Minidian Fasitasari
Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Islam Sultan Agung (UNISSULA) Semarang Jl. Raya Kaligawe KM. 4 PO BOX 1054 Semarang Central Java Indonesia, Phone (+6224) 65833584, Fax. (+6224) 6594366.

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Perbedaan Efektifitas Bekatul, Tepung Tempe dan Angkak dalam Menurunkan Kadar Kolesterol Total Darah Arianti, Rista; Rizatania, Virani; Fasitasari, Minidian; Sarosa, Hadi
Jurnal Sains Medika Vol 1, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran UNISSULA

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Abstract

Background: High cholesterol is one of the risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Bekatul (rice bran), tempeand angkak has been used medically to lower the level of cholesterol. This study was conduted to compare theeffectiveness of those three alternative diets for the total blood cholesterol.Design and Method: Randomized posttest only control group study was used in this study. Galur Wistar ratswere divided into 5 groups: KI (negative control feed on standard diet and aquadest for 14 days), KII (positivecontrol group feed on standard diet and cow’s brain for 14 days), K III (feed on standard meal, aquadest, cow’sbrain and rice bran 0,54 gr daily for 14 days), KIV (feed on standard meal, aquadest, cows brain and tempepowder 2,025 gr/150 gr BM daily for 14 days), KV (feed on standard meal, aquadest, cow’s brain and  angkak43 mg/BM for 21 days). The One Way ANOVA was used to analyze the differences between bekatul (rice bran),tempe and angkak and the differences between groups were analyzed by Tukey test.Results: The means of total blood cholesterol for the five groups were K-I 55.36 + 1.66 mg/dl, K-II 71.35 + 3.72mg/, K-III 54.16 + 2.97 mg/dl, K-IV 57.17 + 5.46 mg/dl, and  K-V 69.48 ± 4.44. There was a significant differencebetween groups (p< 0.000). The Tukey Post Hoct ANOVA resulted that there was a significant difference betweenbekatul and angkak group (p<0.05), but there was no difference between bekatul and tempe powder group(p>0.05).Conclusions: Rice bran is more effective to lower cholesterol concentration in the blood than tempe powderand angkak, (Sains Medika, 1 (1) : 63-70) .ABSTRAKPendahuluan: Kadar kolesterol yang tinggi merupakan salah satu risiko penyakit kardiovaskuler. Bekatul, tempedan angkak dapat digunakan untuk alternatif diet karena terbukti mampu menurunkan kadar kolesterol darah.Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui perbedaan efektifitas bekatul, tepung tempe, dan tepung angkak dalammenurunkan kadar kolesterol-total darah.Metode Penelitian: Penelitian eksperimental dengan rancangan  post test only control group design  inimenggunakan tikus jantan galur Wistar dibagi 5 kelompok secara random. K-I sebagai kontrol negatif (pakanstandar dan aquadest) selama 14 hari, K-II diberi pakan standar, aquadest dan otak sapi sebagai kontrol positifselama 14 hari, K-III diberi pakan standar, aquadest, otak sapi dan bekatul 0,54 gram/ekor/hari selama 14hari, K-IV diberi pakan standar, aquadest, otak sapi dan tepung tempe 2,025 gram/150 gramBB/hari selama 14hari, K-V diberi pakan standar, aquadest, otak sapi dan angkak 43 mg/ekor/hari selama 21 hari.Hasil Penelitian: Hasil rerata kadar kolesterol-total darah yaitu K-I 55,36 + 1,66 mg/dl, K-II 71,35 + 3,72 mg,   K-III 54,16 + 2,97 mg/dl, K-IV 57,17 + 5,46 mg/dl, K-V 69,48 ± 4,44. Hasil analisis dengan uji one way Anovamenunjukkan terdapat perbedaan kadar kolesterol-total darah antar berbagai kelompok (p<0,000). Hasil analisisdengan uji Post Hoct ANOVA metode Tukey, menunjukkan ada perbedaan signifikan antara kelompok perlakuanbekatul dengan angkak (p<0,05), tetapi pada kelompok perlakuan bekatul dengan tepung tempe tidakmenunjukkan perbedaan yang bermakna (p>0,05).Kesimpulan: Bekatul lebih efektif dalam menurunkan kadar kolesterol-total darah dibandingkan tepung tempedan tepung angkak, (Sains Medika, 1 (1) : 63-70)
Perbedaan Jumlah Kuman di Telapak Tangan antara Sebelum dan Sesudah Penggunaan Antiseptik Triclosan dan Cida stat® Studi Eksperimental pada Cuci Tangan Perawat di Rumah Sakit Islam Sultan Agung Semarang Abduh, M. Saugi; Nugroho, Reidy Bayu; Fasitasari, Minidian
Jurnal Sains Medika Vol 2, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran UNISSULA

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ABSTRACT Background: A study conducted among 11 hospitals in DKI Jakarta in 2004 shows that 9.8% of in patient had nosocomial infections, spread of nosocomial infections is very popular and often happens is through the hands of hospital personnel. This one of the ways used to prevent the occurrence of nosocomial infections is hand washing with antiseptic. An antiseptic which is used in Islamic Hospital of Sultan Agung is Triclosan and Cida stat. The purpose of this study was to determine differences germs number in the nurse’s hands between using Triclosan and Cida stat. Design and Method This study was an experimental study design with pre and post test with control group design.  Which is population divided into 3 groups. Group A is group control hands washing with Aquabidest antiseptic, Group B is a group hands washing with Triclosan antiseptic, and Group C is group hands washing with Cida stat antiseptic. The samples of this study are 12 nurses at baitul syifa and Arrijal’s room at Islamic hospital of Sultan Agung Semarang. Result: One way anova test showed that there was significant result between 3 groups with P 0,02 (<0,05). Post hoc test is use to compare number of germs an the hands before and after using triclosan and Cida stat antiseptic showed that there was no significant (p>0,05). Paired t -test showed that there was significant result for group triclosan and Cida stat. Conclusion: There is no significant result of differences germs number in the hands by hands washing between using triclosan and Cida stat antiseptic.  ABSTRAKPendahuluan: Penelitian yang dilakukan di 11 rumah sakit di DKI Jakarta pada 2004 menunjukkan bahwa 9,8% pasien rawat inap mendapat infeksi nosokomial. Penyebaran yang amat populer dan sering terjadi adalah melalui tangan petugas, sehingga cuci tangan dan pemilihan antiseptik menjadi hal yang sangat penting dalam pencegahan infeksi nosokomial. Triclosan dan Cida stat® adalah antiseptik yang masih digunakan di rumah sakit. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui perbedaan penggunaan antiseptik terhadap jumlah kuman pada telapak tangan. Metode Penelitian: Penelitian ini adalah penelitian eksperimen dengan menggunakan rancangan post test control group design, dengan menggunakan 3 kelompok perlakuan, yaitu kelompok A (perlakuan kontrol dengan Aquabidest), kelompok B (perlakuan dengan Triclosan), kelompok C (perlakuan dengan Cida stat®). Sampel penelitian adalah telapak tangan 12 perawat rawat inap Baitul Syifa dan Ar-rijal Rumah Sakit Islam Sultan Agung Semarang. Hasil Penelitian: Uji one way anova menunjukan bahwa ada perbedaan yang bermakna secara statistik antara ketiga kelompok perlakuan yaitu dengan nilai p 0,020 (<0,05). Uji Post hoc untuk membandingkan jumlah kuman sebelum dan sesudah cuci tangan antara antiseptik Triclosan dan Cida stat® didapatkan hasil tidak ada perbedaan secara signifikan (p>0,05). Sedangkan uji paired T-test menunjukan hasil yang signifikan untuk kelompok Triclosan dan kelompok Cida stat®. Kesimpulan: Tidak terdapat perbedaan jumlah kuman yang bermakna sebelum dan sesudah cuci tangan dengan menggunakan antiseptik Triclosan dan Cida stat®.
Terapi Gizi pada Lanjut Usia dengan Penyakit Paru Obstruktif Kronik (PPOK) Nutrition Therapy in Elderly with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Fasitasari, Minidian
Jurnal Sains Medika Vol 5, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran UNISSULA

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Abstract

ABSTRAKGizi merupakan elemen kesehatan penting bagi populasi lanjut usia (lansia) dan mempengaruhi proses menua. Prevalensi malnutrisimeningkat pada populasi ini. PPOK merupakan salah satu penyakit kronik pada lansia yang berhubungan dengan malnutrisi. Hubunganantara malnutrisi dan penyakit paru (termasuk PPOK) sudah lama diketahui. Malnutrisi mempunyai pengaruh negatif terhadap struktur,elastisitas, dan fungsi paru, kekuatan dan ketahanan otot pernafasan, mekanisme pertahanan imunitas paru, dan pengaturan nafas.Sebaliknya, penyakit paru (termasuk PPOK) akan meningkatkan kebutuhan energi dan dapat mempengaruhi asupan diet menjadimenurun. Intervensi gizi pada pasien PPOK ditujukan untuk mengendalikan anoreksia, memperbaiki fungsi paru, dan mengendalikanpenurunan berat badan. Kebutuhan akan zat gizi diperhitungkan sesuai dengan hasil asesmen gizi. Tulisan ini merupakan suatutinjauan pustaka tentang terapi gizi pada lansia dengan PPOK. Artikel ini akan menguraikan tentang pengaruh penuaan terhadapsistem pernafasan, hubungan PPOK dengan gizi, dan bagaimana asesmen gizinya, serta intervensi gizi yang dapat diberikan padapasien lansia dengan PPOK.Kata kunci: asesmen gizi, intervensi gizi, penuaan, lansia, sistem pernafasan, PPOK.ABSTRACTNutrition is an important health element for elderly people and influence aging process. Malnutrition prevalence is increasing in this population. ChronicObstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is one of the chronic diseases in elderly that is related to malnutrition. The association between malnutritionand pulmonary disease (including COPD) has been known for a long time. Malnutrition has negative impacts on pulmonary structure, elasticity, andfunction, strength and endurance of respiratory muscles, pulmonary immunity defense mechanism, and breath control. Inversely, pulmonary disease(including COPD) will increase energy need and may reduce dietary intake. Nutrition intervention in COPD patient is intended for regulating anorexia,improving pulmonary function, and controlling weight loss. Nutrient requirements will be calculated according to the results of nutrition assessment.This article will discuss about nutrition therapy in elderly with COPD. It describes respiratory system in aging, association COPD and nutrition, andnutrition assessment, as well as nutrition intervention in elderly people with COPD.Keywords: nutrition assessment, nutrition intervention, elderly, aging, respiratory system, COPD.PENDAHULUANNutrisi merupakan elemen kesehatan pentingbagi populasi lanjut usia (lansia) dan mempengaruhiproses menua. Prevalensi malnutrisi meningkat padapopulasi ini dan berhubungan dengan penurunan:status fungsional, gangguan fungsi otot, penurunanmassa tulang, disfungsi imun, anemia, penurunanfungsi kognitif, penyembuhan luka yang buruk,pemulihan pembedahan yang lambat, angka readmisirumah sakit yang lebih tinggi, dan mortalitas. Paralansia sering mengalami penurunan nafsu makandan pengeluaran energi (energy expenditure), yang,bersamaan dengan penurunan fungsi biologis danfisiologis, seperti penurunan massa bebas-lemaktubuh (lean body mass), perubahan kadar sitokin danhormonal, dan perubahan dalam pengaturan elektrolitcairan, pengosongan lambung yang tertunda, danmenurunnya sensitifitas
The Correlation of Exercise and Range of Motion (ROM) on Elderly Knee Observasional Study on Elderly People in Pedurungan Semarang Widyantoro, Adhitya Putra; Rosdiana, Ika; Fasitasari, Minidian
Sains Medika Vol 4, No 1 (2012): Januari-Juni 2012
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran; Universitas Islam Sultan Agung (UNISSULA)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.26532/sainsmed.v4i1.383

Abstract

Background: In aging process, decreasing of musculosceletal capabilities will reduce physical activity and excercise, as well as Range Of Motion (ROM). In order to maintain the normality of ROM, joints and muscles should be moved regularly. However many elderly people are still less physically active, due to lack of knowledge, no free time for physical activity, and lack of support from the social environment. This study aimed to determine the correlation of excercise on ROM of knee in the elderly in Pedurungan District, Semarang.Design and Method: Observastional study with a cross sectional design 80 elderly men and women were divided into 2 groups: gymnastics group in the Social Rehabilitation Unit Of Pucang Gading (n=40) and unexcercises group in the Penggaron village (n=40). In both groups, the degree of ROM of knee was assessed using the Goniometer. To evaluate the value of its significance, the data were analyzed using the Mann Withney test followed by Spearmann’s rho test.Result: ROM for gymnastic(exercised group) and unexercised group were 115.50°±11.591°, 95.38°±12.780° respectively with p<0. 001. Resuts showed that doing exercise was useful for maintaining ROM of knee in elderly people. Spearmann’s rho test resulted in a strong correlation between ROM and exercise with r value of 0.652.Conclusion: exercise correlates with ROM of knee in elderly (Sains Medika, 4(1):39-45).
Nutrition Therapy in Elderly with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Fasitasari, Minidian
Sains Medika: Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Vol 5, No 1 (2013): January-June 2013
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran; Universitas Islam Sultan Agung (UNISSULA)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.26532/sainsmed.v5i1.366

Abstract

Nutrition is an important health element for elderly people and influence aging process. Malnutrition prevalence is increasing in this population. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is one of the chronic diseases in elderly that is related to malnutrition. The association between malnutrition and pulmonary disease (including COPD) has been known for a long time. Malnutrition has negative impacts on pulmonary structure, elasticity, and function, strength and endurance of respiratory muscles, pulmonary immunity defense mechanism, and breath control. Inversely, pulmonary disease (including COPD) will increase energy need and may reduce dietary intake. Nutrition intervention in COPD patient is intended for regulating anorexia, improving pulmonary function, and controlling weight loss. Nutrient requirements will be calculated according to the results of nutrition assessment. This article will discuss about nutrition therapy in elderly with COPD. It describes respiratory system in aging, association COPD and nutrition, and nutrition assessment, as well as nutrition intervention in elderly people with COPD.
PENGARUH PENYULUHAN TERHADAP PERUBAHAN PENGETAHUAN BAGI IBU-IBU PKK KELURAHAN PENGGARON LOR TENTANG PEMANFAATAN TANAMAN PISANG SEBAGAI MEDIA MENJAGA KESEHATAN GIGI DAN MULUT Rochmah, Yayun Siti; Fasitasari, Minidian
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2014): December 2014
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (76.119 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.1.2.1-5

Abstract

Background: Banana counted as nearly perfect food since it contains six nutrients : water , sugar , proteins , fats , vitamins , and minerals . Because of that , bananas are often used as a staple food for most people because of its nutritional value. However, sometimes people do not realize the benefits of bananas as a whole , from leaves , fruits , flowers and stems of the bananas . Penggaron Lor society , still minimal in using the banana plant . Usually the community will sell fruit and leaves to the market , so that the results obtained from the banana plant community less than optimal. Method : This study is an observational analytic study . The research was done in the Village of Penggaron Lor Semarang , and was conducted in March-June 2014. The instrument in this research was primary data obtained directly from respondents through interviews using questionnaires distributed before and after counseling . To determine whether there are differences in knowledge before and after counseling on the benefits of banana plants as a medium for maintaining oral hygiene, statistical test Wilcoxon Sign Ranks test was conducted, and processed with SPSS. Result: The results of SPSS calculation because the data is not normal ( p value < 0.05), then the data was processed using the non-parametric test for two sample pairs , ie Wilcoxon Sign Ranks test , and obtained p value of 0.008 . This means that there was a significant difference between the mean value of the pre-test and post-test. Conclusion : there are differences in knowledge before and after counseling , counseling means that a significant impact on respondents knowledge of the benefits of banana plants for maintain oral health.
Terapi Gizi pada Lanjut Usia dengan Penyakit Paru Obstruktif Kronik (PPOK) Nutrition Therapy in Elderly with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Fasitasari, Minidian
Sains Medika Vol 5, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung (UNISSULA)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30659/sainsmed.v5i1.162

Abstract

ABSTRAKGizi merupakan elemen kesehatan penting bagi populasi lanjut usia (lansia) dan mempengaruhi proses menua. Prevalensi malnutrisi meningkat pada populasi ini. PPOK merupakan salah satu penyakit kronik pada lansia yang berhubungan dengan malnutrisi. Hubungan antara malnutrisi dan penyakit paru (termasuk PPOK) sudah lama diketahui. Malnutrisi mempunyai pengaruh negatif terhadap struktur, elastisitas, dan fungsi paru, kekuatan dan ketahanan otot pernafasan, mekanisme pertahanan imunitas paru, dan pengaturan nafas. Sebaliknya, penyakit paru (termasuk PPOK) akan meningkatkan kebutuhan energi dan dapat mempengaruhi asupan diet menjadi menurun. Intervensi gizi pada pasien PPOK ditujukan untuk mengendalikan anoreksia, memperbaiki fungsi paru, dan mengendalikan penurunan berat badan. Kebutuhan akan zat gizi diperhitungkan sesuai dengan hasil asesmen gizi. Tulisan ini merupakan suatu tinjauan pustaka tentang terapi gizi pada lansia dengan PPOK. Artikel ini akan menguraikan tentang pengaruh penuaan terhadap sistem pernafasan, hubungan PPOK dengan gizi, dan bagaimana asesmen gizinya, serta intervensi gizi yang dapat diberikan pada pasien lansia dengan PPOK.Kata kunci: asesmen gizi, intervensi gizi, penuaan, lansia, sistem pernafasan, PPOK.ABSTRACTNutrition is an important health element for elderly people and influence aging process. Malnutrition prevalence is increasing in this population. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is one of the chronic diseases in elderly that is related to malnutrition. The association between malnutrition and pulmonary disease (including COPD) has been known for a long time. Malnutrition has negative impacts on pulmonary structure, elasticity, and function, strength and endurance of respiratory muscles, pulmonary immunity defense mechanism, and breath control. Inversely, pulmonary disease(including COPD) will increase energy need and may reduce dietary intake. Nutrition intervention in COPD patient is intended for regulating anorexia, improving pulmonary function, and controlling weight loss. Nutrient requirements will be calculated according to the results of nutrition assessment. This article will discuss about nutrition therapy in elderly with COPD. It describes respiratory system in aging, association COPD and nutrition, and nutrition assessment, as well as nutrition intervention in elderly people with COPD. Keywords: nutrition assessment, nutrition intervention, elderly, aging, respiratory system, COPD.