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Journal : INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL RESEARCH

Metal Oxide and Metal Complex Immobilization Modified Smectite Clay For Green Catalysis and Photo-Catalysis Applications: A Mini Review Fatimah, Is
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL RESEARCH VOLUME 2, ISSUE 1-2, 2017
Publisher : Universitas Islam Indonesia

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Abstract

Clay minerals are promising modifiable material for catalysis application. Fit to green chemistry issue, green catalysis based on clay minerals modification has been designed in our research group. Metal oxide and metal complexes modification onto natural and synthetic smectite clay via pillarization and intercalation processes and its application as green catalyst have been investigated.  This paper presents the study on preparation of Ni, Zr and Pt  insertion on smectite clay structure for green conversion of citronellal to menthol via catalytic hydrogen transfer mechanism and Ru-complex modified smectite clay as novel photocatalysis application.  Effect of clay structure modification was also studied in order to investigate the  relationship between physicochemical characteristic change of material modifications and its catalytic/photo-catalytic activity. Some interesting phenomena related to the interaction of metal-clay support for their performance toward reaction kinetics and mechanism are reviewed, with emphasis on the evolution of surface properties and some factors affecting catalytic/photo-catalytic activity
ANALYSIS OF PHOSPHORUS AND POTASSIUM LEVELS IN ORGANIC FERTILIZER IN THE INTEGRATED LABORATORY OF JOMBANG DISTRICT AGRICULTURE OFFICE Zakiyah, Zahrah Nur; Rahmawati, Cicik; Fatimah, Is
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL RESEARCH VOLUME 3, ISSUE 2, 2018
Publisher : Universitas Islam Indonesia

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Abstract

Quantitative analysis in the integrated laboratory of Jombang District Agriculture Office has been done on two samples of organic fertilizer with phosphorus and potassium parameters, considering these two elements are macronutrients which have an important role in the growth and development of plants. Determination of phosphorus level has been done by ascorbic acid method using double beam UV-Visible spectrophotometer, while determination of potassium level has been done by flame photometric method. There are 2 samples code of organic fertilizer, 13/F/16 and 14/F/16. From the result of analysis, the phosphorus level as P2O5 in 13/F/16 sample is 0.275%, while in the 14/F/16 sample is 0.29%. The potassium level as K2O in 13/F/16 sample is 2.58%, while in the 14/F/16 sample is 2.67%. These results meet the requirements for compost quality standards based on SNI 19-7030-2004, because they exceed the minimum requirements, which are 0.10% for phosphorus level and 0.20% for potassium level.
Modifikasi Zeolit Dengan Tembaga (Cu) Dan Uji Sifat Katalitiknya Pada Reaksi Esterifikasi Arjek, Orien Claudia Handayani; Fatimah, Is
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL RESEARCH VOLUME 2, ISSUE 1-2, 2017
Publisher : Universitas Islam Indonesia

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Abstract

Zeolite modification with Cu has been conducted. Material modification is done by impregnating Cu through a zeolite powder reflux process with CuSO4.5H2O solution so that theoretical Cu concentration is 5% followed by oxidation and reduction of solids. Material characterization was performed by x-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FTIR) and acidity testing of Cu/Zeolite catalyst.The results showed that the crystallinity level of Cu/Zeolite did not change significantly when compared with natural zeolite. Changes occur at the intensity of the resulting peak, as at the peak of 2θ 27.826 º which is the mordenite phase in Cu-zeolite has a peak intensity of 1360, while at zeolite with peak of 2θ 27,760 º with the same phase meliki the smaller intensity of 1048. Testing the acidity of the catalyst was carried out by adsorbing pyridine into the catalyst, then calculating the adsorbed pyridine level, in the zeolite samples of pyridine adsorbed by 0.003 g / g while in the Cu-zeolite sample of 1.0574 g / g. The result of analysis with FTIR to show acidity level is seen in the range of wave number between 1450-1495 cm-1, from zeolite catalyst with wave number 1491,17 cm-1 peak intensity (% T) equal to 6,53, while at Cu-zeolite with wave number 1468.05 cm-1 peak intensity (% T) of 10.99. Testing of catalytic properties of Cu-zeolite catalyst on esterification reaction was done by taking acetic acid with concentration of 0.05 mol and methanol with concentration of 0.1 mol, then added 0.2 gram of catalyst, then reflux process for 1 hour. The results of reflux in the form of methyl esters were then analyzed by gas chromatography to see the retention time and the area of the resulting area. The use of Cu-zeolite catalysts yielding ester is indicated by the appearance of the ester peak.
Preparation of TiO2¬ Bamboo Leaves Ash Composite as Photocatalyst for Dye Photodegradation Prihatiningsih, Prihatiningsih; Pertiwi, Lita Dewi; Fatimah, Is
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL RESEARCH VOLUME 2, ISSUE 1-2, 2017
Publisher : Universitas Islam Indonesia

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Abstract

Textile waste containing dye can generate environmental problems especially for human. Therefore some techniques are developed to overcome the impact of toxic contaminant from dyes residue, one of these is the photocatalysis technique. The photocatalysis mechanism TiO2 is a popular photocatalyst and in order to improve its activity the composite formation with a some solid support are attempted. The development of TiO2 composite with a sustainable support source; bamboo leaves was conducted. The composite was prepared by dispersing titanium isopropoxide into bamboo leaves ash (BLA) followed by calcination process. Hysicochemical characterization of the photocatalyst was performed by using XRD, gas sorption analyzer and SEM-EDX analysis. By the characterization it is found that BLA contains silica in highest percentage and furthermore TiO2 in the mixed anatase and rutile phases were formed the composite.