda Lucia Endang Hartati YK, Lucia Endang Mardiyono Mardiyono Mayya Nailullathifah Maziyah, Alfi Melyana Nurul Widyawati Nur Khafidhoh, Nur Nurul Jannah Octa Nana Erviana, Octa Nana Probowati, Etri Pujiastuti, Rr. Sri Endang Purba, Agustina Ramadhani, Yoga Rizki Ratnawati Hendari Rezky Hidayati Rochman Mujayanto Sabilillah, Muhammad Fiqih Saha, Djenta Salikun Salikun, Salikun Setiadji Musthofa, Setiadji Shobirun, Shobirun Siti Chumaeroh Soeharyo Hadisaputro Soejoenoes, Ariawan Sri Rahayu Sudirman Sudirman Suhartono Suhartono Suharyo Hadisaputro Sukmawati Sukmawati Supriyana Supriyana, Supriyana Tri Wiyatini, Tri Trihandini, Bernadeta Tyas Utami, Theresia Febriana Christi Uswatun N.A Darjono Uswatun N.A. Darjono Wahyu Jati Dyah Utami, Wahyu Jati Dyah Wahyuni M, Sri Wahyuningsih, Diyan Wenten Parwati, Desak Made Widjijono , Yessi Idha Martha