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Journal : Jurnal Eksakta: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu MIPA

IMPROVEMENT OF THE PRODUCT AND QUALITY OF POGOSTEMON CABLIN BENTH

Eksakta: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu MIPA VOLUME 14, ISSUE 1, February 2014
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

Pogostemon cablin benth is an economic source of farmer communities which are presence in several provinces in Indonesia. In general, the production and quality of the Pogostemon cablin benth produced by the farmers are still low or under the standard ISO. The chelating method, the influence of pH and adsorption method with activated carbon and montmorilonite  were carried out to improve the production and quality of Pogostemon cablin benth. The results show that the production and the quality tends to be better proved by the color changes to yellow bright, reduced metal contents and an increase in Pogostemon cablin benth

Synthesis of Metal and Metal Oxide Nanoparticles Using Plant Extract: a Review

Eksakta: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu MIPA VOLUME 17, ISSUE 1, February 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

Nanotechnology is an emerging technology and it is related to various applications. Related to nanotechnology development, the use of green chemistry concept, low cost technology and sustainability is a must. Synthesis of nanoparticles using plant extract is a developing technique within the scheme. In this paper, study on metal/metal oxide synthesis and its aspects is presented for describing the potency of natural resources for nanoparticle synthesis within green chemistry approach.

The Effect of CaO Weight from Snail Shell (Pilla Ampullacea) On Its Activity As Heterogeneous Catalyst on Biodiesel Conversion Of Bran Oil

Eksakta: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu MIPA VOLUME 18, ISSUE 1, February 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

Research on utilization of snail (Pilla ampullacea) shell as CaO source for biodiesel conversion from rice bran oil has been investigated. CaO was derived by calcining the shell at pada 900oC for 2 h. The powder obtained from the process was characterized using x-ray diffraction (XRD),  energy dispersive x-ray (EDX), Fourier-Transform Infra-red (FTIR) and surface basicity test. In order to test the activity of catalyst, effect of catalyst weight on the yield of conversion as studied. Results show that the derived material is composed from dominantly CaO and the material demonstrates activity in rice bran conversion into biodiesel. Compared to  NaOH, the CaO catalyst exhibits more effectively active as shown by the higher yield. From varied catalyst weight, it is obtained that at the range of 2.5-10% catalyst weight does not affect significantly to the increasing yield. 

Effect of Temperature on Rice Husk Asing and Its Application on Adsorbing Fe and Zn Metal in Patchouli Oil

Eksakta: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu MIPA VOLUME 14, ISSUE 2, August 2014
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

Telah dilakukan studi pengaruh temperatur pembuatan adsorben abu sekam padi (ASP) dan aplikasinya pada adsorbsi logam Fe dan Zn dalam minyak nilam. Variasi temperatur pengabuan dilakukan pada 300, 500, dan 7000C selama 2 jam. Variasi temperatur pengabuan bertujuan mengkarakterisasiadsorben ASP. Karakterisasi yang dilakukan yakni penentuan silika secara gravimetri, diameter pori, morfologi abu dan komposisi unsurdengan teknik SEM/EDS,dan adsorptivitas terhadap metilen biru secara spektrofotometri. Tiga varian ASP diaplikasikan pada pemurnian minyak nilam dengan metode adsorbsi. Rendemen ASP-300, ASP-500, dan ASP-700 yang dihasilkan secara berurutan yaitu 35,4%, 25%, dan 16,5%. Kadar silikanya sebesar 43,12%, 72,12% dan 87,7%. Adsorbtivitas terhadap MB diperoleh 1,1616 mg/g, 0,7507 mg/g, dan 0,4128 mg/g. Diameter pori rata-rata antara 4,4 – 6,8μm. ASP mampu memurnikan minyak nilam dengan metode adsorbsi. Warna, bobot jenis, indeks bias, dan kadar logam Fe serta Zn pasca adsorbsi telah memenuhi standar mutu minyak nilam SNI. ASP-700 adalah adsorben paling baik dibandingkan ASP-500 dan ASP-300 dalam pemurnian minyak nilam.